Each year, we hear that people are gaining weight and that chronic health problems like obesity, heart problems, and diabetes are on the rise. It's commonplace to ascribe these trends to personal lifestyle choices, such as the lack of exercise and diet, as well as the increasingly pervasive nature of fast food and processed, high-sugar foods.
However, there may [...]... Read more »
Siervo, M., Horta, B., Stephan, B., Victora, C., & Wells, J. (2010) First-Borns Carry a Higher Metabolic Risk in Early Adulthood: Evidence from a Prospective Cohort Study. PLoS ONE, 5(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013907
Today I will write about the implications of the risk understanding by managers covered in Part 1 of this series. Continue reading "Risk from the Managers Perspective (Part 2)"
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In the Policy Forum of today’s issue of Science, a research team that includes recent Nobel laureate, Elinor Ostrom, issued a call for innovative interdisciplinary approaches to confronting major environmental challenges:
Tremendous progress has been made in understanding the functioning of the
Earth system and, in particular, the impact of human actions. Although this
knowledge can inform management [...]... Read more »
Reid, W., Chen, D., Goldfarb, L., Hackmann, H., Lee, Y., Mokhele, K., Ostrom, E., Raivio, K., Rockstrom, J., Schellnhuber, H.... (2010) Earth System Science for Global Sustainability: Grand Challenges. Science, 330(6006), 916-917. DOI: 10.1126/science.1196263
The internet has changed fundamentally the way we communicate, the way we work, even the way we live our lives. That much is obvious to anyone who has ever shopped at Amazon, looked up a reference on PubMed, or gone social via Facebook. Those of us who’ve been using email and the wider world tools [...]Making the web work for academia is a post from: Sciencebase Science Blog
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Lyle R. Wetsch, & Kristen Pike. (2010) Marketing in a Web 2.0 world with a Web 1.0 mentality: the challenge of social web marketing in academic institutions. Int. J. Electronic Marketing and Retailing, 3(4), 398-414. info:/
There have been several critiques of geoengineering as a climate mitigation tool. Two of the most incisive, in my opinion, come from science and ethics.
The first is a 2007 paper in PNAS by Matthews and Caldeira showing that if we establish aerosol clouds or space reflectors while doing nothing to reduce carbon emissions, we run [...]... Read more »
Mary W. Silvera, Sibel Bargu, Susan L. Coale, Claudia R. Benitez-Nelson, Ana C. Garcia, Kathryn J. Roberts, Emily Sekula-Wood, Kenneth W. Bruland, and Kenneth H. Coale. (2010) Toxic diatoms and domoic acid in natural and iron enriched waters of the oceanic Pacific. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. info:/10.1073/pnas.1006968107
When it comes to bad science in movies, there are two main camps; those who hate it, and those who hate it but will put up with it. Some say even horrid films can make the audience enthusiastic about science and make them want to learn. Then there are those who think bad science is [...]... Read more »
Barriga, C., Shapiro, M., & Fernandez, M. (2010) Science Information in Fictional Movies: Effects of Context and Gender. Science Communication, 32(1), 3-24. DOI: 10.1177/1075547009340338
According to an oft-cited paper by Marcel LaFollette, a 1926 magazine once introduced an eminent medical researcher as a woman whose mahogany furniture “gleams”. From the same study, but a 1950 magazine, a senior figure in the Atomic Energy Commission was praised for sewing her own clothes. Later, via Dorothy Nelkin, Maria Mayer (Nobel physics [...]... Read more »
Chimba, M., & Kitzinger, J. (2009) Bimbo or boffin? Women in science: An analysis of media representations and how female scientists negotiate cultural contradictions. Public Understanding of Science. DOI: 10.1177/0963662508098580
Today I finally read one of the most cited articles on subjective risk in general. In 1987 March and Shapira set out to shake up the existing theories on the perception and processing of risks by managers. Accordingly, they aggregated the information from various surveys on this topic.
The article is called "Managerial Perspectives on Risk and Risk Taking" and it can be downloaded here as PDF and I really recommend reading it.
In the first part I will analyze major empirical findings on ho........ Read more »
In an interesting new article in Climatic Change, Christopher Doughty and colleagues at Stanford consider whether raising crop albedo (reflectivity) could decrease solar absorption at the Earth’s surface and cool regional climates. One might consider this a kind of climate “bio”engineering.
How could you do this, and would it work?
Many desert plants have hair-like projections that [...]... Read more »
Doughty, C., Field, C., & McMillan, A. (2010) Can crop albedo be increased through the modification of leaf trichomes, and could this cool regional climate?. Climatic Change. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-010-9936-0
A study published in the Journal of Housing for the Elderly examined in some detail the visitation patterns in assisted living environments and the perceptions of residents on the impact have on their well-being. This post examines the architectural implications of that research.... Read more »
Thompson, D., Weber, J., & Juozapavicius, K. (2001) Chapter 2 Residents in Assisted Living Facilities and Visitation Patterns. Journal of Housing For the Elderly, 15(1), 31-42. DOI: 10.1300/J081v15n01_03
In a forthcoming article in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Patric Allard and Monica Colaiácovo use a nemotode (round worm) system to explore how BPA damages genetic processes in animals.
BPA ranks among the highest production volume chemicals with a global annual production scale of ≈4 million metric tons. It is commonly used in [...]... Read more »
Patrick Allard and Monica P. Colaiácovo. (2010) Bisphenol A impairs the double-strand break repair machinery in the germline and causes chromosome abnormalities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. info:/10.1073/pnas.1010386107
Read on to find out what couples can avoid doing in order to make love last a lifetime.... Read more »
As children, one of my and my sister’s favorite rainy-afternoon activities was looking through our Mother’s jewelry box. The daughter of a forester and the wife of a teacher, my Mom didn’t have dazzling diamonds and sapphires, but she did have interesting things. An ivory and silver broach that belonged to her great Aunt, a [...]... Read more »
Rust J, Singh H, Rana RS, McCann T, Singh L, Anderson K, Sarkar N, Nascimbene PC, Stebner F, Thomas JC.... (2010) Biogeographic and evolutionary implications of a diverse paleobiota in amber from the early Eocene of India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(43), 18360-5. PMID: 20974929
If you could listen in on the private conversations of happy couples, what would you find? Perhaps surprisingly, you would hear a lot of mundane, everyday talk. Find out what this means for relationships.... Read more »
Alberts, J., Yoshimura, C. G., Rabby, M., & Loschiavo, R. (2005) Mapping the topography of couples' daily conversation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22(3), 299-322. DOI: 10.1177/0265407505050941
Today I read a rather old article from 1995 about "Organizational Risk Perception and Reduction: A Literature Review" by Vincent-Wayne Mitchell, now at the Cass Business School in London. I present it here since I think most of the concepts and strategies are still valid.
Objective and Methodology
The objective of Mitchell was to show the status of current research on how risks are perceived in organizational buyer behavior and what can be done to reduce these risk. He therefore conducts ........ Read more »
Mitchell, V. (1995) Organizational Risk Perception and Reduction: A Literature Review. British Journal of Management, 6(2), 115-133. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8551.1995.tb00089.x
Right up there with climate change, biodiversity conservation is one of the most challenging issues at the intersection of nature and culture. Part of this challenge arises because of genuine differences in how people value other species.
In an interesting forthcoming article in Conservation Biology, Chris Sandbrook and colleagues at Cambridge University argue that these value [...]... Read more »
How does rebel access to natural resources affect conflict? "How". Not "if". That is the question investigated by Päivi Lujala of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, recently published in the Journal of Peace Research.
Or rather: Where previous research has either suggested a link or sought to explain it by an indirect effect through resource abundance tending to corrupt weak ... Read more »
Lujala, P. (2010) The spoils of nature: Armed civil conflict and rebel access to natural resources. Journal of Peace Research, 47(1), 15-28. DOI: 10.1177/0022343309350015
Perhaps one of the most important roles that science teachers play, apart from helping their students become excited about and learn science, is being a mentor to an apprentice or beginning teacher. My own experience in the mentoring process was as a beginning teacher at Weston High School where I was mentored by Irv [...]
Related posts:Using Fear to Attack Teachers and Hold Schools Hostage
Reform From Teachers’ Points of View
NASA’s Role in Inspiring Teachers and Youth
... Read more »
Koballa, T., Kittleson, J., Bradbury, L., & Dias, M. (2010) Teacher thinking associated with science-specific mentor preparation. Science Education, 94(6), 1072-1091. DOI: 10.1002/sce.20400
This newly published study finds that thoroughbred racehorses, which originated in Europe, descended from a number of British and Irish native breed foundation mares... Read more »
Bower, M., Campana, M., Whitten, M., Edwards, C., Jones, H., Barrett, E., Cassidy, R., Nisbet, R., Hill, E., Howe, C.... (2010) The cosmopolitan maternal heritage of the Thoroughbred racehorse breed shows a significant contribution from British and Irish native mares. Biology Letters. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0800
How to shrink the "Uncertainty Circle" is the topic of a paper I read today. It has been written by Rachel Mason-Jones and Denis R. Towill and can be downloaded here free of charge.
This article from 1998 focusses on how to shrink the uncertainty within a supply chain and therefore improve performance, since we believe that those companies which cope best with
uncertainty, are most likely to produce internationally
competitive bottom-line performance.
This hypothesis is also backed by seve........ Read more »
Mason-Jones, Rachel, & Towill, Denis R. (1998) Shrinking the Supply Chain Uncertainty Circle. IOM Control, 24(7), 17-22. info:/
Craighead, C., Hult, G., & Ketchen Jr., D. (2009) The effects of innovation–cost strategy, knowledge, and action in the supply chain on firm performance. Journal of Operations Management, 27(5), 405-421. DOI: 10.1016/j.jom.2009.01.002
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