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  • December 17, 2010
  • 09:06 AM
  • 1,803 views

Doctors happier to prescribe sex drugs than smart drugs

by Caspar Addyman in Your Brain on Drugs

A new survey of family doctors in North America has found that they are more comfortable prescribing viagra than modafinil or ritalin. The new study in PLoS ONE was conducted by Opeyemi Banjo, Roland Nadler and Peter Reiner, three neuroethicists at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. They were interested in doctor’s attitudes to pharmacological cognitive enhancers (or smart drugs as we stupid people call them)... Read more »

  • December 17, 2010
  • 07:07 AM
  • 1,354 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Use Christian religious concepts to increase racial prejudice

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We’ve written a lot about racial biases in the courtroom.  As regular readers of this blog know, we look for ways to mitigate the impact of racial biases. We believe in social justice. We also know (although we don’t like it much) that there are times when in the interests of advocacy, it is important [...]


Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: When to talk about racial bias and when to stay quiet
Simple Jury Persuasion: Countering jury decision-making biases
Simple Jury Persuasion: You l........ Read more »

Johnson, MK, Rowatt, WC, & LaBouff, J. (2010) Priming Christian religious concepts increases racial prejudice. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(2). info:/

  • December 16, 2010
  • 02:00 AM
  • 437 views

Could economics solve the prison crisis?

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Probation Journal This study suggests that economists have a unique opportunity to help solve the prison crisis by bringing sophisticated economic modelling techniques to bear on the problem. Over the last decade prison numbers risen sharply in England and Wales and are set to rise further. As of January 2010 the prison population was [...]... Read more »

Fox, C., & Albertson, K. (2010) Could economics solve the prison crisis?. Probation Journal, 57(3), 263-280. DOI: 10.1177/0264550510379883  

  • December 15, 2010
  • 05:37 PM
  • 517 views

The evolution of dissent

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

If religion is a virus, then perhaps the spread of religion can be understood through the lens of evolutionary theory. Perhaps cultural evolution can be modelled using the same mathematical tools applied to genetic evolution.

Well, that's overly simplistic, of course - as anyone who's followed the 'meme' controversy over the years will know. In fact, the authors of the paper I'm writing up today - Michael Doebli and Iaroslav Ispolatov at the University of  British Columbia - studiously avo........ Read more »

Doebeli M, & Ispolatov I. (2010) A model for the evolutionary diversification of religions. Journal of theoretical biology, 267(4), 676-84. PMID: 20854828  

  • December 15, 2010
  • 04:31 PM
  • 677 views

The Insidious Lack of Objectivity Colors Our Perceptions

by DJ Busby in Astronasty

The studies explained were focused on perceived predictability (and available future options or opportunities) of oneself in in contrast to those around them. In essence, the research exposes a trend of subjective egocentric thinking and denial. We color our experiences by the filter of our world view. It's sad to see that our lack of objectivity also colors our perception of the personalities and behavior of those we are in contact with. ... Read more »

Pronin, E., & Kugler, M. (2010) People believe they have more free will than others. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1012046108  

  • December 15, 2010
  • 03:49 PM
  • 1,013 views

Childhood Trauma, Male Suicide Risk

by Ultimo167 in Strong Silent Types

It seems sensible and seductive to suggest that child abuse causes mental disorder and that mental disorder aggravates the risk for male suicide. However, contrary to what Mandelli et al. (2010) might argue here, I would protest that attempting to squeeze such a multi-faceted and fluid problematic into a thimble is a circus trick beyond reason. ... Read more »

  • December 15, 2010
  • 02:07 PM
  • 637 views

Sociologie en boîte vs. analyse des réseaux sociaux

by ---a in Bodyspacesociety.eu

PDF de mon article "'Petites boîtes' et individualisme en réseau. Les usages socialisants du Web en débat", tout juste paru dans Les Annales des Mines, série Réalités Industrielles (novembre 2010).... Read more »

Antonio A. Casilli. (2010) "'Petites boîtes' et individualisme en réseau. Les usages socialisants du Web en débat". Annales des Mines (série "Réalités Industrielles"), 216(4), 54-59. info:/

  • December 15, 2010
  • 07:07 AM
  • 693 views

The ‘artful dodge’: The danger of a smooth talker

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

In 1992, Sade sang ‘Smooth Operator’.  Almost two decades later we have research confirming that a smooth talker wins the day still. Put more bluntly—style trumps substance (particularly when that substance is delivered poorly). We say we want information, but really we want infotainment. Todd Rogers and Michael Norton (both at Harvard) showed participants different [...]


Related posts:Questions, rabbit trails and how to know when a bear is “disturbed”
When identifying punishment—........ Read more »

Rogers T, & Norton MI. (2010) People often trust eloquence more than honesty. Harvard business review, 88(11), 36-7. PMID: 21049679  

  • December 15, 2010
  • 02:00 AM
  • 361 views

Experiencing different cultures enhances creativity

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

When in Rome…Learn why the Romans do what they do:  how multicultural learning experiences facilitate creativity   From Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin   This research reveals that creativity can be enhanced by experiencing cultures different from one’s own. Three studies looked at students who had lived abroad and those who hadn’t, testing them on [...]... Read more »

  • December 14, 2010
  • 10:40 PM
  • 819 views

Mythbusting booze: Absorbing alcohol through feet?!?

by Michael Slezak in Good, Bad, and Bogus

Yeah — I didn’t think this was a belief that anyone held either. But apparently it’s Danish urban folklore that you can become drunk by submerging your feet in an...... Read more »

Christian Stevns Hansen, Louise Holmsgaard Færch, Peter Lommer Kristensen. (2010) Testing the validity of the Danish urban myth that alcohol can be absorbed through feet: open labelled self experimental study. The British Medical Journal. info:/10.1136/bmj.c6812

  • December 14, 2010
  • 02:00 AM
  • 374 views

Are internet daters more likely to lie about themselves?

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Strategic misrepresentation in online dating: The effects of gender, self-monitoring, and personality traits   From Journal of Social and Personal Relationships  Internet dating is a growing trend, but can we trust the information that people provide about themselves via online dating services? The researchers in this study investigated over 5000 individuals dating online, using surveys [...]... Read more »

  • December 13, 2010
  • 04:48 PM
  • 1,376 views

At a Loss for Words: Modern Lessons From a Lost Language

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

It's hard to imagine that knowledge could be lost today. Technology seems to have put the ability to know almost everything within our grasp. So when researchers announced that they had "found" a previously unknown Peruvian language earlier this year, it was strangely tantalizing. Here was knowledge that we couldn't Google. We could plumb the archives and look for clues that might offer answers, but true understanding would not be easily attainable. And in all likelihood, we would have to resign........ Read more »

  • December 13, 2010
  • 01:31 PM
  • 499 views

Knowing how is not equal to doing

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

There have been several attempts to develop a standardised approach to self management – one of the most popular in New Zealand is the Flinders Program (TM). This is a programme developed in Australia from the 1990 Australian Coordinated Care Trials. It’s based on cognitive behavioural therapy, includes problem solving and motivational interviewing techniques, and … Read more... Read more »

M Horsburgh, J Bycroft, F Goodyear-Smith, D Roy, F Mahony, E Donnell, D Miller. (2010) The Flinders Program of Chronic Condition Self-Management in New Zealand: Survey findings. Journal of Primary Health Care, 2(4), 288-293. info:/

  • December 13, 2010
  • 12:36 PM
  • 983 views

Redefining Great Britain

by GrrlScientist in Maniraptora

SUMMARY: This new research describes a clever way to redefine and redraw geographical areas using telephone communication networks... Read more »

Carlo Ratti, Stanislav Sobolevsky, Francesco Calabrese, Clio Andris, Jonathan Reades, Mauro Martino, Rob Claxton, & Steven H. Strogatz. (2010) Redrawing the Map of Great Britain from a Network of Human Interactions. . PLoS ONE, 5(12). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0014248

  • December 13, 2010
  • 11:53 AM
  • 800 views

Where stalkers become friends: Geo-tagging on Flickr

by Jon Wilkins in Lost in Transcription

So, you probably remember this from the most recent episode of The Mentalist / Bones / Castle / Criminal Minds / Numb3rs:

SEXY YET PROFESSIONAL DETECTIVE: What have we got?SASSY JUNIOR DETECTIVE: Nothing. All of our leads have dried up like Cher's ovaries.GRUFF SENIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIAL: We've got to wrap this thing up. I've got the mayor breathing down my neck.MAYOR: Hhhhhhhhhh. Hhhhhhhhhh.G.S.L.E.O.: And now he's drooling.S.Y.P.D.: We'll keep after it, but we're a bit short-handed after........ Read more »

Crandall, D., Backstrom, L., Cosley, D., Suri, S., Huttenlocher, D., & Kleinberg, J. (2010) Inferring social ties from geographic coincidences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1006155107  

  • December 13, 2010
  • 11:32 AM
  • 1,541 views

Cognitive enhancement goes Hollywood

by Bradley Voytek in Oscillatory Thoughts

My pals Kevin and m1k3y over at grinding.be recently posted about a little viral-intent video for the upcoming movie starring Bradley Cooper: Limitless.I'm intentionally trying to not read too much about this movie beforehand, so I can't really give a plot synopsis beyond what I've gathered from the YouTube video and Wikipedia write-up. But from what I've gleaned, apparently Bradley Cooper's character gets hold of an experimental drug ("NZT"), and quickly finds that it greatly enhances his cogni........ Read more »

Greely, H., Sahakian, B., Harris, J., Kessler, R., Gazzaniga, M., Campbell, P., & Farah, M. (2008) Towards responsible use of cognitive-enhancing drugs by the healthy. Nature, 456(7223), 702-705. DOI: 10.1038/456702a  

Maher, B. (2008) Poll results: look who's doping. Nature, 452(7188), 674-675. DOI: 10.1038/452674a  

  • December 13, 2010
  • 06:07 AM
  • 951 views

When cross-examination [of the expert witness] offends

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Your witnesses can make your case. They can also make your case a dog.  I was called several months ago to do witness preparation for trial on a commercial case that was, before our key witnesses flamed out in deposition, viewed as a mid-7 figure case.  After a dismal deposition performance, the plaintiff attorneys that [...]


Related posts:Overdoing it: Is there such a thing as too little anxiety in your witness?
“I didn’t know truth had a gender”
Tattoos: When should you clean up your........ Read more »

  • December 13, 2010
  • 05:45 AM
  • 2,297 views

Redefining Great Britain

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

This research paper describes a clever way to redefine and redraw geographical areas using telephone communication networks... Read more »

Carlo Ratti, Stanislav Sobolevsky, Francesco Calabrese, Clio Andris, Jonathan Reades, Mauro Martino, Rob Claxton, & Steven H. Strogatz. (2010) Redrawing the Map of Great Britain from a Network of Human Interactions. . PLoS ONE, 5(12). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0014248

  • December 12, 2010
  • 05:34 PM
  • 764 views

Speaking of Ester Boserup

by teofilo in Gambler's House

The paper I discussed earlier on the connection between plow-based agriculture and highly inegalitarian gender roles was based on a theory proposed by Ester Boserup.  Boserup was a Danish economist who had a lot of interesting ideas about the relationship between population growth and agricultural intensification.  She’s best known for arguing that intensification of agricultural [...]... Read more »

  • December 12, 2010
  • 02:05 PM
  • 1,469 views

The painful legacy of torture

by Lorimer Moseley in BodyInMind

Torture has received a great deal of deserved media attention in recent years. In large part this is due to people who should know better somewhat shamelessly jumping through legal hoops in attempts to distinguish which ways of abusing their fellow humans are acceptable and distinct from torture. This should be surprising in the current [...]... Read more »

Williams AC, Peña CR, & Rice AS. (2010) Persistent pain in survivors of torture: a cohort study. Journal of pain and symptom management, 40(5), 715-22. PMID: 20678891  

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