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All posts; Tags Include "Cognitive Psychology"

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  • December 6, 2013
  • 05:14 PM

Does a baby's eye gaze really predict future autism?

by Jon Brock in Cracking the Enigma

Baby's gaze may signal autism, study finds. That was the headline in the New York Times. The BBC declared that Autism signs present in first months of life. Turning the hype up to 11, a Canadian website boldly announced that Researchers prove that autism can be diagnosed right at the infant stage and that intervention is possible.Nature, the journal that published the study, ran with Autism symptoms seen in babies, summarising the findings thus:Children with autism make less ........ Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 05:10 PM

A BOLD signal in the hippocampus ambiguous

by Emilie Reas in Emilie Reas - Remember

When you see a red blob on an fMRI activity map, what do you think? We all know fMRI doesn’t directly measure neural activity, yet an increased BOLD (blood oxygen level dependent) response is commonly used as a proxy for elevated “brain activity”. This interpretation is, in fact, strongly supported by studies identifying a relationship […]... Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 02:00 PM

Rethinking the Nucleus Accumbens: Regulating Sleep

by Allison in Dormivigilia

The accumbens is historically classified as a reward center. But recent research in animal models shows that it also regulates sleep-This is no surprise, right? Don't you have to hypothetically be awake in order to partake in something pleasurable?... Read more »

  • December 6, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

“They’re probably lining their deep pockets with ill-gotten gain”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

For the fourth year in a row we have been honored with recognition from the ABA via inclusion in their 2013 list of the Top 100 legal blogs in the country. We work hard to blog consistently even when inundated with work and would appreciate your vote for us at the Blawg 100 site under the […]

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When it comes to corporate fraud in America, men are almost always to blame
Beauty is only skin deep but the lack of beauty lands you in jail!
When are jurors more apt to blame the ........ Read more »

Biggerstaff, L.,, Cicero, D., & Puckett, A. (2013) Unethical culture, suspect CEOs and corporate misbehavior. . SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI: 10.3386/w19261  

  • November 27, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

Does priming influence behavior of even the “bad boys”?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Priming is the idea that subtle cues and reminders can powerfully influence behavior. You hear about it in studies where women reminded of their gender perform less well on math problems. You may be skeptical of the power of priming on your own behavior. And certainly on the behavior of the hardened criminal. Alas, you […]

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Expert witness influence: Interrogation tactics and false confessions
You don’t have to drink to show intoxicated recall and behavior!
Eliot Spitzer, U........ Read more »

  • November 26, 2013
  • 09:00 AM

Hungry? Low Blood Sugar May Increase Support for Social Welfare

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Think “Hunger Games” and you’ll undoubtedly think of heroine Katniss Everdeen fighting against a totalitarian state in the blockbuster series of books and movies. Fortunately for us, those Hunger Games […]... Read more »

  • November 25, 2013
  • 07:40 PM

Training and Development for [Legal] Organizations – The Science Behind What to Train, How to Train, and How to Implement and Evaluate the Design and Delivery of Training [Part 1]

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

A team of leading experts in the science and application of training recently provided a comprehensive review and summary of what is known about training, how to decide whether training is needed, what steps to follow in training program design, and among other things, how to assess a training program’s impact. Properly designed and [...]The post Training and Development for [Legal] Organizations – The Science Behind What to Train, How to Train, and How to Implement and Evaluate the ........ Read more »

Salas, E., Tannenbaum, S. I., Kraiger, K., & Smith-Jentsch, K. A. (2012) The science of training and development in organizations: What matters in practice. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. DOI: 10.1177/1529100612436661  

  • November 25, 2013
  • 01:23 PM

Going to the Movies: The Seat Choice Dilemma (Part 3)

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Welcome to Part 3, the final step in our science-tastic trip to the movie theater. I’d suggest checking out Part 1 and Part 2 as so far, you've purchased your expensive ticket, wondered at high concession prices, agonized over which size popcorn to buy, and learned how that choice will ultimately determine how much you will eat. Now you are ready to go find a seat for the show! You pick up your concessions from the counter, figure out how to carry them in such a way as to not spill anything a........ Read more »

  • November 25, 2013
  • 09:00 AM

Holiday Travelers Take Note: Scientists Explore Roadway Aggression

by amikulak in Daily Observations

It’s that time of year again – the time to gather with family and friends, to celebrate the passing of another year…to spend hours in a car dealing with pent-up […]... Read more »

Wickens, C.M., Mann, R.E., & Wiesenthal, D.L. (2013) Addressing Driver Aggression: Contributions From Psychological Science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 386-391. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413486986  

  • November 25, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

Timing your request for that questionable favor…

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

So you need to ask someone to do something and that “something” lies in the morally murky or ambiguous realm. We won’t offer examples of what that favor may be, but you know what we mean. You may wonder when is best to ask. Right after you’ve begun the day (and they’ve had ample coffee)? […]

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Leading our unethical leaders: Behaving as we want our jurors to behave
Which is the more moral negotiator? The male or the female?
What’s a moral issue for us these days?

........ Read more »

  • November 18, 2013
  • 02:36 AM

Perceptions of “Sorry” – Negotiated vs. Delegated Apologies, Settlement Levers, and Mediation

by Dan DeFoe in Psycholawlogy

Saying that you are really and genuinely “sorry” effectively in psychological terms is not easy.  The other’s perception that you really mean it presents a rocky proposition, too.  Another layer involves advocates.  It’s not easier, either, when lawyers get involved.  Many examples of the rocky shoals of apology, particularly in the context of national [...]The post Perceptions of “Sorry” – Negotiated vs. Delegated Apologies, Settlement Levers, and Media........ Read more »

  • November 13, 2013
  • 02:26 PM

Sleep Unbinds Memories From Their Emotional Context

by sschroeder in Daily Observations

Many of us might remember our parents insisting that we get a good night’s sleep before a big exam or test, with the argument that being well rested would help […]... Read more »

Deliens, G., Gilson, M., Schmitz, R., . (2013) Sleep unbinds memories from their emotional context. Cortex, 49(8), 2221-2228. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.11.014  

  • November 13, 2013
  • 09:00 AM

Visual Aids Can Help People Better Understand Health Risks

by amikulak in Daily Observations

In order to be able to make sound health decisions, patients need to understand the risks and the benefits that come with medical treatments, screenings, and lifestyle choices. But many […]... Read more »

Garcia-Retamero, R., & Cokely, E.T. (2013) Communicating Health Risks With Visual Aids. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 392-399. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413491570  

  • November 10, 2013
  • 09:00 PM

Transfer of Learning: Take What You’ve Learned with You

by Winston Sieck in Global Cognition

Can an eighth-grade math student apply her knowledge of geometry to estimate the square footage of the family’s new home? If so, then she has experienced transfer of learning. Transfer of learning means to extend knowledge you’ve gained from one situation to new ones. Parents and educators hope that kids get more out of school […]... Read more »

Barnett, S. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2002) When and where do we apply what we learn? A taxonomy for far transfer. Psychological bulletin, 128(4), 612-637. info:/10.1037//0033-2909.128.4.612

  • November 6, 2013
  • 08:25 AM

The Bouba/Kiki Effect: Synesthesia or Ideasthesia?

by Robert Seymour in NeuroFractal

Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »

Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/

  • November 6, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

Do you want to make your juror “think fast”?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

A new research review says thinking fast can improve our mood, and increase risk-taking, confidence and problem-solving. The author discusses the experiences of running, skiing, driving over the speed limit as all having the capacity to excite, elate and energize us. But we do not have to be moving fast in order to improve our […]

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Think fast! Is this the perpetrator? How certain are you?
Is that quick decision a good indicator of your moral character?
What happens when a ju........ Read more »

  • November 3, 2013
  • 12:22 PM

Novel Means to Quantify Physiological Sleepiness

by Allison in Dormivigilia

My postdoctoral laboratory has published a methods paper in the recent issue of Sleep that provides a means to determine physiological sleepiness as it occurs, not de facto. They are mice after all, but if these findings were extrapolated to humans, then the scary reality of just a few hours of sleep loss is apparent-a moving body in a brain that is essentially asleep. ... Read more »

  • October 31, 2013
  • 03:56 PM

Building Spatial Thinking Improves STEM success

by Winston Sieck in Global Cognition

You fall off of a ledge, dropping through a hole in the floor, only to find yourself hurtling out the side of a wall like a cannon ball. If you can imagine that easily, you have great spatial thinking skills. Or you’ve been playing Portal 2. Perhaps your spatial thinking skills got a boost from […]... Read more »

David H. Uttal, David I. Miller, & Nora S. Newcombe. (2013) Exploring and Enhancing Spatial Thinking: Links to Achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 367-373. info:/10.1177/0963721413484756

  • October 31, 2013
  • 03:30 AM

Give Your Halloween Candy a Flavor Boost with Psychological Science

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Late on Halloween night, with candy strewn across the dining room table, millions of children across the United States will enjoy the hard-earned fruits of their trick-or-treating labors. After picking […]... Read more »

Vohs, K.D., Wang, Y., Gino, F., & Norton, M.I. (2013) Rituals Enhance Consumption. Psychological Science, 24(9), 1714-1721. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613478949  

Cole, G.G., & Wilkins, A.J. (2013) Fear of Holes. Psychological Science, 24(10), 1980-1985. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613484937  

  • October 30, 2013
  • 08:02 AM

Mean-spirited blog comments tick off conservatives

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

But liberals shrug them off. At least that’s the preliminary finding in a study recently presented at the annual American Political Science Association meeting. Elizabeth Suhay set out to investigate incivility in online blog comments. She wasn’t expecting differences in how liberals and conservatives react to incivility…but that’s what she found. While incivility is a […]

Related posts:
The evidence is mounting: The brains of liberals and conservatives differ
Politics and pre........ Read more »

Suhay, E. (2013) The Polarizing Effect of Incivility in the Political Blog Commentsphere. SSRN Electronic Journal. info:/

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