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  • December 4, 2010
  • 05:40 PM

The emotional problems of the slightly religious

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

It's generally taken as fact that religion is linked to happiness - happier people are more likely to be religious,  if you take into account other circumstances. There are loads of studies, of varying quality, that support this idea.

However, most people who interpret these data make a couple of assumptions that are probably not valid. Firstly, the assume that they can be generalised across cultures. However most studies are  done in the USA, where being non-religious often leads to ........ Read more »

  • December 4, 2010
  • 07:15 AM

Autism and Old Fathers

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

A new study has provided the strongest evidence yet that the rate of autism in children rises with the father's age: Advancing paternal age and risk of autism. But questions remain.The association between old fathers and autism has been known for many years, and the most popular explanation has been genetic: sperm from older men are more likely to have accumulated DNA damage, which might lead to autism.As I've said before, this might explain some other puzzling things such as the fact that it's ........ Read more »

  • December 3, 2010
  • 06:07 AM

Simple Jury Persuasion: Using attraction to your advantage

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Most of us are familiar with the old research saying attractive people get more, well, everything! And in a world that changes at dizzying speed, rest assured that this one remains as true as ever. A new study shows that we do judge a book by its cover “but a beautiful cover prompts a closer [...]

Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Use pre-factual thinking to your advantage in litigation
Simple Jury Persuasion: Using counter-factual thinking to your advantage
Simple Jury Persuasion: Be Po........ Read more »

Ruffle, Bradley J., & Shtudiner, Ze'ev. (2010) Are Good-Looking People More Employable?. SSRN. info:/

  • December 3, 2010
  • 01:34 AM

Debates on Emotions

by Dana Sugu in Cogitation on Emotions

Primacy debate: appraisal vs. arousalZajonc (1980) claimed that simple familiarity with something createsaffective reactions, such as liking or disliking, for that item. Objects werepresented subliminally while participants were engaged in another task. Theresults revealed that though the participants showed no recognition of thesubliminal items, they gave them higher preference ratings than novel items.Zajonc argued that the form of experience that we call feeling accompanies allcognitions, pre........ Read more »

Dana SUGU . (2010) Flashback: Reshuffling Emotions. International Journal on Humanistic Ideology, 3(1), 109-133. info:/

  • December 2, 2010
  • 06:01 PM

Occupational hazards in supply chains

by Jan Husdal in

Material damage and occupational accidents are little understood elements of the overall supply chain. This research looks at the paper industry in Finland and the occupational accidents that occur in the supply chain from the paper mill to the harbor of arrival. » Read more » » »
... Read more »

  • December 2, 2010
  • 02:00 AM

Gay students suffer under faith schools regime

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Conflicts of ethos: issues of equity and diversity in faith-based schools From Education Management Administration and Leadership Faith based schools are on the rise in the UK, apparently boosting educational standards. This study investigates the consequences when school values and those of the state diverge, considering whether giving control of a school’s ethos and philosophy [...]... Read more »

  • December 1, 2010
  • 04:42 PM

How To Fool A Lie Detector Brain Scan

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Can fMRI scans be used to detect deception?It would be nice, although a little scary, if they could. And there have been several reports of succesful trials under laboratory conditions. However, a new paper in Neuroimage reveals an easy way of tricking the technology: Lying In The Scanner.The authors used a variant of the "guilty knowledge test" which was originally developed for use with EEG. Essentially, you show the subject a series of pictures or other stimui, one of which is somehow special........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2010
  • 03:22 PM

by Bradley Voytek in Oscillatory Thoughts

<Introduction>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aliquam elementum iaculis lectus, id placerat diam ultrices scelerisque. Aenean eu varius eros. Maecenas rhoncus odio eu nunc pharetra ut luctus tellus consectetur. Cras venenatis condimentum sollicitudin.<Methods>Duis mollis malesuada ipsum, et interdum felis blandit eu. Vestibulum id purus odio, vitae bibendum mauris. Aliquam tristique, quam et pellentesque commodo, nunc lacus porta nisi, id faucibus urna nisi q........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2010
  • 08:07 AM

Pollyanna’s are good lie detectors and other new deception findings

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

You know Pollyanna. It’s come to be a label we assign to describe people with optimistic outlooks. But it’s not just optimism. We also often assume gullibility and naïveté. New research from Canadian researchers shows us our stereotypes and assumptions may be quite in error. It turns out the those who tend toward the Pollyanna end [...]

Related posts:Deception Detection: The latest on what we know
Quick trial tips: Blinking, babies and on the left!
Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire!
... Read more »

Carter, N.L., & Weber, J.M. (2010) Not Pollyanna’s: Higher generalized trust predicts lie detection ability. . Social Psychological and Personality Science. info:/

  • December 1, 2010
  • 02:00 AM

New approaches to the Nazi concentration camps

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Special issue Before the holocaust: new approaches to the Nazi concentration camps, 1933-1939    From Journal of Contemporary History The Nazi concentration camps are a potent symbol for the destructive power of modern state. Some two million prisoners lost their lives, including around one million Jews murdered during the Holocaust, in Auschwitz, the largest and [...]... Read more »

  • November 30, 2010
  • 02:00 AM

The Jesus factor of the iPhone

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

How the iPhone became divine: new media, religion and the intertextual circulation of meaning From New Media Society The labeling of the iPhone as the ‘Jesus phone’ illustrates how new media objects can possess multiple layers of meaning, which can shape how they are perceived by the public. This study explores the relationship between religious [...]... Read more »

  • November 29, 2010
  • 01:33 PM

Life in the moment is happier but less imaginative. Just ask your iphone.

by Caspar Addyman in Your Brain on Drugs

This Science Brevia article is the first published example I’ve seen using smartphone technologies to collect psychological data. It comes from Dan Gilbert’s ever inventive lab. They used an iphone application to run an experience sampling study. The article is so short that I can give you the whole abstract right now.... Read more »

Killingsworth, M., & Gilbert, D. (2010) A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind. Science, 330(6006), 932-932. DOI: 10.1126/science.1192439  

  • November 29, 2010
  • 01:29 PM

Life in the moment is happier but less imaginative. Just ask your iphone.

by Caspar Addyman in Your Brain on Drugs

This Science Brevia article is the first published example I’ve seen using smartphone technologies to collect psychological data. It comes from Dan Gilbert’s ever inventive lab. They used an iphone application to run an experience sampling study. The article is so short that I can give you the whole abstract right now.... Read more »

Killingsworth, M., & Gilbert, D. (2010) A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind. Science, 330(6006), 932-932. DOI: 10.1126/science.1192439  

  • November 27, 2010
  • 09:35 AM

The Town That Went Mad

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Pont St. Esprit is a small town in southern France. In 1951 it became famous as the site of one of the most mysterious medical outbreaks of modern times.As Dr's Gabbai, Lisbonne and Pourquier wrote to the British Medical Journal, 15 days after the "incident":The first symptoms appeared after a latent period of 6 to 48 hours. In this first phase, the symptoms were generalized, and consisted in a depressive state with anguish and slight agitation.After some hours the symptoms became more clearly d........ Read more »

GABBAI, LISBONNE, & POURQUIER. (1951) Ergot poisoning at Pont St. Esprit. British medical journal, 2(4732), 650-1. PMID: 14869677  

  • November 25, 2010
  • 01:49 PM

Thanksgiving and Football: Why you should always go for it on 4th and short

by Brad Walters in Cortical Hemming and Hawing

Today being Thanksgiving, it's pretty reasonable to assume (if you live in the U.S.) that you will likely be sitting down to a large meal involving lots of turkey, stuffing, and cranberry sauce.  It is also pretty likely, that somewhere in the house, football games will be on the television.  Which brings us to one of the quintessential questions in football: It's 4th down, your team is on the opposing team's 30 yard line and they have only one yard to go to get a first down.  Sho........ Read more »

  • November 25, 2010
  • 04:40 AM

Renewed interest in criminal careers

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Special issue From European Journal Of Criminology This ‘criminal careers’ special issue showcases some of the best studies by respected European researchers exploring engagement in crime over the life course. Attention to the subject has been prompted by renewed interest in why people stop offending, and the processes by which they are rehabilitated or resettled [...]... Read more »

  • November 25, 2010
  • 04:18 AM

A typology of crises

by Jan Husdal in

What defines a crisis? Are there different types of crises? In this article, crises are classified according to how predictable and influenceable they are. This generates four types of crises: Conventional, Unexpected, Intractable and Fundamental crisis. » Read more » » »
... Read more »

Gundel, S. (2005) Towards a New Typology of Crises. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 13(3), 106-115. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5973.2005.00465.x  

  • November 24, 2010
  • 10:22 AM

Ejaculation as Defined by Hegemonic Masculinity

by Ultimo167 in Strong Silent Types

While much is written about the symbolism of the phallus, little, it would seem, is written about the complex relationship between the ejaculation process and hegemonic masculinity. Johnson (2010) wishes that we would all think more about how masculine ideals sustain and are sustained by this highly gendered, bodily function.... Read more »

  • November 24, 2010
  • 10:11 AM

From Natyural to Nacheruhl: Utterance Selection and Language Change

by Wintz in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Most of us should know by now that language changes. It’s why the 14th Century prose of Geoffrey Chaucer is nearly impenetrable to modern day speakers of English. It is also why Benjamin Franklin’s phonetically transcribed pronunciation of the English word natural sounded like natyural (phonetically [nætjuɹəl]) . . . → Read More: From Natyural to Nacheruhl: Utterance Selection and Language Change... Read more »

  • November 24, 2010
  • 04:30 AM

Haiti earthquake prompts guidelines for physicians doubling as journalists

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Reporting by TV docs in Haiti raises ethical issues From Electronic News In the wake of extensive television news reporting in Haiti by physicians, guidelines for physician-journalists in covering disasters are proposed in this article. With a trend for dual roles individuals can find it difficult to balance the duties and responsibilities of their two [...]... Read more »

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