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  • March 25, 2015
  • 09:30 AM
  • 1,835 views

Can Street Dogs Become Good Pets?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

From free-ranging dog to new home. It sounds like a fairy-tale, but how does it work out?A recent survey by Yasemin Salgiri Demirbas (Ankara University) et al investigates how well free-roaming urban dogs fit into a family home once they are adopted. The results show the dogs adapt well to their new homes.The scientists say, “Every year in Turkey, thousands of free-ranging dogs are brought to dog shelters. These dogs are mongrel dogs with stray origins.” There is often a bias against adoptin........ Read more »

Salgirli Demirbas, Y., Emre, B., & Kockaya, M. (2014) Integration ability of urban free-ranging dogs into adoptive families' environment. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9(5), 222-227. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2014.04.006  

  • March 17, 2015
  • 09:31 AM
  • 1,488 views

Gender equality in science: it takes a village

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: Late last year, a metastudy was published showing that, since 2000, things are improving for women working in most STEM-based fields, although there are some notable exceptions... Read more »

  • June 4, 2014
  • 12:16 PM
  • 1,441 views

Is widespread sexism making hurricanes more deadly than himmicanes? | @BobOHara & @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

We take a closer look at a recent paper that claims that hurricanes given female-sounding names cause more damage than "himmicanes" (hurricanes given male-sounding names) due to public underestimation of risk associated with name gender.... Read more »

Jung Kiju, Shavitt Sharon, Viswanathan Madhu, & Hilbe Joseph M. (2014) Female hurricanes are deadlier than male hurricanes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1402786111  

  • March 5, 2014
  • 09:30 AM
  • 1,512 views

Will Work for Hot Dog?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

Do you ever wonder how dogs are rewarded for taking part in scientific research? In some studies dogs are allowed to act naturally, but in others they need to learn something such as how to operate an apparatus they haven’t seen before, or to observe people interacting. Either way, you can’t guarantee canine cooperation. This week we thought we’d take a look at how dogs are motivated during the course of the research itself.Photo: kitty / ShutterstockNeedless to say, food is a common denom........ Read more »

Burman, O., McGowan, R., Mendl, M., Norling, Y., Paul, E., Rehn, T., & Keeling, L. (2011) Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 132(3-4), 160-168. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2011.04.001  

Range F, Huber L, & Heyes C. (2011) Automatic imitation in dogs. Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society, 278(1703), 211-7. PMID: 20667875  

  • June 7, 2013
  • 04:31 AM
  • 1,666 views

Interpreting unexpected significant results

by Dorothy Bishop in bishopblog

What should you do if you run an ANOVA and get a significant result you did not anticipate?
a) Describe this as my main effect of interest, revising my hypothesis to argue for a site-specific sex effect
b) Describe the result as an exploratory finding in need of replication
c) Ignore the result as it was not predicted and is likely to be a false positive
In this post I discuss how unexpected results are very likely to arise by chance, especially in designs with 3 or more factors. The scient........ Read more »

Simmons, Joseph P., Nelson, Leif D., & Simonsohn, Uri. (2011) False-positive psychology. Psychological Science, 1359-1366. DOI: 10.1037/e636412012-001  

  • October 16, 2012
  • 07:05 PM
  • 1,109 views

SfN Neuroblogging 2012: Implicit and Explicit Gender Bias

by TheCellularScale in The Cellular Scale

Today I am going to talk about just one thing rather than poster highlights from the whole day. As always, all the SfN Neuroblogging posts can be found here. Other posts on gender and neurosexism can be found here.  Today was the annual "Celebration of Women in Neuroscience Luncheon." This is one of the highlights of SfN for me each year. There is always a fantastic speaker (Phyllis Wise this year) and the lunch is delicious. Phyllis Wise brought up the 'exact same resume study' in her........ Read more »

Moss-Racusin CA, Dovidio JF, Brescoll VL, Graham MJ, & Handelsman J. (2012) Science faculty's subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(41), 16474-9. PMID: 22988126  

  • June 22, 2012
  • 01:04 AM
  • 828 views

The Data We Never See

by Jeffrey B. Driban in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Each month SMR filters through over 2,000 abstracts to identify approximately 20 to 30 articles to share as post or as links on social media. The hope is that these articles will spark discussions and have an influence on clinical care. Unfortunately, there is one thing we have little control over: findings that never get published and details that may be omitted from articles. To improve transparency, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors decided that all clinical trials must b........ Read more »

Chahal J, Tomescu SS, Ravi B, Bach BR Jr, Ogilvie-Harris D, Mohamed NN, & Gandhi R. (2012) Publication of Sports Medicine-Related Randomized Controlled Trials Registered in ClinicalTrials.gov. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 22679295  

  • April 27, 2012
  • 02:26 AM
  • 1,168 views

The More Informed You Are, the More Likely You Are to Change Your Mind

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

In American politics there is now an embargo on publicly changing your mind. And not the standard oscillation between two positions that were each artificially constructed for political gain. I’m talking about forming new views after evaluating new evidence — for example, a staunch law-and-order senator eventually realizing the war on drugs is a failure, or [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2011
  • 08:02 AM
  • 1,785 views

Does your capital client “look deathworthy”?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

If your client is African American, jurors will demonstrate to you that the answer is much more likely to be yes. And the more stereotypically black (with darker skin and wider nose)—the more likely the death penalty will be assigned. Hard to stomach? Yes. Hard to believe? We didn’t think so. But it is pretty [...]


Related posts:Does ‘death qualification’ systematically bias our juries?
I read the entire newspaper every day
“I can look into his eyes and just tell he is lying”
... Read more »

Eberhardt JL, Davies PG, Purdie-Vaughns VJ, & Johnson SL. (2006) Looking deathworthy: perceived stereotypicality of Black defendants predicts capital-sentencing outcomes. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 17(5), 383-6. PMID: 16683924  

  • January 31, 2011
  • 08:02 AM
  • 1,342 views

Does ‘death qualification’ systematically bias our juries?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Despite reports that death penalty use and support continue to decline and stories of freed innocent prisoners,  researchers continue to explore the impact of ‘death qualification’ on the makeup of American juries. Recently, a study published in the Journal of Applied Social Psychology, examined whether the ‘death qualification’ process in jury selection systematically excludes jurors based [...]


Related posts:Is racial bias fueling anti-Obama rhetoric?
Propaganda, Dogmatism & B........ Read more »

Summers, A., Hayward, RD, & Miller, MK. (2010) Death qualification as systematic exclusion of jurors with certain religious and other characteristics. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(12). info:/

  • December 17, 2010
  • 08:07 AM
  • 2,270 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Use Christian religious concepts to increase racial prejudice

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve written a lot about racial biases in the courtroom.  As regular readers of this blog know, we look for ways to mitigate the impact of racial biases. We believe in social justice. We also know (although we don’t like it much) that there are times when in the interests of advocacy, it is important [...]


Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: When to talk about racial bias and when to stay quiet
Simple Jury Persuasion: Countering jury decision-making biases
Simple Jury Persuasion: You l........ Read more »

Johnson, MK, Rowatt, WC, & LaBouff, J. (2010) Priming Christian religious concepts increases racial prejudice. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(2). info:/

  • November 10, 2010
  • 10:35 AM
  • 870 views

Blinded by Border Bias

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

State borders are clearly shown on maps, but quite often the only tangible indication of one is a sign. Yet borders are important constructs: A recent study published in Psychological ... Read more »

Mishra, A., & Mishra, H. (2010) Border Bias: The Belief That State Borders Can Protect Against Disasters. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS. PMID: 20943938  

  • November 3, 2010
  • 09:20 AM
  • 1,643 views

Seeing and Believing and Reducing Prejudice

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Mel Gibson certainly is not the only celebrity to rant racist statements while raving drunk. And we do have evidence that we are less able to censor ourselves when we are run-down and tired. So how (in brief) can you actually reduce prejudicial behavior? We’ve written a lot about race and racism here so it’s [...]


Related posts:Arkansas: If a judge calls you a ‘slut’ in open court, it doesn’t show prejudice
... Read more »

Stewart TL, Latu IM, Branscombe NR, & Denney HT. (2010) Yes We Can!: Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change). Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS. PMID: 20889931  

  • October 25, 2010
  • 09:24 AM
  • 870 views

Hard to be a woman? The beat goes on….

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

If you like to keep track of such things, we’ve written a number of times on how it’s hard to be a woman. Tammy Wynette did the original (although it’s better if you don’t listen to the lyrics too closely) and the hits just keep on coming! You may remember the controversy around Clarence Thomas’ [...]

Related posts:Redux: Sometimes it’s hard to be a woman (with appreciation to Tammy Wynette, Linda Ronstadt and Anne Reed)

“I didn’t know truth had ........ Read more »

  • October 18, 2010
  • 09:23 AM
  • 1,505 views

Outsmarting your biases & helping jurors outsmart theirs too

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Emily Pronin is a Psychology professor at Princeton. She studies how we tend to see ourselves as different than others and how that leads us to judge ourselves as better than others to our own detriment. Recently, Dr. Pronin did a brief interview with the Washington Post on how our self-awareness blind spots lead us [...]

Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Countering jury decision-making biases

When identifying punishment—will jurors focus on intent or outcome?

A pinch of this and a ........ Read more »

Mandel, G. (2005) Unaware of Our Unawareness. Science. info:/

  • July 6, 2010
  • 09:00 AM
  • 1,534 views

Obesity: What’s in a Name?

by Arya M. Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

The News Section of this week’s edition of the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) features an article by Roger Collier, in which I am extensively quoted with regard to wether or not health professionals should use the term “obesity”.
Regular readers of these pages will be quite familiar with my views on this issu. Readers may [...]... Read more »

Sharma AM, & Kushner RF. (2009) A proposed clinical staging system for obesity. International journal of obesity (2005), 33(3), 289-95. PMID: 19188927  

  • May 23, 2010
  • 07:57 AM
  • 1,819 views

Chess and the illusion of confidence

by Daniel Simons in The Invisible Gorilla

Kruger and Dunning showed that people who are less skilled also overestimate their own abilities more than those who are skilled. Kruger and Dunning showed that this principle applies for domains like senses of humor or logic abilities. It also applies to domains like tournament chess which has a precise measure of skill.... Read more »

  • May 19, 2010
  • 09:00 AM
  • 1,717 views

Do Obese People Get Poorer Health Care?

by Arya M. Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

I have previously blogged about the problem of weight bias amongst health professionals and how this can possibly lead to poorer health care for people with excess weight.
A new study by Virginia Chang and colleagues from the University of Pennsylvania, just published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) suggests that the quality [...]... Read more »

Chang VW, Asch DA, & Werner RM. (2010) Quality of care among obese patients. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 303(13), 1274-81. PMID: 20371786  

  • May 1, 2010
  • 01:16 PM
  • 1,768 views

Teaching About Diet and Exercise Promotes Anti-Fat Bias

by Dr. Arya Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

Perhaps one reason why health professionals are particularly prone to anti-fat prejudice, may be because conventional health education curricula tend to focus primarily on the importance of “controllable” lifestyle reasons for obesity, with health promotion/public health programs typically emphasizing dieting and physical activity as the cornerstones of obesity treatment and prevention.... Read more »

  • April 22, 2010
  • 07:00 AM
  • 2,528 views

Does Lower Income Reduce Your Chance of Bariatric Surgery?

by Dr. Arya Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

A study showing that even in a publicly funded clinic, folks with lower income are less likely to get surgery than people with higher socioeconomic status.... Read more »

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