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  • November 16, 2012
  • 04:42 PM

How to Build a Neuron: step 3

by TheCellularScale in The Cellular Scale

Steps 1 and 2 of neuron-building, as well as an important set of shortcuts can be found in the How to Build a Neuron index. Step 3 is deciding which simulation software or programming language you want to use. Simulated Neuron in Genesis (source)The big two are Genesis and Neuron. They are pretty similar in a lot of ways, but Genesis runs in Linux and Neuron runs in windows. However, you can run Genesis in windows if you install the Linux environment Cygwin.Both programs can read in morphologica........ Read more »

Gleeson P, Crook S, Cannon RC, Hines ML, Billings GO, Farinella M, Morse TM, Davison AP, Ray S, Bhalla US.... (2010) NeuroML: a language for describing data driven models of neurons and networks with a high degree of biological detail. PLoS computational biology, 6(6). PMID: 20585541  

  • November 12, 2012
  • 02:10 PM

Complementary taxonomic and thematic semantic systems

by Dan Mirman in Minding the Brain

I am happy to report that my paper with Kristen Graziano (a Research Assistant in my lab) showing cross-task individual differences in strength of taxonomic vs. thematic semantic relations is in this month's issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General (Mirman & Graziano, 2012a). This paper is part of a cluster of four articles developing the idea that there is a functional and neural dissociation between taxonomic and thematic semantic systems in the human brain.  First, so........ Read more »

Mirman D., & Graziano K.M. (2012) Individual differences in the strength of taxonomic versus thematic relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(4), 601-609. PMID: 22201413  

Schwartz M.F., Kimberg D.Y., Walker G.M., Brecher A., Faseyitan O.K., Dell G.S., Mirman D., & Coslett H.B. (2011) Neuroanatomical dissociation for taxonomic and thematic knowledge in the human brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(20), 8520-8524. PMID: 21540329  

  • November 12, 2012
  • 11:37 AM

If America’s Boyfriend were a Cognitive Neuroscientist…

by J Zevin in The Magnet is Always On

Ontologies of cognitive tasks are anthropological facts about cognitive neuroscientists, and the conditions under which we observe the brain. ... Read more »

Laird AR, Fox PM, Eickhoff SB, Turner JA, Ray KL, McKay DR, Glahn DC, Beckmann CF, Smith SM, & Fox PT. (2011) Behavioral interpretations of intrinsic connectivity networks. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 23(12), 4022-37. PMID: 21671731  

Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R., Nichols, T., Van Essen, D., & Wager, T. (2011) Large-scale automated synthesis of human functional neuroimaging data. Nature Methods, 8(8), 665-670. DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.1635  

  • November 9, 2012
  • 03:46 PM

Caffeine Helps Us Recognize Positive Words

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Does anyone still say "full of beans"? The phrase is supposed to describe someone who's upbeat and energetic. Maybe we can revive the expression by attaching it specifically to coffee beans, as in, "I just had a double-shot cappuccino and boy, oh boy am I full of beans!"

Caffeine lovers know the feeling of finishing a well-timed cup of coffee or tea: positive, alert, ready to go. (And maybe ready to go to the bathroom.) New research suggests that our brains also process language differently........ Read more »

  • November 8, 2012
  • 11:58 PM

Seeing Asians speaking English

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

I am very much looking forward to attending the International Conference on Research and Applications of Intercultural Communication in Wuhan next week. By way of preparation, I’ve googled the conference hotel on tripadvisor and was disappointed to discover that the … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • October 29, 2012
  • 11:28 PM

Embodied cognition: Theoretical claims and theoretical predictions

by Dan Mirman in Minding the Brain

I'm at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Aphasia (50th Anniversary!) in San Francisco. I like the Academy meeting because it is smaller than the other meetings that I attend and it brings together an interesting interdisciplinary group of people that are very passionate about the neural basis of language and acquired language disorders. One of the big topics of discussion on the first day of the meeting was embodied cognition, particularly its claim that semantic knowledge is grounded in........ Read more »

  • October 27, 2012
  • 08:23 AM

Auditory processing disorder: Schisms and skirmishes

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

The diagnosis of auditory processing disorder in children has always been controversial. The controversy was stoked this month with publication of a White Paper by the British Society of Audiology, challenging US views on diagnosis... Read more »

  • October 16, 2012
  • 08:12 AM

Why does linguisitic information mean what it does?

by Andrew Wilson in Notes from Two Scientific Psychologists

Sabrina has been working on a series of posts on an ecological analysis of language (here, here and here, plus more on the way). Her focus has been on the nature of the information for language, and the similarities and differences this information has with the information for perception. We're working some of this analysis into a paper, and writing that got me thinking about this in a little more detail.Our main move on language is to reject the assumption that language is a qualitatively diffe........ Read more »

  • October 15, 2012
  • 12:44 AM

al-Jahiz’s profoundly serious work on scholarly hospitality

by Douglas Galbi in purple motes

Al-Jahiz's attacks on tedious and repulsive scholarly disputes and his formulation of much more hospitable alternatives are serious scholarly work.... Read more »

Behzadi, Lale. (2009) Al-Jahiz and his Successors on Communication and the Levels of Language. Heinemann, Arnim, Manfred Kropp, Tarif Khalidi, and John Lash Meloy. 2009. Al-Jāḥiẓ: a Muslim humanist for our time. Würzburg: Ergon Verlag in Kommission, 125-132. info:/

  • October 7, 2012
  • 11:21 PM

Bilingualism is good for your mental health

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

October is Mental Health month here in New South Wales. The campaign runs under the slogan “Celebrate, connect, grow” and includes some fantastic tips how to look after your mental health. The key point is to build strong relationships and … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • September 24, 2012
  • 07:44 PM

Language test masquerading as literacy and numeracy test

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Last week, the results of the 2012 National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) were published. As has been the case since NAPLAN was first introduced in Australia in 2008, the Northern Territory (NT) has, once again, underperformed dramatically. … Continue reading →... Read more »

Gillian Wigglesworth, Jane Simpson, & Deborah Loakes. (2011) NAPLAN LANGUAGE ASSESSMENTS FOR INDIGENOUS CHILDREN IN REMOTE COMMUNITIES: ISSUES AND PROBLEMS. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 34(3), 320-343. info:/

  • September 22, 2012
  • 06:00 AM

Wild parrots name their babies | video | @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

Wild green-rumped parrotlet parents give their babies their own individual names... Read more »

Karl S. Berg, Soraya Delgado, Kathryn A. Cortopassi, Steven R. Beissinger, & Jack W. Bradbury. (2011) Vertical transmission of learned signatures in a wild parrot. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. info:/10.1098/rspb.2011.0932

Ralf Wanker, Jasmin Apcin, Bert Jennerjahn, & Birte Waibel. (1998) Discrimination of different social companions in spectacled parrotlets (Forpus conspicillatus): evidence for individual vocal recognition. . Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology , 43(3), 197-202. info:/10.1007/s002650050481)

  • September 16, 2012
  • 02:23 PM

Risk vs. Opportunity across the life-span: Risky choices decline with age

by Richard Kunert in Brain's Idea

Risk taking is somewhat enigmatic. On the one hand, risky choices in every day life – like drug abuse or drink driving – peak in adolescence. Never again in life is the threat to die from easily preventable causes as great. On the other hand, in laboratory experiments this risky choice peak in adolescence is absent. Instead, the readiness to take a gamble simply goes down the older you are. How can we explain this paradox? Perhaps, we should look at a tribe in the Amazon rain forest for answ........ Read more »

Everett, D. (2008) Don't sleep, there are snakes. London: Profile Books. info:/

  • September 3, 2012
  • 03:32 AM

What Chomsky's doesn't get about child language

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

I argue that, far from advancing our understanding of language acquisition, Chomsky's theories have held back progress because they are based on a false premise: that children operate from the start with abstract grammatical categories. Contemporary work on statistical learning challenges that view.... Read more »

Romberg, A. R., & Saffran, J. R. (2010) Statistical learning and language acquisition. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 1(6), 906-914. DOI: 10.1002/wcs.78  

  • August 27, 2012
  • 10:30 PM

Time course of thematic and functional semantics

by Dan Mirman in Minding the Brain

I am pleased to report that our paper on the time course of activation of thematic and functional semantic knowledge will be published in the September issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. This project was led by Solene Kalénine when she was a post-doc at MRRI working with Laurel Buxbaum and me. Humbly, I think this paper is pretty cool for a few different reasons.First, and most central, we found (using eye-tracking) that the knowledge that two thin........ Read more »

  • August 27, 2012
  • 10:20 AM

Indo-European Languages May Have Originated in Turkey

by United Academics in United Academics

New research published in Science identifies Anatolia, which comprises modern-day Turkey, as the place where Indo-European languages originated. This contrasts with the so-called "Steppe hypothesis", which maintains that these languages originated in the Russian steppes.... Read more »

Remco Bouckaert, Philippe Lemey, Michael Dunn, Simon J. Greenhill, Alexander V. Alekseyenko, Alexei J. Drummond, Russell D. Gray, Marc A. Suchard, & Quentin D. Atkinson. (2012) Mapping the Origins and Expansion of the Indo-European Language Family. Science. DOI: 10.1126/science.1219669  

  • August 26, 2012
  • 08:53 PM

Illegitimate English

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

The other day I watched a show about global textile production. How fair is fashion? by British educational media producer Pumpkin TV is an excellent resource explaining the circuits of cheap clothing for consumers in the global North, huge profits … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 20, 2012
  • 04:15 AM

Postnatal depression and language proficiency

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Last week I was interviewed for a publication intended to showcase the achievements of women in research. When the interviewer, Meryl Hancock, asked me about the biggest challenge I had faced in my career, I answered “motherhood’ without any hesitation. … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 14, 2012
  • 08:27 PM

Rising multicultural middle class

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

In response to my blog post about the disparity between educational qualifications and employment outcomes faced by select country of origin groups in Australia, Val Colic-Peisker reminded me that there is also a more optimistic way of looking at the … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 10, 2012
  • 12:39 AM

Human capital on the move

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

The labour market integration of migrants presents a persistent conundrum. The Australian story – as that of other migrant destinations – is largely told as a success story: the skilled migration program with its focus on bringing human capital into … Continue reading →... Read more »

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