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  • April 22, 2014
  • 01:42 PM
  • 19 views

Most Efficient Thermoelectric Material Created

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Northwestern University scientists have discovered a material—tin selenide—that is, according to a press release, “the best in the world at converting waste heat to useful electricity.”... Read more »

Zhao, L., Lo, S., Zhang, Y., Sun, H., Tan, G., Uher, C., Wolverton, C., Dravid, V., & Kanatzidis, M. (2014) Ultralow thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric figure of merit in SnSe crystals. Nature, 508(7496), 373-377. DOI: 10.1038/nature13184  

  • April 22, 2014
  • 10:22 AM
  • 22 views

Frogs Survive Subzero Temperatures by Living as Ice Cubes

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

No matter how rough a winter you think you had, it was nothing compared to what a wood frog survives every year. Some of these little amphibians are still waiting for spring, when they’ll thaw out and turn from frog-shaped blocks of ice back into animals. Recently, scientists took a close look at wood frogs […]The post Frogs Survive Subzero Temperatures by Living as Ice Cubes appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Larson DJ, Middle L, Vu H, Zhang W, Serianni AS, Duman J, & Barnes BM. (2014) Wood frog adaptations to overwintering in Alaska: New limits to freezing tolerance. The Journal of experimental biology. PMID: 24737762  

  • April 20, 2014
  • 06:03 AM
  • 147 views

The Mystery of “Quantum Resonance Spectroscopy”

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Can quantum physics help to diagnose schizophrenia and depression? A paper just published in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease claims that a technique called ‘quantum resonance spectroscopy’ (QRS) can accurately diagnose various mental health problems. But is it quantum wizardry or magic quackery? According to the authors of the new paper, Zhang et […]The post The Mystery of “Quantum Resonance Spectroscopy” appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Zhang Y, Liu F, Shi J, Yue X, Zhang H, Du X, Sun L, & Yuan J. (2014) Exploratory quantum resonance spectrometer as a discriminator for psychiatric affective disorders. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 202(4), 287-91. PMID: 24647211  

  • April 19, 2014
  • 05:32 AM
  • 182 views

The nose knows: How to pick your friends

by Teodora Stoica in CuriousCortex

The importance of human odor in a social context. ... Read more »

  • April 17, 2014
  • 05:57 PM
  • 60 views

Li-Sulfur Batteries Last Longer With Metal-Organic Frameworks

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the PNNL added a kind of nanomaterial called a metal-organic framework, to the battery’s cathode to capture problematic polysulfides that usually cause lithium-sulfur batteries to fail after a few charges.... Read more »

  • April 17, 2014
  • 10:39 AM
  • 66 views

Cheap, Abundant, Low-Toxic Photocatalyst Discovered

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A research group at Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) led by the principal researcher Hideki Abe and the senior researcher Naoto Umezawa at the NIMS’s Environmental Remediation Materials Unit discovered a new photocatalyst, Sn3O4, that uses sunlight to produce hydrogen from water.... Read more »

Manikandan, M., Tanabe, T., Li, P., Ueda, S., Ramesh, G., Kodiyath, R., Wang, J., Hara, T., Dakshanamoorthy, A., Ishihara, S.... (2014) Photocatalytic Water Splitting under Visible Light by Mixed-Valence Sn O . ACS Applied Materials , 6(6), 3790-3793. DOI: 10.1021/am500157u  

  • April 16, 2014
  • 11:57 AM
  • 67 views

Quantum Dots Could Be Used to Make Efficient Solar Windows

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A house window that doubles as a solar panel could be on the horizon, thanks to recent quantum-dot work by Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers in collaboration with scientists from University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy.... Read more »

  • April 15, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 28 views

The perfect marriage of crystallography and mass spectrometry: PI3K

by Clay Clark in Biochem Blogs

  Sorry for the cheesy title, but I’m getting married in a couple of weeks and it is all I can think about (oh, and science of course).  I have to admit that I chose a GREAT paper this time!: “Molecular determinants of PI3Kγ-mediated activation downstream of G-protein–coupled receptors” which was published last year in […]... Read more »

Vadas O., Dbouk H. A., Shymanets A., Perisic O., Burke J. E., Abi Saab W. F., Khalil B. D., Harteneck C., Bresnick A. R., & Nurnberg B. (2013) Molecular determinants of PI3K -mediated activation downstream of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(47), 18862-18867. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1304801110  

  • April 13, 2014
  • 01:46 PM
  • 63 views

Organic Solar Cell Benefit From Face-On Alignment of Molecules

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

New research from North Carolina State University and UNC-Chapel Hill reveals that energy is transferred more efficiently inside of complex, three-dimensional organic solar cells when the donor molecules align face-on, rather than edge-on, relative to the acceptor.... Read more »

Tumbleston, J., Collins, B., Yang, L., Stuart, A., Gann, E., Ma, W., You, W., & Ade, H. (2014) The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells. Nature Photonics. DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.55  

  • April 10, 2014
  • 06:38 AM
  • 132 views

Study Tests Theory that Life Originated at Deep Sea Vents

by Perikis Livas in Tracing Knowledge

One of the greatest mysteries facing humans is how life originated on Earth. Scientists have determined approximately when life began (roughly 3.8 billion years ago), but there is still intense debate about exactly how life began. One possibility has grown in popularity in the last two decades – that simple metabolic reactions emerged near ancient seafloor hot springs, enabling the leap from a non-living to a living world.

News Release April 9, 2014 Media Relations Office Woods Hole Oce........ Read more »

Reeves EP, McDermott JM, & Seewald JS. (2014) The origin of methanethiol in midocean ridge hydrothermal fluids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24706901  

  • April 9, 2014
  • 05:27 PM
  • 77 views

Scientists Use Trees to Make High-Tech Supercapacitors

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Based on a chemical discovery by scientists at Oregon State University (OSU), it appears that trees may soon play a major role in making high-tech supercapacitors for energy storage.... Read more »

  • April 9, 2014
  • 12:03 PM
  • 67 views

Study Reveals Causes of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Degradation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) have made a surprising discovery about the degradation of dye-sensitized solar cells that could help pave the way to prolonging the lifetime of these cells.... Read more »

Ono, L., Schulz, P., Endres, J., Nikiforov, G., Kato, Y., Kahn, A., & Qi, Y. (2014) Air-Exposure-Induced Gas-Molecule Incorporation into Spiro-MeOTAD Films. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 1374-1379. DOI: 10.1021/jz500414m  

  • April 8, 2014
  • 09:03 PM
  • 60 views

An unexpected actor: role of arid environments in terrestrial carbon uptake

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

A new 10-year study has found an unexpected terrestrial carbon sink in the Mojave desert!... Read more »

Evans, R., Koyama, A., Sonderegger, D., Charlet, T., Newingham, B., Fenstermaker, L., Harlow, B., Jin, V., Ogle, K., Smith, S.... (2014) Greater ecosystem carbon in the Mojave Desert after ten years exposure to elevated CO2. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2184  

  • April 8, 2014
  • 02:52 PM
  • 62 views

Gold Coating to Reduce Glare From Solar Panels

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A new work by UC Irvine scientists could reduce glare from solar panels and electronic displays and dull dangerous glints on military weapons.... Read more »

  • April 8, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 11 views

The story of the phospholipase A superfamily

by Clay Clark in Biochem Blogs

  The phospholipase A2 superfamily is a group of enzymes that cleave fatty acid groups from glycerol, in particular acyl groups at the sn-2 position. They contribute to numerous metabolic processes and diseases, including Alzheimer, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis; making this group of proteins very attractive to study. This superfamily includes groups such as secreted, […]... Read more »

  • April 8, 2014
  • 09:37 AM
  • 81 views

Researchers Use Sun to Make Solar Energy Materials

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered a way to tap the sun not only as a source of power, but also to directly produce the solar energy materials that make this possible.... Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 05:29 PM
  • 103 views

New Electrolyte to Enable Fast-Charging Li-Ion Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists in Japan have developed an innovative electrolyte that may be the key to the next great breakthrough in advanced lithium-ion batteries.... Read more »

Yamada, Y., Furukawa, K., Sodeyama, K., Kikuchi, K., Yaegashi, M., Tateyama, Y., & Yamada, A. (2014) Unusual Stability of Acetonitrile-Based Superconcentrated Electrolytes for Fast-Charging Lithium-Ion Batteries. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(13), 5039-5046. DOI: 10.1021/ja412807w  

  • April 6, 2014
  • 10:38 AM
  • 91 views

Like a giant elevator to the stratosphere

by Perikis Livas in Tracing Knowledge

Recent research results show that an atmospheric hole over the tropical West Pacific is reinforcing ozone depletion in the polar regions and could have a significant influence on the climate of the Earth.... Read more »

Rex, M., Wohltmann, I., Ridder, T., Lehmann, R., Rosenlof, K., Wennberg, P., Weisenstein, D., Notholt, J., Krüger, K., Mohr, V.... (2013) A Tropical West Pacific OH minimum and implications for stratospheric composition. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 13(11), 28869-28893. DOI: 10.5194/acpd-13-28869-2013  

  • April 5, 2014
  • 09:31 AM
  • 97 views

New Anode and Cathode Materials to Improve Li-Ion Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

hResearchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering have improved the performance and capacity of lithium batteries by developing better-performing, cheaper anode and cathode materials for use in anodes and cathodes.... Read more »

  • April 3, 2014
  • 06:41 PM
  • 88 views

Iron, Carbon May Replace Platinum as PEM Fuel Cell Catalysts

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A research team from the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) has discovered a new type of iron and carbon-based catalyst, which is stable and active in both acidic and alkaline media, and may even eliminate the need for platinum in catalysts and thus revolutionize the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell industry.... Read more »

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