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Psychology posts

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  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,285 views

Science and The Secret: Can beliefs create reality?

by Juli Breines in Psych Your Mind

A popular series argues that positive thoughts attract positive events. What does psychology research have to say?... Read more »

  • November 30, -1
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  • 3,254 views

Be good to yourself

by Juli in Psych Your Mind

Discusses new research on self-compassion.... Read more »

  • November 30, -1
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  • 2,605 views

Cannabis law has no effect on cannabis use

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction confirms that prohibition does not appear to effect levels of cannabis use in any way... Read more »

The european monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction. (2011) The state of the drugs problem in Europe . Annual Report. info:/

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,924 views

2011: The Year in Drugs Deaths and data fraud

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

A look at the biggest drugs news stories of the year and a statistical analysis of drugs deaths this year.... Read more »

Measham,F. Moore, K. Østergaard, J. (2011) Mephedrone, ‘‘Bubble’’ and unidentified white powders: the contested identities of synthetic ‘‘legal highs". DRUGS AND ALCOHOL TODAY, 137-146. info:/

Editorial team. (2010) The EMCDDA annual report 2010: the state of the drugs problem in Europe. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, also published in Euro surveillance :European communicable disease bulletin, 15(46). PMID: 21144426  

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,701 views

Is this journal for real?

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

This year 134 suspect new journals have appeared from the abyss, all published by the same clandestine company “Scientific & Academic Publishing, USA“... Read more »

Morrison, Heather. (2012) Scholarly Communication in Crisis. Freedom for scholarship in the internet age. Simon Fraser University School of Communication. info:/

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,235 views

Synthesising Pseudoephedrine From N-Methylamphetamine

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

The paper describes how “in the past most stores were able to sell pseudoephedrine”, the US’s most popular decongestant but new laws require pharmacies, often with restricted opening hours to sell the medicine only to those carrying government issued ID. The paper argues that “it would be of great interest to have a simple synthesis of pseudoephedrine from reagents which can be more readily procured”. The study is published in the splendidly titled Journal of Apocry........ Read more »

Hai, O. Hakkenshit, I.B. (2012) A Simple and Convenient Synthesis of Pseudoephedrine From N-Methylamphetamine. Journal of Apocryphal Chemistry, 213-21. info:/1F.1BC9/b00000F00A

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,500 views

How to construct a bogus survey

by Neurobonkers in Neurobonkers

Statistics are often used by newspapers as the basis for a story. People are far more likely to agree with you if you tell them that they are on the side of the majority. This is why bogus statistics are so effective in moralising comment pieces. It’s a lot easier to say, “hey, most people agree with us” than convince someone with facts. By bogus, I don’t mean data fabrication (though that happens too), I mean rigging the questions to get the answers you want. Here&rsquo........ Read more »

Tajfel, H., . (1986) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_identity. Psychology of intergroup relations , 7-24. info:/

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,071 views

“Beware of Exercise” is a Sexy Headline

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

A new study that raised concerns about exercise should instead raise concerns about obesity.... Read more »

Claude Bouchard, Steven Blair, Timothy Church, Conrad Earnest, James Hagberg, Keijo Häkkinen, Nathan Jenkins, Laura Karavirta, William Kraus, Arthur Leon.... (2012) Adverse Metabolic Response to Regular Exercise: Is It a Rare or Common Occurrence?. PLOS One, 7(5). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0037887

  • November 30, -1
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  • 2,240 views

Psilocybin and personality

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

Recent psilocybin research has found that not only does personality influence response to the drug, but that the drug can produce long-term changes in features of personality relating to openness to experience. The relationship between personality and psilocybin seems to be two-way. Future research may illuminate the shared basis of mystical-type experiences and related features of personality.... Read more »

  • November 30, -1
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  • 2,281 views

Conscientiousness, intelligence, and a pseudo-scientific hierarchy of humanness

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

A recent paper claimed that conscientiousness and intelligence are positively correlated - even though recent research has found the opposite - and bemoaned the supposed "dysgenic" implications. This claim is examined in the light of the author's avowed race realism and endorsement of Rushton's equally unfounded "hierarchy of humanness".... Read more »

Moutafi, J., Furnham, A., . (2004) Why is Conscientiousness negatively correlated with intelligence?. Personality and Individual Differences, 37(5), 1013-1022. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2003.11.010  

Templer, D. I. (2012) Richard Lynn and the evolution of conscientiousness. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(2), 94-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2011.05.023  

Weizmann, F., Wiener, N. I., Wiesenthal, D. L., . (1991) Eggs, eggplants and eggheads: a rejoinder to Rushton. Canadian Psychology, 32(1), 43-50. DOI: 10.1037/h0078958  

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,177 views

Wikipedians: are they really grumpy and close-minded?

by Scott McGreal in Eye on Psych

A widely reported study claimed that members of Wikipedia are low in both agreeableness and openness to experience. Examination of their own results shows they contradicted part of their own data. Wikipedians were actually higher in openness, not lower as claimed. ... Read more »

Yair Amichai–Hamburger, Naama Lamdan, Rinat Madiel, and Tsahi Hayat. (2006) Personality Characteristics of Wikipedia Members. CyberPsychology , 11(6), 679-681. DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2007.0225  

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,154 views

“Survival of the funkiest”, or how to evolve a hit song?

by Michael Czaplinski in Inside the Black Box

Evolving "loops", which are short musical pieces become more attractive under selective pressure from listeners. Some interesting phenomena occur!... Read more »

Robert M. MacCallum, Matthias Mauch, Austin Burt, & Armand M. Leroi. (2012) Evolution of Music by Public Choice. PNAS. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1203182109  

  • November 30, -1
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  • 1,904 views

Violent Video Games May Favor Cooperation, Researchers Say

by Jaime Menchén in United Academics

Two recent studies refute the idea that violent video games make players more aggressive and antisocial. Actually, researchers argue, playing cooperatively may result on just the opposite.... Read more »

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 2,277 views

Genes Dealt Made Asians Svelte

by nooffensebut in The Unsilenced Science

Early genome-wide association studies suggest a genetic propensity to thinness in Asians. I review how these kinds of studies might be able reveal genetic racial differences in obesity and intelligence, and I address a few of the challenges to doing so.... Read more »

Belsky DW, Moffitt TE, Houts R, Bennett GG, Biddle AK, Blumenthal JA, Evans JP, Harrington H, Sugden K, Williams B.... (2012) Polygenic risk, rapid childhood growth, and the development of obesity: evidence from a 4-decade longitudinal study. Archives of pediatrics , 166(6), 515-21. PMID: 22665028  

Hsu FC, Lenchik L, Nicklas BJ, Lohman K, Register TC, Mychaleckyj J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, & Carr JJ. (2005) Heritability of body composition measured by DXA in the diabetes heart study. Obesity research, 13(2), 312-9. PMID: 15800289  

Kilpeläinen TO, Zillikens MC, Stančákova A, Finucane FM, Ried JS, Langenberg C, Zhang W, Beckmann JS, Luan J, Vandenput L.... (2011) Genetic variation near IRS1 associates with reduced adiposity and an impaired metabolic profile. Nature genetics, 43(8), 753-60. PMID: 21706003  

Lohmueller KE, Indap AR, Schmidt S, Boyko AR, Hernandez RD, Hubisz MJ, Sninsky JJ, White TJ, Sunyaev SR, Nielsen R.... (2008) Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations. Nature, 451(7181), 994-7. PMID: 18288194  

MacArthur DG, Balasubramanian S, Frankish A, Huang N, Morris J, Walter K, Jostins L, Habegger L, Pickrell JK, Montgomery SB.... (2012) A systematic survey of loss-of-function variants in human protein-coding genes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6070), 823-8. PMID: 22344438  

Speliotes EK, Willer CJ, Berndt SI, Monda KL, Thorleifsson G, Jackson AU, Lango Allen H, Lindgren CM, Luan J, Mägi R.... (2010) Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index. Nature genetics, 42(11), 937-48. PMID: 20935630  

Tennessen JA, Bigham AW, O'Connor TD, Fu W, Kenny EE, Gravel S, McGee S, Do R, Liu X, Jun G.... (2012) Evolution and functional impact of rare coding variation from deep sequencing of human exomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 64-9. PMID: 22604720  

Zuk O, Hechter E, Sunyaev SR, & Lander ES. (2012) The mystery of missing heritability: Genetic interactions create phantom heritability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(4), 1193-8. PMID: 22223662  

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,993 views

Are Your Children too Impulsive and Emotional? Maybe They Aren’t Getting Enough Sleep

by Jaime Menchén in United Academics

It seems that just half an hour of sleep makes a big difference when it comes to children ages 7 to 11. Researchers in Canada have found that kids who were allowed to sleep just a bit more than usual performed much better at school than kids who were deprived almost one hour of sleep over the week.... Read more »

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,807 views

Casual Sex: Revisited

by Annemarie van Oosten in United Academics

In my first blog article (“Casual sex: not so casual?”) I wrote about how casual sex (i.e., a sexual interaction between two individuals outside of a long-term committed relationship) is often seen by young adults as a means of starting a relationship. However, things seem to be a bit more complicated (as is often the case with the topic of sexuality), especially for young higher educated women. According to an article by Hamilton and Armstrong (2009), many girls in their early twent........ Read more »

  • November 30, -1
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  • 1,523 views

How eating several smaller sized chocolates makes you look greedy and impulsive: the unit size effect of indulgent food

by Ellen van Kleef in Food Intake Control

Imagine you are offered a package full of delicious chocolates. Would the size of the pieces of chocolate influences how much you eat?

Yes, it does matter. This blog post is about the unit size effect of indulgent food and why consumers eat less with smaller unit sizes.
... Read more »

  • November 30, -1
  • 12:00 AM
  • 1,134 views

Sticks And Stones (Coda) – How Names Work Against Women

by Michael Ramscar in The Importance of Being Wrong

Mothers tell your daughters

From 2011 to December 2015, five women fought the Japanese Government all the way to the country’s Supreme Court. They were seeking to change a law that compels couples to adopt the same surname in order to legally register their marriage. Although the law does not specify whose name it should be, in practice, 96% of couples take the husband’s name, and the women argued that this made the law unconstitutional, since it violated their basic civil rights........ Read more »

Colman, A., Sluckin, W., & Hargreaves, D. (1981) The effect of familiarity on preferences for surnames. British Journal of Psychology, 72(3), 363-369. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1981.tb02195.x  

A. Crook. (2012) Personal Names in 18th-Century Scotland: a case study of the parish of Beith (North Ayrshire). Journal of Scottish Name Studies, 1-10. info:/

Shannon, C. (1948) A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Bell System Technical Journal, 27(3), 379-423. DOI: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1948.tb01338.x  

Shannon, C. (1951) Prediction and Entropy of Printed English. Bell System Technical Journal, 30(1), 50-64. DOI: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1951.tb01366.x  

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