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  • February 28, 2016
  • 08:35 AM
  • 990 views

Week 8 In Review: Open-Access Science | 22 to 28 Feb

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Sea level rose faster in the 20th century than in any other century of the last 3,000 years, new methods for estimating future sea level rise and heat waves, consumers to blame for their carbon footprint, and new virtual forests predict future impacts of climate change. Here are five of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Kopp, R., Kemp, A., Bittermann, K., Horton, B., Donnelly, J., Gehrels, W., Hay, C., Mitrovica, J., Morrow, E., & Rahmstorf, S. (2016) Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201517056. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517056113  

Mengel, M., Levermann, A., Frieler, K., Robinson, A., Marzeion, B., & Winkelmann, R. (2016) Future sea level rise constrained by observations and long-term commitment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201500515. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1500515113  

Ivanova, D., Stadler, K., Steen-Olsen, K., Wood, R., Vita, G., Tukker, A., & Hertwich, E. (2015) Environmental Impact Assessment of Household Consumption. Journal of Industrial Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12371  

  • January 17, 2016
  • 10:00 AM
  • 845 views

Week Two In Review: Open-Access Science | 11 to 17 Jan

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

The world’s largest canyon discovered hidden under the Antarctic ice, citizen science is on the up, new genetic secrets of Ötzi Iceman, and the social lives of chimps. Here are 5 of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Jamieson, S., Ross, N., Greenbaum, J., Young, D., Aitken, A., Roberts, J., Blankenship, D., Bo, S., & Siegert, M. (2015) An extensive subglacial lake and canyon system in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. Geology. DOI: 10.1130/G37220.1  

Moeller, A., Foerster, S., Wilson, M., Pusey, A., Hahn, B., & Ochman, H. (2016) Social behavior shapes the chimpanzee pan-microbiome. Science Advances, 2(1). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500997  

Coia, V., Cipollini, G., Anagnostou, P., Maixner, F., Battaggia, C., Brisighelli, F., Gómez-Carballa, A., Destro Bisol, G., Salas, A., & Zink, A. (2016) Whole mitochondrial DNA sequencing in Alpine populations and the genetic history of the Neolithic Tyrolean Iceman. Scientific Reports, 18932. DOI: 10.1038/srep18932  

Engelmann, J., & Herrmann, E. (2016) Chimpanzees Trust Their Friends. Current Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.11.037  

  • November 21, 2015
  • 04:49 AM
  • 953 views

Melting Scandinavian glaciers made Europe cool and dry

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Scientists have found an explanation for one of the big mysteries in climate science with the help of 12,000-year old Swedish midges... Read more »

Muschitiello, F., Pausata, F., Watson, J., Smittenberg, R., Salih, A., Brooks, S., Whitehouse, N., Karlatou-Charalampopoulou, A., & Wohlfarth, B. (2015) Fennoscandian freshwater control on Greenland hydroclimate shifts at the onset of the Younger Dryas. Nature Communications, 8939. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9939  

  • November 2, 2015
  • 12:25 AM
  • 953 views

Week In Review: Open-Access Science | 26 Oct to 1 Nov

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

From a new date for earliest life on earth to the potentially controversial findings that Antarctica is gaining more ice than it’s loosing, here are 5 of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Bell, E., Boehnke, P., Harrison, T., & Mao, W. (2015) Potentially biogenic carbon preserved in a 4.1 billion-year-old zircon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201517557. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517557112  

Zwally, H. Jay, Li, Jun, Robbins, John W, Saba, Jack L, Yi, Donghui, & Brenner, Anita C. (2015) Mass gains of the Antarctic ice sheet exceed losses. Journal of Glaciology. DOI: 10.3189/2015JoG15J071  

Tyagi, N., Farnell, E., Fitzsimmons, C., Ryan, S., Tukahebwa, E., Maizels, R., Dunne, D., Thornton, J., & Furnham, N. (2015) Comparisons of Allergenic and Metazoan Parasite Proteins: Allergy the Price of Immunity. PLOS Computational Biology, 11(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004546  

Barrett, S., Speth, R., Eastham, S., Dedoussi, I., Ashok, A., Malina, R., & Keith, D. (2015) Impact of the Volkswagen emissions control defeat device on US public health. Environmental Research Letters, 10(11), 114005. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/114005  

  • October 17, 2015
  • 06:25 AM
  • 1,092 views

Five maps to show how sea level rise affects you

by Cath Jex in Tak Fur The Kaffe

TFTK has found five of the best free maps that show the neighbourhoods most vulnerable to sea level rise.... Read more »

Strauss BH, Kulp S, & Levermann A. (2015) Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26460051  

  • March 12, 2015
  • 02:54 AM
  • 940 views

Science, climate change and controversy

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: It’s inevitable: as science progresses, controversy happens. But sometimes, the public sees controversy where none exists. How to remedy that? ... Read more »

  • September 21, 2014
  • 10:22 PM
  • 1,101 views

A Short Summary of Nares Strait Physics

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

The Arctic Ocean is a puddle of water covered by ice that melts, moves, and freezes. Grand and majestic rivers of Siberia and America discharge into the puddle and make it fresher than Atlantic Ocean waters. The fate of the … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • August 22, 2014
  • 02:36 PM
  • 1,113 views

East Greenland Current Instabilities

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

The coast off north-east Greenland is a grey, cloudy, and icy place. I spent 4 weeks on a ship earlier this summer to place sensors on the ocean floor to measure water currents, salinity, and temperature. The data shall uncover … Continue reading →... Read more »

Beszczynska-Möller, A., Woodgate, R., Lee, C., Melling, H., & Karcher, M. (2011) A Synthesis of Exchanges Through the Main Oceanic Gateways to the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography, 24(3), 82-99. DOI: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.59  

Solomon, H., & Ahlnäs, K. (1978) Eddies in the Kamchatka Current. Deep Sea Research, 25(4), 403-410. DOI: 10.1016/0146-6291(78)90566-0  

  • May 30, 2014
  • 10:22 AM
  • 1,211 views

Measuring Ice Thickness From The Ocean

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

Ice floats and moves abouts. It melts in summer, it freezes in winter, but it moves from here to there driven by winds and currents. Some ice leaves the Arctic Ocean via Fram Strait to the east of Greenland and … Continue reading →... Read more »

Hansen, E., Gerland, S., Granskog, M., Pavlova, O., Renner, A., Haapala, J., Løyning, T., & Tschudi, M. (2013) Thinning of Arctic sea ice observed in Fram Strait: 1990-2011. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(10), 5202-5221. DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20393  

  • April 14, 2014
  • 12:13 PM
  • 1,289 views

North Greenland Glacier Ice-Ocean Interactions 2014

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

I will travel to Spitsbergen in six weeks to board the German research icebreaker Polarstern. She will sail west across the Fram Strait towards northern Greenland where some of the last remaining glaciers exist that still discharge their ice via … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • March 13, 2014
  • 11:27 AM
  • 1,498 views

Fram Strait Ice, Oil, and Glaciers

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

Tomorrow I fly to Germany to prepare for an ocean experiment in the shallow waters off northern Greenland. Together with oceanographers from the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI), Germany, I hope to deploy 5 ocean current measuring devices on the bottom … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 4, 2014
  • 05:44 PM
  • 892 views

Petermann Gletscher Thawing and Thinning

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

Greenland’s tidewater glaciers are losing mass, through thinning and retreat, at an increasing rate. Greenland’s glaciers located north of 78 North latitude often end in ice shelves, floating extensions of the glaciers extending up to several tens of km into … Continue reading →... Read more »

Muenchow, A, L. Padman, and H.A. Fricker. (2014) Interannual Changes of the Floating Ice Shelf of Petermann Gletscher, North Greenland from 2000 to 2012. J. Glac. info:/in press

Johnson, H., Münchow, A., Falkner, K., & Melling, H. (2011) Ocean circulation and properties in Petermann Fjord, Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(C1). DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006519  

  • January 27, 2014
  • 01:57 PM
  • 1,538 views

Formation of Nares Strait Ice Bridges in 2014

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

Darkness and cold covers North Greenland, Ellesmere Island as well as Nares Strait, the waterway that connects these two inhospitable places. And despite the darkness of the polar night, I can see that three beautiful arches made of ice connect … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • December 21, 2013
  • 06:16 AM
  • 1,181 views

Give those we love the climate they deserve

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

The many stresses global warming causes edge us closer to conflicts like the one currently happening in Syria: for those who inherit this planet from us, we must keep pushing back.... Read more »

James Hansen, Pushker Kharecha, Makiko Sato, Valerie Masson-Delmotte, Frank Ackerman, David J. Beerling, Paul J. Hearty, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Shi-Ling Hsu, Camille Parmesan, Johan Rockstrom, Eelco J. Rohling, Jeffrey Sachs, Pete Smith, Konrad Steffen, Lise. (2013) Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature . PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081648  

  • October 31, 2013
  • 09:14 PM
  • 2,324 views

Ocean Circulation and Melting Glaciers off North-East Greenland

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

Scientists like myself always have ideas and theories on how oceans and climate work, but these need testing with real (not virtual) data before they can be accepted as truth or dismissed as fool’s errand. This is how science works. … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • October 26, 2013
  • 06:16 AM
  • 1,824 views

Tundra plants show modern temperatures unmatched in over 44,000 years

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

As plants preserved under glaciers for possibly as long as 120,000 years are revealed in surprising abundance, Gifford Miller from the University of Colorado, Boulder and his team have used them to show how far beyond natural patterns the warming humans have driven is. ... Read more »

Gifford H. Miller, Scott J. Lehman, Kurt A. Refsnider, John R. Southon, Yafang Zhong. (2013) Unprecedented recent summer warmth in Arctic Canada. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057188  

  • September 28, 2013
  • 06:05 AM
  • 1,270 views

The joker who brought climate science out of the cold

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Drawn to a lifelong career of research and pranks at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory by a friend, Wally Broecker confirmed that changes in the Earth’s orbit paced ice ages, and foresaw the global warming that has gone on since 1975.... Read more »

  • September 12, 2013
  • 08:40 PM
  • 1,236 views

Petermann Ice Island Breaks while Plowing into the Bottom

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

The Manhattan-sized ice island that last year broke free of Petermann Gletscher in North Greenland plowed into the bottom and broke apart. Force equals mass times acceleration. When 18 giga tons (mass) of moving ice crashes into the ocean’s bottom … Continue reading →... Read more »

Johnson, H., Münchow, A., Falkner, K., & Melling, H. (2011) Ocean circulation and properties in Petermann Fjord, Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(C1). DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006519  

  • August 31, 2013
  • 06:07 AM
  • 1,779 views

Bouncing lasers off satellites backs faster Greenland melt

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Kosuke Heki from Hokkaido University and Koji Matsuo from Kyoto University in Japan have doubled the duration of gravity based measurements of ice loss from Greenland, providing more evidence that this process is speeding up.... Read more »

  • August 30, 2013
  • 01:26 PM
  • 1,796 views

Canyon below Ice at Petermann Gletscher

by Andreas Muenchow in Icy Seas

The Grand Canyon of Arizona stands tall in the mind as the Colorado River carved itself into 6000 feet of rock. A similar canyon has been discovered in northern Greenland near Petermann Gletscher. The canyon without a name is buried … Continue reading →... Read more »

Bamber, J.L., M.J. Siegert, J.A. Griggs, S.J. Marshall, and G. Spada. (2013) Paleofluvial mega-canyon Beneath the Central Greenland ice sheet. Science, 997-999. DOI: 10.1126/science.1239794  

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