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  • April 15, 2011
  • 07:10 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Tattoo you?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

It was only a matter of time before tattoos hit our Simple Jury Persuasion series. We’ve written about when to hide your client’s tattoos; when tattoos might serve as a voir dire aid; tattoos as a way for you to assess juror morality; provided a tattoo location guide for quick ‘tattoo interpretations’; and given you [...]

Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: You lookin’ at me?
Simple Jury Persuasion: Human flaws bind us all
Simple Jury Persuasion: Are those folks in the jury box thi........ Read more »

Wiseman DB. (2010) Perceptions of a tattooed college instructor. Psychological reports, 106(3), 845-50. PMID: 20712173  

  • April 15, 2011
  • 05:56 AM

Natural selection and saving

by Jason Collins in Evolving Economics

In the academic literature at the intersection of economics and evolutionary biology, evolution of time preference (patience) is one area that has received much attention. This makes some sense, as most economic models that consider decisions over time include time preference. Time preference is normally included in the model through a discount rate of a [...]... Read more »

Hansson, I., & Stuart, C. (1990) Malthusian Selection of Preferences. The American Economic Review, 80(3), 529-544. info:/

  • April 14, 2011
  • 03:07 PM

Mountain Dwarfs & Earthquakes

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

Before there were materialist explanations of nature’s unpredictable fury, there were stories. These stories were not mere entertainment, but were attempts to make sense of that which was inexplicable. The world is of course an unpredictable place. We were powerfully reminded of this but one month ago, as an earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan.
Modern Japanese [...]... Read more »

Cruikshank, Julie. (1992) Invention of Anthropology in British Columbia's Supreme Court: Oral Tradition as Evidence in Delgamuukw v. B.C. BC Studies, 25-42. info:other/

  • April 14, 2011
  • 10:56 AM

Aim Your Product Warnings at "FYI" and Not Just "CYA"

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

A warning that calls attention to a product's potential danger is obviously an important part of a company's litigation prevention and defense. But according to one recent statistic, a substantial portion of the public, and potential jury pool, may be a bit cynical on the question of whether warnings are designed to educate or just provide cover. In a 2010 Decision Analysis Survey on attitudes toward products liability litigation, fully 70% shared the belief that product warnings exist to prot........ Read more »

Decision Analysis. (2010) National Survey on Jury Attitudes: Product Liability. Lawyers USA Online. info:/

  • April 13, 2011
  • 03:24 PM

Daily routines: a framework for healthy living

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

I’m working with a couple of people who are having a good deal of trouble maintaining a routine.  Things like having a reasonably regular bedtime and wakeup time, eating regularly, having periods of energising activity, and periods of rest and relaxation.  While some of our normal routines have been disrupted by the earthquake in Christchurch, … Read more... Read more »

Williams, J. (2000) The concepts of habit and routine: a preliminary theoretical synthesis. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 20(1), 100-105. info:/

  • April 13, 2011
  • 02:51 PM

Battle of the bike lanes - in NYC and now Ottawa-Gatineau?

by Megan Carter in Verdant Nation

Hat tip to Atif who brought this story to my attention this past November.  Over the last three years the Bloomberg administration has created over 200 miles of bike lanes and passed several bicycle friendly laws. This has been to the detriment of infrastructure supporting car use. To me, this is great news but to others that have a special attachment to their cars, or fear delivery trucks won’t be able to make their morning deliveries, this is terrible news. A similar story is starting t........ Read more »

  • April 13, 2011
  • 01:49 PM

Who Gets Autism?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

According to a major new report from Australia, social and family factors associated with autism are associated with a lower risk of intellectual disability - and vice versa. But why?The paper is from Leonard et al and it's published in PLoS ONE, so it's open access if you want to take a peek. The authors used a database system in the state of Western Australia which allowed them to find out what happened to all of the babies born between 1984 and 1999 who were still alive as of 2005. There were........ Read more »

Leonard H, Glasson E, Nassar N, Whitehouse A, Bebbington A, Bourke J, Jacoby P, Dixon G, Malacova E, Bower C.... (2011) Autism and intellectual disability are differentially related to sociodemographic background at birth. PloS one, 6(3). PMID: 21479223  

  • April 13, 2011
  • 12:31 PM

Social mobility needs more than paid internships

by David Winter in Careers - in Theory

The UK Government recently released Opening Doors, Breaking Barriers: A Strategy for Social Mobility. The report quotes some depressing statistics about social mobility in the UK. Only one in five young people from the poorest families achieve five good GCSEs, including English and maths, compared with three quarters from the richest families. 25% of children [...]... Read more »

  • April 13, 2011
  • 10:44 AM

Ecstasy Acute Effects on Social Cognition

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

MDMA (Ecstasy) Chemical StructureAnecdotal reports suggest that some users of ecstasy (3,4-methlenedioxymethamphetamine-MDMA) experience increased feelings of empathy and are more social while under influence of the drug.  Such effects may contribute to the timing and frequency of ecstasy use and may also contribute to risk of abuse or dependence.  Understanding this phenomenon in more detail might provide clinicians with better strategies to reduce use and the associated complications........ Read more »

  • April 13, 2011
  • 06:30 AM

Are there Robots in your Backyard? Experts Give Urgent Warning about Spy Robots!

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

I can imagine what you’re thinking: In a fight between humans and robots, we would win hands-down – we can just pull their plug out! But robots have come a long way in recent years. Bill Gates recently said that we are standing at the dawn of a new era in robotics, likening this present … Continue reading »... Read more »

Lin, P., Abney, K., & Bekey, G. (2011) Robot ethics: Mapping the issues for a mechanized world. Artificial Intelligence, 175(5-6), 942-949. DOI: 10.1016/j.artint.2010.11.026  

Calo, M. (2011) Peeping Hals. Artificial Intelligence, 175(5-6), 940-941. DOI: 10.1016/j.artint.2010.11.025  

  • April 13, 2011
  • 03:00 AM

Is breast best? Or chosen by less competent women?: An examination of bias against breastfeeding mothers

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Spoiled milk: An experimental examination of bias against mothers who breastfeed From Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  While breastfeeding babies has numerous health advantages to both mother and child, mothers who breastfeed may find that other people look down on them and do not want to work with them. This study found that mothers who [...]... Read more »

  • April 12, 2011
  • 03:10 PM

The rural-urban fringe, circa 1942

by Tim De Chant in Per Square Mile

It’s cliché to say, “Everything that’s old is new again,” but boy if it isn’t true sometimes. I recently unearthed a monograph from 1942 about the conflict between urban and rural land uses, and a number of sections read like they were written yesterday. George Wehrwein, the author of the monograph and a well respected [...]... Read more »

Wehrwein, G. (1942) The Rural-Urban Fringe. Economic Geography, 18(3), 217. DOI: 10.2307/141123  

  • April 12, 2011
  • 01:00 PM

Assumptions on Human Behavior

by Bluegrass Blue Crab in Southern Fried Science

Sustainability is as much about personal decisions as it is about broad social movements or top-down government rules. Those personal decisions are rooted deeply in how we behave as human beings, and that is something that science is far from understanding. Adam Smith once said “we are not ready to suspect any person [...]... Read more »

  • April 12, 2011
  • 08:30 AM

Kill the communication status quo. With guns.

by David Robertson in David Robertson

Sit down, kids, and get ready for a show. You’re about to see how a dumb rap star intent on killing people, golden retriever puppies and the newest edition of Nature: Climate Change are linked. On Saturday, I gave a … Continue reading →... Read more »

Nick Pidgeon, & Baruch Fischhoff. (2011) The role of social and decision sciences in communicating uncertain climate risks. Nature Climate change, 35-41. info:/10.1038/nclimate1080

  • April 12, 2011
  • 03:00 AM

Children affected by earthquakes and their immediate emotional needs

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From International Social Work With the recent devastating events that have struck Japan, our thoughts turn to the heart breaking aftermath the people face.  The challenges are overwhelming for all, but hardest for the most vulnerable in society. Lessons may be learned from similar incidents across the globe, this article explores the way Iranian children [...]... Read more »

  • April 11, 2011
  • 11:33 AM

Go Ahead and Talk with Your Hands, But Know What You're Saying

by Persuasion Strategies in Persuasive Litigator

For an upcoming opening statement or closing argument, your gestures are probably the last thing on your mind...until you actually get up to speak. Then, the commentator in your brain might be asking, "why am I gripping the sides of this lectern?" or "Is there a way I can make myself stop these meaningless chopping motions?" In this post, I want to answer the speaker's age-old question, "but what do I do with my hands?" by focusing on some recent studies on the communicative role of gestures, ........ Read more »

Cook SW, Mitchell Z, & Goldin-Meadow S. (2008) Gesturing makes learning last. Cognition, 106(2), 1047-58. PMID: 17560971  

Maricchiolo, F.; Gnisci, A.; Bonaiuto, M., . (2009) Effects of different types of hand gesturs in persuasive speech on receivers' evaluations. Language and Cognitive Processes, 24(2), 239-266. info:/

  • April 11, 2011
  • 07:10 AM

Want to be more likeable? Blink!

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Robert DeNiro’s classic line in Taxi Driver demonstrates the findings of new research. Staring contests happen automatically and they are dominance contests. When eyes are locked, if you are aggressive, you stare and do not break the gaze. And you can’t help it. Researchers timed how long it took to look away from angry faces and [...]

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Quick trial tips: Blinking, babies and on the left!
In the face of the unexpected: Be........ Read more »

Terburg D, Hooiveld N, Aarts H, Kenemans JL, & van Honk J. (2011) Eye Tracking Unconscious Face-to-Face Confrontations: Dominance Motives Prolong Gaze to Masked Angry Faces. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 22(3), 314-9. PMID: 21303993  

  • April 10, 2011
  • 03:29 PM

Gay Cavemen & Buried Shamans

by Cris Campbell in Genealogy of Religion

This past week, British newspapers carried sensational headlines about an archaeological find in Prague: “First Homosexual Caveman Found” (The Telegraph) and “Oldest Gay in the Village: 5,000 Year Old is ‘Outed’ By the Way He Was Buried” (Daily Mail). Although the assemblage in question has not been published in a journal, the archaeologists called a [...]... Read more »

Grosman, L., Munro, N., & Belfer-Cohen, A. (2008) A 12,000-year-old Shaman burial from the southern Levant (Israel). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(46), 17665-17669. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0806030105  

  • April 10, 2011
  • 04:40 AM

Is Love Enough? Science Shows 6 Ways Kate and Wills can have a lasting Royal Marriage!

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

Are you getting excited about the Royal Wedding yet? (Even if you’re not, Brits have an extra day off work to look forward to!) In a world with frighteningly high divorce rates, and facing a life in the limelight, is there really any hope that the royal marriage can survive a lifetime? Well here are some [...]... Read more »

  • April 9, 2011
  • 12:11 PM

Disorder promotes stereotyping

by William Lu in The Quantum Lobe Chronicles

Xenophobic exclusion has been ubiquitous throughout history. However, the explanation of such a phenomenon has been little understood. Interesting research conducted by Stapel and Lindenberg published in the latest Science has brought us closer to some answers. They found that people who are in a disordered environment (e.g. unclean subway station) exhibit greater discriminatory behavior (e.g. decision to sit further away from a black person compared to a white person). The author........ Read more »

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