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  • April 23, 2014
  • 11:32 AM
  • 1 view

Plasmonic Metamaterials Could Improve Solar Cell Performance

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

New plasmonic metamaterials that operate at high temperatures could radically improve solar cell performance and bring advanced computer data storage technology that uses heat to record information on a magnetic disk.... Read more »

Guler, U., Boltasseva, A., & Shalaev, V. (2014) Refractory Plasmonics. Science, 344(6181), 263-264. DOI: 10.1126/science.1252722  

  • April 21, 2014
  • 04:03 PM
  • 25 views

Pyrolysis Biofuel Production Process Simplified

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Innovations at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are bringing researchers one step closer to developing “green” biofuel production systems farmers can use to meet on-farm energy needs, or to produce renewable fuels for commercial markets.... Read more »

  • April 21, 2014
  • 07:18 AM
  • 53 views

What makes music groovy?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Last week PLOS ONE published an interesting study on rhythm, groove and syncopation that uses an often criticized methodology: questionnaire and web-based research...... Read more »

Witek, M., Clarke, E., Wallentin, M., Kringelbach, M., & Vuust, P. (2014) Syncopation, Body-Movement and Pleasure in Groove Music. PLoS ONE, 9(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094446  

Honing, H., & Reips, U.-D. (2008) Web-based versus lab-based studies: a response to Kendall (2008). Empirical Musicology Review, 3(2), 73-77. info:/

  • April 20, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 40 views

Cross-validation in finance, psychology, and political science

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

A large chunk of machine learning (although not all of it) is concerned with predictive modeling, usually in the form of designing an algorithm that takes in some data set and returns an algorithm (or sometimes, a description of an algorithm) for making predictions based on future data. In terminology more friendly to the philosophy […]... Read more »

  • April 18, 2014
  • 11:04 AM
  • 59 views

Danish Project to Make Polymer Solar Cells More Profitable

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Project Megawatt intends to make polymer solar cells profitable enough to allow power generation from polymer solar cells to compete on market terms with traditional coal-fired power plants.... Read more »

  • April 15, 2014
  • 02:17 PM
  • 43 views

Airborne Wind Turbines Have Significant Potential, Study Finds

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Airborne wind turbines hovering high in the air and tethered to the ground, like kites, have the potential to generate huge amounts of electricity, based on a recent wind availability study led by the University of Delaware.... Read more »

  • April 13, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 68 views

Big data, prediction, and scientism in the social sciences

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

Much of my undergrad was spent studying physics, and although I still think that a physics background is great for a theorists in any field, there are some downsides. For example, I used to make jokes like: “soft isn’t the opposite of hard sciences, easy is.” Thankfully, over the years I have started to slowly […]... Read more »

Lazer, D., Kennedy, R., King, G., & Vespignani, A. (2014) Big data. The parable of Google Flu: traps in big data analysis. Science, 343(6176), 1203-1205. PMID: 24626916  

  • April 13, 2014
  • 01:56 PM
  • 87 views

Intro to External Pulsed Plasma Propulsion (EPPP)

by Jason Carr in Wired Cosmos

External Pulsed Plasma Propulsion (EPPP)  is something that’s been discussed for some time. In fact, it was originally proposed by Stanislaw Ulam way back in 1947. Unfortunately the public perception of atomic technology as well as pieces of otherwise well meaning legislation have called into question the feasibility of spacecraft that operate using this advanced … Read More →... Read more »

  • April 13, 2014
  • 11:59 AM
  • 101 views

The Curse of the Internet

by Aurametrix team in Health Technologies

It's hard to imagine our lives without the Internet  - either mobile or desktop. The Internet has become a catalyst of innovation, an essential tool in business and social life. It brought new levels of participation and access to knowledge. It enabled new forms of interaction, albeit mostly utilized for entertainment purposes. But despite all the advantages and conveniences, does the Internet really serve us or is it the other way around?... Read more »

  • April 12, 2014
  • 12:12 PM
  • 84 views

Flexible Plastics Turn Vibrations Into Electrical Energy

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Kui Yao and co-workers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering in Singapore have discovered a way to give lightweight polymer vibration harvesters a hundredfold boost in energy output—a finding that may help to eliminate manual battery recharging in microsensors and mobile devices. ... Read more »

Lei Zhang, ., Oh, S., Ting Chong Wong, ., Chin Yaw Tan, ., & Kui Yao, . (2013) Piezoelectric polymer multilayer on flexible substrate for energy harvesting. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 60(9), 2013-2020. DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2013.2786  

  • April 11, 2014
  • 12:46 PM
  • 103 views

Variant Annotation in Coding Regions

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

The analysis of NGS data comes with many challenges — data management, read alignment, variant calling, etc. — that the bioinformatics community has tackled with some success. Today I want to discuss another critical component of analysis that remains an unsolved problem: annotation of genetic variants. This process, in which we try to predict the […]... Read more »

Davis J McCarthy, Peter Humburg, Alexander Kanapin, Manuel A Rivas, Kyle Gaulton, The WGS500 Consortium, Jean-Baptiste Cazier and Peter Donnelly. (2014) Choice of transcripts and software has a large effect on variant annotation. Genome Medicine, 6(26). info:/doi:10.1186/gm543

  • April 9, 2014
  • 12:03 PM
  • 67 views

Study Reveals Causes of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Degradation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) have made a surprising discovery about the degradation of dye-sensitized solar cells that could help pave the way to prolonging the lifetime of these cells.... Read more »

Ono, L., Schulz, P., Endres, J., Nikiforov, G., Kato, Y., Kahn, A., & Qi, Y. (2014) Air-Exposure-Induced Gas-Molecule Incorporation into Spiro-MeOTAD Films. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 1374-1379. DOI: 10.1021/jz500414m  

  • April 8, 2014
  • 09:37 AM
  • 81 views

Researchers Use Sun to Make Solar Energy Materials

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered a way to tap the sun not only as a source of power, but also to directly produce the solar energy materials that make this possible.... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 107 views

Kleene’s variant of the Church-Turing thesis

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

In 1936, Alonzo Church, Alan Turing, and Emil Post each published independent papers on the Entscheidungsproblem and introducing the lambda calculus, Turing machines, and Post-Turing machines as mathematical models of computation. A myriad of other models followed, many of them taking seemingly unrelated approaches to the computable: algebraic, combinatorial, linguistic, logical, mechanistic, etc. Of course, […]... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 04:19 PM
  • 116 views

Scientists Determine Most Favorable Wind Turbine Positioning

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A team of researchers at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) has developed a new way to study wake effects that takes into account the airflow both within and around a wind farm and challenges the conventional belief that turbines arrayed in checker board patterns produce the highest power output.... Read more »

Stevens, R., Gayme, D., & Meneveau, C. (2014) Large eddy simulation studies of the effects of alignment and wind farm length. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6(2), 23105. DOI: 10.1063/1.4869568  

  • April 1, 2014
  • 10:17 PM
  • 13 views

Good vibrations: Using light-heated water to deliver drugs

by Jason Carr in Wired Cosmos

Researchers from the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, in collaboration with materials scientists, engineers and neurobiologists, have discovered a new mechanism for using light to activate drug-delivering nanoparticles and other targeted therapeutic substances inside the body. This discovery represents a major innovation, said Adah Almutairi, PhD, associate professor … Read More →... Read more »

Viger, M., Sheng, W., Dore, K., Alhasan, A., Carling, C., Lux, J., de Gracia Lux, C., Grossman, M., Malinow, R., & Almutairi, A. (2014) Near Infrared-Induced Heating of Confined Water in Polymeric Particles for Efficient Payload Release. ACS Nano, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1021/nn500702g  

  • April 1, 2014
  • 11:13 AM
  • 71 views

Multilayered Waveguide Array Opens New Possibilities in Solar Power

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new study by researchers at the University at Buffalo explores the use of a nanoscale microchip ... Read more »

Ji, D., Song, H., Zeng, X., Hu, H., Liu, K., Zhang, N., & Gan, Q. (2014) Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns. Scientific Reports. DOI: 10.1038/srep04498  

  • March 31, 2014
  • 09:03 PM
  • 74 views

How to Incorporate Elusive Atoms into Nanodiamond

by Shannon Demlow in Blingtronics - Science, Engineering and Diamonds

In an article published last week in Nature Communications [1], Andrew Magyar and coworkers described a method for getting europium with a particular electronic structure into diamond. Before we examine the how let's look for a second at the why, as in, "why would you want to put europium into nanodiamond?"... Read more »

Magyar, A., Hu, W., Shanley, T., Flatté, M., Hu, E., & Aharonovich, I. (2014) Synthesis of luminescent europium defects in diamond. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4523  

Mochalin, V., Shenderova, O., Ho, D., & Gogotsi, Y. (2011) The properties and applications of nanodiamonds. Nature Nanotechnology, 7(1), 11-23. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.209  

Williams, O., Nesladek, M., Daenen, M., Michaelson, S., Hoffman, A., Osawa, E., Haenen, K., & Jackman, R. (2008) Growth, electronic properties and applications of nanodiamond. Diamond and Related Materials, 17(7-10), 1080-1088. DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2008.01.103  

  • March 30, 2014
  • 01:20 PM
  • 94 views

New Magnetic Materials Hold Promise for Better Generators

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists from the Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M) are developing a new type of tidal energy generator that will be cheaper and more efficient. The device would replace conventional magnetic materials for new materials that are made using an alternative technology.... Read more »

Torralba, J., Hidalgo, J., & Morales, A. (2013) Powder injection moulding: processing of small parts of complex shape. International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, 8(1/2), 87. DOI: 10.1504/IJMMP.2013.052648  

  • March 29, 2014
  • 01:37 PM
  • 108 views

Supercomputers, The Human Brain and the Advent of Computational Biology

by JB Sheppard in Antisense Science

What makes a supercomputer different from a human brain, and how is this leading to a better understanding of ourselves? ... Read more »

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