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All posts; Tags Include "Industrial/Organizational Psychology"

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  • May 3, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 1,456 views

Facial disfigurement is too disturbing, or why I won’t hire you

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Roger Ebert was a standout when it comes to facial disfigurement. We knew him before it happened. We applauded his bravery and courage in re-emerging publicly after disfiguring cancer surgery. Yet we also stared in disbelief when we saw him. His disfigurement was such that it gave the sense he was always smiling. That probably helped [...]

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  • May 1, 2013
  • 09:30 AM
  • 728 views

Are You Or Your Child Addicted to Online Games? An Online Assessment Tool

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In an upcoming issue of Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Papay and colleagues[1] provide psychometric evidence for the short-form Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire (developed earlier and published in PLOS ONE[2]) using a national sample of 5,045 high school students.  The short-form version is especially interesting because it has six dimensions over just twelve items.  However, the [...]

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Demetrovics, Z., Urbán, R., Nagygyörgy, K., Farkas, J., Griffiths, M., Pápay, O., Kökönyei, G., Felvinczi, K., & Oláh, A. (2012) The Development of the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire (POGQ). PLoS ONE, 7(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036417  

  • May 1, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 944 views

“My nostrils? My nostrils are virile…”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Oh, the things men say. Well, in truth, no real man said this. It’s featured in a parody of the viral Dove video where a forensic artist draws pictures of women as they describe themselves and then as they are described by a stranger. In the real ad, the women describe themselves as less attractive than [...]

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... Read more »

  • April 29, 2013
  • 07:05 AM
  • 603 views

Accountability provokes more team-focused behaviours in leaders who are outsiders

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Sometimes leaders epitomise the group they seek to lead, such as a former trucker heading a transport trade union. In other cases leaders are less prototypical; while they may have the attributes for the role, they 'come from outside'. How might leaders from these two moulds respond when the workplace demands more accountability for their actions?  A team led by Steffen Giessner of Erasmus University set out to know more, investigating the team-oriented behaviours that leaders engage in whe........ Read more »

  • April 27, 2013
  • 09:10 AM
  • 726 views

Identity Management Coping Strategies and Diversity Policies: The Role of Context In Successful Mitigation of Workplace Discrimination

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Discrimination violates the law, harms workers, and costs organizations millions of dollars each year.  The official journal of the American Psychological Association, American Psychologist, recently introduced and discussed two coping strategies used by targets of workplace discrimination.  The authors also explain how the diversity policies and practices adopted and implemented by organizations can impact [...]The post Identity Management Coping Strategies and Diversity Policies: The Role o........ Read more »

  • April 26, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 1,415 views

Larger groups means you are less likely to form interracial relationships

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

I sent my kids to a small school with a 1:12 student teacher ratio for kindergarten through 12th grade. While I knew that student/teacher ratio was terrific, I worried sometimes that they did not have the diversity in student body they would have in a larger school. My kids (now in college) have told me [...]

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Cheng S, & Xie Y. (2013) Structural effect of size on interracial friendship. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 23589848  

  • April 25, 2013
  • 09:30 AM
  • 697 views

Overemphasis on Theory Development Is Damaging Organizational Psychology

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

In a recent article appearing in Organizational Psychology Review, Pillutla and Thau[1] make some very strongly worded arguments about the role of theory development in psychological science. I’ll start exploring their paper with a  quote in their own words: The state of [industrial/organizational psychology] and its obsession with novel theoretical contributions is antithetical to the goals of [...]

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  • April 23, 2013
  • 10:56 AM
  • 547 views

People With More Personal Power Punish More Harshly

by Andrew Porterfield in United Academics

Often, employees are shocked by what they think is a supervisor’s severe reaction to a subordinate’s transgression. Meanwhile, observers of Congressional debates have wondered at how seriously the debaters (on either side of the aisle) seem to take themselves.... Read more »

  • April 23, 2013
  • 07:23 AM
  • 783 views

Workplace psychopathy: what consequences does it have?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Continuing our report on Smith and Lilienfeld's review of workplace psychopathy (part one here), we turn to the consequences it has - for leadership, for the organisation, and for unethical, even criminal behaviour. Leadership effectsIs psychopathy behind 'dark-side' and maladaptive approaches to leadership? Last post discussed a study by Babiak et al study looking at rates of psychopathy. The study also collected 360 data, and that data suggests that high scorers tended to be seen as weaker in ........ Read more »

Smith, S., & Lilienfeld, S. (2013) Psychopathy in the workplace: The knowns and unknowns. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18(2), 204-218. DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2012.11.007  

  • April 22, 2013
  • 06:25 AM
  • 695 views

Workplace psychopathy: the knowns and unknowns

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Workplace psychopathy was an obscure, unknown issue prior to the mid-1990s, but hundreds of popular accounts have been published since then. A measured review by Sarah Francis Smith and Scott Lilienfield gets to the heart of what we really know about the phenomenon. There is a lot to cover so we're publishing about it in two posts.Psychopathy? It's complicatedFrom the off, the authors raise how complicated the issue is. Many studies rely on psychopathy and outcome data from single sources, leavi........ Read more »

Smith, S., & Lilienfeld, S. (2013) Psychopathy in the workplace: The knowns and unknowns. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18(2), 204-218. DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2012.11.007  

  • April 19, 2013
  • 04:44 AM
  • 619 views

Highly extraverted sales people perform more poorly

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

What sales manager wouldn't hire extraverts? They tend to be comfortable in interactions, naturally display enthusiasm and confidence for their own ideas, and can be firm and persistent when they meet with resistance to their agenda. Scrutinise many sales forces and you'll probably spot this reasoning at work.Yet research finds weak and sometimes inconsistent relationships between sales performance and extraversion, with three meta-analyses finding the summed effects to amount to .07 - a non-sig........ Read more »

  • April 14, 2013
  • 04:11 PM
  • 723 views

How Pharmaceutical Ads Distort Healthcare Markets

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

It probably doesn’t strike you as strange to see advertisements for prescription drugs. By now, everybody know that you should “talk to your doctor about Levitra” while “doing more with Lipitor” and getting “Claritin clear.” But if you think about it, it’s strange for an actor being paid by a pharmaceutical company to tell you [...]... Read more »

  • April 12, 2013
  • 08:02 AM
  • 807 views

Stereotypes happen all the time if you are neither pale nor male

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

The title of this blog post comes from a post by Ainissa Ramirez on gender and racial bias in the workplace. It’s a lovely turn of phrase even for such an ugly thing. We might think of the science fields as being more neutral and unbiased. I mean, it is science, right? Not so much. Researchers [...]

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Moss-Racusin CA, Dovidio JF, Brescoll VL, Graham MJ, & Handelsman J. (2012) Science faculty's subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(41), 16474-9. PMID: 22988126  

  • April 12, 2013
  • 05:54 AM
  • 575 views

ADHD at work: helping others over getting the task done?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

New research looking at how ADHD affects performance at work. The condition has a high prevalance, with 4.4% of American adults estimated to have it, and a body of research suggests that it can influence work outcomes like productivity, work conflict and turnover. Jonathon Halbesleben, Anthony Wheeler, and Kristen Shanine have just published research suggesting that ADHD may have consequences via two routes: encouraging behaviours that are not pointed at intended goals, and eroding the benefits ........ Read more »

  • April 8, 2013
  • 05:56 AM
  • 519 views

'Figuring out what they're after': a common thread between assessment performance and job performance?

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

A while back we shared a review of the Ability To Identify Criteria (ATIC), suggesting that difference in how people perform on a selection process like an interview is due partly how good they are at figuring out what the process wants to hear. The article suggested that this may not be entirely bad, as ATIC appears to have a role in job performance as well. Now the authors have published empirical work looking closer at this issue. Their data suggests that figuring out situational demands may ........ Read more »

  • March 27, 2013
  • 09:00 AM
  • 708 views

Multiplayer Really Is More Fun: New Research

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

Most academic research on video games studies them as single player experiences – a single individual, alone in a room with a game console.  Study on massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs) is also growing.  However, much (and perhaps most) video game play in the modern day is multiplayer in a smaller setting: or at home in front of [...]

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  • March 26, 2013
  • 06:46 AM
  • 733 views

Some of us are more suited to productive conflict

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

If you're interested in how team conflict can be beneficial, here's more research on the issue from Bret Bradley and colleagues, this time focusing on team member personality. Although we know that certain personality traits affect whether conflict occurs - for instance, less agreeable people are more likely to find themselves in a clash - this research investigated what matters when it occurs. Bradley and colleagues figured that two traits might be critical. People more open to experience are m........ Read more »

  • March 26, 2013
  • 12:57 AM
  • 730 views

Job Stress, Recovery Training, and [Lawyer] Well-being Outcomes: Expecting Benefits Influences Your Recovery Experience

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Work stress drains us.  It depletes our personal characteristics, conditions, or energies which we value, and we suffer from poor well-being.  A process of physical and mental strain reactions causes these effects.  The recovery process, characterized as replenishing exhausted resources, gaining new resources, and interrupting the loss cycle, undoes these reactions caused by [...]The post Job Stress, Recovery Training, and [Lawyer] Well-being Outcomes: Expecting Benefits Influences Your Rec........ Read more »

  • March 22, 2013
  • 11:47 AM
  • 594 views

Forcing a smile at work? Mindfulness can help

by Alex Fradera in BPS Occupational Digest

Mindfulness is a way of operating that involves paying attention to events in a nonjudgmental way, and psychological research is corroborating its benefits, reported for millennia in other fields of knowledge.  A new paper by Ute Hülsheger and her colleagues takes a neat angle by focusing on one mechanism through which mindfulness might act: reducing reliance on an unproductive emotion regulation strategy, surface acting. As we've discussed before, surface acting involves adjusting or cont........ Read more »

  • March 20, 2013
  • 10:30 AM
  • 856 views

Textual Harassment at Work: Romance and Sexual Harassment on Social Media

by Richard Landers in NeoAcademic

Textual harassment, which is sexual harassment occurring via social media, is on the rise and potentially a nightmare for human resources professionals.  In traditional sexual harassment, human resource professionals can generally assume that the harassment they are concerned with takes place within the boundaries of the office.  However, just as social media blur the line [...]

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