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  • July 1, 2014
  • 01:56 AM

Heroes and Villains: Banal or Special People? Part 1 of 2

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

Situationists have claimed that heroism and evil are equally "banal", i.e. people choose between good and evil mainly due to situational pressures rather than their personal traits. However, the situationist analysis is inconsistent. Evil is attributed to external forces, whereas heroism results from character. ... Read more »

  • June 19, 2014
  • 09:16 AM

Everyday Aggression: We Hurt Those Closest to Us

by amikulak in Daily Observations

When we think of aggression, we might think of road rage or a bar fight, situations in which people are violent toward strangers.  But research suggests that aggression is actually […]... Read more »

South Richardson, D. (2014) Everyday Aggression Takes Many Forms. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(3), 220-224. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414530143  

  • June 16, 2014
  • 01:38 PM

Does Reading ‘Moral’ Stories to Children Promote Honesty?

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

All over the world, young children are exposed to classic fairy tales, myths and other stories. Most kids love hearing the stories, but in addition to being a fun activity, story-telling is also thought of as an educational tool which can promote moral reasoning and honesty. Conventional wisdom suggests that hearing fairy tales in which dishonest protagonists are punished might help convince the listeners to become truth-tellers. There is surprisingly little scientific data to back up this conve........ Read more »

Lee K, Talwar V, McCarthy A, Ross I, Evans A, & Arruda C. (2014) Can Classic Moral Stories Promote Honesty in Children?. Psychological science. PMID: 24928424  

  • June 16, 2014
  • 09:43 AM

People Sensitive to Criticism May Be Biased Toward Focusing on the Negative

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Being on the receiving end of criticism from loved ones is unpleasant for anybody, but for some people, it may go so far as to affect their mental health. Research […]... Read more »

Masland, S., Hooley, J., Tully, L., Dearing, K., & Gotlib, I. (2014) Cognitive-Processing Biases in Individuals High on Perceived Criticism. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614529935  

  • June 11, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Facebook as a conduit for misinformation and racism

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We first saw this article on Eye on Psych blog and thought it interesting for our use as well. The Eye on Psych blog had previously focused on the assumption that not being on Facebook makes you somehow unsavory (because, after all, everyone should be on Facebook!). The study we are going to describe today […]

Related posts:
Facebook Graph Searches: What Can You Discover?
The hypercorrection effect: Correcting misinformation and false beliefs
How upset do we need to be about racism?

........ Read more »

  • June 9, 2014
  • 09:21 PM

Images to Reduce Pain

by John DiPrete in EmbodiCog

Images found to reduce pain in chronic sufferers. 10 selected pictures fit the criteria of pain reduction. Each image opens in a new window. Test them to see if their effects are real.... Read more »

  • June 6, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

“Look inside yourself at the very best you there is….”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

If you’ve read us for any length of time at all, you know we love this strategy to increase empathy and reduce bias in civil cases. Today we are looking at new research relevant to criminal work that shows how empathy (and the resulting perspective-taking) drives decisions about responsibility and guilt, sentencing, and leniency. This […]

Related posts:
Playing the race card: When it works and why it doesn’t
Your online avatar and your real-world behavior
Which jurors most “feel........ Read more »

Skorinko, J., Laurent, S., Bountress, K., Nyein, K., & Kuckuck, D. (2014) Effects of perspective taking on courtroom decisions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44(4), 303-318. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12222  

  • June 4, 2014
  • 11:16 AM

Is widespread sexism making hurricanes more deadly than himmicanes? | @BobOHara & @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

We take a closer look at a recent paper that claims that hurricanes given female-sounding names cause more damage than "himmicanes" (hurricanes given male-sounding names) due to public underestimation of risk associated with name gender.... Read more »

Jung Kiju, Shavitt Sharon, Viswanathan Madhu, & Hilbe Joseph M. (2014) Female hurricanes are deadlier than male hurricanes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402786111  

  • June 4, 2014
  • 08:45 AM

How Does Your Facebook News Feed Affect You?

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

Researchers at Facebook, Inc., the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and Cornell University teamed up to study whether manipulating the News Feeds of Facebook users would affect the emotional content of the users' status updates or postings. They recently published their findings in the PNAS paper "Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks" and suggest that they have found evidence of an "emotional contagion", i.e. t........ Read more »

  • June 3, 2014
  • 07:37 AM

Sharing Our Sorrow Via Facebook

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Geteiltes Leid ist halbes Leid ("Shared sorrow is half the sorrow") is a popular German proverb which refers to the importance of sharing bad news and troubling experiences with others. The therapeutic process of sharing takes on many different forms: we may take comfort in the fact that others have experienced similar forms of sorrow, we are often reassured by the empathy and encouragement we receive from friends, and even the mere process of narrating the details of what is troubling........ Read more »

  • June 2, 2014
  • 11:48 PM

Blasphemous art and attitudes towards censorship: Examining an apparent double standard

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

Blasphemous artworks highlight the tension between support for free speech and the desire not to offend. A recent study on attitudes towards censorship highlights a double standard among non-religious people when it comes to offending Muslims versus Christians, that may be indicative of a wider social problem in current Western society. ... Read more »

  • June 2, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

You wanted to be a leader! Act like one! (or else)

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve written about women and leadership before. While some new research shows female leaders handle stress more effectively than male leaders, we’re not going to write about that one today. Instead, here is a report on a study showing some other good news: women are no longer punished for behaving assertively in a leadership role! […]

Related posts:
This is what a good leader does not look like
Everyday racism at work: Hope for African American Women?
“It was ‘a man’s work’........ Read more »

  • May 31, 2014
  • 10:06 AM

Ostracism, A Stressful and Aversive Part of Everday Life

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Ostracizers ignore and exclude others. Their victims have all sorts of negative reactions to this social rejection, which generally threatens the target’s sense of worth and existence. Ostracism victims’ hurt ranges from increased sadness and anger to decreased feelings of belonging, control, self-esteem, and meaningful existence.
Researchers recently explored those powerful effects of this [...]
The post Ostracism, A Stressful and Aversive Part of Everday Life appeared first on Psyc........ Read more »

Nezlek, J., Wesselmann, E., Wheeler, L., & Williams, K. (2012) Ostracism in everyday life. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 16(2), 91-104. DOI: 10.1037/a0028029  

  • May 30, 2014
  • 05:40 PM

Should Doctors ‘Google’ Their Patients?

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Beware of what you share. Employers now routinely utilize internet search engines or social network searches to obtain information about job applicants. A survey of 2,184 hiring managers and human resource professionals conducted by the online employment website revealed that 39% use social networking sites to research job candidates. Of the group who used social networks to evaluate job applicants, 43% found content on a social networking site that caused them to not hire a ca........ Read more »

  • May 29, 2014
  • 07:59 AM

How You Probably Discriminate and Don’t Even Know It

by Jeremiah Stanghini in Jeremiah Stanghini

Are you a part of a group at work, school, or recreationally? Well, then you’ve probably discriminated without even knowing it. A recent theoretical review of the literature concluded “ingroup favouritism is more potent than outgroup hostility” when it comes to discrimination in the … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • May 28, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

How do you conduct online searches in jury selection?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

The options for online searches of potential jurors seems to be a fast-moving target. Our experience is that often there is simply no time for more than the most cursory efforts that often happen during a very short voir dire session itself. In other cases, if there is time to conduct such research, sometimes the […]

Related posts:
Facebook Graph Searches: What Can You Discover?
An update on online research of potential jurors
Jury Selection: Art? Science? Or just a ‘gut’ feeling?
........ Read more »

Neal, TMS, Cramer, RJ, Ziemke, MH, & Brodsky, SL. (2013) Online searches for jury selection. Criminal Law Bulletin, 49(2). info:/

  • May 26, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Modifying your clients visual identity for trial

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve written before about visual identity (in the context of covering inflammatory tattoos with makeup for trial) and want to point you to an article in the new issue of The Jury Expert. Bronwen Lichtenstein and Stanley Brodsky (neither of whom are depicted in the image for this post) have an article titled Moving From […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: The ‘Scott Peterson Effect’—Displayed remorse and conviction
Simple Jury Persuasion: Using the ‘Nerd Defense’
Simp........ Read more »

Lichtenstein, B, & Brodsky SL. (2014) Moving from hapless to hapful with the problem defendant. . The Jury Expert, 26(2). info:/

  • May 26, 2014
  • 03:01 AM

Emotional Intelligence Emotion Regulation Ability Helps You [Lawyers] Interact With Others More Effectively

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Our ability to regulate emotion affects our relationships, well-being, and stress.  This ability – emotion regulation – one of the four branches of ability-based emotional intelligence as assessed by the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) see prior post on Psycholawlogy here, guides our self-regulation and our adaptation to our environment.  Recent research shows [...]
The post Emotional Intelligence Emotion Regulation Ability Helps You [Lawyers] Interact Wit........ Read more »

  • May 23, 2014
  • 07:02 AM

Eyewitness identification and change blindness

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We’ve written about change blindness (also known as inattentional blindness) before and it’s probably best known as including those experiments with the invisible gorillas. My personal favorite is the one where researchers hid their gorilla in brain scans and had radiologists review the slides. (And social science researchers wonder why professionals like radiologists usually just […]

Related posts:
Eyewitness testimony: It’s how you talk and who I think you are
When “I don’t k........ Read more »

  • May 20, 2014
  • 08:03 AM

Why Women are Better CEOs, Presidents, and Prime Ministers

by Jeremiah Stanghini in Jeremiah Stanghini

New research shows that women are far better at handling stress than men. I suppose that’s not a newsflash as most people already think that’s true, but consider the way in which this study frames it [Emphasis added]: We consistently … Continue reading →... Read more »

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