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Anthropology posts

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  • April 8, 2014
  • 01:47 PM

Photographic analysis of a Shabe Yoruba burial

by JB in Bone Broke

When you’re one of the only bioarchaeology grad students in a department with few other osteologists, almost anything involving human remains will eventually make its way across your desk. After getting back to the museum in early September, fellow graduate student Andrew Gurstelle told me that he had come across a burial this past summer, and asked me whether I would mind taking a look at it if I had the time. I was initially extremely excited because I thought this would involve hands-o........ Read more »

İşcan, M., & Miller-Shaivitz, P. (1984) Determination of sex from the tibia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 64(1), 53-57. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.1330640104  

  • April 3, 2014
  • 03:26 PM

Are The Mafia Psychopaths?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

The view that the Mafia is an organization of especially ruthless psychopaths is wrong – in fact, members of ‘Cosa Nostra’ have lower psychopathic traits than other criminals. That’s according to a new study from Italian researchers Schimmenti and colleagues, who, appropriately enough, are based in Sicily, the Mafia’s birthplace. Schimmenti et al went to […]The post Are The Mafia Psychopaths? appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

Schimmenti, A., Caprì, C., La Barbera, D., & Caretti, V. (2014) Mafia and psychopathy. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health. DOI: 10.1002/cbm.1902  

  • April 3, 2014
  • 03:06 PM

Re-Analysis and Death in Iron Age Britain

by Katy Meyers in Bones Don't Lie

Re-analysis is an interesting phenomenon in archaeology. It can be both a good thing and a bad thing depending on the collection and type of materials. Re-analysis is exactly what […]... Read more »

  • March 31, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

‘Hidden Architecture’ of 1,000-Year-Old Village Discovered in New Mexico

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

An Ancestral Puebloan settlement appears to be giving up some of its secrets, and changing the perspectives of archaeologists, as new technology allows them to see under the desert floor.... Read more »

  • March 30, 2014
  • 11:28 PM

Linguistic penalty in the job interview

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

A common explanation for the un- and underemployment of migrants is that their English is not good enough. Despite the overuse of this explanation, we do, in fact, not have a particularly clear idea what “good English” for a particular … Continue reading →... Read more »

Roberts, Celia. (2013) The Gatekeeping of Babel: Job Interviews and the Linguistic Penalty. A. Duchêne, M. Moyer , 81-94. info:/

  • March 26, 2014
  • 06:45 PM

The Ugly Ducklings of Science

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

A group of management researchers provide new evidence of a worrying bias in the scientific process – The Chrysalis Effect: How Ugly Initial Results Metamorphosize Into Beautiful Articles ( via Retraction Watch ) The issue they highlight – the ability of researchers to eventually squeeze support for a theory out of initially negative data – […]The post The Ugly Ducklings of Science appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • March 25, 2014
  • 07:52 AM

Pigs on the pyre- solving cremation mysteries

by Katy Meyers in Bones Don't Lie

There is a mystery in archaeology that numerous regions and eras have to deal with- where are the infants? Deceased infants are potentially treated differently when they die- the argument […]... Read more »

Jæger, J, & Johanson, V. (2013) The cremation of infants/small children: An archaeological experiment concerning the effects of fire on bone weight. Cadernos do GEEvH, 2(2), 13-26. info:/

  • March 24, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

Earliest Evidence of Gigantism-Like Disease Found in 3,800-Year-Old California Skeleton

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

The remains of a man buried 3,800 years ago in a richly decorated California grave bear some unusual but unmistakable features — signs of acromegaly, a rare disorder of the endocrine system that’s similar to gigantism.... Read more »

  • March 21, 2014
  • 09:39 AM

Humans Made Conchs Shrink (And One Kid Saw It Coming)

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

The classic, swirling shell of a conch helps protect it from hungry birds and sea creatures, but when a human decides to pluck one from shallow water and boil it for supper, there’s not much the animal can do. Its only defense is to evolve, as a species, to be smaller and less appealing to […]The post Humans Made Conchs Shrink (And One Kid Saw It Coming) appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

O'Dea, A., Shaffer, M., Doughty, D., Wake, T., & Rodriguez, F. (2014) Evidence of size-selective evolution in the fighting conch from prehistoric subsistence harvesting. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1782), 20140159-20140159. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0159  

  • March 18, 2014
  • 01:38 PM

Is Liangdao man the oldest Austronesian?

by nath in Imprints of Philippine Science

Genetic analyses say that the Liangdao Man “has the most ancestral haplogroup E sequence among extant Austronesian speakers [1].” Lingdao …Continue reading →... Read more »

Ko, A., Chen, C., Fu, Q., Delfin, F., Li, M., Chiu, H., Stoneking, M., & Ko, Y. (2014) Early Austronesians: Into and Out Of Taiwan. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 94(3), 426-436. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.02.003  

Soares, P., Trejaut, J., Loo, J., Hill, C., Mormina, M., Lee, C., Chen, Y., Hudjashov, G., Forster, P., Macaulay, V.... (2008) Climate Change and Postglacial Human Dispersals in Southeast Asia. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 25(6), 1209-1218. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msn068  

Tabbada, K., Trejaut, J., Loo, J., Chen, Y., Lin, M., Mirazon-Lahr, M., Kivisild, T., & De Ungria, M. (2009) Philippine Mitochondrial DNA Diversity: A Populated Viaduct between Taiwan and Indonesia?. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 27(1), 21-31. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msp215  

  • March 18, 2014
  • 10:00 AM

The Antiquity of Cancer

by Katy Meyers in Bones Don't Lie

Cancer is a leading cause of death in the world today, however it is something that archaeologists rarely identify in human remains from the past. The hypothesis behind this is […]... Read more »

  • March 12, 2014
  • 07:41 PM

Canines and Castles: 4th Canine Science Forum Abstract & Early Bird Registration Deadline Friday

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

“Two canine scientists, Julie Hecht and Mia Cobb, met briefly at a conference in Barcelona in late July 2012. They share a passion for canine science, good communication, social media and fun.” So reads the 'About' page at Do You Believe in Dog?. After a brief hello at the 3rd Canine Science Forum in Barcelona, we decided to embark on an adventure as digital pen pals, taking turns blogging on topics related to our own research, that of other research groups and general dog science themes.&n........ Read more »

Cobb Mia, Branson Nick, & McGreevy Paul. (2013) Advancing the welfare of Australia’s iconic working dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.054  

Hecht J., & Horowitz A. (2013) Physical prompts to anthropomorphism of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.013  

Racca A., Range F., Virányi Z., & Huber L. (2013) Discrimination of familiar human faces in domestic dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.04.071  

Howell Tiffani J., Toukhsati Samia, Conduit Russell, & Bennett Pauleen. (2013) Do dogs use a mirror to find hidden food?. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 8(6), 425-430. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.07.002  

  • March 9, 2014
  • 11:52 PM

Lack of sleep impairs emotion recognition

by William Lu in The Quantum Lobe Chronicles

This is a re-post of an entry I had written exactly 4 years ago. I liked it so much I decided to share it again. The ability to read emotions is an important part of the human experience; the only way to successfully navigate through complex social environments. It comes in handy especially if you don the title of psychotherapist or professional poker player. Without it, you are rendered socially inept. You enter the world of the autistic individual.Thanks to Charles Darwin we now know that it........ Read more »

van der Helm E; Gujar N; Walker MP. (2010) Sleep Deprivation Impairs the Accurate Recognition of Human Emotions. SLEEP, 33(3), 335-342. info:/

Ekman P, & Friesen WV. (1971) Constants across cultures in the face and emotion. Journal of personality and social psychology, 17(2), 124-9. PMID: 5542557  

  • March 7, 2014
  • 11:10 AM

Pandas v. Horses Fight Goes to Pandas (For Now)

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

It was a battle fought in the mountains of southwestern China, where patchy forests sustain the last shreds of the wild giant panda population. All at once, intruders began marching in and helping themselves to the pandas’ food. The incursion happened far from most human eyes, and the pandas that witnessed it  likely didn’t know […]The post Pandas v. Horses Fight Goes to Pandas (For Now) appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

Hull, V., Zhang, J., Zhou, S., Huang, J., Viña, A., Liu, W., Tuanmu, M., Li, R., Liu, D., Xu, W.... (2014) Impact of Livestock on Giant Pandas and their Habitat. Journal for Nature Conservation. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2014.02.003  

  • March 6, 2014
  • 04:00 AM

Mesa Verde’s ‘Mummy Lake’ Was Built to Hold Rituals, Not Water, Study Says

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

A grand, sandstone-walled pit in Mesa Verde National Park has for decades been seen as an achievement of prehistoric hydrology, part of a system of cisterns and canals used by Ancestral Puebloans to harvest rainwater on the arid plateau as much as 1,100 years ago.

... Read more »

Benson, L., Griffin, E., Stein, J., Friedman, R., & Andrae, S. (2014) Mummy Lake: an unroofed ceremonial structure within a large-scale ritual landscape. Journal of Archaeological Science, 164-179. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.021  

  • March 5, 2014
  • 11:20 PM

Attachment: measuring our (varying) relationships with dogs.

by Cobb & Hecht in Do You Believe In Dog?

Hi Julie,Right off the bat I need to say YES YES YES! Your last post about aggression and what we can learn from and about it WITHOUT the need to experience it was spot on. Are you THIS attached to your dog? (source)You’re also right that my head is filled with glorious meta-analysis results right now, as well as perceptions and other measures (#allthemeasures!) as I start preparing my abstracts for submission to be part of the Canine Science Forum. One of the small but quirky things........ Read more »

Dwyer Fleur, Bennett Pauleen C., & Coleman Grahame J. (2006) Development of the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS). Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 19(3), 243-256. DOI: 10.2752/089279306785415592  

Handlin Linda, Nilsson Anne, Ejdebäck Mikael, Hydbring-Sandberg Eva, & Uvnäs-Moberg Kerstin. (2012) Associations between the Psychological Characteristics of the Human–Dog Relationship and Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 25(2), 215-228. DOI: 10.2752/175303712X13316289505468  

  • March 4, 2014
  • 03:25 PM

Hormones and Women Voters: A Very Modern Scientific Controversy

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

A paper just out in the journal Psychological Science says that: Women Can Keep the Vote: No Evidence That Hormonal Changes During the Menstrual Cycle Impact Political and Religious Beliefs This eye-catching title heads up an article that’s interesting in more ways than you’d think. According to the paper, authors Christine Harris and Laura Mickes […]The post Hormones and Women Voters: A Very Modern Scientific Controversy appeared first on Neuroskeptic.... Read more »

  • March 1, 2014
  • 04:09 PM

Forensic Anthropology and Race

by Alexis Delanoir in How to Paint Your Panda

Why are forensic anthropologists so good at identifying race? The reason a forensic anthropologist can identify "race" with a high level of confidence can be narrowed down to two things: (1) a preconception of what "race" is, and (2) an informative prior. This post reviews several studies to clear the water of any misconceptions over whether or not forensic anthropology justifies the biological concept of "race."... Read more »

  • February 25, 2014
  • 09:18 AM

The Process of Cremation in Roman France

by Katy Meyers in Bones Don't Lie

In general, cremation is a category of cadaver treatment that involves transformation of the body by fire. From there, we recognize a few patterns of cremation burials within the archaeological record. First, the human remains could be buried at the site of the cremation, often known as a bustum burial. The grave site is identified … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 25, 2014
  • 06:00 AM

History of Ancient Los Angeles Was Driven by Its Wetlands, 8,000-Year Survey Finds

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

It may be hard to visualize if you’ve been through drought-stricken southern California lately, but much of what’s now Los Angeles was once a teeming wetland. And a new landmark survey going back 8,000 years has found that human settlement in the region has ebbed and flowed with the levels of the sea and the waters of the Los Angeles River.... Read more »

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