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  • July 24, 2016
  • 04:45 AM
  • 690 views

Week 29 In Review: Open-Access Science | 18 to 25 July

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Cave art, wild fires, new dinosaur with teeny T-rex arms, thirsty trees and a new method to create hydrogen from grass. Here are five of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Cooper, J., Samson, A., Nieves, M., Lace, M., Caamaño-Dones, J., Cartwright, C., Kambesis, P., & Frese, L. (2016) ‘The Mona Chronicle’: the archaeology of early religious encounter in the New World. Antiquity, 90(352), 1054-1071. DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2016.103  

Nagra, G., Treble, P., Andersen, M., Fairchild, I., Coleborn, K., & Baker, A. (2016) A post-wildfire response in cave dripwater chemistry. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20(7), 2745-2758. DOI: 10.5194/hess-20-2745-2016  

Caravaca, A., Jones, W., Hardacre, C., & Bowker, M. (2016) H production by the photocatalytic reforming of cellulose and raw biomass using Ni, Pd, Pt and Au on titania . Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science, 472(2191), 20160054. DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2016.0054  

  • February 28, 2016
  • 08:35 AM
  • 990 views

Week 8 In Review: Open-Access Science | 22 to 28 Feb

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Sea level rose faster in the 20th century than in any other century of the last 3,000 years, new methods for estimating future sea level rise and heat waves, consumers to blame for their carbon footprint, and new virtual forests predict future impacts of climate change. Here are five of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Kopp, R., Kemp, A., Bittermann, K., Horton, B., Donnelly, J., Gehrels, W., Hay, C., Mitrovica, J., Morrow, E., & Rahmstorf, S. (2016) Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201517056. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517056113  

Mengel, M., Levermann, A., Frieler, K., Robinson, A., Marzeion, B., & Winkelmann, R. (2016) Future sea level rise constrained by observations and long-term commitment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201500515. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1500515113  

Ivanova, D., Stadler, K., Steen-Olsen, K., Wood, R., Vita, G., Tukker, A., & Hertwich, E. (2015) Environmental Impact Assessment of Household Consumption. Journal of Industrial Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12371  

  • February 17, 2016
  • 01:25 AM
  • 831 views

What Spanish stalagmites can tell us about European climate

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists have been decoding the climate information locked away in 12,000-year-old stalagmites from Spanish caves.... Read more »

  • February 2, 2016
  • 12:35 PM
  • 756 views

Weird small holes in the woods

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

Within the ground beneath our feet lie dark cavities of various shapes and sizes. They're home to pale and eyeless creatures living a midnight existence. Natural holes in the ground, filled with air and/or water, can be roughly categorized into three types based on the particular habitat they provide for subterranean organisms:(1) Caves are large, deep, and tend not to contain much organic matter for organisms to munch on. They're often found in karst and volcanic areas prone to developing big h........ Read more »

  • January 17, 2016
  • 10:00 AM
  • 845 views

Week Two In Review: Open-Access Science | 11 to 17 Jan

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

The world’s largest canyon discovered hidden under the Antarctic ice, citizen science is on the up, new genetic secrets of Ötzi Iceman, and the social lives of chimps. Here are 5 of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Jamieson, S., Ross, N., Greenbaum, J., Young, D., Aitken, A., Roberts, J., Blankenship, D., Bo, S., & Siegert, M. (2015) An extensive subglacial lake and canyon system in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. Geology. DOI: 10.1130/G37220.1  

Moeller, A., Foerster, S., Wilson, M., Pusey, A., Hahn, B., & Ochman, H. (2016) Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome. Science Advances, 2(1). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500997  

Coia, V., Cipollini, G., Anagnostou, P., Maixner, F., Battaggia, C., Brisighelli, F., Gómez-Carballa, A., Destro Bisol, G., Salas, A., & Zink, A. (2016) Whole mitochondrial DNA sequencing in Alpine populations and the genetic history of the Neolithic Tyrolean Iceman. Scientific Reports, 18932. DOI: 10.1038/srep18932  

Engelmann, J., & Herrmann, E. (2016) Chimpanzees Trust Their Friends. Current Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.11.037  

  • October 26, 2015
  • 01:25 AM
  • 1,120 views

A week in review: Top open-access science stories

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

There's simply not enough time in the week to write about everything that I'd like! So here are 6 extra short summaries of scientific studies published during the past week, available free via open-access journals for anyone and everyone to read and enjoy!... Read more »

Luo J, Ault JS, Shay LK, Hoolihan JP, Prince ED, Brown CA, & Rooker JR. (2015) Ocean Heat Content Reveals Secrets of Fish Migrations. PloS one, 10(10). PMID: 26484541  

  • October 17, 2015
  • 06:25 AM
  • 1,092 views

Five maps to show how sea level rise affects you

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

TFTK has found five of the best free maps that show the neighbourhoods most vulnerable to sea level rise.... Read more »

Strauss BH, Kulp S, & Levermann A. (2015) Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26460051  

  • August 17, 2015
  • 06:25 AM
  • 555 views

Ancient Chinese graffiti records severe drought and hardship

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

500-year-old graffiti in a Chinese cave documents local residents prayers for rain during periods of severe water shortages.... Read more »

Tan, L., Cai, Y., An, Z., Cheng, H., Shen, C., Breitenbach, S., Gao, Y., Edwards, R., Zhang, H., & Du, Y. (2015) A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years. Scientific Reports, 12284. DOI: 10.1038/srep12284  

  • July 13, 2015
  • 07:05 AM
  • 403 views

Tropical wetlands releasing more carbon than previously thought

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists report southeast Asian tropical peatlands are emitting almost double the about of carbon officially estimated in the last IPCC report.... Read more »

  • June 25, 2015
  • 06:25 AM
  • 469 views

Can Scottish climate explain the rise and fall of European cultures?

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists have pieced together the climate history from 3000 year old stalagmites and discovered a record of climate changes that may have influenced major historical events, including the fall of the Roman Empire and the Viking Age of expansion.... Read more »

  • March 12, 2015
  • 02:54 AM
  • 940 views

Science, climate change and controversy

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: It’s inevitable: as science progresses, controversy happens. But sometimes, the public sees controversy where none exists. How to remedy that? ... Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 1,553 views

Weather Vs. Climate In Global Warming

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

Last winter was horrible, and this summer has been mild – so global warming must not be real. This is the thought process for many people, but it points out the confusion between climate and weather. Climate is the average weather for a place over a given period, while weather is what you get day to day. New research is showing that climate change is causing more intense hurricanes - but is the number changing? Recent studies land on both sides of the issue.... Read more »

  • March 6, 2014
  • 04:00 AM
  • 1,288 views

Mesa Verde’s ‘Mummy Lake’ Was Built to Hold Rituals, Not Water, Study Says

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

A grand, sandstone-walled pit in Mesa Verde National Park has for decades been seen as an achievement of prehistoric hydrology, part of a system of cisterns and canals used by Ancestral Puebloans to harvest rainwater on the arid plateau as much as 1,100 years ago.

... Read more »

Benson, L., Griffin, E., Stein, J., Friedman, R., & Andrae, S. (2014) Mummy Lake: an unroofed ceremonial structure within a large-scale ritual landscape. Journal of Archaeological Science, 164-179. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.021  

  • January 25, 2014
  • 06:28 AM
  • 1,013 views

Planners must be alert to CO2 impact on water supplies

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

From droughts to deluges, meeting climate targets will make it easier for planners to cope with changes in river flows, says the University of Reading’s Nigel Arnell, though even then we must watch global warming’s impacts keenly. ... Read more »

  • December 18, 2013
  • 11:23 PM
  • 1,536 views

2013: Saline lake research in papers

by Egor Zadereev in Science of Salt Lakes

It’s time to sum up the research on saline lakes for the year 2013. The approach is the same as for the two previous years. The database: Web of Science. The timespan: Year 2013.
Search: the combined list for two searches “salt lake or saline lake” and “salinity and lake”...... Read more »

Matthew Z. DeMaerea, Timothy J. Williamsa, Michelle A. Allena, Mark V. Browna, John A. E. Gibsonc, John Richa, Federico M. Lauroa, Michael Dyall-Smithd, Karen W. Davenporte, Tanja Woykef.... (2013) High level of intergenera gene exchange shapes the evolution of haloarchaea in an isolated Antarctic lake. PNAS. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1307090110  

Antony, Chakkiath Paul, Kumaresan, Deepak, Hunger, Sindy, Drake, Harold L., Murrell, J. Colin, & Shouche, Yogesh S. (2013) Microbiology of Lonar Lake and other soda lakes. ISME JOURNAL. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2012.137  

Schmidt, Radomir, Tantoyotai, Prapakorn, Fakra, Sirine C., Marcus, Matthew A., Yang, Soo In, Pickering, Ingrid J., Banuelos, Gary S., Hristova, Krassimira R., & Freeman, John L. (2013) Selenium Biotransformations in an Engineered Aquatic Ecosystem for Bioremediation of Agricultural Wastewater via Brine Shrimp Production. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE . DOI: 10.1021/es305001n  

  • September 17, 2013
  • 12:51 PM
  • 814 views

Computer Model to Help Manage Hydropower in Kenya

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

The largest share of Kenya’s electricity supply comes from hydroelectric stations at the dams along the upper Tana River, as well as the Turkwel Gorge Dam in the west. And to keep the lights on, Kenyan authorities want to know how much water they can expect in upcoming rainy seasons. A multi-university research team have developed a computer model to help manage the hydropower in Kenya.... Read more »

  • September 12, 2013
  • 02:23 PM
  • 1,194 views

Dealing with Drought: How Do Plants Cope?

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Have you noticed how often drought has been in the news lately? You don’t have to be a scientist to know that drought is bad. But, if you’re a plant, how bad is bad? I mean, you’re a plant; it isn't like you can pick up your roots and go looking for the nearest water source. You must have ways to cope, strategies that will let you survive until water arrives. A new paper in Tree Physiology caught my eye today that examines how plants handle drought in our changing climate.We know that drou........ Read more »

  • July 27, 2013
  • 03:57 AM
  • 1,377 views

How a beer bottle helped reveal rapid past climate change

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

University of Copenhagen’s Willi Dansgaard's method for linking rainfall to temperature grew from a simple back garden experiment to a way to decipher Earth’s climate history from kilometre-long cylinders of ice. ... Read more »

  • March 13, 2013
  • 08:44 AM
  • 1,344 views

Skybugs: ecosystems above and below

by sedeer in Inspiring Science

I’ve already written several times about the bacteria in the clouds and what they do up there; now, a new …Continue reading »... Read more »

Deleon-Rodriguez N, Lathem TL, Rodriguez-R LM, Barazesh JM, Anderson BE, Beyersdorf AJ, Ziemba LD, Bergin M, Nenes A, & Konstantinidis KT. (2013) Microbiome of the upper troposphere: Species composition and prevalence, effects of tropical storms, and atmospheric implications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(7), 2575-80. PMID: 23359712  

  • October 17, 2012
  • 03:34 PM
  • 1,588 views

Ice Age on Mars: how it started and ended

by sedeer in Inspiring Science

One of the great things about working at a university is the opportunity to go to talks and learn about …Continue reading »... Read more »

Head, J., Mustard, J., Kreslavsky, M., Milliken, R., & Marchant, D. (2003) Recent ice ages on Mars. Nature, 426(6968), 797-802. DOI: 10.1038/nature02114  

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