by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
It was only a matter of time before tattoos hit our Simple Jury Persuasion series. We’ve written about when to hide your client’s tattoos; when tattoos might serve as a voir dire aid; tattoos as a way for you to assess juror morality; provided a tattoo location guide for quick ‘tattoo interpretations’; and given you [...]
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Simple Jury Persuasion: Human flaws bind us all
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In the academic literature at the intersection of economics and evolutionary biology, evolution of time preference (patience) is one area that has received much attention. This makes some sense, as most economic models that consider decisions over time include time preference. Time preference is normally included in the model through a discount rate of a [...]... Read more »
Hansson, I., & Stuart, C. (1990) Malthusian Selection of Preferences. The American Economic Review, 80(3), 529-544. info:/
Before there were materialist explanations of nature’s unpredictable fury, there were stories. These stories were not mere entertainment, but were attempts to make sense of that which was inexplicable. The world is of course an unpredictable place. We were powerfully reminded of this but one month ago, as an earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan.
Modern Japanese [...]... Read more »
McMillan, A. (2002) When the Mountain Dwarfs Danced: Aboriginal Traditions of Paleoseismic Events along the Cascadia Subduction Zone of Western North America. Ethnohistory, 49(1), 41-68. DOI: 10.1215/00141801-49-1-41
Cruikshank, Julie. (1992) Invention of Anthropology in British Columbia's Supreme Court: Oral Tradition as Evidence in Delgamuukw v. B.C. BC Studies, 25-42. info:other/
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
A warning that calls attention to a product's potential danger is obviously an important part of a company's litigation prevention and defense. But according to one recent statistic, a substantial portion of the public, and potential jury pool, may be a bit cynical on the question of whether warnings are designed to educate or just provide cover. In a 2010 Decision Analysis Survey on attitudes toward products liability litigation, fully 70% shared the belief that product warnings exist to prot........ Read more »
Decision Analysis. (2010) National Survey on Jury Attitudes: Product Liability. Lawyers USA Online. info:/
I’m working with a couple of people who are having a good deal of trouble maintaining a routine. Things like having a reasonably regular bedtime and wakeup time, eating regularly, having periods of energising activity, and periods of rest and relaxation. While some of our normal routines have been disrupted by the earthquake in Christchurch, … Read more... Read more »
Williams, J. (2000) The concepts of habit and routine: a preliminary theoretical synthesis. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 20(1), 100-105. info:/
Hat tip to Atif who brought this story to my attention this past November. Over the last three years the Bloomberg administration has created over 200 miles of bike lanes and passed several bicycle friendly laws. This has been to the detriment of infrastructure supporting car use. To me, this is great news but to others that have a special attachment to their cars, or fear delivery trucks won’t be able to make their morning deliveries, this is terrible news. A similar story is starting t........ Read more »
WHITEHEAD, T., SIMMONDS, D., & PRESTON, J. (2006) The effect of urban quality improvements on economic activity. Journal of Environmental Management, 80(1), 1-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.01.029
Lee, A., & March, A. (2010) Recognising the economic role of bikes: sharing parking in Lygon Street, Carlton. Australian Planner, 47(2), 85-93. DOI: 10.1080/07293681003767785
According to a major new report from Australia, social and family factors associated with autism are associated with a lower risk of intellectual disability - and vice versa. But why?The paper is from Leonard et al and it's published in PLoS ONE, so it's open access if you want to take a peek. The authors used a database system in the state of Western Australia which allowed them to find out what happened to all of the babies born between 1984 and 1999 who were still alive as of 2005. There were........ Read more »
Leonard H, Glasson E, Nassar N, Whitehouse A, Bebbington A, Bourke J, Jacoby P, Dixon G, Malacova E, Bower C.... (2011) Autism and intellectual disability are differentially related to sociodemographic background at birth. PloS one, 6(3). PMID: 21479223
The UK Government recently released Opening Doors, Breaking Barriers: A Strategy for Social Mobility. The report quotes some depressing statistics about social mobility in the UK. Only one in five young people from the poorest families achieve five good GCSEs, including English and maths, compared with three quarters from the richest families. 25% of children [...]... Read more »
Lent, R. (1994) Toward a Unifying Social Cognitive Theory of Career and Academic Interest, Choice, and Performance. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 45(1), 79-122. DOI: 10.1006/jvbe.1994.1027
MDMA (Ecstasy) Chemical StructureAnecdotal reports suggest that some users of ecstasy (3,4-methlenedioxymethamphetamine-MDMA) experience increased feelings of empathy and are more social while under influence of the drug. Such effects may contribute to the timing and frequency of ecstasy use and may also contribute to risk of abuse or dependence. Understanding this phenomenon in more detail might provide clinicians with better strategies to reduce use and the associated complications........ Read more »
Bedi G, Hyman D, & de Wit H. (2010) Is ecstasy an "empathogen"? Effects of ±3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine on prosocial feelings and identification of emotional states in others. Biological psychiatry, 68(12), 1134-40. PMID: 20947066
I can imagine what you’re thinking: In a fight between humans and robots, we would win hands-down – we can just pull their plug out! But robots have come a long way in recent years. Bill Gates recently said that we are standing at the dawn of a new era in robotics, likening this present … Continue reading »... Read more »
Lin, P., Abney, K., & Bekey, G. (2011) Robot ethics: Mapping the issues for a mechanized world. Artificial Intelligence, 175(5-6), 942-949. DOI: 10.1016/j.artint.2010.11.026
Spoiled milk: An experimental examination of bias against mothers who breastfeed From Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin While breastfeeding babies has numerous health advantages to both mother and child, mothers who breastfeed may find that other people look down on them and do not want to work with them. This study found that mothers who [...]... Read more »
Smith, J., Hawkinson, K., & Paull, K. (2011) Spoiled Milk: An Experimental Examination of Bias Against Mothers Who Breastfeed. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. DOI: 10.1177/0146167211401629
It’s cliché to say, “Everything that’s old is new again,” but boy if it isn’t true sometimes. I recently unearthed a monograph from 1942 about the conflict between urban and rural land uses, and a number of sections read like they were written yesterday. George Wehrwein, the author of the monograph and a well respected [...]... Read more »
Sustainability is as much about personal decisions as it is about broad social movements or top-down government rules. Those personal decisions are rooted deeply in how we behave as human beings, and that is something that science is far from understanding. Adam Smith once said “we are not ready to suspect any person [...]... Read more »
Agrawal, A. (2003) SUSTAINABLE GOVERNANCE OF COMMON-POOL RESOURCES: Context, Methods, and Politics. Annual Review of Anthropology, 32(1), 243-262. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.anthro.32.061002.093112
ROBBINS, P. (2006) The politics of barstool biology: Environmental knowledge and power in greater Northern Yellowstone. Geoforum, 37(2), 185-199. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2004.11.011
Johnson, C. (2004) Uncommon Ground: The 'Poverty of History' in Common Property Discourse. Development and Change, 35(3), 407-434. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7660.2004.00359.x
Sit down, kids, and get ready for a show. You’re about to see how a dumb rap star intent on killing people, golden retriever puppies and the newest edition of Nature: Climate Change are linked. On Saturday, I gave a … Continue reading →... Read more »
Nick Pidgeon, & Baruch Fischhoff. (2011) The role of social and decision sciences in communicating uncertain climate risks. Nature Climate change, 35-41. info:/10.1038/nclimate1080
From International Social Work With the recent devastating events that have struck Japan, our thoughts turn to the heart breaking aftermath the people face. The challenges are overwhelming for all, but hardest for the most vulnerable in society. Lessons may be learned from similar incidents across the globe, this article explores the way Iranian children [...]... Read more »
Doostgharin, T. (2009) Children affected by earthquakes and their immediate emotional needs. International Social Work, 52(1), 96-106. DOI: 10.1177/0020872808093346
by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator
For an upcoming opening statement or closing argument, your gestures are probably the last thing on your mind...until you actually get up to speak. Then, the commentator in your brain might be asking, "why am I gripping the sides of this lectern?" or "Is there a way I can make myself stop these meaningless chopping motions?" In this post, I want to answer the speaker's age-old question, "but what do I do with my hands?" by focusing on some recent studies on the communicative role of gestures, ........ Read more »
Maricchiolo, F.; Gnisci, A.; Bonaiuto, M., . (2009) Effects of different types of hand gesturs in persuasive speech on receivers' evaluations. Language and Cognitive Processes, 24(2), 239-266. info:/
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
Robert DeNiro’s classic line in Taxi Driver demonstrates the findings of new research. Staring contests happen automatically and they are dominance contests. When eyes are locked, if you are aggressive, you stare and do not break the gaze. And you can’t help it. Researchers timed how long it took to look away from angry faces and [...]
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Terburg D, Hooiveld N, Aarts H, Kenemans JL, & van Honk J. (2011) Eye Tracking Unconscious Face-to-Face Confrontations: Dominance Motives Prolong Gaze to Masked Angry Faces. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 22(3), 314-9. PMID: 21303993
This past week, British newspapers carried sensational headlines about an archaeological find in Prague: “First Homosexual Caveman Found” (The Telegraph) and “Oldest Gay in the Village: 5,000 Year Old is ‘Outed’ By the Way He Was Buried” (Daily Mail). Although the assemblage in question has not been published in a journal, the archaeologists called a [...]... Read more »
Grosman, L., Munro, N., & Belfer-Cohen, A. (2008) A 12,000-year-old Shaman burial from the southern Levant (Israel). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(46), 17665-17669. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0806030105
Are you getting excited about the Royal Wedding yet? (Even if you’re not, Brits have an extra day off work to look forward to!) In a world with frighteningly high divorce rates, and facing a life in the limelight, is there really any hope that the royal marriage can survive a lifetime? Well here are some [...]... Read more »
Wilcox, W., & Dew, J. (2010) Is love a flimsy foundation? Soulmate versus institutional models of marriage☆. Social Science Research, 39(5), 687-699. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2010.05.006
Xenophobic exclusion has been ubiquitous throughout history. However, the explanation of such a phenomenon has been little understood. Interesting research conducted by Stapel and Lindenberg published in the latest Science has brought us closer to some answers. They found that people who are in a disordered environment (e.g. unclean subway station) exhibit greater discriminatory behavior (e.g. decision to sit further away from a black person compared to a white person). The author........ Read more »
Stapel DA, & Lindenberg S. (2011) Coping with chaos: how disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 251-3. PMID: 21474762
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