Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine found that people with anorexia nervosa have very different microbial communities residing inside their guts compared to healthy individuals and that this bacterial imbalance is associated with some of the psychological symptoms related to the eating disorder.... Read more »
Kleiman, S., Watson, H., Bulik-Sullivan, E., Huh, E., Tarantino, L., Bulik, C., & Carroll, I. (2015) The Intestinal Microbiota in Acute Anorexia Nervosa and During Renourishment. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000247
Slightly delayed, the "This Month" post is mainly on Blastocystis survyes, detection and host specificity.... Read more »
Abu-Madi M, Aly M, Behnke JM, Clark CG, & Balkhy H. (2015) The distribution of Blastocystis subtypes in isolates from Qatar. Parasites , 465. PMID: 26384209
Osman M, Bories J, El Safadi D, Poirel MT, Gantois N, Benamrouz-Vanneste S, Delhaes L, Hugonnard M, Certad G, Zenner L.... (2015) Prevalence and genetic diversity of the intestinal parasites Blastocystis sp. and Cryptosporidium spp. in household dogs in France and evaluation of zoonotic transmission risk. Veterinary parasitology. PMID: 26395822
Ragavan, N., Kumar, S., Chye, T., Mahadeva, S., & Shiaw-Hooi, H. (2015) Blastocystis sp. in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Detection in Stool Aspirates during Colonoscopy. PLOS ONE, 10(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121173
Stensvold CR, Suresh GK, Tan KS, Thompson RC, Traub RJ, Viscogliosi E, Yoshikawa H, & Clark CG. (2007) Terminology for Blastocystis subtypes--a consensus. Trends in parasitology, 23(3), 93-6. PMID: 17241816
Scanlan PD, Stensvold CR, & Cotter PD. (2015) Development and Application of a Blastocystis Subtype-Specific PCR Assay Reveals that Mixed-Subtype Infections Are Common in a Healthy Human Population. Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(12), 4071-6. PMID: 25841010
Wang W, Cuttell L, Bielefeldt-Ohmann H, Inpankaew T, Owen H, & Traub RJ. (2013) Diversity of Blastocystis subtypes in dogs in different geographical settings. Parasites , 215. PMID: 23883734
'Can Screening with the Ages and Stages Questionnaire Detect Autism?' was the research question posed and partially answered in the paper by Sarah Hardy and colleagues  recently.Drawing on data from a very healthy sized cohort (~2800 toddlers) who were "screened with the ASQ-3 [Ages and Stages Questionnaire] and M-CHAT-R across 20 pediatric sites" in the United States, researchers suggested that there may be more to see when it comes to the use of ASQ-3 and the complicated topic of ........ Read more »
Hardy S, Haisley L, Manning C, & Fein D. (2015) Can Screening with the Ages and Stages Questionnaire Detect Autism?. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP, 36(7), 536-43. PMID: 26348972
A new study in PLoS Pathogens uses an experimental malaria in pregnancy model to show that malaria during pregnancy induces learning and memory impairments and depressive-like behaviour in offspring. The researchers show that the deficits are dependent on complement activation and provide the first evidence for a causal link between malaria in pregnancy, complement activation and neurodevelopment.... Read more »
McDonald CR, Cahill LS, Ho KT, Yang J, Kim H, Silver KL, Ward PA, Mount HT, Liles WC, Sled JG.... (2015) Experimental Malaria in Pregnancy Induces Neurocognitive Injury in Uninfected Offspring via a C5a-C5a Receptor Dependent Pathway. PLoS pathogens, 11(9). PMID: 26402732
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Prof. Ismail Laher Department of Anesthesiology Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics Faculty of Medicine University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Laher: There … Continue reading →
The post Exercise Pills May Benefit Those Unable To Exercise appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Prof. Ismail Laher. (2015) Exercise Pills May Benefit Those Unable To Exercise. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
The human brain does not come with an operating manual. However, a group of scientists have developed a way to convert structural brain imaging techniques into “wiring diagrams” of connections between brain regions. Three researchers from UCSB’s Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences — Michael Miller, Scott Grafton and Matt Cieslak — used the structure of neural networks to reveal the fundamental rules that govern which parts of the brain are most able to exert cognitive control ........ Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Adam Hanley Doctoral candidate College of Education’s Counseling/School Psychology program Florida State University Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: This study emerged from the intersection of my personal dislike … Continue reading →
The post Can Mindful Dishwashing Reduce Nervousness? appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Adam Hanley. (2015) Can Mindful Dishwashing Reduce Nervousness?. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Everyone knows that exercise improves health, and ongoing research continues to uncover increasingly detailed information on its benefits for metabolism, circulation, and improved functioning of organs such as the heart, brain, and liver. With this knowledge in hand, scientists may be better equipped to develop “exercise pills” that could mimic at least some of the beneficial effects of physical exercise on the body. But a review of current development efforts ponders whether such pills will........ Read more »
Laher, & et al. (2015) Exercise Pills: At the Starting Line?. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tips.2015.08.014
"Children born after an IPI [interpregnancy interval] of <12 months or ≥72 months had a 2- to 3-fold increased ASD [autism spectrum disorder] risk compared with children born after an interval of 36 to 47 months."So said the study results published by Ousseny Zerbo and colleagues  looking at the increasingly interesting area of the autism research landscape: the interpregnancy interval (the time from the birth of an index child to the next conception/pregnancy of........ Read more »
Zerbo, O., Yoshida, C., Gunderson, E., Dorward, K., & Croen, L. (2015) Interpregnancy Interval and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. PEDIATRICS. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1099
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Austin G. Stack MD., MSc., FRCPI. Professor and Foundation Chair of Medicine, Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS),Consultant Nephrologist, University Hospital Limerick Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Stack: Height is an important proxy for … Continue reading →
The post Tall Non-Black Dialysis Patients Die Prematurely appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Austin G. Stack MD., MSc. (2015) Tall Non-Black Dialysis Patients Die Prematurely. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Mark J Bolland Associate professor of medicine Department of Medicine University of Auckland Auckland New Zealand Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Bolland: Many guidelines advise older people to take at least 1000-1200 … Continue reading →
The post Calcium Supplements Do Not Prevent Bone Fractures appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Dr. Mark J Bolland. (2015) Calcium Supplements Do Not Prevent Bone Fractures. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Well bad news for those of us who have a sweet tooth, a diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, UCLA neuroscientists report. While this doesn’t necessarily translate to humans quite yet, it should still raise a few eyebrows given the results from the study.... Read more »
Rahul Agrawal, Emily Noble1, Laurent Vergnes, Zhe Ying1, Karen Reue, & Fernando Gomez-Pinilla. (2015) Dietary fructose aggravates the pathobiology of traumatic brain injury by influencing energy homeostasis and plasticity. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow . info:/10.1177/0271678X15606719
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Marte Handal PhD Division of Epidemiology Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo, Norway Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Handal: The prevalence of depression during pregnancy is estimated to be as high as … Continue reading →
The post What Is the Effect Of Prenatal Exposure To SSRIs? appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Marte Handal PhD. (2015) What Is the Effect Of Prenatal Exposure To SSRIs?. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Galileo Bust in Galileo Museum, Florence (wryates photo)There is a significant level of interest in the best behavioral activity balance in adolescents.Adolescents currently live in an environment of expanding opportunities for spending time watching TV, surfing the internet and playing video games.Understanding the best balance of study, exercise and time in front of a screen is an important topic.Kristen Corder and colleagues recently examined adolescent behavioral activity patterns and perfor........ Read more »
Corder K, Atkin AJ, Bamber DJ, Brage S, Dunn VJ, Ekelund U, Owens M, van Sluijs EM, & Goodyer IM. (2015) Revising on the run or studying on the sofa: prospective associations between physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and exam results in British adolescents. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 12(1), 106. PMID: 26337325
My efforts turn once again to Taiwan today and the results reported by Yu-Chiau Shyu and colleagues  that: "Compared to the control group, the ADHD [attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder] group showed significantly increased risk of developing any psychotic disorder... and schizophrenia."As per the multitude of other instances where Taiwan is mentioned as a research powerhouse, the source data for the Shyu findings was the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database&n........ Read more »
Shyu YC, Yuan SS, Lee SY, Yang CJ, Yang KC, Lee TL, & Wang LJ. (2015) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, methylphenidate use and the risk of developing schizophrenia spectrum disorders: A nationwide population-based study in Taiwan. Schizophrenia research. PMID: 26363968
In pop culture, conspiracy believers — like FBI agent Fox Mulder on The X Files or professor Robert Langdon in The Da Vinci Code — tend to reject the notion of coincidence or chance; even the most random-seeming events are thought to result from some sort of intention or design. And researchers have suggested that such a bias against randomness may explain real-world conspiracy beliefs. But new research from psychological scientists shows no evidence for a link between conspiracist thinking ........ Read more »
Dieguez, S., Wagner-Egger, P., & Gauvrit, N. (2015) Nothing Happens by Accident, or Does It? A Low Prior for Randomness Does Not Explain Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797615598740
Jessica Alba's company has been charged with two lawsuits citing ineffective protection by her Honest Company sunscreen. The failure of the sunscreen highlights a need for better education regarding sunscreen use and sun exposure.... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Jonas Minet Kinge PhD Researcher, Department of Health Statistics, Norwegian Institute of Public Health Associate professor, Department of Health Management and Health Economics University of Oslo Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo, Norway Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post In Rich Countries, It’s the Poor Who Become Obese appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Dr Jonas Minet Kinge PhD. (2015) In Rich Countries, It's the Poor Who Become Obese. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Germaine Louis Buck PhD Senior Investigator and Director of the Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) National Institutes of Health Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post Fetal Weight Found To Vary By Race and Ethnicity appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
... Read more »
Dr. Louis Germaine Buck PhD. (2015) Fetal Weight Found To Vary By Race and Ethnicity. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Metagenomic profiling, also called metagenomic shotgun sequencing (MSS) represents a powerful application made possible by the digital nature of next-gen sequencing technologies. In it, one basically sequences a sample isolate obtained from somewhere — a shovelful of dirt, a scoop of plankton, or anything else that contains living organisms. MSS has proven particularly useful to […]... Read more »
Wylie TN, Wylie KM, Herter BN, & Storch GA. (2015) Enhanced virome sequencing through solution-based capture enrichment. Genome research. PMID: 26395152
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.