Years ago in one of my criminology classes, the professor introduced us to various theories on social deviance. Criminologists want to know what makes people act up and steal, or rob you in the street for crack, or stab their neighbors in the face. That's social deviance. Lots of theories have come and gone ...
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Knab AM, & Lightfoot JT. (2010) Does the difference between physically active and couch potato lie in the dopamine system?. International journal of biological sciences, 6(2), 133-50. PMID: 20224735
Meeusen, R., Watson, P., Hasegawa, H., Roelands, B., & Piacentini, M. (2007) Brain neurotransmitters in fatigue and overtraining. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 32(5), 857-864. DOI: 10.1139/H07-080
Continuing with on with articles on general Systems Design and foundational articles, today I would like to talk about Conway's seminal paper on "How Do Committees Invent" from 1968. If you want to read the paper completely, you can do so on Conway's web page.
In his article Conway describes system design at its most generic level. Be it a system to prevent natural disasters or a new product of a company.
Actors and Stages of Design
Under most circumstances the newly designed system has a........ Read more »
Conway, M. E. (1968) How Do Committees Invent?. Datamation, 14(4), 28-31. info:/
by Djuke Veldhuis in Elements Science
New research shows that the tools a chimpanzee population will use is governed by the environment they live in, reports Louise Ogden.
Related posts:Tricks of the trade: chimpanzees and their tools
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Koops, K., McGrew, W., & Matsuzawa, T. (2009) Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use cleavers and anvils to fracture Treculia africana fruits? Preliminary data on a new form of percussive technology. Primates, 51(2), 175-178. DOI: 10.1007/s10329-009-0178-6
A recent CNN news piece reported on baby dolphin deaths in the Gulf of Mexico. The report went on to discuss that these deaths were not the norm in considering the shear numbers, and the time of year - that is very early in the birthing season, indicating that some births may be premature. The report went on to imply that this may be a consequence of the BP oil disaster. Makes sense.
For the first time in Planet Earth's histo........ Read more »
Nature. (1962) Plankton Indicator Species and their Statistical Analysis. Nature, 193(4822), 1245-1246. DOI: 10.1038/1931245a0
Mattson, M., Mullin, K., Ingram, G., & Hoggard, W. (2006) AGE STRUCTURE AND GROWTH OF THE BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN (TURSIOPS TRUNCATUS) FROM STRANDINGS IN THE MISSISSIPPI SOUND REGION OF THE NORTH-CENTRAL GULF OF MEXICO FROM 1986 TO 2003. Marine Mammal Science, 22(3), 654-666. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2006.00057.x
In several articles I talked about competing objectives to the classical cost reduction goals (eg. with responsiveness or with reducing uncertainty).
Shen and Daskin (2005) explore the "Trade-offs Between Customer Service and Cost in Integrated Supply Chain Design". The goal is to find ways to simultaneously improve customer service and reduce operating cost.
The authors model a three tier supply chain, with a supplier, distribution center, and retailer.
The following cost factors ........ Read more »
Shen, Z., & Daskin, M. (2005) Trade-offs Between Customer Service and Cost in Integrated Supply Chain Design. Manufacturing Service Operations Management, 7(3), 188-207. DOI: 10.1287/msom.1050.0083
In July, 2010, one corner of the blogosphere erupted with the seething, burning rage that online communities seem to have a unique ability to muster. The spark that lit bloggers’ fuse was a decision by SEED Media Group decision-makers to allow a team of writers from PepsiCo Inc. to operate a blog about nutrition and [...]... Read more »
Thomas Chesney and Daniel K.S. Su. (2010) The impact of anonymity on weblog credibility. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 68(10), 710-718. info:/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2010.06.001
The buzz words for today's benthic marine scientists are undoubtedly 'mesophotic coral ecosystems', or MCEs. The term mesophotic, or middle/medium light, refers to the region of the ocean below the photic zone where light is the major driver for photosynthesis by corals and algae, but above the aphotic zone where in the dark organisms rely on other means for productivity. These transitional depths, say from 200 to 500 feet (60 to 150 meters) in depth encompass a significant area of our ocea........ Read more »
Puglise KA, Hinderstein LM, Marr JCA, Dowgiallo MJ, & Martinez FA. (2009) Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems Research Strategy: International Workshop to Prioritize Research and Management Needs for Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 98 and OAR OER 2. info:/
The authors and editor knew exactly what they were doing with this one:... Read more »
I just stumbled upon one of the articles I already read about a year ago, shortly after I started my research. Beside indication of a future research agenda (see as well here), Jüttner et al. (2003) also explain some fundamental concepts of supply chain risk management.
How to get there?
Jüttner et al. decided to conduct a exploratory study with practitioner interviews and compare these results with a literature review. Four basic concepts for Supply Chain Risk Management evolved from th........ Read more »
Juttner, U., Peck, H., & Christopher, M. (2003) Supply Chain Risk Management: Outlining an Agenda for Future Research. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 6(4), 197-210. DOI: 10.1080/13675560310001627016
How do you rank science, how do you rate scientists, what kudos do you give their papers and what metrics do you attach to the impact of a paper? They’re questions as old as the scientific literature itself. But, no one has resolved them. Independent organisations and publishers have attempted with the likes of the [...]Can we count on journal metrics? is a post from: Sciencebase Science Blog
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Larsen, P., & Ins, M. (2010) The rate of growth in scientific publication and the decline in coverage provided by Science Citation Index. Scientometrics, 84(3), 575-603. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-010-0202-z
Segalla, M. (2008) Publishing in the right place or publishing the right thing: journal targeting and citations' strategies for promotion and tenure committees. European J. of International Management, 2(2), 122. DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2008.017765
Uncertainty can be categorized in continuous risk, more slowly changing patterns, and disruptions, which describe abrupt changes in a system.
Tomlin (2006) investigates the question which supply chain strategies perform best when dealing with the later.
Mitigation vs. Contingency Planning
From case studies analyzed in literature the author first deducts disruption management strategies used in practices. The summary can be seen in figure 1.
Figure 1: Strategies for Managing Disruptions (T........ Read more »
Tomlin, B. (2006) On the Value of Mitigation and Contingency Strategies for Managing Supply Chain Disruption Risks. Management Science, 52(5), 639-657. DOI: 10.1287/mnsc.1060.0515
Yet another case study. This time on strategic network design. Why? A major problem for businesses is to find the right strategy for a given situation. And "right" here means optimal (for a given KPI).
Research question might be: Are there general categories which can be used to make different decision situations comparable? And if yes, what would optimal strategies under these circumstances be?
Seuring (2009) tries to answer the first research question using case studies. From........ Read more »
Seuring, S. (2009) The product-relationship-matrix as framework for strategic supply chain design based on operations theory. International Journal of Production Economics, 120(1), 221-232. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2008.07.021
(Or worse blocked? *gasp. this sort of fits in with two other posts on thesising I've had) Ever feel like everyday is the same? Like some song stuck on repeat? Or part of the lyrics of some familiar song? Or...... Read more »
Mullins, G., & Kiley, M. (2002) 'It's a PhD, not a Nobel Prize': How experienced examiners assess research theses. Studies in Higher Education, 27(4), 369-386. DOI: 10.1080/0307507022000011507
Breaking down the technical and legal barriers are essential if technology transfer from academia to industry is to be done efficiently and effectively, according to researchers in Spain. Antonio Hidalgo, Professor of Technology Strategy at the Technical University of Madrid and José Albors, Professor of Business Administration at the Technical University of Valencia explain that [...]Breaking down technology transfer barriers is a post from: Sciencebase Science Blog
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Antonio Hidalgo, & José Albors. (2011) University-industry technology transfer models: an empirical analysis. Int. J. Innovation and Learning, 9(2), 204-223. info:/
Supply chains risks can also be analyzed in a specific industry context and this is exactly what Agrell et al. (2004) did with telecom supply chains. They used a three tier SC (2nd tier supplier, EMS, OEM) to include the selection, coordination and motivation of independently operating suppliers in the model.
In terms of risk handling and sharing the telco industry is to some extent unique as well; there are several possible complications, like
differing business logic in the different sta........ Read more »
Agrell, P., Lindroth, R., & Norrman, A. (2004) Risk, information and incentives in telecom supply chains. International Journal of Production Economics, 90(1), 1-16. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-5273(02)00471-1
For this last installment of our review of the film 'Knowing', we will discuss the reference to Ezekiel's Chariot, and the prophecy that it conveys.
Some background - Ezekial is the author and central protagonist of the Book of Ezekial in the Hebrew Bible which goes on to discuss his prophecies of the destruction of Jerusalem. In 592 BCE, Ezekiel describes an encounter where is is visited by God appearing in "the likeness of man" who is riding a Chariot (or Merkabah in Hebrew) accompanied ........ Read more »
Stone, E. (2008) Chariots of the Gods in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia ( c. 2000–1600 BC). Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 3(01), 83. DOI: 10.1017/S0959774300000731
Kelly, B. (2008) Deviant ancient histories: Dan Brown, Erich von Daniken and the sociology of historical polemic. Rethinking History, 12(3), 361-382. DOI: 10.1080/13642520802193247
“…the main concern of community activities is now increasingly about public participation, rather than public competence [of science].”
A recent study in Public Understanding of Science reveals that individuals that report “high” interest in science and technology make up a majority of the members of the general public who participate in science/policy decision making. Yet some that are very interested actually may lack a basic science competence, and what good is any discussion w........ Read more »
Mejlgaard, N., & Stares, S. (2009) Participation and competence as joint components in a cross-national analysis of scientific citizenship. Public Understanding of Science, 19(5), 545-561. DOI: 10.1177/0963662509335456
In continuing this review and analysis of the film 'Knowing', we must absolutely address the numeric sequence which was obsessively scribed by the character Lucinda Embry. The sheet of paper containing several hundred seemingly random digits was placed into an elementary school's 'time capsule' to be opened some 50 years later. Upon opening and rediscovery of this number sequence, we are taken on a thrilling journey to unlock the secrets embedded in this sequence of digits - which as i........ Read more »
Sitler, R. (2006) The 2012 Phenomenon New Age Appropriation of an Ancient Mayan Calendar. Nova Religio, 9(3), 24-38. DOI: 10.1525/nr.2006.9.3.024
Stress tests are an acknowledged method to test systems under extreme conditions. The method is not only used in engineering (eg. Great picture of a Boing wing stress test (Guardian Eyewitness)), but also in business, most notably and in the banking industry. But can this method also be used to test supply chain designs?
Method / Case Study
There is limited literature on using simulation to evaluate supply chains under stress. The authors took the following approach: Determining the scope ........ Read more »
Jain, Sanjay, & Leong, Swee. (2005) Stress Testing a Supply Chain Using Simulation. Proceedings of the 2005 Winter Simulation Conference, 1650-1657. info:/
Paleoclimatic data from a new tree-ring sequence in central Mexico have implications for the fall and rise of cities and urban societies before the Spanish conquest.... Read more »
Stahle, David W., José Villanueva-Díaz, Dorian J. Burnette, Julián Cerano Paredes, Richard Heim, Jr., Falko K. Fye, Rodolfo A. Soto, Matthew D. Therrell, Malcolm K. Cleaveland, and D. K. Stahle. (2011) Major Mesoamerican Droughts of the Past Millennium. Geophysical Research Letters. info:/
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