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  • April 25, 2015
  • 06:40 AM
  • 23 views

Puppy-Dog Eyes Release Love Hormone

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Gazing between pets and owners releases oxytocin, neurologically strengthening their bond. ... Read more »

Nagasawa, M., Mitsui, S., En, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M., Sakuma, Y., Onaka, T., Mogi, K., & Kikusui, T. (2015) Oxytocin-gaze positive loop and the coevolution of human-dog bonds. Science, 348(6232), 333-336. DOI: 10.1126/science.1261022  

  • April 25, 2015
  • 03:27 AM
  • 22 views

Kids with autism: a highly [psychotropic] medicated group?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"In keeping with international studies this sample of children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] was a highly medicated group."So said the results of the study reported by Kerry-Ann Louw and colleagues [1] back in 2013 who noted that approximately one quarter of their cohort were currently in receipt of "psychotropic medications". I don't want to linger too much on this topic given that such findings tally with other peer-reviewed reports including those with much larger partici........ Read more »

  • April 24, 2015
  • 04:19 PM
  • 43 views

Diabetes drug found in freshwater potential cause of intersex fish

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

A medication commonly taken for Type II diabetes, which is being found in freshwater systems worldwide, has been shown to cause intersex in fish –or male fish that produce eggs. The study determined exposure to the diabetes medicine metformin causes physical changes in male fish exposed to doses similar to the amount in wastewater effluent.... Read more »

  • April 24, 2015
  • 07:12 AM
  • 40 views

Momnesia: Does Pregnancy Really Change The Brain?

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Pregnancy does cause brain alterations, but scientists still disagree about other factors.... Read more »

Standtlander, L. (2013) Memory and Perceptual Changes during Pregnancy. International Journal of Childbirth, 28(2). info:/

  • April 24, 2015
  • 07:12 AM
  • 37 views

Momnesia: Does Pregnancy Really Change The Brain?

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Pregnancy does cause brain alterations, but scientists still disagree about other factors.... Read more »

Standtlander, L. (2013) Memory and Perceptual Changes during Pregnancy. International Journal of Childbirth, 28(2). info:/

  • April 24, 2015
  • 04:44 AM
  • 42 views

DSM-5 impacting on autism numbers

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Consistent with previous reviews, the majority of included studies indicated between 50 and 75 % of individuals will maintain diagnoses."That was one of the conclusions reached by Isaac Smith and colleagues [1] following their systematic review of studies comparing DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and what the changes mean for eligibility for the label.Authors further reported that: "the greatest decreases [were] among high-functioning populations with IQs over ........ Read more »

  • April 23, 2015
  • 06:25 PM
  • 52 views

Scientists create worlds first genetically modified human embryos

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

A funny thing happened on the way to the publisher. In a world first, China has successfully created genetically modified human embryos. It was certainly an amazing piece of science, but the paper was rejected by both Nature and Science. Not because the study was flawed, or because the data was falsified, the paper was rejected for ethical reasons.... Read more »

Liang, P., Xu, Y., Zhang, X., Ding, C., Huang, R., Zhang, Z., Lv, J., Xie, X., Chen, Y., Li, Y.... (2015) CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in human tripronuclear zygotes. Protein . DOI: 10.1007/s13238-015-0153-5  

  • April 23, 2015
  • 02:53 PM
  • 46 views

Whooping cough: A small drop in vaccine protection can lead to a case upsurge

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

In 2012 the USA saw the highest number of pertussis (whooping cough) cases since 1955. New research finds that a likely explanation for this rise in disease is a drop in the degree of vaccine protection for each vaccinated individual. The team worked with 60 years of pertussis disease data to determine what best explained the recent increase in the disease.... Read more »

Gambhir M, Clark TA, Cauchemez S, Tartof SY, Swerdlow DL, & Ferguson NM. (2015) A Change in Vaccine Efficacy and Duration of Protection Explains Recent Rises in Pertussis Incidence in the United States. PLOS Computational Biology. info:/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004138

  • April 23, 2015
  • 01:46 AM
  • 55 views

Does maternal asthma 'prime' for offspring neurodevelopmental disorder?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The paper from Jared Schwartzer and colleagues [1] (open-access) including a couple of familiar names on the authorship list (Charity Onore and Paul Ashwood) caught my attention recently. Based on mouse studies and the artificial induction of maternal allergy/asthma in pregnant mice, researchers reported that: "Activation of the maternal immune system with an allergy/asthma insult significantly perturbed developmental growth and species-typical behaviors in offspring." Further that the........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2015
  • 10:37 PM
  • 46 views

Three tons of thyroid glands and a girl named Margaret Tracy: The odd origins of medications

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

Drug discovery is a weird beast. These days, it's all about rational design, which means establishing a useful target in the body (e.g. an enzyme that does something that you'd like to stop or at least slow down) and then screening a truckload of chemicals for the best fit. A more traditional approach to drug discovery is to isolate and characterize chemicals present in plants of known medicinal value (e.g. morphine from the opium poppy). Then there is your classic scientific curiosity coupled w........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2015
  • 04:27 PM
  • 47 views

Researchers find genetic link between overactive and underactive immune systems

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

In the largest genetic study to date of a challenging immunodeficiency disorder, scientists have identified a gene that may be a “missing link” between overactive and underactive immune activity. The gene candidate also plays a key role in autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and even allergies.... Read more »

Li J, Jørgensen SF, Maggadottir SM, Bakay M, Warnatz K, Glessner J, Pandey R, Salzer U, Schmidt RE, Perez E.... (2015) Association of CLEC16A with human common variable immunodeficiency disorder and role in murine B cells. Nature communications, 6804. PMID: 25891430  

  • April 22, 2015
  • 02:25 PM
  • 41 views

Parent-Training Improves Behavioral Problems In Children With Autism

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Lawrence Scahill, MSN, PhD and Karen Bearss, PhD Department of Pediatrics, Marcus Autism Center Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University Atlanta, Georgia Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Autism spectrum disorder … Continue reading →
The post Parent-Training Improves Behavioral Problems In Children With Autism app........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Lawrence Scahill, MSN, PhD and Karen Bearss, PhD. (2015) Parent-Training Improves Behavioral Problems In Children With Autism. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 22, 2015
  • 12:13 PM
  • 53 views

Brain EEG and the Genetics of ADHD

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Twin studies in ADHD demonstrate a significant genetic contribution to the disorder.Linking this genetic influence to specific biomarkers may provide a better understanding of the pathophysiology of ADHD.Grainne McLoughlin and colleagues at the University of California San Diego and King's College London recently published a twin study of brain EEG and the genetics of ADHD.In their study 67 twin pairs (34 monozygotic and 33 dizygotic) between the ages of 12 and 15 years completed tasks measuring........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2015
  • 10:14 AM
  • 34 views

Opioid Tampering By Health Care Providers Can Lead To Hepatitis C Transmission

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Chong-Gee Teo, MD, PhD Chief, Laboratory Branch Division of Viral Hepatitis CDC Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Teo: Hepatitis C outbreaks in the course of providing healthcare continue to occur. Some happen … Continue reading →
The post Opioid Tampering By Health Care Providers Can Lead To Hepatitis C Transmission appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Res........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Chong-Gee Teo, MD, PhD. (2015) Opioid Tampering By Health Care Providers Can Lead To Hepatitis C Transmission. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 22, 2015
  • 08:41 AM
  • 34 views

PARP Inhibitor Combo For Cancer Patients With and Without BRCA Mutation

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Timothy Yap, MD, PhD, NIHR BRC The Institute of Cancer Research and The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust London, United Kingdom. Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Yap: … Continue reading →
The post PARP Inhibitor Combo For Cancer Patients With and Without BRCA Mutation appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews an........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Timothy Yap, MD, PhD, NIHR BRC. (2015) PARP Inhibitor Combo For Cancer Patients With and Without BRCA Mutation. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 22, 2015
  • 08:30 AM
  • 44 views

Does Animal-Assisted Therapy Help Adolescents with Psychiatric Problems?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

A new study finds that a dog might be just what the doctor ordered.Can animal-assisted therapy can help adolescents who are in hospital because of an acute psychiatric crisis? A new randomized controlled trial investigates. The study, conducted by M.C. Stefanini et al (University of Florence) randomly allocated patients to either an animal-assisted therapy intervention or no intervention. Both groups continued to receive psychiatric treatment as usual, and those treating them did not know w........ Read more »

Kamioka, H., Okada, S., Tsutani, K., Park, H., Okuizumi, H., Handa, S., Oshio, T., Park, S., Kitayuguchi, J., Abe, T.... (2014) Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 22(2), 371-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2013.12.016  

  • April 22, 2015
  • 07:01 AM
  • 80 views

Hair Plucking Could Treat Baldness

by Geetanjali Yadav in United Academics

Plucking sends out a signal by quorum sensing which leads to a surge of hair re-growth. ... Read more »

Chen CC, Wang L, Plikus MV, Jiang TX, Murray PJ, Ramos R, Guerrero-Juarez CF, Hughes MW, Lee OK, Shi S.... (2015) Organ-level quorum sensing directs regeneration in hair stem cell populations. Cell, 161(2), 277-90. PMID: 25860610  

  • April 22, 2015
  • 04:39 AM
  • 43 views

MMR vaccine was not associated with increased risk of autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"In this large sample of privately insured children with older siblings, receipt of the MMR [measles-mumps-rubella] vaccine was not associated with increased risk of ASD [autism spectrum disorder], regardless of whether older siblings had ASD. These findings indicate no harmful association between MMR vaccine receipt and ASD even among children already at higher risk for ASD."That was the conclusion reached in the study by Anjali Jain and colleagues [1] (open-access) based on........ Read more »

  • April 22, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 74 views

Two Treatments are Sometimes Better than One

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Both platelet-rich plasma and low-level laser therapies are effective treatments for Achilles tendon injury. In the present study however, combining PRP and LLLT demonstrated an increase in healed tendon strength and histological function in a rabbit model.... Read more »

  • April 21, 2015
  • 08:54 PM
  • 26 views

CPAP For Sleep Apnea May Decrease Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Larry Chinitz MD Professor of Medicine and Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology NYU Langone Medical Center MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Chinitz: The treatment algorithms proposed currently for maintenance … Continue reading →
The post CPAP For Sleep Apnea May Decrease Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence appeared first on MedicalResearch........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Larry Chinitz MD. (2015) CPAP For Sleep Apnea May Decrease Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

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