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All posts; Tags Include "Industrial/Organizational Psychology"

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  • November 13, 2012
  • 07:27 AM
  • 596 views

How organisations need to forget

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Should an organisation forget? Seems a strange idea, given how we prize information. But a recent study suggests that an eidetic memory may get in the way of a coherent, enduring identity.Researchers Michel Anteby and Virág Molnár studied the French aeronautics firm Snecma, founded by de Gaulle in 1945. It's preeminence in the field was seen as a national success, and Snecma cast itself as a quintessentially national company. Anteby and Molnár were interested in how this influenced how the co........ Read more »

  • November 8, 2012
  • 11:22 AM
  • 684 views

Driven away by hypocrisy: when endorsing a caring workplace backfires for leaders

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Interpersonal justice - treating others with care and respect - is something every organisation seeks to cultivate. Such a climate can lead to favourable team interactions,  better customer service and higher employee engagement, and managers can play their part by communicating standards and the importance of such behaviour. But can an expectation for interpersonal justice backfire? What about when the manager demonstrates they have no interest in following it themselves? This question led........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2012
  • 11:10 AM
  • 581 views

Question Dodging, Social Goals, and Limited Attention Capacity – Are You The Artful Dodger’s Next Victim?

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Question asked.  Question dodged.  The [election] season of avoiding the real question asked or answering a question not asked has reached the home stretch.  Do you know how to detect when someone tries to wriggle out of asking a question that they would rather avoid?Researchers recently gleaned some tips on how to detect [...]... Read more »

Rogers, T., & Norton, M. (2011) The artful dodger: Answering the wrong question the right way. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 17(2), 139-147. DOI: 10.1037/a0023439  

  • October 31, 2012
  • 10:30 AM
  • 569 views

Behavioral Antecedents of Participation in Social Mentoring Networks

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In an upcoming article in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Lee and Jeong[1] explore behavioral antecedents of social mentoring networks, which are defined as informal mentoring that occurs primarily through an social networking website (like Facebook).  They identify the Theory of Planned Behavior, which posits that human behavior is the result of reasoned consideration of [...]
Related articles from NeoAcademic:
How People Have Bad Experiences on Online Social Networks
Scienti........ Read more »

  • October 29, 2012
  • 12:41 PM
  • 672 views

Ruminative thoughts deepen the long-term impact of workplace violence

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Experiencing workplace violence can have negative impacts far beyond the event itself. How do our own thoughts and cognitions influence this? And is there anything we can do about it?  Karen Niven and colleagues from the universities of Manchester and Sheffield suspected that ruminative thoughts may be a problem. Rumination involves returning to a difficult memory or thought over and over without a clear goal-directed purpose. Its generalised nature means it obstructs solutions while mainta........ Read more »

Niven, K., Sprigg, C., Armitage, C., & Satchwell, A. (2012) Ruminative thinking exacerbates the negative effects of workplace violence. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.2012.02066.x  

  • October 26, 2012
  • 07:00 AM
  • 717 views

Microaggressions and 21st Century Employment Discrimination: Is the Law [Mis]Aligned With Science?

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Your search – microaggressions – did not match any documents. No pages were found containing “microaggressions”. Suggestions: Make sure all words are spelled correctly. Try different keywords. Try more general keywords. Search Result, EEOC website, www.eeoc.gov, October 25, 2012.  A similar search on that date at the Federal Judicial [...]... Read more »

King, E., Dunleavy, D., Dunleavy, E., Jaffer, S., Morgan, W., Elder, K., & Graebner, R. (2011) Discrimination in the 21st century: Are science and the law aligned?. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 17(1), 54-75. DOI: 10.1037/a0021673  

  • October 23, 2012
  • 01:58 AM
  • 1,065 views

Don’t Wear Red to a Job Interview

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

I doubt society is erring on the side of too little concern about personal appearance, but psychology research has established that the colors you wear can influence how you’re perceived. The most well-known effect is that wearing red makes your more sexually desirable, but a new study suggests that if you’re looking for employment wearing red is [...]... Read more »

Maier, M., Elliot, A., Lee, B., Lichtenfeld, S., Barchfeld, P., & Pekrun, R. (2012) The influence of red on impression formation in a job application context. Motivation and Emotion. DOI: 10.1007/s11031-012-9326-1  

  • October 18, 2012
  • 10:54 AM
  • 673 views

Sticking with self-employment: the traits that matter

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Although I'm largely self-employed, life within an organisation is recent enough that I can recall some of its attractions: regulated income, conscientious support staff, nice equipment. Still, I'm happy as I am, having never once felt the inclination to pack it in and look for a job.  Some of that owes to circumstance - and no little luck - but a recent piece of research suggests there may be important individual characteristics that differentiate those who persist in self-employment from ........ Read more »

  • October 16, 2012
  • 11:30 AM
  • 756 views

Does great performance depend on enjoying your work?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

What fires you to get through today's pile of work? Does it intrinsically attract you, tugging your curiosity? Or do you feel a weight of obligation to do as you're supposed to? These two motivation sources, enjoying work versus being driven to work, have been well examined in the workaholism literature, with obligation leading to personal outcomes such as anxiety and rising guilt. However, despite popular accounts such as Daniel Pink's Drive, there is limited research contrasting how these appr........ Read more »

Graves, L., Ruderman, M., Ohlott, P., & Weber, T. (2010) Driven to Work and Enjoyment of Work: Effects on Managers' Outcomes. Journal of Management, 38(5), 1655-1680. DOI: 10.1177/0149206310363612  

  • October 13, 2012
  • 05:04 PM
  • 798 views

Why It’s Good to Be a Generalist (and Bad to Be Steve Novak)

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

One of the more meaningless ongoing education policy debates concerns the value of a liberal arts education. (I call it a meaningless because if you’re going to Wesleyan, you’re not somebody policy makers should be concerned about.) The disagreement essentially boils down to the more-important question of whether it’s better to be a specialist or a generalist [...]... Read more »

Wang, L., & Murninghan, J.K. (2012) The generalist bias. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2012.09.001  

  • October 12, 2012
  • 07:03 AM
  • 593 views

Tendency to 'move against' others predicts managerial derailment

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Derailment is when a manager with a great track record hits the skids, often spectacularly. It's highly undesirable, for the disruption and human harm it can involve, and its costs, which after tallying up lost productivity, transition, and costs of a new hire, can exceed twice an annual salary in the case of executive departures.As a result, organisational researchers have developed measures of 'derailment potential' that consider key suspect behaviours such as betraying trust, deferring decisi........ Read more »

Marisa Adelman Carson, Linda Rhoades Shanock, Eric D. Heggestad, Ashley M. Andrew, S. Douglas Pugh, & Matthew Walter. (2012) The Relationship Between Dysfunctional Interpersonal Tendencies, Derailment Potential Behavior, and Turnover. Journal of Business and Psychology , 27(3), 291-304. DOI: 10.1007/s10869-011-9239-0  

  • October 10, 2012
  • 10:30 AM
  • 1,083 views

Why Do People Play Online Social Games?

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In a recent article in Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, Lee, Lee and Choi[1] investigate why people are attracted to online social games.  They identify 6 dimensions describing motivation to play such games: social interaction, self-presentation, fantasy/role playing, passing time/escapism, entertainment, and challenge/competition.  Interestingly, social gamers do not report that they play such games to [...]
Related articles from NeoAcademic:
How Do Typical Gamers Play Games? ........ Read more »

  • October 10, 2012
  • 07:11 AM
  • 877 views

When does group conflict lead to better performance?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Is disagreement in teams always a bad thing? Although we don't always welcome it, we can probably agree that differences of opinion can be healthy under the right conditions. But identifying these conditions has been a challenge. There is now consensus that relational conflict, meaning disagreements of a personal flavour, are a hallmark of poor team performance: think of working with a team-mate who disliked you or had permanently low regard for your contributions. Less understood is task confli........ Read more »

Bradley, Bret H., Postlethwaite, Bennett E., Klotz, Anthony C., Hamdani, Maria R., & Brown, Kenneth G. (2012) Reaping the benefits of task conflict in teams: The critical role of team psychological safety climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(1), 151-158. DOI: 10.1037/a0024200  

  • October 8, 2012
  • 08:31 AM
  • 747 views

IQ, Personality, and understanding test design

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

We need to talk statistics. No, seriously, you'll thank me. You'll get a handle on Item Response Theory (IRT), something pretty crucial to occupational assessment, and be able to appreciate the important study we'll go on to discuss. It'll be fine...If you've taken a modern occupational test, IRT was probably sitting beneath the bonnet making sense of the responses. Traditional tests count correct responses to give an estimate of your true ability: 30/40 means you ought to be better than if you'........ Read more »

  • October 7, 2012
  • 12:10 AM
  • 623 views

Emotions In The [Legal] Workplace: Bosses & Workers and Links Between Moods, Stress, and Job Dissatisfaction

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Bosses – managers and supervisors also identified as “leaders” – can be a key source of bad moods at work and job dissatisfaction. A research team recently studied the effects of leader behavior on employees’ emotional workday experiences.  The results show that leaders play a powerful role in how employees experience emotions during [...]... Read more »

Bono JE, Foldes HJ, Vinson G, & Muros JP. (2007) Workplace emotions: the role of supervision and leadership. The Journal of applied psychology, 92(5), 1357-67. PMID: 17845090  

  • October 2, 2012
  • 10:10 AM
  • 602 views

When do people whistle-blow?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Corruption and bad practice remain an issue in institutions. External governance and regulation offers some protection, but issues can remain invisible to outsiders. This is where whistle-blowers come in, but what propels an individual to stand up and speak out? That´s what a new paper by Marcia Miceli and colleagues seeks to understand.The researchers surveyed a military base, receiving 3,288 questionnaires back from military and civilian employees. Respondents were asked if they had perceived........ Read more »

  • September 28, 2012
  • 10:26 AM
  • 1,014 views

How they keep on smiling at Disney

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

I recently came across a piece on the 'happiest place on earth', Florida's Walt Disney World. Several nuggets were noteworthy: Disney World and its related local industries make Disney the largest single-site employer in the US. The site is substantial enough to warrant its own Disney police force. And the operation practices what they call the 'science' of guestology (google it). Of most interest is how Disney trains its employees to deliver that happy feeling to its paying customers.Anne Reyer........ Read more »

  • September 26, 2012
  • 07:26 AM
  • 866 views

Monitoring 'self-managing' employees may provoke negative work behaviours

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Good things can come when members of an organisation are allowed to manage their own work, such as greater job satisfaction and better adherence with organisational policy. But this involves management doing an uncomfortable thing: surrendering control. Often, organisations compensate by coupling self-management with surveillance techniques of the  close-up or electronic variety. New research suggests that self-management has even more benefits, but that mashing it with surveillance can end........ Read more »

  • September 24, 2012
  • 01:05 AM
  • 628 views

[Legal] Talent Management Memo: Individual Differences And Moral Disengagement–Connections Which Can Predict Unethical Decisions

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Individual differences in empathy, trait cynicism, chance locus of control, and moral identity can predict moral disengagement and moral disengagement plays a role connecting those stable individual differences with unethical decision making.  This new knowledge provides better understanding about the psychological mechanisms which deactivate moral self-regulation and allow people to make unethical decisions [...]... Read more »

  • September 21, 2012
  • 08:41 AM
  • 682 views

Laugh and the workplace laughs with you

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

How far can a laugh carry? According to Christopher Robert and James Wilbanks, it can reverberate through time, with far-reaching consequences. Their theoretical paper, synthesising research from neuroscience, behavioural psychology and the workplace, suggests that funny incidents can have a cumulative positive effect through a 'Humour Wheel'.Humour can be understood as a positive emotional state arising from incongruity: a joke puts two elements together in an unexpected way, and sarcasm belies........ Read more »

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