by amikulak in Daily Observations
In order to be able to make sound health decisions, patients need to understand the risks and the benefits that come with medical treatments, screenings, and lifestyle choices. But many […]... Read more »
Can an eighth-grade math student apply her knowledge of geometry to estimate the square footage of the family’s new home? If so, then she has experienced transfer of learning. Transfer of learning means to extend knowledge you’ve gained from one situation to new ones. Parents and educators hope that kids get more out of school […]... Read more »
Barnett, S. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2002) When and where do we apply what we learn? A taxonomy for far transfer. Psychological bulletin, 128(4), 612-637. info:/10.1037//0033-2909.128.4.612
Many researchers believed that the Bouba/Kiki effect demonstrated that we all show a little synaesthesia, where sensory inputs involuntarily activate an unrelated sensory experience. However, unlike classical synaesthesia, participants in the Bouba/Kiki experiment are associating a sensory input with a semantic label rather than two independent sensory experiences. Nikolic (2009) therefore recently introduced the idea of ideasthesia...... Read more »
Nikolic D. (2009) Is synaesthesia actually ideaesthesia? An inquiry into the nature of the phenomenon. Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Synaesthesia, Science and Art. info:/
A new research review says thinking fast can improve our mood, and increase risk-taking, confidence and problem-solving. The author discusses the experiences of running, skiing, driving over the speed limit as all having the capacity to excite, elate and energize us. But we do not have to be moving fast in order to improve our […]
Think fast! Is this the perpetrator? How certain are you?
Is that quick decision a good indicator of your moral character?
What happens when a ju........ Read more »
Pronin, E. (2013) When the mind races: Effects of thought speed on feeling and action. . Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(4), 283-288. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413482324
My postdoctoral laboratory has published a methods paper in the recent issue of Sleep that provides a means to determine physiological sleepiness as it occurs, not de facto. They are mice after all, but if these findings were extrapolated to humans, then the scary reality of just a few hours of sleep loss is apparent-a moving body in a brain that is essentially asleep. ... Read more »
Ehlen JC, Jefferson F, Brager AJ, Benveniste M, & Paul KN. (2013) Period-Amplitude Analysis Reveals Wake-Dependent Changes in the Electroencephalogram during Sleep Deprivation. Sleep, 36(11), 1723-35. PMID: 24179307
You fall off of a ledge, dropping through a hole in the floor, only to find yourself hurtling out the side of a wall like a cannon ball. If you can imagine that easily, you have great spatial thinking skills. Or you’ve been playing Portal 2. Perhaps your spatial thinking skills got a boost from […]... Read more »
David H. Uttal, David I. Miller, & Nora S. Newcombe. (2013) Exploring and Enhancing Spatial Thinking: Links to Achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 367-373. info:/10.1177/0963721413484756
by amikulak in Daily Observations
Late on Halloween night, with candy strewn across the dining room table, millions of children across the United States will enjoy the hard-earned fruits of their trick-or-treating labors. After picking […]... Read more »
O'Brien, E., & Ellsworth, P.C. (2012) Saving the Last for Best: A Positivity Bias for End Experiences. Psychological Science, 23(2), 163-165. DOI: 10.1177/0956797611427408
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
But liberals shrug them off. At least that’s the preliminary finding in a study recently presented at the annual American Political Science Association meeting. Elizabeth Suhay set out to investigate incivility in online blog comments. She wasn’t expecting differences in how liberals and conservatives react to incivility…but that’s what she found. While incivility is a […]
The evidence is mounting: The brains of liberals and conservatives differ
Politics and pre........ Read more »
Suhay, E. (2013) The Polarizing Effect of Incivility in the Political Blog Commentsphere. SSRN Electronic Journal. info:/
Which is the most useful kind of knowledge – general knowledge about how to think well, or specific knowledge within many subject areas? The idea that we can train the mind to use core cognitive skills that are effective in a wide range of situations is really fantastic. But, maybe it’s too fantastic. General, learnable, […]... Read more »
Perkins, D. N., & Salomon, G. (1989) Are cognitive skills context bound?. Educational Researcher, 18(1), 16-25. info:/10.3102/0013189X018001016
The "mind as computer" has been a dominant and powerful metaphor in cognitive science at least since the middle of the 20th century. Throughout this time, many of us have chafed against this metaphor because it has a tendency to be taken too literally. Framing mental and neural processes in terms of computation or information processing can be extremely useful, but this approach can turn into the extremely misleading notion that our minds work kind of like our desktop or laptop computers. There ........ Read more »
McClelland JL, Mirman D, & Holt LL. (2006) Are there interactive processes in speech perception?. Trends in cognitive sciences, 10(8), 363-369. PMID: 16843037
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
I think I was in college when Barbara Mandrell came out with this song for cheaters everywhere. A few decades later, I listened to my niece talk about tools she uses to identify plagiarism in her college freshman students. So I ask my (then) high school kids about cheating. They look at me as though […]
Apology redux: Doing it right (and doing it wrong)
Is it wrong to want an 8-foot chicken?
“I can tell how she feels by looking at her face…”
... Read more »
Ruedy NE, Moore C, Gino F, & Schweitzer ME. (2013) The cheater's high: The unexpected affective benefits of unethical behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 105(4), 531-48. PMID: 24000799
After getting college students hammered via caffeine-infused alcohol (most like Red Bull-vodkas), the researchers surprisingly found that these drinks have little effect on sleep. Their effects on risks for addiction and brain health is a different story...... Read more »
Rohsenow DJ, Howland J, Alvarez L, Nelson K, Langlois B, Verster JC, Sherrard H, & Arnedt JT. (2013) Effects of caffeinated vs. non-caffeinated alcoholic beverage on next-day hangover incidence and severity, perceived sleep quality, and alertness. Addictive behaviors. PMID: 24090620
Worms have a sleep-like state known as lethargus in between their molting cycles. Researchers in Germany carefully studied lethargus at behavioral, physiologically, and cellular levels providing convincing evidence that worms and their nervous system works in similar manners to control daily sleep. ... Read more »
Schwarz J, & Bringmann H. (2013) Reduced Sleep-Like Quiescence in Both Hyperactive and Hypoactive Mutants of the Galphaq Gene egl-30 during lethargus in Caenorhabditis elegans. PloS one, 8(9). PMID: 24073282
“Older people shouldn’t even try to act cool.” One of three factors in a new assessment which measures age-based prescriptive stereotypes includes this item. A different factor asks respondents to endorse this item “Doctors spend too much time treating sickly older people”. Leading age researchers recently argued that we must increase our understanding of [...]The post Entering, Enjoying, and Exiting the “Age Queue” and the “SIC” Scale: A New Way to Measure [and Lawyers t........ Read more »
North, M.S., & Fiske, S.T. (2013) A prescriptive intergenerational – tension ageism scale: Succession, identify, and consumption. Psychological Assessment. info:/10.1037/a0032367
Everyday learning often starts with a surprise. Something unexpected happens and you use that to change your understanding. You learn the most when you use metacognitive strategies to adapt your mindset. Metacognition is what you know about how you think and learn. It includes knowing what you know (and what you don’t). It also includes […]... Read more »
Winston R. Sieck, Jennifer L. Smith, & Louise J. Rasmussen. (2013) Metacognitive strategies for making sense of cross-cultural encounters. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(6), 1007-1023. DOI: 10.1177/0022022113492890
Ugh, Monday morning really kicked my butt. Even my strong coffee failed to wake me up completely. Of course, I drag-ass most mornings, being almost useless before 10 a.m. On the flip side, I have always been wonderfully alert and productive after 7 p.m. A night owl I am, and this seems like a good topic for discussion. What determines your circadian rhythms and what does that mean for your personality?A circadian rhythm is an endogenous, near 24 hour cycle in the process of living organisms (pl........ Read more »
Sofia I. H. Godinho, et al. (2007) The After-Hours Mutant Reveals a Role for Fbxl3 in Determining Mammalian Circadian Period. Science, 316(5826), 897-900. DOI: 10.1126/science.1141138
Richard D. Roberts, & Patrick C. Kyllonen. (1999) Morningness±eveningness and intelligence: early to bed, early to rise will likely make you anything but wise!. Personality and Individual Differences, 1123-1133. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00054-9
Peter K. Jonason, Amy Jones, & Minna Lyons. (2013) Creatures of the night: Chronotypes and the Dark Triad traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 538-541. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.05.001
Lately, I took time out to read through a few papers I’d put on the backburner until after my first year review was completed. Now that’s out of the way, I found myself looking through Berwick et al.‘s review on Evolution, brain, and the nature of language. Much of it is written in strongly worded language and read more...... Read more »
Marital separation, which can include divorce, correlates with pain and suffering. Easily characterized as one of life’s most stressful experiences, marital separation puts people at risk for poor outcomes in their mental and physical health. Expressive writing, according to the authors of the study reported in this post, has a “strong record for improving [...]The post Marital Separation, Expressive Writing, and Meaning Making: Important Cautions to Lawyers & Clients About Keeping &........ Read more »
Sbarra, D.A., Boals, A., Mason, A.E., Larson, G.M., & Mehl, M.R. (2013) Expressive writing can impede emotional recovery following marital separation. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702612469801
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
It’s in our genes. Or at least, in our dispositions. We all know people who are consistently negative. They pick out the negative in every situation and magnify it. Conversely, we also know people who are invariably positive. We call them Pollyanna’s. They are two extremes: the Haters and the Pollyanna’s. However, those extremes may […]
Simple Jury Persuasion: Activate their values
The latest issue of The Jury Expert is a total classic!
Detecting Deception Using the L........ Read more »
Hepler J, & Albarracín D. (2013) Attitudes without objects: Evidence for a dispositional attitude, its measurement, and its consequences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(6), 1060-76. PMID: 23586409
When it comes to legal strategy, predicting case outcomes, and decision-making, science shows that lawyers suffer a serious fault– overconfidence. The largest study of American lawyers of its kind to date noted that “Lawyers frequently made substantial judgmental errors, showing a proclivity to overoptimism. The most biased estimates were expressed with very high initial [...]The post Legal Case Management: Prediction of Case Outcomes, Overconfidence, and Lawyers’ Need for Calibrat........ Read more »
Goodman-Delahunty, J., Granhag, P., Hartwig, M., & Loftus, E. (2010) Insightful or wishful: Lawyers' ability to predict case outcomes. . Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. DOI: 10.1037/a0019060
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