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  • July 24, 2012
  • 05:27 PM

On Self-Citation

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

Self-citing is often frowned upon, being considered (and sometimes is) vanity, egotism or an attempt in self-advertising. However, everyone self-cite because sooner or later, everyone builds upon previous findings “Given the cumulative nature of the production of new knowledge, self-citations constitute a natural part of the communication process.” (Costas et al., 2010). The argument whether [...]

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Aksnes, D. W. (2003) A macro study of self-citation. Scientometrics, 56(2), 235-246. info:/

Fowler, J. H., & Aksnes, D. W. (2007) Does self-citation pay? . Scientometrics, 72(3), 427-437. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-007-1777-2  

  • July 23, 2012
  • 07:07 AM

Multi-Stage Open Peer Review (Pöschl, 2012)

by James in Open Science

One of the supposed conflicts in academic publishing is ensuring quality reviewed research in an environment of rapid scientific exchange. Traditional peer review, for instance, is a prime example of scientific quality: it allows for the dissemination of knowledge to pass through a filter of peers that self-regulates the suitability of a paper for publication. [...]... Read more »

  • July 11, 2012
  • 02:00 PM

Part Three: Welcome to Open Science (an introduction)

by James in Open Science

If I were to crudely cobble together a book on the dissemination of scientific knowledge, then I would probably organise it into three parts. For the first, it would discuss how we evolved from tinkering apes; blindly and, at times, consciously experimenting with various technologies and methods. Over the next few millennia we would see a gradual shift from communal knowledge of tribal communities to the development of writing and its spawning of cultural institutions, such as libraries and univ........ Read more »

Bollen J, Van de Sompel H, Hagberg A, Bettencourt L, Chute R, Rodriguez MA, & Balakireva L. (2009) Clickstream data yields high-resolution maps of science. PloS one, 4(3). PMID: 19277205  

  • June 29, 2012
  • 10:20 AM

Dual-use research of concern

by EE Giorgi in CHIMERAS

I'm still reading (and very much enjoying) last Friday's Science issue on the flu pandemic. In [1], Anthony Fauci and Francis Collins summarize very well why the flu presents a potential threat: "Influenza viruses have animal reservoirs, especially in birds and pigs. They can undergo extensive genetic changes and even jump species, sometimes resulting in a virus to which humans may be highly vulnerable."Over the last hundred years, this happened four times: in 1918 (the Spanish flu), in 1957 (th........ Read more »

Anthony S. Fauci,, & Francis S. Collins. (2012) Benefits and Risks of Influenza Research: Lessons Learned . Science, 336(6088), 1522-1523. info:/

  • June 24, 2012
  • 08:57 PM

Understanding the Journal Impact Factor – Part Two

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

Despite its many faults (see part I), the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) is considered an influential index to a journal’s quality, and publishing in high-impact journals is essential to a researcher’s academic career. Reminder: to calculate, for example, the 2010 JIF for a journal - JIF= (2010 citations to 2009+2008 articles)/(no. of “citable” articles published in [...]

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  • June 4, 2012
  • 11:00 AM

Should Bloggers Publicize Their Own Work?

by Mr Epidemiology in Mr Epidemiology

Science blog royalty SciCurious recently had a post up about whether it was okay for science bloggers to blog about their own work. Travis brought it up on his Science of Blogging site as well, and I started thinking about it. One of the big issues we struggle with as researchers is getting our research out [...]... Read more »

  • June 1, 2012
  • 09:00 AM

An Open Letter to the Royal Society: Please employ a wikipedian in residence

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

Fellows of the Wiki Society? To improve public engagement with Science and Scientists, the Royal Society should employ a wikipedian in residence. Here’s why:... Read more »

Daub, J., Gardner, P., Tate, J., Ramskold, D., Manske, M., Scott, W., Weinberg, Z., Griffiths-Jones, S., & Bateman, A. (2008) The RNA WikiProject: Community annotation of RNA families. RNA, 14(12), 2462-2464. DOI: 10.1261/rna.1200508  

Wodak, S., Mietchen, D., Collings, A., Russell, R., & Bourne, P. (2012) Topic Pages: PLoS Computational Biology Meets Wikipedia. PLoS Computational Biology, 8(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002446  

  • May 17, 2012
  • 09:35 PM

The Scatter of Medical Research and What to do About it.

by Laika Spoetnik in Laika's Medliblog

Paul Glasziou, GP and professor in Evidence Based Medicine, co-authored a new article in the BMJ [1]. Similar to another paper [2] I discussed before [3] this paper deals with the difficulty for clinicians of staying up-to-date with the literature. But where the previous paper [2,3] highlighted the mere increase in number of research articles over time, the current paper looks at the scatter of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SR’s) accross different journals cited........ Read more »

Hoffmann, Tammy, Erueti, Chrissy, Thorning,Sarah, & Glasziou, Paul. (2012) The scatter of research: cross sectional comparison of randomised trials and systematic reviews across specialties. BMJ. info:/10.1136/bmj.e3223

  • May 17, 2012
  • 12:26 PM

Genomics, Open Access, and China

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

The associate editor of the journal Genomics has resigned, stating that he can no longer work for a system that puts profit over access to research. In an article in The Guardian, Winston Hide announced his resignation from “system that provides solid profits for the publisher while effectively denying colleagues in developing countries access to [...]... Read more »

Miller RD, Phillips MS, Jo I, Donaldson MA, Studebaker JF, Addleman N, Alfisi SV, Ankener WM, Bhatti HA, Callahan CE.... (2005) High-density single-nucleotide polymorphism maps of the human genome. Genomics, 86(2), 117-26. PMID: 15961272  

  • May 12, 2012
  • 06:32 PM

An Orgy of Self-Referential Blogging...

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

...may follow from a new PLoS ONE paper on bloggers whose posts are aggregated at (Shema et al., 2012):The average RB blogger in our sample is male, either a graduate student or has been awarded a PhD and blogs under his own name.The Neurocritic has never been one for meta-blogging.1 I don't like to draw attention to my existence as an actual person, and I don't have time to discuss things like the pros/cons of blogging, scientific outreach, gender imbalances, scientist blo........ Read more »

  • May 12, 2012
  • 09:56 AM

Can Guidelines Harm Patients?

by Laika Spoetnik in Laika's Medliblog

Recently I saw an intriguing “personal view” in the BMJ written by Grant Hutchison entitled: “Can Guidelines Harm Patients Too?” Hutchison is a consultant anesthetist with -as he calls it- chronic guideline fatigue syndrome. Hutchison underwent an acute exacerbation of his “condition” with the arrival of another set of guidelines in his email inbox. Hutchison:

On reviewing the level of evidence provided for the various recommendations being offered, I was s........ Read more »

Hutchison, G. (2012) Guidelines can harm patients too. BMJ, 344(apr18 1). DOI: 10.1136/bmj.e2685  

Tricoci P, Allen JM, Kramer JM, Califf RM, & Smith SC Jr. (2009) Scientific evidence underlying the ACC/AHA clinical practice guidelines. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 301(8), 831-41. PMID: 19244190  

Menéndez R, Reyes S, Martínez R, de la Cuadra P, Manuel Vallés J, & Vallterra J. (2007) Economic evaluation of adherence to treatment guidelines in nonintensive care pneumonia. The European respiratory journal : official journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology, 29(4), 751-6. PMID: 17005580  

Sackett, D., Rosenberg, W., Gray, J., Haynes, R., & Richardson, W. (1996) Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ, 312(7023), 71-72. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.312.7023.71  

  • May 7, 2012
  • 12:31 PM

Understanding the Journal Impact Factor – Part One

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

The journals in which scientists publish can make or break their career.  A scientist must publish in “leading” journals, with high Journal Impact Factor (JIF), (you can see it presented proudly on high-impact journals’ websites). The JIF has gone popular partly because it gives an “objective” measure of a journal’s quality and partly because it’s [...]

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Bar-Ilan, J. (2012) Journal report card. Scientometrics. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-012-0671-3  

  • April 24, 2012
  • 08:42 PM

The post-journal era

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

Most of the scholarly publication today goes more or less like this: a scientist writes a manuscript about research funded by her university and/or the grant fairy (usually a government agency) then submits it to a commercial peer-review journal. An editor (either working for free or for "honorarium") reads her manuscript and sends it to appropriate peer reviewers (payment? what payment?). Then, if her manuscript is accepted, her institute's library gets the privilege of buying access to the pub........ Read more »

Priem, J., & Hemminger, B. (2012) Decoupling the scholarly journal. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fncom.2012.00019  

Smith, J. W. T. (2003) The deconstructed journal revisited: a review of developments. ICCC/IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing-ElPub03: From information to knowledge. (Minho, Portugal). info:/

  • April 5, 2012
  • 10:31 PM

What Should Be Done about Reproducibility

by Dave Bridges in Dave's Blog

A recent Commentary and linked editorial in Nature regarding reproducible science (or rather the lack thereof in science) has been troubling me for a few days now. The article brings to light a huge problem in the current academic science enterprise.

What am I talking about?

In the comment, two former Amgen researchers describe some of the efforts of that company to reproduce "landmark studies" in cancer biology. Amgen had a team of about a hundred researchers called the reproducib........ Read more »

  • April 2, 2012
  • 09:04 AM

Open Data Manchester: Twenty Four Hour Data People

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

According to Francis Maude, Open Data is the “next industrial revolution”. Now you should obviously take everything politicians say with a large pinch of salt (especially Maude) but despite the political hyperbole, when it comes to data he is onto something.... Read more »

  • March 27, 2012
  • 01:01 AM

Writing a Good Review

by agoldstein in WiSci

Andrew Moore, Editor-in-Chief of the review-and-discussion journal BioEssays, discusses the perks and pitfalls of writing a good review.... Read more »

  • February 20, 2012
  • 10:07 AM

Hospitals Might Be Too Sterilized, Expert Says

by United Academics in United Academics

Modern sterile conditions in hospitals keep every kind of organisms out of operation theatres and wards, but this might be not such a good idea, according to Dr Jack Gilbert, researcher at the Argonne National Laboratory in Chicago.... Read more »

Kembel, S., Jones, E., Kline, J., Northcutt, D., Stenson, J., Womack, A., Bohannan, B., Brown, G., & Green, J. (2012) Architectural design influences the diversity and structure of the built environment microbiome. The ISME Journal. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2011.211  

  • February 16, 2012
  • 08:10 AM

Goats Also Pick Up Accents, Research Says

by United Academics in United Academics

It is believed that most mammals’ “voice” is dictated by genetics, but a new research suggests that the surroundings might play an important role as well, just like in humans.... Read more »

Briefer E, McElligott AG. (2012) Social effects on vocal ontogeny in an ungulate (Capra hircus). Animal Behaviour. info:/

  • February 15, 2012
  • 04:44 PM

A ‘Bite-Size’ Rebuttal

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

In the January 2012 issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science, two articles were published in which the authors argued that the trend of increasingly shorter journal articles could have a ... Read more »

Bertamini, M., & Munafo, M. (2012) Bite-Size Science and Its Undesired Side Effects. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(1), 67-71. DOI: 10.1177/1745691611429353  

  • February 15, 2012
  • 09:58 AM

The Open Access Irony Awards: Naming and shaming

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

Open Access (OA) publishing aims to make the results of scientific research available to the widest possible audience. Scientific papers that are published in Open Access journals are freely available for crucial data mining and for anyone to read, wherever they may be...... Read more »

Boulton, G., Rawlins, M., Vallance, P., & Walport, M. (2011) Science as a public enterprise: the case for open data. The Lancet, 377(9778), 1633-1635. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60647-8  

Hanson, B., Sugden, A., & Alberts, B. (2011) Making Data Maximally Available. Science, 331(6018), 649-649. DOI: 10.1126/science.1203354  

Cooper, S., Khatib, F., Treuille, A., Barbero, J., Lee, J., Beenen, M., Leaver-Fay, A., Baker, D., Popović, Z., & players, F. (2010) Predicting protein structures with a multiplayer online game. Nature, 466(7307), 756-760. DOI: 10.1038/nature09304  

Kim, J. (2010) Faculty self-archiving: Motivations and barriers. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1002/asi.21336  

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