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Ecology / Conservation posts

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  • February 26, 2014
  • 07:31 AM
  • 409 views

Thriving chimpanzee population discovered in remote Congolese forest

by Aileen Cudmore in Natural Reactions

An extensive survey of an isolated region in northern Democratic Republic of Congo has uncovered one of the largest remaining populations of Eastern chimpanzee which, until now, had been completely unknown to science. ... Read more »

  • February 25, 2014
  • 11:10 AM
  • 440 views

The 5 Creepiest Ways Plant Diseases Mutate Flowers

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Pretty blossoms aren’t immune to the body-morphing, plague-spreading powers of a good microbe. Some of the flowers you admire on a spring day might only be blooming, for example, because they’re hostages of a disease. Plant diseases can’t scatter in sneeze droplets like a human virus can. But they can change the look and behavior […]The post The 5 Creepiest Ways Plant Diseases Mutate Flowers appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • February 24, 2014
  • 05:36 PM
  • 432 views

Geoengineering Could Stop Global Warming, But Only Temporarily

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Spraying reflective particles into the atmosphere to reflect sunlight and then stopping it could exacerbate the problem of climate change, according to new research by atmospheric scientists at the University of Washington.... Read more »

Kelly E. McCusker, Kyle C. Armour, Cecilia M. Bitz and David S. Battisti. (2014) Rapid and extensive warming following cessation of solar radiation management. Environmental Research Letters, 9(2). DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/2/024005  

  • February 24, 2014
  • 03:49 PM
  • 435 views

UK Could Produce Up to 44% of Its Energy From Biomass

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

The UK could generate almost half its energy needs from biomass sources, including household waste, agricultural residues and home-grown biofuels by 2050, new research suggests.... Read more »

Andrew Welfle, Paul Gilbert, Patricia Thornley. (2014) Securing a bioenergy future without imports. Energy Policy. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.079  

  • February 20, 2014
  • 05:51 PM
  • 438 views

Water Shortages in UK Could Paralyze Electricity Generation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

New research finds that the country is at risk of future water shortages that could shut down power stations and paralyze electricity supplies.... Read more »

  • February 19, 2014
  • 12:33 PM
  • 331 views

America’s Natural Gas System Leakier Than Previously Thought

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

About 50 percent more of the greenhouse gas methane has been seeping into the atmosphere than previously thought, according to far-reaching findings that synthesize two decades’ worth of methane studies in North America.... Read more »

A.R. Brandt, G.A. Heath, E.A. Kort, F. O'Sullivan, G. Pétron, S.M. Jordaan, P. Tans, J. Wilcox, A.M. Gopstein, D. Arent, S. Wofsy, N.J. Brown, R. Bradley, G.D. Stucky, D. Eardley, R. Harriss. (2014) Methane Leaks from North American Natural Gas Systems. Science, 343(6172), 733-735. DOI: 10.1126/science.1247045  

  • February 19, 2014
  • 08:17 AM
  • 307 views

America’s Natural Gas System Leakier Than Previously Thought

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

About 50 percent more of the greenhouse gas methane has been seeping into the atmosphere than previously thought, according to far-reaching findings that synthesize two decades’ worth of methane studies in North America.... Read more »

A.R. Brandt, G.A. Heath, E.A. Kort, F. O'Sullivan, G. Pétron, S.M. Jordaan, P. Tans, J. Wilcox, A.M. Gopstein, D. Arent, S. Wofsy, N.J. Brown, R. Bradley, G.D. Stucky, D. Eardley, R. Harriss. (2014) Methane Leaks from North American Natural Gas Systems. Science, 343(6172), 733-735. DOI: 10.1126/science.1247045  

  • February 19, 2014
  • 07:37 AM
  • 489 views

Map highlights areas of greatest risk to turtles in the Atlantic

by Aileen Cudmore in Natural Reactions

Satellite data predicts nine danger zones in the Atlantic where leatherback turtles are most susceptible to unintentional capture by fishing gear. ... Read more »

Fossette S, Witt MJ, Miller P, Nalovic MA, Albareda D, Almeida AP, Broderick AC, Chacón-Chaverri D, Coyne MS, Domingo A.... (2014) Pan-Atlantic analysis of the overlap of a highly migratory species, the leatherback turtle, with pelagic longline fisheries. Proc. R. Soc. B, 281(1780), 20133065. PMID: 24523271  

  • February 18, 2014
  • 08:01 PM
  • 470 views

Scientists Discover Crude Oil Cardiotoxicity Mechanism in Fish

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists from Stanford University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have discovered that crude oil interrupts a cellular pathway that allows fish heart cells to beat effectively.... Read more »

Fabien Brette, Ben Machado, Caroline Cros, John P. Incardona, Nathaniel L. Scholz, Barbara A. Block. (2014) Crude Oil Impairs Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Fish. Science, 343(6172), 772-776. DOI: 10.1126/science.1242747  

  • February 18, 2014
  • 10:23 AM
  • 442 views

Urban Bees Build Their Nests with Plastic

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Scott MacIvor has cracked open hundreds of artificial bee nests. But two he peered inside in Toronto gave him pause. Within their containers, the bees he studies had carefully built homes for their young out of plastic debris. Mixed in with the usual construction materials of leaves and mud, MacIvor could clearly see bits of […]The post Urban Bees Build Their Nests with Plastic appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • February 14, 2014
  • 12:17 PM
  • 707 views

Lithium-Ion Batteries Get A Boost

by Whitney Campbell in Green Screen

After lithium-ion batteries were introduced to the public in the early 1990s, they've charged all kinds of products, from handheld cell phones to jumbo airplanes. But as their prevalence has grown, so have concerns with their safety.

In January 2013, airlines had to ground their fleets of Boeing Dreamliners due to fires linked to the "thermal runaway" of lithium-ion batteries. Likewise, lithium-ion-powered cars, such as the Tesla Model S, have caught fire "20 or so [times]........ Read more »

  • February 13, 2014
  • 06:11 PM
  • 400 views

Study Suggests Using Industrial Waste for Fracking

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Industrial and domestic waste materials are viable alternative sources of raw materials for engineering proppants for use in shale gas and oil recovery, according to Penn State material scientists John Hellmann and Barry Scheetz.... Read more »

John R. Hellmann, Barry E. Scheetz, Walter G. Luscher, David G. Hartwich, and Ryan P. Koseki. (2014) Proppants for shale gas and oil recovery—Engineering ceramics for stimulation of unconventional energy resources. American Ceramic Society Bulletin, 93(1). info:other/AI96050

  • February 12, 2014
  • 09:54 PM
  • 527 views

Fun with Fundulus: The Evolution of Pollution Resistance in Killifish

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

In honor of Mr. Charlie Darwin’s birthday I thought I would read an evolution paper. Put that together with the turn my career has taken into ecotoxicology (and the associated steep learning curve), I was steered towards a study about adapting to pollution.Let me start by introducing you to today’s study organism: The mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus) is a species of non-migratory killifish found along the Atlantic coast of North America. They can be found in the brackish waters of tidal cre........ Read more »

  • February 12, 2014
  • 07:47 PM
  • 572 views

Scientific Approaches to Enriching the Lives of Sanctuary Wolves and Wolf-Dog “Hybrids”

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Julie and Mia, I wanted to update you on some unique but exciting research that I conducted while working toward my Ph.D. at the University of Florida’s Canine Cognition and Behavior Lab. This particular research focuses on the welfare of wolves and wolf-dog “hybrids” in private sanctuaries.The common use of the term “hybrid” is perhaps the first indication of how poorly we understand these animals. The term “hybrid” is technically inaccurate – as wolves and domestic dogs are ........ Read more »

  • February 12, 2014
  • 03:20 PM
  • 371 views

Six year update on the elephants of Uda Walawe

by Shermin de Silva in Maximus

A demographic study of Asian elephants compiling six years of observations to determine vital rates such as reproduction, fecundity and counts of indjuries and mortalities.... Read more »

de Silva S, Webber CE, Weerathunga US, Pushpakumara TV, Weerakoon DK, & Wittemyer G. (2013) Demographic variables for wild asian elephants using longitudinal observations. PloS one, 8(12). PMID: 24376581  

  • February 12, 2014
  • 07:10 AM
  • 419 views

New insight into the deep lives of reef manta rays

by Aileen Cudmore in Natural Reactions

Satellite technology reveals for the first time the diving behaviour of the mysterious reef manta ray.... Read more »

  • February 11, 2014
  • 11:33 AM
  • 378 views

Overhead Power Lines Don’t Increase Risk of Leukemia

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Children who live near overhead power lines in early life do not have a greater risk of developing childhood leukemia, researchers from the Childhood Cancer Research Group at the University of Oxford have found.... Read more »

  • February 11, 2014
  • 10:10 AM
  • 428 views

Why Stinky Animals Live Alone

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

It’s not the reason you’d guess. They make perfectly pleasant-smelling neighbors. Yet skunks and other animals that use projectile stink as a weapon are apparently destined by evolution to be loners—not because of who they are, but because of who preys on them. Ted Stankowich, who studies the intersection of evolution, animal behavior and ecology […]The post Why Stinky Animals Live Alone appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Stankowich T, Haverkamp PJ, & Caro T. (2014) ECOLOGICAL DRIVERS OF ANTIPREDATOR DEFENSES IN CARNIVORES. Evolution; international journal of organic evolution. PMID: 24433406  

  • February 10, 2014
  • 04:33 PM
  • 391 views

Study Measures Investors’ Reaction to ‘Unburnable Carbon’

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Investors in U.S. oil and gas companies have not ignored the science when considering whether the potential carbon asset stock prices constitute a bubble—a concern raised in recent media reports, a new University of California, Davis, study suggests.... Read more »

Rosa Dominguez-Faus, Paul A. Griffin, Amy Myers Jaffe, David H. Lont. (2014) Science and the Stock Market: Investors’ Recognition of Unburnable Carbon. Social Science Electronic Publishing. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2362154  

Allen, Myles R., Frame, David J., Huntingford, Chris, Jones, Chris D., Lowe, Jason A., Meinshausen, Malte, & Meinshausen, Nicolai. (2009) Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne. Nature, 1163-1166. DOI: 10.1038/nature08019  

  • February 8, 2014
  • 07:23 AM
  • 962 views

Warming makes flowers change dates, or don skates

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Plants that fail to reset their flowering times have to move to keep their cool as the climate changes, Tatsuya Amano at the University of Cambridge and his teammates have found.... Read more »

Tatsuya Amano, Robert P. Freckleton, Simon A. Queenborough, Simon W. Doxford, Richard J. Smithers, Tim H. Sparks and William J. Sutherland. (2014) Links between plant species’ spatial and temporal responses to a warming climate. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3017  

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