From Global Health Promotion There is increasing evidence indicating that well-being in high-income societies may be in decline. One influential theory for this trend blames the driving values of materialism, individualism and consumerism in ‘modern’ societies, which in turn exert a damaging influence on well-being. These trends lead to an increase of social and health [...]... Read more »
Hanlon, P., & Carlisle, S. (2009) Is 'modern culture' bad for our health and well-being?. Global Health Promotion, 16(4), 27-34. DOI: 10.1177/1757975909348113
John DeLong (Yale University, United States) and coworkers present a paradoxical finding, namely that a lack of available energy supplies will enable the human population to keep on growing, rather than stabilize, in the coming decades. This news feature was written on October 5, 2010.... Read more »
DeLong, J. P., Burger, O., & Hamilton, M. J. (2010) Current Demographics Suggest Future Energy Supplies Will Be Inadequate to Slow Human Population Growth. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013206
When we think of human population change and resource use, it’s easy to assume that more people will consume more resources, such as water, energy, and food. An important corollary is that resource limitations will limit population growth. Thomas Malthus was perhaps the most influential proponent of this idea.
However, several factors complicate this story:
(1) Affluence [...]... Read more »
DeLong, J., Burger, O., & Hamilton, M. (2010) Current Demographics Suggest Future Energy Supplies Will Be Inadequate to Slow Human Population Growth. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013206
This paper examines the costs and benefits of single versus multiple sourcing strategies, dependent on probability and consequences of supply disruption, vendor price escalation, inventory and schedule issues, technology access and quality control. [ ... ]... Read more »
Treleven, M. (1988) A risk/benefit analysis of sourcing strategies: Single vs. multiple sourcing. Journal of Operations Management, 7(3-4), 93-114. DOI: 10.1016/0272-6963(81)90007-3
Much has been said about the female preference for resources and the male preference for physical attractiveness, but at the time of James R. Roney's (2003) writing little had been done to tease out cognitive mechanisms that underlie this adaptive preference.Roney thus set out to ascertain the ability of ecological cues to prime and activate psychological constructs related to mate attraction and establish linkages between human mating and social cognition.In his first study, participants - youn........ Read more »
Roney, J. (2003) Effects of Visual Exposure to the Opposite Sex: Cognitive Aspects of Mate Attraction in Human Males. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(3), 393-404. DOI: 10.1177/0146167202250221
Intelligence isn’t the only thing that affects your education: family, culture, and other factors are important, too. A new study published in Psychological Science, compared identical and fraternal twins in ... Read more »
Johnson, W., Deary, I.J., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., & Rasmussen, F. (2010) Family background buys an education in Minnesota but not in Sweden. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science / APS. PMID: 20679521
Climate change and communicable disease: what are the risks? From Journal of Infection Prevention There is an increasing amount of evidence acknowledging that infectious diseases are associated with heatwaves, storms, floods, fires, and droughts. While we are often made aware of the detrimental effects of climate change on agriculture, fisheries, ecosystems and economies, these in turn [...]... Read more »
Nichols, A., Richardson, J., & Maynard, V. (2010) Climate change and communicable disease: what are the risks?. Journal of Infection Prevention, 11(5), 146-148. DOI: 10.1177/1757177410364869
During the colonisation of various territories in tropical climates, illness and disease was a common problem. To some extent, the life of an officer posted to such places could be measured in months. As well as diseases that affected people there were animal diseases such as Rhinderpest, and plant diseases too. One way an individual could over come such harsh climates was to carry with him his trusty medicine chest.Johnson (2008) states that in 1912, the Burroughs Wellcome & Co. felt t........ Read more »
Johnson, R. (2008) Tabloid Brand Medicine Chests: Selling Health and Hygiene for the British Tropical Colonies. Science as Culture, 17(3), 249-268. DOI: 10.1080/09505430802280735
Jones, M. (2004) Heroines of lonely outposts or tools of the empire? British nurses in Britain's model colony: Ceylon, 1878-1948. Nursing Inquiry, 11(3), 148-160. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1800.2004.00224.x
Worboys, M. (2000) The Colonial World as Mission and Mandate: Leprosy and Empire, 1900-1940. Osiris, 15(1), 207-218. DOI: 10.1086/649327
This year’s Ignobel Prizes have been announced. Among the winners are an engineering solution to the problem of collecting whale snot, a prize in Medicine for the people who discovered that asthma can be treated by putting the patient on a roller coaster (I’m having a hard time imagining clinical trials for this!), a Peace [...]... Read more »
Pluchino, A., Rapisarda, A., & Garofalo, C. (2010) The Peter principle revisited: A computational study. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 389(3), 467-472. DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.09.045
At the end of the 19th Century, the ground-breaking sociologist Émile Durkheim made an important discovery: across Europe, Protestant regions had a higher suicide rate that Catholic regions. This, he said, was because Catholicism created more integrated societies. In today's parlance, Catholicism generates more social capital.
Since then many studies reinforced this theory, showing that Catholicism, and indeed religion in general, seems to protect against suicide. Unfortunately, almost all the........ Read more »
Spoerri A, Zwahlen M, Bopp M, Gutzwiller F, Egger M, & for the Swiss National Cohort Study. (2010) Religion and assisted and non-assisted suicide in Switzerland: National Cohort Study. International journal of epidemiology. PMID: 20841328
Using a narrative interview approach, Hallden and Christensson (2010)document the lived experiences of 10 young men in Sweden, whose girlfriends had procured an abortion. Central to how those young men reacted to that abortion process, was a strong desire to be as supportive as they possibly could be of their girlfriends. ... Read more »
Halldén, B., & Christensson, K. (2010) Swedish Young Men's Lived Experiences of a Girlfriend's Early Induced Abortion. International Journal of Men's Health, 9(2), 126-143. DOI: 10.3149/jmh.0902.126
Linguists really need a catchy tune to match those in logistics. Any takers?
I always remember when one of my former lecturers said he was surprised by how little the average person will know about linguistics. For me, this was best exemplified when, upon enquiring about my degree, my friend paused for a brief moment . . . → Read More: That’s Linguistics (Not logistics)... Read more »
Lyle Cambell. (2002) The History of Linguistics. The Handbook of Linguistics. info:/10.1111/b.9781405102520.2002.00006.x
Your religious beliefs, like many aspects of personality, tend to crystallise in your late teens and early adulthood. It's a period of tremendous change but, once set, few people undergo and radical changes.
Even so, some kids change, while others do not. It's interesting to speculate on why that might be. What separates the changers from those who stay the same? Is it genetics, or is it environment?
A recent study has looked at this using data from two twin studies in Colorado, USA. The basic........ Read more »
Button TM, Stallings MC, Rhee SH, Corley RP, & Hewitt JK. (2010) The Etiology of Stability and Change in Religious Values and Religious Attendance. Behavior genetics. PMID: 20711848
The latest stop in the #PDEx tour is being hosted at Psychology Today by Sex at Dawn:There is no greater mystery in human evolution than the origins of our sexuality. Following the trail of clues available researchers have independently concluded that humans evolved through systems of monogamy, polygyny, as well as polyamory. However only one can be the culprit and, like a detective interrogating multiple suspects, the solution ultimately depends on which account you're willing to believe. Last ........ Read more »
Hammer, M., Mendez, F., Cox, M., Woerner, A., & Wall, J. (2008) Sex-Biased Evolutionary Forces Shape Genomic Patterns of Human Diversity. PLoS Genetics, 4(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000202
No.But that's the conclusion of the anonymous journalist/stenographer from the Science Daily who wrote the recent story Building Language Skills More Critical for Boys Than Girls, Research Suggests. The author states Developing language skills appears to be more important for boys than girls in helping them to develop self-control and, ultimately, succeed in school.Unfortunately I cannot find the original article (citation below) freely available, so all I have to go on is the brief description ........ Read more »
Vallotton, C., & Ayoub, C. (2010) Use your words: The role of language in the development of toddlers’ self-regulation. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2010.09.002
Recently, I got this e-mail forwarded to me. It started out with the header
World shame coast in COSTA RICA
Followed by images like these:
and it concluded with the message:
Please distribute widely.
The Turtle eggs are stolen to be sold.
The planet is thankful for the forwarding of this email.
The e-mail isn't an isolated incident. A quick internet search will immediately bring up sites like this one, heralding the extinction of sea turtles in Costa Rica due to the illegal harvest of thei........ Read more »
CAMPBELL, L. (1998) Use them or lose them? Conservation and the consumptive use of marine turtle eggs at Ostional, Costa Rica. Environmental Conservation, 25(4), 305-319. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892998000393
Cornelius, S.E., M. Alvarado U., J. Carlos C., M. Mata D.V., and D.C. Robinson. (1991) Management of olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) nesting at Playas Nancite and Ostional, Costa Rica. in J.G. Robinson and K.H. Redford (eds.), Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago., 111-135. info:/
“Colorblindness” has emerged as way of managing racial diversity in schools, business, politics, and the law. The idea is that deemphasizing racial differences will lead to equality and inclusion. However, ... Read more »
A tale of two cities: A study of access to food, lessons for public health practice From Health Education Journal Using Preston (UK) as a focus, this study maps food access in the city in order to determine access, availability and affordability of healthy food options. The article emphasizes the importance of urban planning policy [...]... Read more »
Caraher, M., Lloyd, S., Lawton, J., Singh, G., Horsley, K., & Mussa, F. (2010) A tale of two cities: A study of access to food, lessons for public health practice. Health Education Journal, 69(2), 200-210. DOI: 10.1177/0017896910364834
The usually excellent Mongabay ran the scare headline, "Could industrial interests ruin payments for environmental services?" on a piece in Tropical Conservation Science. Thankfully the authors of the paper being reported on, "Upscaling Payments for Environmental Services (PES): Critical issues" are a little less alarmist. Nonetheless, I think that that their concern about large companies getting involved in ecosystem service markets is overwrought.
PES have traditionally been conceived a........ Read more »
Romain Pirard, Raphaël Billé, & Thomas Sembrés. (2010) Upscaling Payments for Environmental Services (PES): Critical issues. Tropical Conservation Science, 3(3), 249-261. info:/
Know someone who is socially inept? The remedy may be a healthy dose of “the love hormone” oxytocin. Research recently published in Psychological Science found that oxytocin improves social cognitive ... Read more »
Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.
If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.
Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.
To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.