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  • May 12, 2014
  • 04:01 PM

Renewable Portfolio Standards Drive Wind Energy Innovation

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A Carnegie Mellon University study has found that Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)—regulatory mandates for an increase in renewable energy production—are most likely the strongest policy drivers for the recent increase in wind-related technology patents.... Read more »

  • May 12, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Deepwater Horizon Oil spill: The Environmental Impact

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

It was a disaster that ended up as one of the worst oil spills in modern history, the Deepwater Horizon didn’t just leak, it gushed. The depth of the well made […]... Read more »

Crespo-Medina M., Meile C. D., Hunter K. S., Diercks A-R., Asper V. L., Orphan V. J., Tavormina P. L., Nigro L. M., Battles J. J., & Chanton J. P. (2014) The rise and fall of methanotrophy following a deepwater oil-well blowout. Nature Geoscience. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2156  

  • May 11, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Genetically Modified Food: Myth and Legend

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Vermont, not quite the armpit of the United States, but not a place I would live [personally speaking of course]. Still, looking at history Vermont was the first to ban […]... Read more »

  • May 10, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Colony Collapse Disorder and Pesticides, Or Save the Bees!

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Bees, who needs them? They are scary, they sting and they seem to find magical ways into your securely locked home. I’m not bias, even though I run screaming like […]... Read more »

  • May 9, 2014
  • 04:28 PM

Lead Poisoning in Rome - The Geoarchaeological Evidence

by Kristina Killgrove in Powered By Osteons

In March, a new study came out in PNAS discussing "Lead in ancient Rome's city waters" (Delile et al. 2014).  It was quickly covered by major science news outlets, largely because of a mention of lead poisoning in Rome on the new Neil deGrasse Tyson-helmed Cosmos, with venues like TIME stating, "Lead didn't bring down ancient Rome," but others like Discover inaccurately commenting that "Lead in ancient Rome's water was 100 times natural level."  Now that I've gotten through the SA........ Read more »

Delile H, Blichert-Toft J, Goiran JP, Keay S, & Albarède F. (2014) Lead in ancient Rome's city waters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(18), 6594-9. PMID: 24753588  

  • May 8, 2014
  • 01:00 PM

Is that Good Science? A Guide to Cutting through BS

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Part of getting an education isn’t about learning what to think, it is about learning how to find good information. When it comes to scientific literature [especially on-line], it’s hard […]... Read more »

  • May 6, 2014
  • 12:14 PM

Chitosan Bioplastic

by Perikis Livas in Chilon

A fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells could provide a solution to planet-clogging plastics

Environment & Sustainability Harvard’s Wyss Institute... Read more »

  • May 5, 2014
  • 05:42 PM

Switch From Ethanol to Gasoline Causes Ozone Levels to Drop 20%

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo, Brazil, to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible-fuel vehicles, local ozone levels dropped 20 percent. At the same time, nitric oxide and carbon monoxide concentrations tended to go up.... Read more »

  • May 5, 2014
  • 08:28 AM

Watching it Burn: Soil Microbes vs. Wildfires

by Stephanie Swift in mmmbitesizescience

Wildfires can devastate ecosystems across the world. In 2012, over 67,000 wildfires raced across more than 9 million acres of land in the US alone. Fuelled by wind and parched vegetation, wildfires burn through everything in their path: plants don’t … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • May 3, 2014
  • 04:01 AM

Climate change-boosted disease could endanger China’s food supply

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Bruce Fitt from the University of Hertfordshire in Hatfield, UK, and his teammates forecast that human driven shifts in flowering times, rain and temperature will mean fusarium ear blight ruins even more wheat in China, where they use it in staples such as noodles and mantou buns.... Read more »

Zhang, X., Halder, J., White, R., Hughes, D., Ye, Z., Wang, C., Xu, R., Gan, B., & Fitt, B. (2014) Climate change increases risk of fusarium ear blight on wheat in central China. Annals of Applied Biology, 164(3), 384-395. DOI: 10.1111/aab.12107  

  • May 2, 2014
  • 10:09 AM

Inventory of Crap on the Ocean Floor

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

Going the bottom of the ocean isn’t such a big deal. Sure, James Cameron generated a lot of fuss last year with his record-breaking descent into the Mariana Trench—but Uncle Ben has been to the deep sea without even using a sub. Yes, that picture shows a packet of Uncle Ben’s microwaveable rice a kilometer deep […]The post Inventory of Crap on the Ocean Floor appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Pham, C., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Alt, C., Amaro, T., Bergmann, M., Canals, M., Company, J., Davies, J., Duineveld, G., Galgani, F.... (2014) Marine Litter Distribution and Density in European Seas, from the Shelves to Deep Basins. PLoS ONE, 9(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095839  

  • May 2, 2014
  • 09:20 AM

Bacteria Could ‘Mop-Up’ Natural Gas Leaks

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Bacteria could mop up naturally-occurring and man-made leaks of natural gases before they are released into the atmosphere and cause global warming—according to new research from the University of East Anglia.... Read more »

  • May 2, 2014
  • 06:12 AM

Journal Club: Hummingbirds: still evolving endless forms most wonderful

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: A new study finds that the rising Andes are tied to the rapid speciation of hummingbirds. This study also predicts that hummingbirds will evolve twice as many species as what we see today. ... Read more »

McGuire Jimmy A. , Witt Christopher C. , Remsen, Jr. J.V. , Corl Ammon , Rabosky Daniel L. , Altshuler Douglas L. , & Dudley Robert . (2014) Molecular Phylogenetics and the Diversification of Hummingbirds. Current Biology. DOI:  

Hoorn C., Wesselingh F. P., ter Steege H., Bermudez M. A., Mora A., Sevink J., Sanmartin I., Sanchez-Meseguer A., Anderson C. L., & Figueiredo J. P. (2010) Amazonia Through Time: Andean Uplift, Climate Change, Landscape Evolution, and Biodiversity. Science, 330(6006), 927-931. DOI: 10.1126/science.1194585  

Doorn G. S. v., Noest A. J., & Hogeweg P. (1998) Sympatric speciation and extinction driven by environment dependent sexual selection. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 265(1408), 1915-1919. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1998.0520  

  • April 29, 2014
  • 06:18 AM

Recursive Fury: Misunderstanding The Ethics of Criticism

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

One month ago, a paper was retracted from Frontiers in Psychology. It was called “Recursive fury: conspiracist ideation in the blogosphere in response to research on conspiracist ideation”, from Australian psychologists Stephan Lewandowsky and colleagues. Most retractions are valuable corrections to the literature, taking flawed science or plagiarised work out of circulation. I have myself […]The post Recursive Fury: Misunderstanding The Ethics of Criticism appeared first on Ne........ Read more »

  • April 28, 2014
  • 08:09 AM

Brewing New Futures: The Concoction Of Urban Laboratories

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

Urban laboratories can serve as new places for knowledge production and direct application with the goal of making cities more economically viable, socially robust and environmentally friendly.... Read more »

  • April 28, 2014
  • 08:00 AM

Changing Night Skies: How an Exotic Disease is Decimating America’s Backyard Bats

by David Steen in Living Alongside Wildlife

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  • April 27, 2014
  • 10:00 AM

Radiation is for the Birds… At Least at Chernobyl

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Almost all birds adapt to the high radiation of the Chernobyl site, this study shows just how that is done.... Read more »

Galván Ismael, Bonisoli-Alquati Andrea, Jenkinson Shanna, Ghanem Ghanem, Wakamatsu Kazumasa, Mousseau Timothy A., & Møller Anders P. (2014) Chronic exposure to low-dose radiation at Chernobyl favors adaptation to oxidative stress in birds. Functional Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12283  

  • April 24, 2014
  • 05:30 PM

Biofuels From Crop Residue May Increase Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Using corn crop residue to make ethanol and other biofuels reduces soil carbon and can generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline, according to a study published in the journal Nature Climate Change (see footnote).... Read more »

Liska, A., Yang, H., Milner, M., Goddard, S., Blanco-Canqui, H., Pelton, M., Fang, X., Zhu, H., & Suyker, A. (2014) Biofuels from crop residue can reduce soil carbon and increase CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2187  

  • April 24, 2014
  • 03:50 PM

Quantum Dots Open Way For Solar Windowpanes

by Whitney Campbell in Green Screen

Recently scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the University of Milano-Bicocca showed how, some day with the same surface, we may be able to see the sun and glean it too. By redesigning a light-grabbing nanocrystal, these material researchers devised a technique that could change sheer Plexiglas sheets into large-area solar concentrators.1... Read more »

  • April 24, 2014
  • 12:21 PM

Scientists Use Airplane to Detect Methane From Fracking

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Using an airplane to detect greenhouse gas emissions from freshly drilled shale gas wells in Pennsylvania’s Marcellus basin, Cornell and Purdue scientists have found that leaked methane from fracking is a tougher problem—between a hundred- and a thousandfold—than previously thought.... Read more »

Caulton, D., Shepson, P., Santoro, R., Sparks, J., Howarth, R., Ingraffea, A., Cambaliza, M., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Davis, K.... (2014) Toward a better understanding and quantification of methane emissions from shale gas development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1316546111  

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