Recently scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the University of Milano-Bicocca showed how, some day with the same surface, we may be able to see the sun and glean it too. By redesigning a light-grabbing nanocrystal, these material researchers devised a technique that could change sheer Plexiglas sheets into large-area solar concentrators.1... Read more »
Meinardi, F., Colombo, A., Velizhanin, K., Simonutti, R., Lorenzon, M., Beverina, L., Viswanatha, R., Klimov, V., & Brovelli, S. (2014) Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix. Nature Photonics. DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.54
Semonin, O., Luther, J., Choi, S., Chen, H., Gao, J., Nozik, A., & Beard, M. (2011) Peak External Photocurrent Quantum Efficiency Exceeding 100% via MEG in a Quantum Dot Solar Cell. Science, 1530-1533. DOI: 10.1126/science.1209845
Does addiction behave like diabetes? In some ways, yes. The two are common, acquired conditions influenced by genetics and environment. In the UK, diabetes is managed in primary care using the chronic care management model. Changes in legislation in the USA mean that there will be more focus on chronic disease management in the future. [...]... Read more »
A. Thomas McLellan, Joanna L. Starrels, MD, MS, Betty Tai, PhD, Adam J. Gordon, MD, MPH, Richard Brown, MD, MPH, Udi Ghitza, PhD, Marc Gourevitch, MD, Jack Stein, PhD, Marla Oros, RN, MS, Terry Horton, MD.... (2014) Can Substance Use Disorders be Managed Using the Chronic Care Model? Review and Recommendations from a NIDA Consensus Group. Public Health Reviews. info:/
Berlin, like many big cities has a heroin problem. People presenting for help are being prescribed opioid replacement therapy (ORT) in greater numbers. That’s a good thing isn’t it? Well it depends on what you think is the end goal of treatment. At the start of this interesting recent German paper “Why do patients stay in [...]... Read more »
Gutwinski, S., Bald, L., Gallinat, J., Heinz, A., & Bermpohl, F. (2014) Why do Patients Stay in Opioid Maintenance Treatment?. Substance Use , 49(6), 694-699. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2013.863344
Using an airplane to detect greenhouse gas emissions from freshly drilled shale gas wells in Pennsylvania’s Marcellus basin, Cornell and Purdue scientists have found that leaked methane from fracking is a tougher problem—between a hundred- and a thousandfold—than previously thought.... Read more »
Caulton, D., Shepson, P., Santoro, R., Sparks, J., Howarth, R., Ingraffea, A., Cambaliza, M., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Davis, K.... (2014) Toward a better understanding and quantification of methane emissions from shale gas development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1316546111
Extreme dry weather coupled with high-intensity wildfires is already beginning to damage large areas of the Amazon rainforest, a situation that is being made worse by continued deforestation and logging. ... Read more »
Brando PM, Balch JK, Nepstad DC, Morton DC, Putz FE, Coe MT, Silvério D, Macedo MN, Davidson EA, Nóbrega CC.... (2014) Abrupt increases in Amazonian tree mortality due to drought-fire interactions. PNAS. PMID: 24733937
Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus in Guinea have made international news. Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 in the region that is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo in central Africa. The virus was named after the river near where it was found. Since 1976, there have been multiple outbreaks in central Africa, but this year is the first time that an outbreak has occurred as far west as Guinea and Sierra Leone.... Read more »
Qiu X, Wong G, Fernando L, Audet J, Bello A, Strong J, Alimonti JB, & Kobinger GP. (2013) mAbs and Ad-Vectored IFN-α therapy rescue ebola-infected nonhuman primates when administered after the detection of viremia and symptoms. Science translational medicine, 5(207). PMID: 24132638
Pettitt, J., Zeitlin, L., Kim, D., Working, C., Johnson, J., Bohorov, O., Bratcher, B., Hiatt, E., Hume, S., Johnson, A.... (2013) Therapeutic Intervention of Ebola Virus Infection in Rhesus Macaques with the MB-003 Monoclonal Antibody Cocktail. Science Translational Medicine, 5(199), 199-199. DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3006608
"GI [gastrointestinal] dysfunction was prevalent in this cohort of children with ASD [autism spectrum disorders], observations consistent with the reports of parents and other clinicians". That was one of the conclusions reached by Victor Kang and colleagues  in their study looking at GI issues in cases of autism.Of course we've been here before... many times in fact, as autism research delivers more evidence that bowel issues are quite frequently over-represented in cases of autism........ Read more »
Kang V, Wagner GC, & Ming X. (2014) Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research. PMID: 24753336
Effect of Pose/Chi type running instruction on running economy... Read more »
Craighead D, Lehecka N, & King DL. (2014) A novel running mechanic's class changes kinematics but not running economy. Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength . PMID: 24736769
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