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  • September 27, 2011
  • 04:01 AM

Schizophrenia And The Developing World Revisited

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

A major international study threatens to overturn what we thought we knew about schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia are more likely to get better if they live in poor countries: that's been known for about 25 years. In the 1980s, a series of pioneering World Health Organization (WHO) studies looked at the prognosis for people diagnosed with schizophrenia around the world.All of the data showed that people in developed countries were less likely to recover than those from poorer areas.T........ Read more »

Haro JM, Novick D, Bertsch J, Karagianis J, Dossenbach M, & Jones PB. (2011) Cross-national clinical and functional remission rates: Worldwide Schizophrenia Outpatient Health Outcomes (W-SOHO) study. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 194-201. PMID: 21881098  

  • September 26, 2011
  • 09:03 PM

The trouble with in-laws…..

by eHarmony Labs in eHarmony Labs Blog

It has been shown that newlywed’s relationships with their in-laws are important to predicting marital success. But does this effect begin to wear off with time? ... Read more »

  • September 26, 2011
  • 05:00 PM

Empathy, distress and mindfulness

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

One of the main thrusts of the paper by Hadjistavropoulos, Craig, Duck, Cano, Goubert, Jackson, et al., is that pain communication can serve several functions – it can be an action where a message is sent or received; it can be an interaction where the message is sent, received and interpreted; or it can be … Read more... Read more »

Hadjistavropoulos, T., Craig, K., Duck, S., Cano, A., Goubert, L., Jackson, P., Mogil, J., Rainville, P., Sullivan, M., de C. Williams, A.... (2011) A biopsychosocial formulation of pain communication. Psychological Bulletin. DOI: 10.1037/a0023876  

  • September 26, 2011
  • 11:26 AM

Diagnose Your Difficult Witness

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - In the pivotal scene of “My Cousin Vinnie," a movie beloved by those who follow legal persuasion, the defense attorney, played by Joe Pesci, asks the judge permission to treat his now estranged girlfriend as a hostile witness. This is a request that the judge, with a knowing look, quickly grants. The scene provides an important reminder that even when a witness might formally be on your side, there could be one or more dynamics at work making your own witness "hostile" ........ Read more »

  • September 26, 2011
  • 08:25 AM

When facial disfiguration disgusts

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Last year, my then 16-year-old daughter volunteered at the SXSW Festival registration here in Austin. She came home after the first day and told me she had looked up from her computer workstation to assist the next person in line only to see a large birthmark covering 2/3 of his face and neck. She didn’t know [...]

Related posts:Beards and glasses: More ‘small stuff’ you might want to sweat
The Danger of Stereotyping: Does Gay + Black = Likable?
Maybe you better sweat the small stuff…........ Read more »

Miller, S., & Maner, J. (2011) Sick body, vigilant mind: The biological immune system activates the behavioral immune system. . Psychological Science. info:/

  • September 24, 2011
  • 06:58 PM

Language is not necessary for analogy

by Hannah Little in A Replicated Typo 2.0


Analogy is a trait thought to be uniquely human and the origin is largely unknown. Recent studies have suggested that some language trained apes can find relations between relations, which is thought to be what is at the root of analogy. However, a new study in the journal  Psychological Science  has tested baboons using shapes . . . → Read More: Language is not necessary for analogy... Read more »

  • September 24, 2011
  • 01:09 PM

Etruscan Rite & Roman Religion

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

“Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”
With this famous sentence, Jean-Jacques Rousseau begins his masterful critique of political power. Less well known is another sentence from The Social Contract (1762): “No State has ever been founded without Religion serving as its base.”
My reading of history is that Rousseau was right. State-formation [...]... Read more »

Briquel, Dominique. (2007) Tages Against Jesus: Etruscan Religion in Late Roman Empire. Etruscan Studies, 10(1), 153-161. info:/

  • September 23, 2011
  • 09:32 AM

Urban forests just aren’t the same

by Tim De Chant in Per Square Mile

If you were a squirrel living in Southeastern Wisconsin, you’d be pleasantly surprised by the state of things. In many places, there are as many—if not more—trees than there were 200 years ago. But that rosy image doesn’t tell the entire story. Comparing the forests that cover the cities and suburbs around Milwaukee—and likely in [...]... Read more »

  • September 22, 2011
  • 11:59 AM

I Can't Get No Job Satisfaction

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

Job satisfaction is like a complex mathematical equation that needs to be balanced. There are many factors that contribute to the mix, both good and bad. Hopefully the good things about a job will outweigh the bad. But what are the good things that contribute to the elusive but crucial job satisfaction?... Read more »

Ariely, D., Gneezy, U., Loewenstein, G., & Mazar, N. (2009) Large Stakes and Big Mistakes. Review of Economic Studies, 76(2), 451-469. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2009.00534.x  

  • September 22, 2011
  • 11:48 AM

Commodity Traitors: Financial Speculation on Commodities Fuels Global Insecurity

by Eric Michael Johnson in The Primate Diaries

“Food is always more or less in demand,” wrote Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations. While the founder of modern capitalism pointed out that the wealthy consume no more food than their poor neighbors, because the “desire of food is limited in every man by the narrow capacity of the human stomach,” the desire [...]

... Read more »

Marco Lagi, Yavni Bar-Yam, Karla Z. Bertrand, & Yaneer Bar-Yam. (2011) The Food Crises: A quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion. New England Complex Systems Institute. info:/

  • September 22, 2011
  • 09:25 AM

Careful, Your Animation May Be Promoting Hindsight

by Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm in Persuasive Litigator

Standing in front of a legal fact-finder you need to visually persuade and you also need to defeat the psychological biases that can harm your case. But here is a terrible thought: What if one of the best tools of visual persuasion has the unintended side-effect of promoting an often-harmful psychological bias? Well, the bad news according to recent studies is it does. This post takes a look at the research, as well as the recommendations on creating animations that teach without biasing. ... Read more »

Florian Fessel and Neal J. Roese. (2011) Hindsight Bias, Visual Aids, and Legal Decision Making: Timing is Everything. Social and Personality Psychology Compass , 5(4), 180-193. info:/

  • September 22, 2011
  • 09:14 AM

Degeneracy, Evolution and Language

by Wintz in A Replicated Typo 2.0


Having had several months off, I thought I’d kick things off by looking at a topic that’s garnered considerable interest in evolutionary theory, known as degeneracy. As a concept, degeneracy is a well known characteristic of biological systems, and is found in the genetic code (many different nucleotide sequences encode a polypeptide) and immune responses (populations . . . → Read More: Degeneracy, Evolution and Language... Read more »

  • September 22, 2011
  • 06:30 AM

Students don't lose their ability to think scientifically

by Marie-Claire Shanahan in Boundary Vision

Taking a critical look at assertions that children are natural scientists who lose their abilities as they mature.... Read more »

  • September 21, 2011
  • 02:09 PM

Consciousness, Dreams & The Supernatural

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

The notion of binaries or opposites is deeply entrenched in Western culture and thought. Although it seems perfectly natural to perceive and categorize the world in terms of dichotomies (black-white, either-or), what seems natural is actually learned. Our teacher in this regard is Aristotle, who was so impressed by the Pythagorean Table of Opposites that [...]... Read more »

  • September 21, 2011
  • 02:25 AM

Antidepressants In The UK

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Antidepressant sales have been rising for many years in Western countries, as regular Neuroskeptic readers  will remember.Most of the studies on antidepressant use come from the USA and the UK, although the pattern also seems to hold for other European countries. The rapid rise of antidepressants from niche drugs to mega-sellers is perhaps the single biggest change in the way medicine treats mental illness since the invention of psychiatric drugs.But while a rise in sales has been observed ........ Read more »

Lockhart, P. and Guthrie, B. (2011) Trends in primary care antidepressant prescribing 1995–2007. British Journal of General Practice. info:/

  • September 20, 2011
  • 08:55 AM

The Downside of College Rankings

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

The new U.S. News and World Report college rankings were released last week and Andrew Hacker and Claudia Dreyfus have a nice rundown of why they should be taken with a grain of salt. Of course the real problem with the rankings is not that they are inaccurate or based on accounting gimmicks, it’s that [...]... Read more »

Espeland, W. N., and M. Sauder. (2007) Rankings and reactivity: How public measures recreate social worlds. American Journal of Sociology, 1-40. info:/

  • September 19, 2011
  • 03:29 PM

Seeing is believing?

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

I am slowly wending my way through a long, complex and incredibly important article by a group of researchers and clinicians writing about the social element of pain.  The basic premise of this paper is that while pain is a private experience, we are social creatures.  As social creatures, we communicate about things that are … Read more... Read more »

Hadjistavropoulos, T., Craig, K., Duck, S., Cano, A., Goubert, L., Jackson, P., Mogil, J., Rainville, P., Sullivan, M., de C. Williams, A.... (2011) A biopsychosocial formulation of pain communication. Psychological Bulletin. DOI: 10.1037/a0023876  

  • September 19, 2011
  • 07:02 AM

Does wondering about co-worker sexual preference impair concentration?

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

This is one of those studies that rubs me the wrong way. It really is not your business if your colleague is gay or not. And why would you worry about it to the point it has negative impact on your math ability? But evidently, many folks do. Researchers had 27 male UCLA undergraduates placed in [...]

Related posts:The Danger of Stereotyping: Does Gay + Black = Likable?
Wearing your religion on your face
Lighter Skin, More Like Me
... Read more »

Everly, B., Shih, M., & Ho, G. (2011) Don’t ask, Don’t Tell? Does disclosure of gay identity affect partner performance? . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. info:/

  • September 19, 2011
  • 06:26 AM

How to break free of the wrong career

by Fiona Beukes in Ona76

I’m so glad that I have found Herminia Ibarra (2002) articles. She has a lot of useful comments on personal and career development. She is also very practically focused, which suits my EBI requirements. Ibarra (2002) also has a different take on the whole career redevelopment approach, which is outlined in her Harvard Business Review article [...]... Read more »

Ibarra H. (2002) How to stay stuck in the wrong career. Harvard business review, 80(12), 40. PMID: 12510536  

Kolb, D.A., & Fry, R. (1975) Towards an Applied Theory of experiential learning. Theories of Group Processes, 33-57. info:/

  • September 18, 2011
  • 08:29 PM

Account for the Graying of Your Jury Pool

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

By Dr. Ken Broda-Bahm - In a recent viral video on YouTube an old couple peers into a computer webcam, trying to figure out how to operate the device, not realizing that they are recording themselves. Beyond providing a charming vignette, the clip might also be seen as a window into the future of the American jury. As the pool of eligible and available jurors continues to get older, there are a few things to take into account, and a few misconceptions that the research tells us to set aside. Old........ Read more »

Darrell Worthy, Marissa Gorlick, Jennifer Pacheco, David Schnyer, W. Todd Maddox. (2011) With Age Comes Wisdom: Decision-Making in Younger and Older Adults. Psychological Science. info:/

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