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  • March 19, 2013
  • 12:08 AM

Exclusion on campus

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

A persistent theme in research with international students in Australia is the tension between dreams of inclusion pre-departure and the experience of exclusion once in the country. In Kimie Takahashi’s ethnography with international students from Japan, for instance, participants often … Continue reading →... Read more »

Tara J Yosso; William A Smith; Miguel Ceja; Daniel G Solórzano. (2009) Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate for Latina/o Undergraduates . Harvard Educational Review, 79(4). info:/

  • March 13, 2013
  • 03:40 AM

Brain Lateralization - Logical Left vs Creative Right

by Vivek Misra in Uberbrain Research Frontier

Broad generalizations are often made in popular psychology about one side or the other having characteristic labels, such as "logical" for the left side or "creative" for the right. These labels need to be treated carefully; although a lateral dominance is measurable, both hemispheres contribute to both kinds of processes.In psychology and neurobiology, the theory is based on what is known as the lateralization of brain function. So does one side of the brain really control specific functions? A........ Read more »

George MS, Parekh PI, Rosinsky N, Ketter TA, Kimbrell TA, Heilman KM, Herscovitch P, & Post RM. (1996) Understanding emotional prosody activates right hemisphere regions. Archives of neurology, 53(7), 665-70. PMID: 8929174  

Dehaene, S., Piazza, M., Pinel, P., & Cohen, L. (2003) THREE PARIETAL CIRCUITS FOR NUMBER PROCESSING. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 20(3-6), 487-506. DOI: 10.1080/02643290244000239  

  • March 8, 2013
  • 05:10 AM

Migrant women’s empowerment in the city

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

It is international women’s day today and the world’s women are on the move like never before: according to figures from the International Institute for Migration, women constitute 49% of the world’s 214 million transnational migrants. It is often assumed … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • March 6, 2013
  • 12:47 AM

Perfect match

by Jon Brock in Cracking the Enigma

I've got a new post over on the SFARI (Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative) blog discussing the use of control groups in autism research.Control groups are an essential part of autism research, providing a benchmark against which to assess those with autism. Finding, for instance, that participants with autism score an average of 68 percent on a test is meaningless if you don’t know how people who don’t have autism do on the same test.  A control group can also b........ Read more »

Kover ST, & Atwoo AK. (2013) Establishing equivalence: methodological progress in group-matching design and analysis. American journal on intellectual and developmental disabilities, 118(1), 3-15. PMID: 23301899  

  • March 4, 2013
  • 10:13 PM

How Many English Tweets are Actually Possible?

by Jon Wilkins in Lost in Transcription

So, recently (last week, maybe?), Randall Munroe, of xkcd fame, posted an answer to the question "How many unique English tweets are possible?" as part of his excellent "What If" series. He starts off by noting that there are 27 letters (including spaces), and a tweet length of 140 characters. This gives you 27140 -- or about 10200 -- possible strings.

Of course, most of these are not sensible English statements, and he goes on to estimate how many of these there are. This analysis is base........ Read more »

C. E. Shannon. (1951) Prediction and Entropy of Written English. Bell System Technical Journal, 50-64. info:/

  • March 4, 2013
  • 01:26 AM

Is speaking English a civic duty?

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

In today’s immigration countries, adherents of the “one nation, one language” idea face a unique ideological problem: to claim that the national language is a sign of national loyalty and incorporation into the nation while, simultaneously, disavowing any association between … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 18, 2013
  • 04:11 PM

Grassroots multilingualism

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

What does an urban middle-class male university graduate from Conakry, the capital of Guinea, have in common with a peasant woman with little education from a village in Sichuan? Well, both are caught up in the processes of globalization and … Continue reading →... Read more »

Han, Huamei. (2013) Individual Grassroots Multilingualism in Africa Town in Guangzhou: The Role of States in Globalization. International Multilingual Research Journal, 83-97. info:/

  • February 13, 2013
  • 10:42 PM

To English with Love

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

It’s Valentine’s Day today. Valentine’s Day is a truly global event inextricably linking the emotional life of individuals with the capitalist world order. Young women around the world dream of romantic love and many men do their best to meet … Continue reading →... Read more »

Takahashi, Kimie. (2013) Language learning, gender and desire: Japanese women on the move. Multilingual Matters. info:/

  • February 11, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

News flash: The way standard jury patterns are written is confusing

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We know– this comes to you as a complete surprise. But now we can prove it! We’ve all known for years that jurors look at standard jury pattern instructions with confusion and sometimes, abject misery. In our pretrial research, we often encourage the use of a simplified jury charge so we are sure jurors will [...]

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... Read more »

Small, R., Platania, J., & Cutler, B. (2013) Assessing the readability of capital pattern jury instructions. . The Jury Expert, 25(1.). info:/

  • January 31, 2013
  • 04:37 PM

Is English improving lives in a remote Indonesian village?

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

In a recent post, I reviewed language policy research that shows how compulsory English in China has given rise to new inequities and is far from being a means to fair development. In that context, compulsory English language learning is … Continue reading →... Read more »

Pasassung, Nikolaus. (2003) Teaching English in an "Acquisition-Poor Environment": An Ethnographic Example of a Remote Indonesian EFL Classroom. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Sydney. info:/

  • January 17, 2013
  • 06:31 PM

A golden age of multiculturalism

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Last week I had the privilege of attending, virtually, a seminar devoted to “Mobilities, Language Practices and Identities” organized by the CIEN Group at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. The seminar brought together a small number of international scholars working … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • January 16, 2013
  • 10:30 AM

Dogs’ Responses to Affection from Familiar and Unfamiliar People

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

When my Siberian husky wants affection, he will come and stand near me. If I don’t respond immediately, he will lick his lips and move closer, possibly leaning on me, until I respond. Sometimes when I start to pet him, he will lick his lips again, but if I take this as a sign that he’d like me to stop, he licks his lips even more and moves closer or paws at me to ask me to start petting again. At some point he will sit, and then lay down and ask for chest rubs. From his perspective, chest ru........ Read more »

  • January 11, 2013
  • 07:38 AM

Genetic variation and neuroimaging: some ground rules for reporting research

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

Studies comparing people with different genotypes on neuroimaging measures are increasingly popular. Non-replicable results are likely unless researchers are scrupulous about how they conduct and report their research: I suggest some basic ground rules.... Read more »

Scott-Van Zeeland, A., Abrahams, B., Alvarez-Retuerto, A., Sonnenblick, L., Rudie, J., Ghahremani, D., Mumford, J., Poldrack, R., Dapretto, M., Geschwind, D.... (2010) Altered Functional Connectivity in Frontal Lobe Circuits Is Associated with Variation in the Autism Risk Gene CNTNAP2. Science Translational Medicine, 2(56), 56-56. DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3001344  

  • January 11, 2013
  • 01:31 AM

English for everyone is unfair

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Knowledge of English has come to be seen as the key talent of the 21st century, a way to perfect an individual’s character and to modernize societies; a central facet of global development. China, for instance, introduced an ambitious universal … Continue reading →... Read more »

Hu, G., & Alsagoff, L. (2010) A public policy perspective on English medium instruction in China. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 31(4), 365-382. DOI: 10.1080/01434632.2010.489950  

  • January 7, 2013
  • 08:12 PM

Early study abroad students in young adulthood

by Bong Jeong Lee in Language on the Move

Readers of Language on the Move will be familiar with South Korea’s English fever, the sweeping zeal for learning English. Parents enrol children in English medium-preschools, arts and sports classes, nursery schools with native-speaking English staff, toddler gyms with English … Continue reading →... Read more »

Cummins, Jim. (2000) Language, power and pedagogy: bilingual children in the crossfire, . Multilingual Matters. info:/

  • January 7, 2013
  • 04:33 PM

What the heck is Vocal Fry?

by Greg Laden in Greg Laden's Blog

Until a few minutes ago, I didn’t even know what the heck Vocal Fry is. Apparently some people have gotten really annoyed about it, as it is a speech mannerism that has emerged among young folks, who are always annoying, and especially females, who are always annoying. Apparently. (I also did not know that until…... Read more »

  • January 3, 2013
  • 07:30 PM

The exotic Chinese language

by Chen Xiaoxiao 陈潇潇 in Language on the Move

Ingrid’s blog post “Character challenge” has set me thinking about Chinese language learning these days. I have found her observation about learning Chinese characters as “the most intriguing pastime” particularly impressive, especially when I look again at the data I … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • December 22, 2012
  • 01:59 PM

Genes, brains and lateralisation: How solid is the evidence?

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

I discuss a study by Sun et al which claims to have identified genes that are asymmetrically expressed in the brain of 12- to 14-month-old human embryos. I argue that the methods seem to take insufficient account of the possibility of chance fluctuations in the measurements, and the numbers of asymmetries that have been found are not impressive, given the huge number of genes that were investigated.... Read more »

Sun T, Patoine C, Abu-Khalil A, Visvader J, Sum E, Cherry TJ, Orkin SH, Geschwind DH, & Walsh CA. (2005) Early asymmetry of gene transcription in embryonic human left and right cerebral cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5729), 1794-8. PMID: 15894532  

  • December 14, 2012
  • 05:47 PM

Lateralization of word and face processing

by Dan Mirman in Minding the Brain

A few weeks ago I was at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society where, among other interesting talks, I heard a great one by Marlene Behrmann about her recent work showing that lateralization of visual word recognition drives lateralization of face recognition. Lateralization of word and face processing are among the most classic findings in cognitive neuroscience: in adults, regions in the inferior temporal lobe in the left hemisphere appear to be specialized for recognizing visual (i.e......... Read more »

  • December 9, 2012
  • 08:27 AM

When to switch on background music

by Richard Kunert in Brain's Idea

Some things of our daily lives have become so common, we hardly notice them anymore. Background music is one such thing. Whether you are in a supermarket, a gym or a molecular biology laboratory, you can constantly hear it. More than that, even in quiet environments like the office or the library people get out their mp3-players and play background music. Is this a form of boosting one’s productivity or are people enjoying music at the cost of getting things done? Research on the effect of bac........ Read more »

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