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  • November 18, 2010
  • 03:56 PM

Study: More Privilege Means Less Empathy

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

If you're a member of America's anxious middle class, you can feel downtrodden one minute and privileged the next, just watching the news. Here's some super-rich guy planning his run for President, way above you on the social ladder. Next, a story about destitute refugees, which reminds you that you ...Read More
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Kraus, M., Cote, S., & Keltner, D. (2010) Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1716-1723. DOI: 10.1177/0956797610387613  

  • November 18, 2010
  • 04:06 AM

Censoring cyberspace

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Index on censorship This special issue calls for a new approach to tackling censorship online. As cyberspace has become the arena for political activism, governments are growing more sophisticated in controlling free expression online – from surveillance to filtering. And it’s now becoming harder than ever for human rights activists to outwit the authorities. [...]... Read more »

MacKinnon, R. (2010) Google Rules. Index on Censorship, 39(1), 32-45. DOI: 10.1177/0306422010363343  

Deibert, R., & Rohozinski, R. (2010) Cyber Wars. Index on Censorship, 39(1), 79-90. DOI: 10.1177/0306422010362176  

  • November 17, 2010
  • 04:39 PM

Rates of Scientific Fraud Retractions

by Bob O'Hara in Deep Thoughts and Silliness

Ivan Oransky on his Retraction Watch blog pointed to a paper by R. Grant Steen looking at numbers of retraction and whether they were due to fraud or error. Ivan pointed to a news item on The Great Beyond by...... Read more »

  • November 17, 2010
  • 12:04 PM

Apparently, there's nothing left to learn about ecosystem services

by Noam Ross in Noam Ross

In a new paper in Ecological Economics, Mark Sagoff criticizes ecologists for trying to find general, broadly applicable values for ecosystem services.  Real values, Sagoff argues, are "dispersed, contingent, particular, local, transitory, and embedded in institutions and practices."   He cites an example of citrus growers in the San Joaquin valley of California.  While pollinators have been held up by many ecologists as providers of a valuable ecosystem services, pollinators are a pest to ........ Read more »

Mark Sagoff. (2010) The quantification and valuation of ecosystem services. Ecological Economics. info:/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.10.006

  • November 17, 2010
  • 12:03 PM

Faunal Friends: Evolution and the Animal Connection

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

I’ll never forget the day S brought home a live chicken. When we lived in Queens, there were a number of fresh poultry and livestock suppliers that catered to the growing West Indian community, but there were definitely a few backyard farmers in the neighborhood. S was at a gas station when he heard a cheeping noise. He knelt down to investigate and when he straightened up, found a chick sitting on the mat in the car. “What was I supposed to do?” he asked showing me the chick. “It jumpe........ Read more »

Shipman, Pat. (2010) The Animal Connection and Human Evolution. Current Anthropology, 51(4), 519-538. DOI: 10.1086/653816  

  • November 17, 2010
  • 04:03 AM

Effects of anxiety on memory in young children

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Effects of anxiety on memory storage and updating in young children From International Journal of Behavioral Development This paper presents the findings of studies that tested the visual and verbal short term memory of young children. The test on visual memory did not reveal anxiety levels had any significant influence, however the results for verbal [...]... Read more »

Visu-Petra, L., Cheie, L., Benga, O., & Packiam Alloway, T. (2010) Effects of anxiety on memory storage and updating in young children. International Journal of Behavioral Development. DOI: 10.1177/0165025410368945  

  • November 16, 2010
  • 09:39 PM

A Brush with Madness

by Kristopher Hite in Tom Paine's Ghost

I'm giving myself ten minutes to do this. To write whatever storms into my mind then hit post.

I think the archaic revival might run into some barriers. Like starvation, no communication, and other electrical difficulties if it embraces the Abbey-esque Luddite philosophy entirely.

As much as I want to get onto that other boat I think I will just slip between the hulls and end up swimming by myself among the sea-monsters, bullets whizzing past my head with bubbles trailing behind in dark ........ Read more »

Sedel F, Baumann N, Turpin JC, Lyon-Caen O, Saudubray JM, & Cohen D. (2007) Psychiatric manifestations revealing inborn errors of metabolism in adolescents and adults. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 30(5), 631-41. PMID: 17694356  

Rose FC. (2006) Van Gogh's madness. International review of neurobiology, 253-69. PMID: 16730519  

Altintoprak AE, Ersel M, & Bayrakci A. (2009) An unusual suicide attempt: a case with psychosis during an acute porphyric attack. European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine, 16(2), 106-8. PMID: 19262206  

Mandoki MW, & Sumner GS. (1994) Psychiatric manifestations of hereditary coproporphyria in a child. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 182(2), 117-8. PMID: 8308532  

  • November 16, 2010
  • 08:25 PM

Monkeys and Uncles

by Laelaps in Laelaps

During the long wind-up to this autumn’s congressional elections, hardly a week went by without a gaffe by Delaware tea partier and Sarah Palin-wannabe Christine O’Donnell. The sharp-tongued political commentator Bill Maher seemed to have an entire stockpile of embarrassing clips from when O’Donnell – then president of the conservative advocacy group the Savior’s Alliance [...]... Read more »

Meikle, W., & Scott, E. (2010) Why Are There Still Monkeys?. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 3(4), 573-575. DOI: 10.1007/s12052-010-0293-2  

Zalmout, I., Sanders, W., MacLatchy, L., Gunnell, G., Al-Mufarreh, Y., Ali, M., Nasser, A., Al-Masari, A., Al-Sobhi, S., Nadhra, A.... (2010) New Oligocene primate from Saudi Arabia and the divergence of apes and Old World monkeys. Nature, 466(7304), 360-364. DOI: 10.1038/nature09094  

  • November 16, 2010
  • 01:37 PM

Medication and Self Managing Chronic Pain (ii)

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

If medication is to be part of a toolkit for self managing chronic pain, then it seems to me that it’s important to know as much about the medication and how it should be used as possible.  Once again, today I’m not directly referring to the literature because I haven’t found an awful lot discussing … Read more... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 12:00 PM

The more colourful the lie, the more people believe it, man!

by Caspar Addyman in Your Brain on Drugs

The Splintered Mind has a great guest piece by G. Randolph Mayes reflecting on John Allen Paulos’s latest piece in the New York Times, entitled “Stories vs. Statistics” , which reflects on counter intuitve work of Nobel prize winning work of Tversky and Kahneman on conjunction fallacies.... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 09:04 AM

The Case of the Phantom Music

by Psychology 379 bloggers in Cognition & the Arts

Imagine a peaceful night of relaxation at home, you curled up in a favorite leather armchair with a novel downloaded on your Nook. Suddenly, you hear music, (whether it is the soaring refrains of Mozart’s Requiem or the building power-chords of Boston’s More than a Feelin’ is up to you), and you spring from your chair. Is it the neighbors? What could be causing this phenomenon? And why present this spooky imagined scenario twelve days after Halloween has ended?... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 02:00 AM

The dramatic transformation of US-India relations over the past decade

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Reviving the momentum in US engagement with India: an American perspective From India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs Headlines last week announced President Barack Obama’s support for India to have a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. This can be recognized as a major foreign policy statement by the United States. The two [...]... Read more »

  • November 15, 2010
  • 06:34 PM

Williams Syndrome, Modularity and Language Evolution

by Hannah Little in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Williams Syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic condition which manifests itself as a severe deficit in development and IQ, however it leaves language ability largely unaffected and is, as a result, often cited as evidence for a specific language module (Bellugi et al. 1988), as language can be unaffected despite other mental deficits. This argument has . . . → Read More: Williams Syndrome, Modularity and Language Evolution... Read more »

Perovic A, & Wexler K. (2010) Development of verbal passive in Williams syndrome. Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR, 53(5), 1294-306. PMID: 20631227  

  • November 15, 2010
  • 05:50 PM

Not Paying Cash Means Buying More Junk Food

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

Governments have been trying a lot of new tricks lately to get people to eat more healthily, from calorie-count labels to taxes on soda to banning fast-food outlets from whole neighborhoods. This study suggests a simpler approach might work: It found people buy less junk food when they have to pay ...Read More
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  • November 15, 2010
  • 03:15 PM

Around the web: male behavior

by Kate Clancy in Context & Variation

This post looks at the behavioral endocrinology of the human male.... Read more »

Levi, Maurice, Li, Kai, & Zhang, Feng. (2010) Deal or no deal: hormones and the mergers and acquisitions game. Management Science, 56(9), 1462-1483. info:/

  • November 15, 2010
  • 02:00 PM

Evolving Together: Human Interference Not ALL Bad

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

Is hindsight really 20/20? When we look at the past, we tend to imagine things as we wish they were, and not recall things as they actually were—nostalgia can be problematic. Romanticism of the past has given rise to ideas like the “Ruined Landscape” or “Lost Eden theory” which create pristine images of the past and argue that human activity is largely to blame for the overall degradation of landscapes. There is no denying that humans have had a lasting impact on the environment, howev........ Read more »

  • November 15, 2010
  • 01:26 PM

Medication and self management for chronic pain

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

Last week a reader asked me for my take on using medications for chronic pain, so today I’m going to take a stab at this rather emotive and certainly very complex topic.  Before I do so, a word of warning – this is mainly my opinion and experience!  I’m also not a medical doctor, I … Read more... Read more »

  • November 15, 2010
  • 09:57 AM

Does background music aid or impair reading comprehension?

by Psychology 379 bloggers in Cognition & the Arts

Everyone knows someone who likes to listen to some music while they work. Maybe it’s one of your kids, listening to the radio while they try to slog through their homework. Maybe it’s an uncle, playing his favorite record as he reads a book. Or maybe, god forbid, it’s a college senior browsing his iTunes as he desperately writes a last-minute blog post for his psychology seminar. Either way, they’re not alone – it’s a widely held popular belief that listening ........ Read more »

Stacey A. Anderson, & Gerald B. Fuller. (2010) Effect of Music on Reading Comprehension of Junior High School Students. School Psychology Quarterly, 25(3), 178-187. info:/10.1037/a0021213

  • November 15, 2010
  • 08:42 AM

Money CAN buy happiness…well, sort of.

by Scicurious in Neurotic Physiology

Who’d have thought we’d have gotten all this way in science and never studied whether money can buy happiness? Well, in fact, this HAS been studied, but the results have almost always been inconclusive. This probably has a lot to do with how it’s being studied, what ranges of monetary income you’re talking about, and [...]... Read more »

Kahneman D, & Deaton A. (2010) High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(38), 16489-93. PMID: 20823223  

  • November 14, 2010
  • 10:34 PM

Corporate Social Responsibility

by Jan Husdal in

How far does corporate social responsibility go? While corporate social responsibility looks good on paper, how far are companies willing to not just talk the talk, but also walk the walk? For example, what should a company do if the authorities in a foreign country are clearing away residential areas (and removing residents without any compensation) to make room for industrial development that may allow said company to expand its offshored manufacturing facilities? Interfere? Do nothing? Milton........ Read more »

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