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Ecology / Conservation posts

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  • July 27, 2014
  • 02:17 PM
  • 61 views

Holy Grail of Battery Design: A lithium anode

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Technology has been racing forward at an ever increasing rate. Unfortunately, anyone who owns a smartphone will tell you that the battery life doesn’t match the advancements. That is probably […]... Read more »

  • July 25, 2014
  • 05:39 PM
  • 138 views

Small Things, Big Problem: Microplastics Uptake in Shore Crabs

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

Lately I've been gearing up for some nano-particle research, and so I've been doing a lot of reading about very small things. While perusing the literature, I came across a paper published online in Environmental Science and Technology that takes a look at microplastics.Let’s start with the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a very good example of this type of marine pollution. This huge collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean is created by an ocean gyre, a stable circular ocean curre........ Read more »

Watts AJ, Lewis C, Goodhead RM, Beckett SJ, Moger J, Tyler CR, & Galloway TS. (2014) Uptake and Retention of Microplastics by the Shore Crab Carcinus maenas. Environmental science . PMID: 24972075  

  • July 24, 2014
  • 02:55 AM
  • 55 views

Quick, Somebody Get The Name Of That Shark!

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

There has been a rash of great white shark sightings and attacks in the news recently. But, have attacks and sightings remained constant, or are they really on the increase? Several news studies provide evidence that the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, the ban on commercial whaling in 1982, and the ban on great white hunting in 1997 have increased the number of sharks on the coasts of the North America and Australia. In addition, great white sharks live much longer than previously assumed,........ Read more »

  • July 21, 2014
  • 08:00 AM
  • 22 views

Quick, Somebody Get The Name Of That Shark!

by Mark Lasbury in The 'Scope

Are sightings and attacks by great white sharks rare and staying rare? Or has the faster news cycle led to the need for more sensational stories and therefore more coverage? It may be a bit of both.... Read more »

  • July 20, 2014
  • 05:39 PM
  • 61 views

Bacterial CRISPRs: Not Just For Targeting Foreign Nucleic Acids

by Geoffrey Hannigan in Prophage

In recent years, CRISPRs (Clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats) have been gaining popularity in the microbiology field. Briefly, CRISPRs serve as an adaptive immune system for bacteria, meaning that they are able to remember what viruses (bacteriophages) or other entities have infected them and mount a targeted defensive response the next time they are infected with the same entity (think of it as an analog to our adaptive immune response which uses antibodies and other a........ Read more »

Wiedenheft B, Sternberg SH, & Doudna JA. (2012) RNA-guided genetic silencing systems in bacteria and archaea. Nature, 482(7385), 331-8. PMID: 22337052  

Sampson TR, Napier BA, Schroeder MR, Louwen R, Zhao J, Chin CY, Ratner HK, Llewellyn AC, Jones CL, Laroui H.... (2014) A CRISPR-Cas system enhances envelope integrity mediating antibiotic resistance and inflammasome evasion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 25024199  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 01:01 PM
  • 91 views

More Horror from Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Deepwater Horizon, it was a technological feat to get oil that deep in the water. Then the spill occurred, when it happened I honestly think more people were in shock […]... Read more »

White, H., Lyons, S., Harrison, S., Findley, D., Liu, Y., & Kujawinski, E. (2014) Long-Term Persistence of Dispersants following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Environmental Science , 1(7), 295-299. DOI: 10.1021/ez500168r  

  • July 15, 2014
  • 12:18 PM
  • 70 views

Here’s What Happens When You Put Camera Traps in Trees

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

The world holds very few unexplored places between zero and six feet off the ground. If humans can walk right up to it and take a picture, we probably already have. But the tops of the trees, like the bottom of the ocean, are a different story. “We know so much less about arboreal mammal […]The post Here’s What Happens When You Put Camera Traps in Trees appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Gregory, T., Carrasco Rueda, F., Deichmann, J., Kolowski, J., & Alonso, A. (2014) Arboreal camera trapping: taking a proven method to new heights. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 5(5), 443-451. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12177  

  • July 12, 2014
  • 11:36 AM
  • 116 views

Organic food: meta-analysed

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A very quick post to direct you to the paper by Barański and colleagues [1] which is currently making a few headlines and sparking some debate (see here and see here) with their assertions: "the concentrations of a range of antioxidants such as polyphenolics were found to be substantially higher in organic crops/crop-based foods" and "the frequency of occurrence of pesticide residues was found to be four times higher in conventional crops, which also contained significantly higher con........ Read more »

  • July 12, 2014
  • 06:50 AM
  • 105 views

Could climate’s crop impact catch us with our plants down?

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Global warming has sharply increased the odds of serious problems because of declining harvests, find David Lobell from and Claudia Tebaldi from NCAR, and though that situation remains fairly unlikely, they advise countries to prepare for it. ... Read more »

Mora, C., Frazier, A., Longman, R., Dacks, R., Walton, M., Tong, E., Sanchez, J., Kaiser, L., Stender, Y., Anderson, J.... (2013) The projected timing of climate departure from recent variability. Nature, 502(7470), 183-187. DOI: 10.1038/nature12540  

Hawkins, E., Anderson, B., Diffenbaugh, N., Mahlstein, I., Betts, R., Hegerl, G., Joshi, M., Knutti, R., McNeall, D., Solomon, S.... (2014) Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates. Nature, 511(7507). DOI: 10.1038/nature13523  

  • July 11, 2014
  • 10:22 AM
  • 132 views

Ye Old Science Journal. Interesting articles from the premiere journal of 1880.

by The Lab Hippo in The Lab Hippo

One of the perks to my job is that I can get access to just about any journal article I want for free. I know, it sounds like a dream life, but hey you go to college for 10 years and you get some favors thrown your way. A few years ago Science scanned all their historical archives put them online, so I begun to peruse a few and was pleasantly amused. In what may become a recurring theme to the LabHippo, I now present to you some of the more entertaining articles. We begin with the first year Sci........ Read more »

  • July 9, 2014
  • 11:00 AM
  • 26 views

Chimp Talk

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

Learn how to speak chimp with the newly translated language of chimpanzee gestures in non-play context.... Read more »

Hobaiter C, & Byrne RW. (2014) The Meanings of Chimpanzee Gestures. Current biology : CB. PMID: 24998524  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 04:30 AM
  • 68 views

Maize lethal necrosis has spread to Rwanda

by Abigail Rumsey in The Plantwise Blog

Report by Abigail Rumsey, Beatrice Uwumukiza and Bellancila Uzayisenga. In the past two years, we have reported on the presence of the maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease in East African countries including Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The disease is also present in South Sudan. The most recent report has been of its spread to the […]... Read more »

Adams, I., Harju, V., Hodges, T., Hany, U., Skelton, A., Rai, S., Deka, M., Smith, J., Fox, A., Uzayisenga, B.... (2014) First report of maize lethal necrosis disease in Rwanda. New Disease Reports, 22. DOI: 10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.029.022  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 03:28 AM
  • 81 views

Do chimps like to listen to African and Indian music?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

“While preferring silence to music from the West, chimpanzees apparently like to listen to the different rhythms of music from Africa and India, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.” ... Read more »

Mingle, M., Eppley, T., Campbell, M., Hall, K., Horner, V., & de Waal, F. (2014) Chimpanzees Prefer African and Indian Music Over Silence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. DOI: 10.1037/xan0000032  

Merchant, H., & Honing, H. (2013) Are non-human primates capable of rhythmic entrainment? Evidence for the gradual audiomotor evolution hypothesis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7(274). info:/

  • July 8, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 85 views

Mathematical Model Helps Identify Gas Hydrate Pockets

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists at Rice University have developed a mathematical model that simulates gas hydrate and free gas accumulation under the ocean floor.... Read more »

  • July 6, 2014
  • 01:05 PM
  • 122 views

Emperors in danger: penguin populations predicted to decline due to climate change and sea ice loss

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

New Nature Climate Change research predicts drastic declines in emperor penguin populations by 2100 due to increased variability in sea ice levels.... Read more »

Jenouvrier, S., Holland, M., Stroeve, J., Serreze, M., Barbraud, C., Weimerskirch, H., & Caswell, H. (2014) Projected continent-wide declines of the emperor penguin under climate change. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2280  

  • July 5, 2014
  • 09:22 AM
  • 93 views

True Facts About The Fruit Bat

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: This amusing video shares a few facts about the amazing megabats -- the largest flying mammals alive in the world today. Orphaned baby fruit bats. ... Read more »

  • July 3, 2014
  • 07:44 PM
  • 107 views

This Month in Blastocystis Research (JUN 2014) - IMECs Edition

by Christen Rune Stensvold in Blastocystis Parasite Blog

A rare and extremely timely study using NGS tools to sequence DNA from intestinal microbial eukaryotic communities has been published in June 2014 in Frontiers in Microbiology; here's a small review.... Read more »

Parfrey, L., Walters, W., Lauber, C., Clemente, J., Berg-Lyons, D., Teiling, C., Kodira, C., Mohiuddin, M., Brunelle, J., Driscoll, M.... (2014) Communities of microbial eukaryotes in the mammalian gut within the context of environmental eukaryotic diversity. Frontiers in Microbiology. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00298  

  • July 3, 2014
  • 02:25 AM
  • 70 views

Journal Club: DNA analysis indicates Bigfoot may be a big fake

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: A new genetic analysis of 'yeti' hair samples reveals they actually originated from dogs, horses, bears or other known mammals. ... Read more »

  • July 2, 2014
  • 05:54 PM
  • 126 views

Heather Can Help UK Meet Bioenergy Targets

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Harvesting energy from heather could reduce carbon dioxide emissions and help the UK meet its bioenergy targets, according to new research by scientists at Durham and Manchester Universities.... Read more »

  • July 2, 2014
  • 01:13 PM
  • 125 views

Saving the Rainforest and the Consequences

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

The road to hell is paved with good intentions. This seems even more true when a new study came out that shows, when it comes to fixing deforestation and forest degradation, […]... Read more »

Putz, F., & Romero, C. (2014) Futures of Tropical Forests . Biotropica, 46(4), 495-505. DOI: 10.1111/btp.12124  

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