Post List

All posts; Tags Include "Policy"

(Modify Search »)

  • March 6, 2013
  • 09:43 PM

Beyond the Pdf 2 - a disruptive conference

by Eugenio Maria Battaglia in Science to Grok

Scholarly communication across all disciplines is changing profoundly under the influence of new technologies. New models, tools and standards are being developed that aim to enhance, enable or entirely replace formerly ingrained forms of scholarly communication, including publications, courses, conferences and policy. The Beyond the PDF conference brings together scholars, librarians, archivists, publishers and research funders in a lively forum, not just to broaden awareness of current efforts........ Read more »

Priem, J., & Hemminger, B. (2012) Decoupling the scholarly journal. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fncom.2012.00019  

Nature Methods. (2013) Beyond the PDF. Nature Methods, 10(2), 91-91. DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.2363  

  • February 25, 2013
  • 11:49 PM

"Organizational silos," and how they prevent effective zoonotic disease tracking

by Austin Bouck in Animal Science Review

It appears that the agencies that we rely on to track disease outbreaks need to start tracking disease, not just their own jurisdiction.

An article in Sociology of Health and Illness piqued my interest this last week that reveals the amount of segregation different government agencies have when dealing with zoonotic disease. The understanding of the goals and connections between livestock, wildlife, and human health among these agencies are often apathetic at best, and antagonistic at worst.......... Read more »

  • February 21, 2013
  • 12:45 PM

Species Invaders: Assessing Pest Tech

by Whitney Campbell in Green Screen

Lately in the Land of 10,000 Lakes, Minnesota legislators have been heatedly debating the best plan for preventing bighead and silver carp from overrunning the state's reserves. Although there are now no populations of these or any other Asian carp species in Minnesota's waters and branch of the Mississippi River, a handful of the fish have been caught recently, with countless schools of non-indigenous carp teeming downstream in Iowa.... Read more »

  • February 16, 2013
  • 09:33 AM

Fighting Disease with Biodiversity

by GDW in The Beast, the Bard and the Bot

Biodiversity is, in most cases, good. And, as I’ve written before, biodiversity matters. In general, a healthy dose of biodiversity is something to strive for. It can, as a recent study in Nature shows, even help fighting disease. (Warning: modest bullet point bonanza below.) The researchers performed their investigation on three levels: First, sampling ‘in [...]... Read more »

  • February 12, 2013
  • 06:47 PM

Scientists find new clues on how bacteria resist antibiotics

by Isabel Torres in Science in the clouds

New research shows how some bacteria manage to evade a widely used antibiotic by removing it from their protein factories.The widespread use of antibiotics over the past decades has led to the emergence of resistant bacteria. Since their discovery in the 1930s, antibiotics have been overused in human medicine and in industrial farms as food supplements to promote animal growth. A shocking 80% of antibiotics produced in the USA are used in farms, despite warnings from the World Health Organizatio........ Read more »

Li, W., Atkinson, G., Thakor, N., Allas, ., Lu, C., Chan, K., Tenson, T., Schulten, K., Wilson, K., Hauryliuk, V.... (2013) Mechanism of tetracycline resistance by ribosomal protection protein Tet(O). Nature Communications, 1477. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2470  

Donhofer, A., Franckenberg, S., Wickles, S., Berninghausen, O., Beckmann, R., & Wilson, D. (2012) Structural basis for TetM-mediated tetracycline resistance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(42), 16900-16905. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1208037109  

  • February 11, 2013
  • 11:30 PM

Seven Myths About Obesity And Weight Loss?

by Jalees Rehman in Fragments of Truth

Whether we cruise the internet, turn on the TV or simply open up our email Inbox, we are bound to encounter advice regarding obesity and weight loss. The problem is that a lot of the circulated opinions about obesity and weight gain are only poorly supported by medical and scientific evidence. The recent paper “Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity” published in the New England Journal of Medicine on January 31, 2013 by Krista Casazza and colleagues investigates popular notion........ Read more »

Casazza K, Fontaine KR, Astrup A, Birch LL, Brown AW, Bohan Brown MM, Durant N, Dutton G, Foster EM, Heymsfield SB.... (2013) Myths, presumptions, and facts about obesity. The New England journal of medicine, 368(5), 446-54. PMID: 23363498  

  • February 4, 2013
  • 10:47 AM

Privacy and Progress in Whole Genome Sequencing: webinar series

by Mary in OpenHelix

Hey folks–as a public service announcement I’m posting this email from the Genetic Alliance folks. They’ve assembled a terrific webinar series that cover hot topics in genomics research and privacy issues. I’m posting part of the email, but then will direct you to their page for the full list of upcoming webinars. I’ve read the [...]... Read more »

Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. (2012) Privacy and Progress in Whole Genome Sequencing. info:other/

Gymrek, M., McGuire, A., Golan, D., Halperin, E., & Erlich, Y. (2013) Identifying Personal Genomes by Surname Inference. Science, 339(6117), 321-324. DOI: 10.1126/science.1229566  

  • February 1, 2013
  • 01:31 PM

Predatory Prawns

by Emarkham in GeneticCuckoo

A new ecological method of control for an African parasitic disease, an analysis of the benefits and limitations of this approach. ... Read more »

E Markham. (2013) Predatory Prawns. Blogspot. info:/

  • January 28, 2013
  • 10:09 AM

Identifying Samples from Genomic Data

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

In last week's issue of Science, Melissa Gymrek and colleagues from the lab of Yaniv Erlich (Whitehead) report a method for the triangulation the identity of a sample donor using genomic data and public databases.

As a proof-of-principle, they uncovered the identities of about 50 sample donors from the CEPH Utah collection, perhaps the best-studied collection of "anonymous" samples to date. Their approach exploits several facts of this "information age" we live in.... Read more »

Gymrek M, McGuire AL, Golan D, Halperin E, & Erlich Y. (2013) Identifying personal genomes by surname inference. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6117), 321-4. PMID: 23329047  

  • January 25, 2013
  • 08:20 AM

Are we incentivizing hype in science? A case study

by Björn Brembs in

There is a lively discussion going on right now in various forums on the incentives for scientists to publish their work in this venue or another. Some of these discussions cite our manuscript on the pernicious consequences of journal rank, others don't. In our manuscript, we speculate that the scientific community may be facing a deluge of fraud and misconduct, because of the incentives to publish in high-ranking journals, a central point of contention in the discussions lnked to above. An exam........ Read more »

Wasserman, S., Salomon, A., & Frye, M. (2013) Drosophila Tracks Carbon Dioxide in Flight. Current Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.12.038  

  • January 9, 2013
  • 01:30 PM

Price Winning Research: Do children keep their mother from working?

by Rense Nieuwenhuis in Curving Normality

“Do children keep their mother from working?” I used this title for a poster presented at a PhD conference, two years ago. The intentionally provocativeprovocative title, of course, spurred some discussion about the world being a little more complex than it suggested. Of course it is, I know. But it got the attention of many. Today, I won a best research award.... Read more »

Rense Nieuwenhuis, Ariana Need, & Henk van der Kolk. (2012) Institutional and Demographic Explanations of Women's Employment in 18 OECD Countries, 1975-1999. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74(June), 614-630. info:/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.00965.x

  • January 8, 2013
  • 12:37 PM

The USA Dream for IMGs: Coming to an end? Analysing the 2012 Match

by Pranab Chatterjee in Scepticemia

My attention was drawn to an article in the JAMA today (1) by one of my friends who is actively pursuing the USMLE route. And after reading this, I guess I have to admit that one now has to make haste in order to prevent waste. Now I have long been wanting to write about [...]... Read more »

Traverso G, & McMahon GT. (2012) Residency training and international medical graduates: coming to America no more. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 308(21), 2193-4. PMID: 23212494  

  • January 6, 2013
  • 10:31 PM

Have We Killed Half of our Soldiers with Cigarettes?

by Dirk Hanson in Addiction Inbox

Two long-term studies yield grim stats, and women are no exception.

We know that smoking kills. But until the results of 50 years’ worth of observations on British male smokers was published by Richard Doll and coworkers in the British Journal of Medicine in 2004, we didn’t know how many.  Cigarettes will kill at least half of those who smoke them past the age of 30—possibly more. In older, specific populations, possibly as many as 2/3.

It took a prospective study of more ........ Read more »

  • January 1, 2013
  • 06:28 AM

What’s wrong with citation analysis?

by Hadas Shema in Information Culture

What’s wrong with citation analysis? Other than your papers not being cited enough, what’s wrong with measuring scientific influence based on citation count? Citation analysis-based decisions concerning grants, promotions, etc. have become popular because, among other things, they’re considered “unbiased.” After all, such analysis gives numbers even non-professionals can understand, helping them make the best [...]

... Read more »

MacRoberts, M., & MacRoberts, B. (1996) Problems of citation analysis. Scientometrics, 36(3), 435-444. DOI: 10.1007/BF02129604  

MacRoberts, M., & MacRoberts, B. (2010) Problems of citation analysis: A study of uncited and seldom-cited influences. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(1), 1-12. DOI: 10.1002/asi.21228  

Priem, J., Taraborelli, D., Groth, P., & Neylon, C. (2010) altmetrics: a manifesto. info:/

  • December 31, 2012
  • 10:33 AM

Ethical Challenges for Clinical Genome Sequencing

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

Clinical genome sequencing holds great promise for the diagnosis and treatment of human disease, but also brings many ethical challenges. What if key variants are found in the genome of a patient who died? Should those results be returned to the family, and if so, how? [...]... Read more »

  • December 21, 2012
  • 07:45 AM

Friday Fellow: American Cockroach

by Piter Boll in Earthling Nature

by Piter Kehoma Boll Celebrating the end of the world, there would be no more suitable creature to be featured in our FF than the american cockroach, Periplaneta americana, so famous as a probable (or possible) survivor after a global cataclysm … Continue reading →... Read more »

Vianna, E. E. S., Berne, M. E. A., & Ribeiro, P. B. (2001) Desenvolvimento e longevidade de Periplaneta americana Linneu, 1758 (Blattodea: Blattidae). Revista Brasileira de Agrociências, 7(2), 111-115. info:/

  • December 16, 2012
  • 06:57 AM

Premature Babies Poll Results

by GDW in The Beast, the Bard and the Bot

Ten days ago, I asked you all a question in a poll and I promised to let you know the results. To recapitulate: Studies had shown that the survival of extremely premature (~22 weeks) babies has increased over the past decade, but also that the risk these babies run to develop severe disabilities hadn’t changed [...]... Read more »

  • December 15, 2012
  • 09:41 AM

After The Fall: The Financial Future of U.S Medical Research

by Nsikan Akpan in That's Basic Science

Follow-up to my story in Scientific American: ""Fiscal cliff" threatens to impede biomedical discoveries:... Read more »

Wadman M. (2012) NIH tackles major workforce issues. Nature, 492(7428), 167. PMID: 23235855  

  • December 15, 2012
  • 09:00 AM

A coordinated national strategy for wildlife conservation

by Liza Lester in EcoTone

In this guest post, Vicky Meretsky, associate professor at Indiana University’s School of Public and Environmental Affairs, propose a national conservation-support program to help knit together state level efforts and larger federal programs and prevent species from falling through the gaps.... Read more »

Vicky J. Meretsky, Lynn A. Maguire, Frank W. Davis, DavId M. Stoms, J. Michael Scott, Dennis Figg, Dale D. Goble, Brad Griffith, Scott E. Henke, Jacqueline Vaughn.... (2012) A State-Based National Network for Effective Wildlife Conservation. BioScience, 62(11), 970-976. DOI: 10.1525/bio.2012.62.11.6  

  • December 10, 2012
  • 12:41 PM

Are Physicians Using Medical Smartphones Apps?

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

The number and types of medical apps for physicians and other medical providers is rapidly increasing.  Smart phone apps (i.e. iPhone and Android apps) have the potential to allow physicians real time access to medical records, treatment guidelines and medical reference information. As these apps increase in number and type, it will be important to understand the facilitators and barriers to implementation in the medical setting.  Additionally, research will be needed to document ........ Read more »

join us!

Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.

If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.

Register Now

Research Blogging is powered by SRI Technology.

To learn more, visit