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All posts; Tags Include "sports medicine"

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  • December 14, 2011
  • 01:08 AM

Risk Factors for Poor Long-Term Outcomes among Knees with ACL Reconstructions

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of osteoarthritis (OA) in patients that have undergone ACL reconstruction utilizing the bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft technique as well as to identify factors associated with poor radiographic and patient-centered outcomes.... Read more »

  • December 12, 2011
  • 01:08 AM

Radiographic Prevalence of Femoroacetabular Impingement in Collegiate Football Players

by Meghan Miller in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The purpose of this study was to use radiographic imaging to quantify the prevalence of FAI in asymptomatic football players.... Read more »

Kapron AL, Anderson AE, Aoki SK, Phillips LG, Petron DJ, Toth R, & Peters CL. (2011) Radiographic prevalence of femoroacetabular impingement in collegiate football players: AAOS Exhibit Selection. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, 93(19). PMID: 22005872  

  • November 23, 2011
  • 01:30 AM

Are Athletic Trainers a Good Form of Social Support?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

herefore Clement and Shannon, completed a study to determine injured athlete’s perceptions regarding satisfaction, availability, and contribution for 8 types of social support (i.e., listening support, emotional support, emotional-challenges support, reality confirmation, task-appreciation support, task-challenge support, tangible support, and personal assistance) from coaches, athletic trainers, and teammates.... Read more »

Clement D, & Shannon VR. (2011) Injured athletes' perceptions about social support. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 20(4), 457-70. PMID: 22012499  

  • November 15, 2011
  • 01:01 AM

Predictors of Knee Osteoarthritis After ACL Reconstruction

by Jeffrey B. Driban in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Over the past few months, SMR had several posts highlighting that individuals with a history of knee injury are at greater risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA) even if they undergo surgeries like anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions (see below). As clinicians we must strive to reduce the risk of knee OA for our injured patients. Unfortunately, it is unclear which variables might predict individuals who will develop knee OA after an injury. Therefore, Li et al. tried to determine the pr........ Read more »

  • September 23, 2011
  • 08:58 AM

Static vs Dynamic Stretching: Which is better for performance?

by Mark Rice in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The acute effects of a warm-up including static or dynamic stretching on countermovement jump height, reaction time, and flexibility

Perrier ET, Pavol MJ, Hoffman MA. J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Jul;25(7):1925-31. ... Read more »

  • May 11, 2011
  • 12:30 PM

Getting Fit for the Summer? 3 Top Fitness Myths Revealed!

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Exercise – you either love it or hate it. We’d all like to be strong, fit and athletic, but let’s face it – most of us aren’t. If you suffer with exercise-guilt, then fret not because you certainly aren’t the only one: Nine out ten of us stop going to the gym within 3 months … Continue reading »... Read more »

Curioni, C., & Lourenço, P. (2005) Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review. International Journal of Obesity, 29(10), 1168-1174. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803015  

Lehmann MJ, Lormes W, Opitz-Gress A, Steinacker JM, Netzer N, Foster C, & Gastmann U. (1997) Training and overtraining: an overview and experimental results in endurance sports. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 37(1), 7-17. PMID: 9190120  

Hill, D., Cureton, K., & Collins, M. (1989) Circadian specificity in exercise training. Ergonomics, 32(1), 79-92. DOI: 10.1080/00140138908966069  

  • June 24, 2010
  • 06:18 AM

Running barefoot on the sand

by Euan in Dr Euan Lawson

I’ve been meaning to try out some barefoot running for a wee while now after watching this intriguing Nature video (which complements their paper) and I couldn’t have asked for a better opportunity than the past week on my hols in Scotland. The beaches of Galloway beckoned me as they stretched out at low tide. [...]... Read more »

Lieberman, D., Venkadesan, M., Werbel, W., Daoud, A., D’Andrea, S., Davis, I., Mang’Eni, R., & Pitsiladis, Y. (2010) Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners. Nature, 463(7280), 531-535. DOI: 10.1038/nature08723  

  • April 7, 2010
  • 01:23 PM

Digging Into the Disabled List

by Rob Mitchum in ScienceLife

With baseball’s Opening Day celebrated across the country this week, fans will begin their daily rituals of checking the small type at the back of the sports section to see who on their hometown or fantasy team has picked up an injury. But while baseball fans have become comfortable with slinging around phrases such as [...]... Read more »

Leland, J., Ciccotti, M., Cohen, S., Zoga, A., & Frederick, R. (2009) Teres major injuries in two professional baseball pitchers. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 18(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2009.01.025  

  • March 2, 2010
  • 01:52 PM

The Dangerous Edge of Gene Doping

by Rob Mitchum in ScienceLife

Please welcome Laurel Mylonas-Orwig, author of today’s post and a new contributor to the blog!
Every two years, the best athletes in the world gather to compete in the modern Olympic Games. Against a backdrop of sand or snow, these seemingly superhuman competitors push their bodies to perform feats that would be impossible for the average [...]... Read more »

  • July 16, 2009
  • 07:00 AM

Are Tennis Elbow Straps Effective?

by Mike Reinold in

Lateral epicondylitis, or tennis elbow, is one of my least favorite injuries.  It can be disabling, nagging, and sometimes even relentless!  A commonly recommended treatment involves the use of a tennis elbow strap.  There has been some support in the literature regarding these orthotics, however results in the literature have varied. A nice new study published in a recent issue of JOSPT assessed the efficacy of these devices in a group of 52 subjects with lateral epicondylitis.&........ Read more »

Fahimeh Sadat Jafarian, Ebrahim Sadeghi Demneh, Sarah F. Tyson. (2009) The Immediate Effect of Orthotic Management on Grip Strength of Patients With Lateral Epicondylosis . J Orthop Sports Phys.

  • June 29, 2009
  • 10:43 AM

Influence Hip Foot Patellofemoral Pain

by Mike Reinold in

The influence of the kinetic chain on the patellofemoral can not be underestimated.  Because the knee is located mid-way through a weightbearing extremity, it is vulnerable to excessive force from biomechanical faults located both proximally and distally to the knee itself. While forces from the foot and ankle have been associated with patellofemoral pain for some time now, the influence of the hip is becoming more of a hot topic as research has demonstrated significant increases in forces........ Read more »

  • May 13, 2009
  • 07:00 AM

What Causes Patellofemoral Pain?

by Mike Reinold in

Patellofemoral disorders are often considered the most common knee pathology encountered by orthopedic and sports medicine clinicians.  Some sources say that in the general population, 1 out of 4 will likely experience patellofemoral symptoms at some time in their life.  Although patellofemoral disorders represent a common pathology, there is no consensus on the optimal management of this condition. This may be explained, in part, due to the various sources of pain that may be contribu........ Read more »

  • January 22, 2009
  • 07:00 AM

Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation or Microfracture?

by Mike Reinold in

The current issue of AJSM has two great articles regarding articular cartilage repair  procedures that go very well together.  I think this is an amazing aspect of orthopedics as we are making ground on developing ways to restore normal cartilage.  The implications of this are staggering.  If you share an interest in articular cartilage repair, I recommend you read the special issue of JOSPT on articular cartilage and meniscal repair procedures that I guest edited, specifical........ Read more »

  • January 6, 2009
  • 09:11 AM

The Use of Postoperative Bracing Following ACL Reconstruction

by Mike Reinold in

How often do you use an immobilizer after ACL reconstruction?  The January 2009  issue of American Journal of Sports Medicine is out and there a few interesting articles I wanted to feature.  The first of which discusses the use of knee bracing and immobilization postoperatively following ACL reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft.  The Use of Postoperative Bracing Following ACL Reconstruction In this study, 82 patients were randomized into two groups: 1) a group of........ Read more »

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