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  • February 8, 2011
  • 03:21 PM

If You Can't Say Something Nice ...

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

Who you tawkin' to?
Yuh caen't pahk yuh cah heah.
Who drank da last o'da cawfee?
Whatsa matta wid you?
Ah, the sounds of New York City! I can identify a New Yorker in conversation in a heartbeat. And it's likely that the rest of the country can as well. Residents of New York City and western Long Island (or Lung Guylan as I am apt to pronounce it—a good friend of mine from the Midwest once told me that I was the only person she knew who could produce such a hard /g/ in front ........ Read more »

  • February 7, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Does your capital client “look deathworthy”?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

If your client is African American, jurors will demonstrate to you that the answer is much more likely to be yes. And the more stereotypically black (with darker skin and wider nose)—the more likely the death penalty will be assigned. Hard to stomach? Yes. Hard to believe? We didn’t think so. But it is pretty [...]

Related posts:Does ‘death qualification’ systematically bias our juries?
I read the entire newspaper every day
“I can look into his eyes and just tell he is lying”
... Read more »

Eberhardt JL, Davies PG, Purdie-Vaughns VJ, & Johnson SL. (2006) Looking deathworthy: perceived stereotypicality of Black defendants predicts capital-sentencing outcomes. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 17(5), 383-6. PMID: 16683924  

  • February 5, 2011
  • 06:08 PM

Hangovers: beware of the dog.

by B.F. Hebb in ionpsych

It’s Saturday morning, bright and early: how are you feeling? Headache? Yes. Nausea? Yes. Restlessness? Yes. Sweating, irritability, vomiting? Yes, yes, yes. No need to call the doctor. Given what you had to drink last night, your diagnosis is simple: … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 5, 2011
  • 06:00 PM

Are you a Shopping Addict? Try the ‘Shopaholic Test’!

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

I’m starting to get concerned. My wife has just started looking for her next handbag, and she has expensive tastes…

Are you the type of person who lives to shop? Or are you like me, and do you think that ‘retail therapy’ is a contradiction in terms? Today’s blog is all about the ‘Shopping Addiction’ phenomenon: Find out what it is, shopaholic myths and take an online quiz to find out if you are a shopaholic…... Read more »

Valence, G., d'Astous, A., & Fortier, L. (1988) Compulsive buying: Concept and measurement. Journal of Consumer Policy, 11(4), 419-433. DOI: 10.1007/BF00411854  

  • January 28, 2011
  • 01:12 PM

Test the Waters, but Don’t Assume that Bias is Forever: Deepwater Hasn’t Translated to Deep Trouble for Energy Defendants

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

By: Dr. Shelley Spiecker Six months after the public was riveted to press coverage of the oil spill in the Gulf, impact on energy defendants has been less doomsday than feared. In fact, this is one of the better times in the past 10 years to be an energy defendant in front of a jury. Why? Much as the spill itself appeared to dissipate more rapidly than expected, the tide of public opinion has drifted away from concern over the environmental practices of energy companies, and toward concern over ........ Read more »

  • January 26, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Choosing to either disgust your jurors or tick them off

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

We know that if we want higher damage awards, we would rather have jurors mad than have them sad. But with all the focus on moral psychology (and particularly disgust) we thought it would make sense to look at whether having disgusted jurors is just as good as having angry jurors. Our hunch was that mad would [...]

Related posts:Eww! That is just disgusting! (but…very interesting)
Legal decisions that tick jurors off
Propaganda, Dogmatism & Bias: Who are your jurors?
... Read more »

Russell, P., & Giner-Sorolla, R. (2010) Moral anger is more flexible than moral disgust. . Social Psychological and Personality Science. info:/

  • January 20, 2011
  • 07:06 PM

Study: Your Genes Help Pick Your Friends

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

How much of you resides between your ears? And how much of what you call "me" is made outside your body, in your relationships with others? Biologists have largely confined themselves to aspects of the mind that can be measured in a single human body (galvanic skin response, activity in the amygdala ...Read More
... Read more »

Fowler, J., Settle, J., & Christakis, N. (2011) Correlated genotypes in friendship networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1011687108  

  • January 19, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Martin Luther King, Jr. & Eliot Spitzer: On letting people off the hook [Part II]:

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Effron & Monin’s work on ambiguous and blatant transgressions has multiple applications for our work. In the past, we’ve blogged about Tiger Woods, Eliot Spitzer,  and David Letterman. We want to take some time to discuss Effron & Monin’s work in the context of our prior writing on high profile falls from grace. (See Part [...]

Related posts:Martin Luther King, Jr. & Eliot Spitzer: On letting people off the hook [Part I]
Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it wrong)
El........ Read more »

Effron DA, & Monin B. (2010) Letting people off the hook: when do good deeds excuse transgressions?. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 36(12), 1618-34. PMID: 20978222  

  • January 17, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Martin Luther King, Jr. & Eliot Spitzer: On letting people off the hook [Part I]

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Martin Luther King, Jr. committed adultery. So did Eliot Spitzer. And although CNN’s David Gergen insists he did not compare Eliot Spitzer with Martin Luther King, Jr., we know of some researchers who did. Effron & Monin (2010) wondered what made the difference in how we decide to punish some people for bad behavior let others [...]

Related posts:Eliot Spitzer, Uncivil Behavior & Possibilities of Redemption
Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it wrong)
Got morals?
... Read more »

Effron DA, & Monin B. (2010) Letting people off the hook: when do good deeds excuse transgressions?. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 36(12), 1618-34. PMID: 20978222  

  • January 13, 2011
  • 10:00 AM

Help Jurors Detect (or Protect) Holes in Expert Analysis

by Dr. Kevin Boully in Persuasive Litigator

by: Dr. Kevin Boully Infamous rock singer Courtney Love is in trouble again. Unless you’re her lawyer (or one of her forgiving fans)1, you are probably wondering what Love’s troubles have to do with your persuasive advocacy. Fair question. The Hole lead singer’s 2009 Twitter tirade against fashion designer Dawn Simorangkir made her a defendant in a defamation lawsuit that may be headed for trial in early February.2 Most importantly, Ms. Simorangkir has reportedly retained a social media ........ Read more »

  • January 10, 2011
  • 12:40 PM

Count Your Plaintiffs Before Certification Hatches: Class Size Matters in Some Unexpected Ways

by Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm in Persuasive Litigator

By: Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - When dealing with the number of plaintiffs in a class action, mass tort, or other large scale litigation, is "Super-Size Me" the plaintiff's best choice? At a legal level, the U.S. Supreme Court will get a chance to weigh in, after the decision last week to determine whether as many as 1.5 million female Wal-Mart workers claiming gender discrimination can be certified as a class (Dukes v. Wal-Mart). The common belief is that a large number of plaintiffs serves to maximiz........ Read more »

Loran F. Nordgren and Mary-Hunter Morris McDonnell. (2010) The Scope-Severity Paradox: Why Doing More Harm Is Judged to be Less Harmful. Social Psychological and. info:/

  • January 3, 2011
  • 12:25 PM

Is it time to question a lack of free will?

by Michelle Greene in NeurRealism

In the early 1980s, psychologist Benjamin Libet conducted a relatively simple experiment that critically shaped the way we think about free-will. Participants sat facing a clock, keeping a finger on a button, and were instructed to lift the finger whenever they pleased, remembering the clock time corresponding to the time when they decided to move the finger. All the while, EEG was being recorded. Libet found that 300-500 msec before participants moved (and about 150 msec before reporting that t........ Read more »

  • December 26, 2010
  • 12:57 PM

My picks for the top studies of 2010

by Michelle Greene in NeurRealism

Presented in no particular order, here are the ten studies of 2010 that I found the most interesting. Enjoy!1. A Wandering Mind is an Unhappy MindI wrote about this study here. Authors used an iPhone app to obtain "what are you doing?", "what are you thinking about?" and "how happy are you right now?" data. It turns out that we are thinking about something other than what we are doing about half of the time, and these are the times we are least happy.2. Electrical Enhancement of Mathematical Abi........ Read more »

Killingsworth MA, & Gilbert DT. (2010) A wandering mind is an unhappy mind. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 932. PMID: 21071660  

Job V, Dweck CS, & Walton GM. (2010) Ego depletion--is it all in your head?: implicit theories about willpower affect self-regulation. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 21(11), 1686-93. PMID: 20876879  

Loetscher, T., Bockisch, C., Nicholls, M., & Brugger, P. (2010) Eye position predicts what number you have in mind. Current Biology, 20(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2010.01.015  

Monti, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Coleman, M., Boly, M., Pickard, J., Tshibanda, L., Owen, A., & Laureys, S. (2010) Willful Modulation of Brain Activity in Disorders of Consciousness. New England Journal of Medicine, 362(7), 579-589. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0905370  

Owen, A., Hampshire, A., Grahn, J., Stenton, R., Dajani, S., Burns, A., Howard, R., & Ballard, C. (2010) Putting brain training to the test. Nature, 465(7299), 775-778. DOI: 10.1038/nature09042  

Bourgeois FT, Murthy S, & Mandl KD. (2010) Outcome reporting among drug trials registered in Annals of internal medicine, 153(3), 158-66. PMID: 20679560  

Dosenbach NU, Nardos B, Cohen AL, Fair DA, Power JD, Church JA, Nelson SM, Wig GS, Vogel AC, Lessov-Schlaggar CN.... (2010) Prediction of individual brain maturity using fMRI. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5997), 1358-61. PMID: 20829489  

  • December 20, 2010
  • 05:42 AM

The costs of reframing

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

I have just returned once again from being a tutor on the AGCAS Guidance Skills (Advanced) course in Warwick. We had an intensive four days in which we encouraged a group of higher education careers advisers to deconstruct and rebuild their guidance practices and attitudes. Reframing is a crucial element of the course. We explore [...]... Read more »

Hamilton, R., Vohs, K., Sellier, A., & Meyvis, T. (2010) Being of two minds: Switching mindsets exhausts self-regulatory resources. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2010.11.005  

  • December 20, 2010
  • 01:42 AM

How To Develop the Ability to Think Strategically

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

What is strategical thinking?
A key leadership requirement.
Strategic thinking is an individual thinking activity that benefits organizations. Its purpose is to discover competitive strategies to position the organization significantly differently from the present.
Experiences contributing to the development of strategic thinking in order of importance according to a survey in individuals who attended ten educational events sponsored [...]

Related posts:Taking the Pulse of the Healthcare Blog........ Read more »

Goldman E, Cahill T, & Filho RP. (2009) Experiences that develop the ability to think strategically. Journal of healthcare management / American College of Healthcare Executives, 54(6), 403. PMID: 20073185  

  • December 17, 2010
  • 04:57 PM

Of Political Orgasms and the Scientific Method

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

This week's theme is epistemological unease in the sciences: Complaints in a number of disciplines that studies didn't really find the effects they're reporting. One reason for these worries is that many studies nowadays are never repeated. So today I'm going to consciously and rationally resist ...Read More
... Read more »

  • December 14, 2010
  • 12:07 AM

Talk About a Global Obesity Problem: Animals Are Getting Fatter Too

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

Obesity is a growing global health problem, and we all know why, don't we? It's the fault of corporations that sell corn syrup, and a starkly unequal society (why would you want to quit smoking if you're trapped below the poverty level?) Or, if you prefer a different flavor of self-righteousness ...Read More
... Read more »

Klimentidis, Y., Beasley, T., Lin, H., Murati, G., Glass, G., Guyton, M., Newton, W., Jorgensen, M., Heymsfield, S., Kemnitz, J.... (2010) Canaries in the coal mine: a cross-species analysis of the plurality of obesity epidemics. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1890  

Keith, S., Redden, D., Katzmarzyk, P., Boggiano, M., Hanlon, E., Benca, R., Ruden, D., Pietrobelli, A., Barger, J., Fontaine, K.... (2006) Putative contributors to the secular increase in obesity: exploring the roads less traveled. International Journal of Obesity, 30(11), 1585-1594. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803326  

  • December 1, 2010
  • 12:30 PM

Gratitude: Uniquely Human or Shared with Animals?

by Jason Goldman in The Thoughtful Animal

"Two chimps had been shut out of their shelter by mistake during a cold rain storm. They were standing dejeted, water streaming down their shivering bodies, when Professor Köhler chanced to pass." Upon opening the door for the two chimps, Dr. James Leuba recounts, "instead of scampering in without more ado, as many a child would have done, each of them delayed entering the warm shelter long enough to throw its arms around his benefactor in a frenzy of satisfaction."

"Chimpanzees," primatolog........ Read more »

Krisin E. Bonnie, & Frans B. M. de Waal. (2004) Primate Social Reciprocity and the Origin of Gratitude. in Robert A. Emmons , 213-229. info:/

Fehr, E., & Gächter, S. (2002) Altruistic punishment in humans. Nature, 415(6868), 137-140. DOI: 10.1038/415137a  

  • November 30, 2010
  • 05:56 PM

A Lego Robot Uncovers Risk Behavior of Foraging Rats

by Michael Long in Phased

Robogator is a realistic mimic of a predator, enabling scientists to study fear of predation in rats, and possibly to study the effect of drugs designed to address human psychological disorders related to risk perception.... Read more »

  • November 30, 2010
  • 05:00 AM

Overcoming recklessness

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

Quite a while ago I blogged about Learned Helplessness and I followed it up with an unsettling video in which at teacher induced learned helplessness in half a class by making them attempt impossible anagrams. So I was interested to find out about another bit of research which used impossible anagrams to get students into [...]... Read more »

Webb TL, Sheeran P, Totterdell P, Miles E, Mansell W, & Baker S. (2010) Using implementation intentions to overcome the effect of mood on risky behaviour. The British journal of social psychology / the British Psychological Society. PMID: 21050527  

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