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  • January 16, 2017
  • 01:50 PM
  • 464 views

Five things to consider when designing a policy to measure research impact [Originally published in The Conversation]

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

The move of the Australian government to measure the impact of university research on society introduces many new challenges that were not previously relevant when evaluation focused solely on academic merit. … Read More →... Read more »

  • January 10, 2017
  • 08:24 AM
  • 459 views

Adoption of open peer review is increasing

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

In analyzing how the 'peer review' institution has emerged and evolved, it is possible to understand the current transition the assessment process is going through towards greater openness, transparency and accountability. … Read More →... Read more »

Csiszar, A. (2016) Peer review: Troubled from the start. Nature, 532(7599), 306-308. DOI: 10.1038/532306a  

Callaway, E. (2016) Open peer review finds more takers. Nature, 539(7629), 343-343. DOI: 10.1038/nature.2016.20969  

  • January 9, 2017
  • 09:09 AM
  • 232 views

Study shows vulnerabilities of GPS-dependent systems to electromagnetic attacks

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

The study identifies the levels of jamming power and distance required to disable GPS-dependent systems such as cell phones, and those used in automotive and aeronautical applications. Open source software was used to analyze the data collected to identify vulnerabilities in these systems, as well as proper countermeasures to undertake. The results were published by the research team from the Brazilian Aeronautical Institute of Technology in the Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management. &#........ Read more »

Faria, L., Silvestre, C., & Correia, M. (2016) GPS-Dependent Systems: Vulnerabilities to Electromagnetic Attacks. Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management, 8(4), 423-430. DOI: 10.5028/jatm.v8i4.632  

  • January 4, 2017
  • 02:16 PM
  • 494 views

Silage study shows that colostrum can be used with microbiological safety in animal feed

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

Researchers at the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, showed that anaerobic fermentation process colostrum (Colostrum silage) is able to inhibit the growth of non sporulated pathogenic bacteria. … Read More →... Read more »

Saalfeld, M., Pereira, D., Valente, J., Borchardt, J., Weissheimer, C., Gularte, M., & Leite, F. (2016) Effect of anaerobic bovine colostrum fermentation on bacteria growth inhibition. Ciência Rural, 46(12), 2152-2157. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160393  

  • January 2, 2017
  • 09:31 AM
  • 417 views

Research describes the physiology of Dimorphandra garneriana

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

Researchers at the Federal University of Paraíba, in Areia, Paraíba state, Brazil, described the physiology of Dimorphandra garneriana and demonstrated that this forest specie does not tolerate water stress in its initial stages of development. … Read More →... Read more »

Faccin, T., Kommers, G., Galiza, G., Pupin, R., Madureira, R., & Lemos, R. (2016) Chronic liver disease in cattle associated with ingestion of Brachiaria spp. Ciência Rural, 46(11), 2036-2042. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160297  

  • December 13, 2016
  • 01:00 PM
  • 334 views

Study points to new chronic form of liver disease associated with ingestion of Brachiaria grasses

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

Researchers at the Federal University of Santa Maria in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, of Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, in Mato Grosso do Sul state, and the University of Cuiabá, in Mato Grosso state, in Brazil, analyzed cattle livers in a abattoir and found a new form of chronic liver disease probably associated with ingestion of Brachiaria grasses. … Read More →... Read more »

Faccin, T., Kommers, G., Galiza, G., Pupin, R., Madureira, R., & Lemos, R. (2016) Chronic liver disease in cattle associated with ingestion of Brachiaria spp. Ciência Rural, 46(11), 2036-2042. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160297  

  • December 9, 2016
  • 11:02 AM
  • 339 views

Research presents favorable results of psychological intervention with women victims of intimate partner violence

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

One of the factors for violence perpetuation is the transmission of coercitive practices through family generations. The Parceria Project (Projeto Parceria) aims at teaching parenting skills to Brazilian women victims of intimate partner violence and shows that it is possible to intervene in order to contribute to the development of healthier family relationships. … Read More →... Read more »

  • December 7, 2016
  • 03:15 PM
  • 303 views

Diagnosis of congenital malformations during the pregnancy is a difficult theme for families and professionals, and can affects the mental health of pregnant women

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

Research considers that the diagnosis of congenital malformation may affect maternal mental health during pregnancy. Symptoms of anxiety and depression can occur from the first quarter, impacting also on the family, especially if the communication of the diagnosis is not careful. They conclude that the coping face to this situation and the impact of bad news can be minimized by the pregnant woman's support network. … Read More →... Read more »

  • November 29, 2016
  • 02:36 PM
  • 510 views

Open Access article processing charges: a new serial publication crisis?

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

The financial and ethical implications that emerge from open access publishing through article processing fees in India are analyzed in a study that proposes the creation of a national open access journal platform such as SciELO in order to reduce costs, increase efficiency and facilitate the sharing of metadata among repositories. … Read More →... Read more »

  • November 17, 2016
  • 12:00 PM
  • 619 views

Missed Opportunities in Stroke Prevention

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Rates of myocardial infarction and stroke have been declining over the last decade in the U.S. and Europe. However, a recent manuscript suggests there are still significant missed opportunities to prevent stroke.This manuscript presents results of review of electronic primary care records in the United Kingdom.The authors examines a group of over 29,000 subjects with a diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack over a 10 year period.Records were reviewed to assess for compliance with guide........ Read more »

  • November 4, 2016
  • 10:13 AM
  • 565 views

Study shows that articles published in English attract more citations

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

Among the many factors that influence citation practice in scholarly communication, the language of publication plays a key role. A study by Argentine researchers showed that English articles receive more citations than those published in other languages. Despite being perceived by many as of lower quality and relevance, articles in Spanish from two Latin American journals were blind evaluated and were not, in fact, underqualified. … Read More →... Read more »

  • October 20, 2016
  • 02:00 PM
  • 566 views

Is the reproducibility crisis exacerbated by pre-publication peer review?

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

A lack of scrutiny of articles published in peer-reviewed journals on the basis of a belief that pre-publication peer-review provides sufficient scrutiny, may well add to the relatively high number of articles in which results are presented that cannot be replicated. … Read More →... Read more »

  • October 14, 2016
  • 03:21 PM
  • 526 views

Is it possible to normalize citation metrics?

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

Bibliometric indicators represent much more than an indication of the visibility, relevance and impact of an article. A researcher’s entire career profile can be summarized in one or more numerical productivity and impact indicators of his research. However, citation metrics vary considerably according to the area of knowledge, the publication age, the type of document and the coverage of the database where citations were accrued. Is it possible to normalize them? Here we discuss the challenge........ Read more »

  • October 13, 2016
  • 01:36 PM
  • 197 views

Research improves the practice of environmentally sustainable actions in the medication process in hospitals

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

Researchers from the Studies and Research Group in Health Services Administration and Nursing Management from The Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) have developed studies to improve the practice of sustainable actions from an environmental point of view in hospitals. A recent doctoral thesis study carried out by researcher of the UNIFESP and member of the group, analyzed the sustainable actions taken by the nursing staff of an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) during the medication process an........ Read more »

Patricia de Oliveira Furukawa,, Isabel Cristina Kowal Olm Cunha,, Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira,, & Patricia Beryl Marck. (2016) Sustentabilidade ambiental nos processos de medicação realizados na assistência de enfermagem hospitalar. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 29(3), 316-324. DOI: http://dx.org/10.1590/1982-0194201600044  

  • September 18, 2016
  • 08:03 AM
  • 717 views

5 Things We Learned This Week | Open-Access Science | Week 37, 2016

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

New theories in ocean circulation and acidification, shorter sea ice season in polar bear habitats, and new tools to track bird migrations and hair protein analysis in forensic IDs. Here are five of the latest scientific studies published open-access this week.... Read more »

Stern, H., & Laidre, K. (2016) Sea-ice indicators of polar bear habitat. The Cryosphere, 10(5), 2027-2041. DOI: 10.5194/tc-10-2027-2016  

Shamoun-Baranes, J., Farnsworth, A., Aelterman, B., Alves, J., Azijn, K., Bernstein, G., Branco, S., Desmet, P., Dokter, A., Horton, K.... (2016) Innovative Visualizations Shed Light on Avian Nocturnal Migration. PLOS ONE, 11(8). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160106  

Parker, G., Leppert, T., Anex, D., Hilmer, J., Matsunami, N., Baird, L., Stevens, J., Parsawar, K., Durbin-Johnson, B., Rocke, D.... (2016) Demonstration of Protein-Based Human Identification Using the Hair Shaft Proteome. PLOS ONE, 11(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160653  

  • September 12, 2016
  • 01:36 PM
  • 575 views

Opioid Abuse: Treatment Guidelines

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Molecular model of the drug buprenorphineThe U.S. Surgeon General recently sent a letter to all physicians about the danger of prescription opioids, particularly when used in combination with benzodiazepines (i.e. Valium, Xanax).  This combination greatly increases the risk of overdose death.Clinicians can successfully assist those with opioid use disorders. Marc Schuckit, M.D. recently published a nice summary review of entitled "Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorder" in the New England Journal........ Read more »

Schuckit, M. (2016) Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorders. New England Journal of Medicine, 375(4), 357-368. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra1604339  

  • September 2, 2016
  • 12:53 PM
  • 597 views

Obesity Surgery: VA Outcome Study

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Weight loss (bariatric) surgery is likely to become increasingly important to address the obesity epidemic in the U.S. and other nations.There are several types of surgical techniques used for bariatric surgery.One of the most invasive is the Rous-en-Y gastric bypass (RYG) operation. This operation involves bisection of the small intestine and reattachment of the upper section to a position lower down the small intestine. This provides for a shorter distance for food to be absorbed.Less invasive........ Read more »

Maciejewski ML, Arterburn DE, Van Scoyoc L, Smith VA, Yancy WS Jr, Weidenbacher HJ, Livingston EH, & Olsen MK. (2016) Bariatric Surgery and Long-term Durability of Weight Loss. JAMA surgery. PMID: 27579793  

  • September 2, 2016
  • 01:25 AM
  • 474 views

Greenland caves will reveal pre-ice sheet climate

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Some of the most remote caves on Earth will reveal secrets of Greenland’s climate that pre-date the ice sheet. Preliminary results are look exciting.... Read more »

Gina Moseley, R. Lawrence Edwards, Hai Cheng, Yanbin Lu, & Christoph Spoetl. (2016) Northeast Greenland Caves Project: first results from a speleothem-derived record of climate change for the Arctic. Geophysical Research Abstracts EGU General Assembly 2016, held 17-22 April, 2016 in Vienna Austria, p.11152. info:other/2016EGUGA.1811152M

  • August 24, 2016
  • 06:05 PM
  • 731 views

Theses and dissertations: pros and cons of the traditional and alternative formats

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective

In order to expedite the writing and assessment of theses, institutions and graduate programs in several countries, including Brazil, are choosing to allow candidates who have published papers on their masters or doctorate research topics to replace the thesis chapters by these articles, headed by an introduction, conclusion and review of scientific literature. Is this format ideal and applicable to all? … Read More →... Read more »

  • August 19, 2016
  • 01:25 AM
  • 380 views

Virtual tour: Scientific field site in Greenland

by TakFurTheKaffe in Tak Fur The Kaffe

Explore how scientists in Greenland are monitoring environmental change in the Arctic with ScienceNordic's interactive map.... Read more »

Kramshøj, M., Vedel-Petersen, I., Schollert, M., Rinnan, �., Nymand, J., Ro-Poulsen, H., & Rinnan, R. (2016) Large increases in Arctic biogenic volatile emissions are a direct effect of warming. Nature Geoscience, 9(5), 349-352. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2692  

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