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  • November 6, 2010
  • 02:44 AM

German is so funny. Not.

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Earlier this term I intercepted a note my 7-year-old had written to her teacher: “Ger Ger Ger; Don’t be so rude.” She was objecting to a reading comprehension exercise about sneezing, which included the following information: If someone nearby sneezes, … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • November 5, 2010
  • 06:38 AM

Victorian Psychology: Was It So Different From Modern Psychology?

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Psychology is sometimes only thought of as occuring in the 20th century. Indeed, most of Psychology has "happened" in the 20th Century. Freud, Skinner, Bowlby, the Cognitive Revolution, Neuropsychology are just a tiny fraction of who and what happened in the 20th century. Of course, students schooled in the history of psychology will know of it's early founding fathers, Wundt, James and possibly Darwin to name a few. But like many sciences, psychology owes its existence to the scientific en........ Read more »

Barton, R. (2002) Victorian psychology and British culture 1850-1880. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 38(4), 411-412. DOI: 10.1002/jhbs.10039  

Vrettos, A. (2005) Victorian Psychology. A Companion to the Victorian Novel. info:/10.1111/b.9781405132916.2005.00006.x

  • November 5, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

Violent video games cause an increase in aggression long after the game has been turned off

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Social Psychological and Personality Science In America this week the US Supreme Court has been hearing a case about the banning of violent video games. For many, this issue has been a concern for a long time in relation to children’s use and the impact of the exposure to their violence. Until now research [...]... Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 07:00 PM

Supply Chain Risk, Vulnerability and Mitigation in Indonesia

by Jan Husdal in

Indonesia. A logistical challenge for any supply chain, if not a logistical nightmare, and thus prone to supply chain disruptions. One would think that supply chain risk management would find fertile soil here, but does it? » Read more » » »
... Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 06:28 PM

Why religious Austrians have more children

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

On average, the more religious you are, the more kids you'll have. It's a widespread phenomenon, seen across pretty much all of the modern world.

The problem is, no-one really knows why this happens.

It could be something about religious beliefs. Maybe they make you more attractive to potential mates, or maybe they drive you to have more kids once you have found your mate.

Or maybe they encourage traditional, rather than modern, approaches to relationships. The traditional role for women is t........ Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 10:14 AM

C is for Cookie: Cookie Monster, Network Pressure, and Identity Formation

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

Cookie Monster © Sesame Street
It’s not quite news that Cookie Monster no longer eats cookies. Well, he eats ONE cookie. After he fills up on vegetables! Vegetables!! Understandably, the public was outraged, and in response, Cookie felt the need to clarify: He still eats cookies—for dessert—but he likes fruit and vegetables too. Cookie Monster needed to reassert his identity, so he did what anyone would do: He interviewed with Matt Lauer.* The message was plain:He’s a Cookie Monster a........ Read more »

  • November 4, 2010
  • 05:42 AM

Markets and on farm conservation: it’s complicated

by Jeremy in Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Eating blue tortilla chips during a recent visit to the US reminded me that I had intended to blog about a paper just out in the Journal of Latin American Geography. Entitled “Specialty maize varieties in Mexico: A case study in market-driven agro-biodiversity conservation,” it looks in detail at the economics of growing blue and [...]... Read more »

  • November 3, 2010
  • 05:35 AM

Trusting people make better lie detectors

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Not pollyannas: Higher generalized trust predicts lie detection ability From Social Psychological and Personality Trusting others may not make you a fool or a Pollyanna, instead it can be a sign that you are smart. This study analyzed participants responses when they viewed interview tapes of people applying for a job, where half the individuals recorded [...]... Read more »

Carter, N., & Mark Weber, J. (2010) Not Pollyannas: Higher Generalized Trust Predicts Lie Detection Ability. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(3), 274-279. DOI: 10.1177/1948550609360261  

  • November 3, 2010
  • 05:11 AM

Little Albert: The Most Famous Baby in Psychology

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Perhaps one of the most famous and well-known experiments of Behaviourism that many students of Psychology, and the wider population know of is that of the conditioning of "Little Albert" by John Watson.Harris (1979) states that the study is one of the most widely cited in most psychology textbooks. Specifically, Gorenflo & McConnell (1991; cited in Hobbs 2010) state that in 24 introductory psychology books published between 1985-89, "Watson and Rayner (1920)" was the 13th most referenc........ Read more »

Harris, B. (1979) Whatever happened to little Albert?. American Psychologist, 34(2), 151-160. DOI: 10.1037//0003-066X.34.2.151  

Hobbs, S. (2010) Little Albert: Gone But Not Forgotten. History , 12(2), 79-83. info:/

Watson, J., & Rayner, R. (1920) Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3(1), 1-14. DOI: 10.1037/h0069608  

  • November 2, 2010
  • 07:01 PM

The impact of supply chain glitches

by Jan Husdal in

This is an investigation of the effects on shareholder wealth of supply chain glitches that resulted in production or shipment delays, using a sample of 519 announcements made during 1989-2000. On average, shareholder value is decrease by near 11% following an announcement of supply chain problems. » Read more » » »
... Read more »

  • November 2, 2010
  • 05:32 AM

Twenty years of progress? English education policy 1988 to the present

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From Educational Management Administration Leadership This article reflects on the changes in policy focus over the last two decades following the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA). It shows the significant continuities between Conservative and New Labour policies in terms of the drive for an essentially market-based education system, with a trend towards the decentralization of [...]... Read more »

  • November 2, 2010
  • 04:49 AM

Resilience, catastrophising and positive emotions

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

Catastrophising, or thinking the worst, is one of those psychological factors that we know influences distress and disability in people with chronic pain. It’s quite a common phenomenon, and sometimes can stand us in good stead – after all, if we can think of the worst things that can happen, then plan to avert those … Read more... Read more »

  • November 1, 2010
  • 10:11 PM

5 ways to gain a lover

by aimee in misc.ience

Yes, it is a shameful, shameful misappropriation of a great song, but I couldn’t help myself.

Not even a little bit.
And seriously, there are, apparently, five different styles of flirting.  An ‘inventory’*, if you will.  And what, pray (or, possibly, prey) are they?  Read on, dear reader!
This is based very much in traditional gender roles.  You [...]

[Click on the hyperlinked headline for more of the goodness]... Read more »

Jeffrey A. Hall, Steve Carter, Michael J. Cody, . (2010) Individual Differences in the Communication of Romantic Interest: Development of the Flirting Styles Inventory. Communication Quarterly. info:/10.1080/01463373.2010.524874

  • November 1, 2010
  • 08:35 PM

The diversity of values held by conservation scientists and why this matters

by Phil Camill in Global Change: Intersection of Nature and Culture

Right up there with climate change, biodiversity conservation is one of the most challenging issues at the intersection of nature and culture.  Part of this challenge arises because of genuine differences in how people value other species.
In an interesting forthcoming article in Conservation Biology, Chris Sandbrook and colleagues at Cambridge University argue that these value [...]... Read more »

SANDBROOK, C., SCALES, I., VIRA, B., & ADAMS, W. (2010) Value Plurality among Conservation Professionals. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01592.x  

  • November 1, 2010
  • 01:21 PM

Medicine from the deep

by Noam Ross in Noam Ross

Normally I'm fairly skeptical of studies that attempt to put one big number around the value of a global ecosystem service.  In general, studies at such coarse spatial scales have more uncertainty and are not useful at the regional and local levels where decisions are generally made.  Nevertheless, I'm intrigued by this study in the latest Ecological Economics that attempts to put a value marine genetic diveristy on the development of future pharmaceutical products:

....Here, we ........ Read more »

  • November 1, 2010
  • 03:41 AM

Phrenology: A Beginner's Guide Part 2 - The Founder

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

Continuing on from the basics of Phrenology, today we will discuss it's founder, Franz Joseph Gall.Phrenology: A Beginner's Guide Part 2 - The FounderAccording to Simpson (2005) Gall was a gifted German physician who developed the theory of functional localisation in the brain, and diagnosis by examination of cranial palpation, - Phrenology. Simpson (2005) states that Gall was born in 1758 in Tiefenbrunn and received his medical doctorate ni 1785 in Vienna. Simpson (2005) maintains that as a chi........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 07:01 PM

The impact of supply chain disasters

by Jan Husdal in

Disasters. The result: Damaged infrastructure. End result: Disrupted supply chains. But how do disasters really impact supply chains? While the damage done by windstorms and floods may be different from that of an earthquake, do they also impact supply chains differently, and does it even differ by industry or sector? Is it different upstream or downstream the supply chain? According to what Nesih Altay and Andres Ramirez wrote in their very recent article Impact of disasters on firms in differe........ Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 06:06 PM

Maybe there are more atheists in foxholes!

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

A team of psychiatrists at the Naval Medical Center in Portsmouth, Virginia, USA have been taking a look at the religious beliefs of military folks who attended outpatient clinics, and they've turned up something rather interesting.

Well, in fact the main thing they found wasn't too surprising. It'll shock no-one to learn that these military patients were overwhelmingly Christian. In fact, 87% were Christian, 8% no religion, with a smattering of minority faiths. Only 73% of the US population in........ Read more »

McLaughlin SS, McLaughlin AD, & Van Slyke JA. (2010) Faith and religious beliefs in an outpatient military population. Southern medical journal, 103(6), 527-31. PMID: 20710135  

  • October 31, 2010
  • 11:53 AM

"Rebel access to [natural] resources crucially shapes armed civil conflict"

by Benno Hansen in Ecowar

How does rebel access to natural resources affect conflict? "How". Not "if". That is the question investigated by Päivi Lujala of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, recently published in the Journal of Peace Research.

Or rather: Where previous research has either suggested a link or sought to explain it by an indirect effect through resource abundance tending to corrupt weak ... Read more »

  • October 31, 2010
  • 03:37 AM

The Kymograph

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

The Kymograph was invented by Carl Ludwig in the 1840s. It's history is an interesting one, with its use being applied to various areas of science.van Bronswijk (2008) argues that the kymograph was the first recording device used to record and compare the influence of drug effects. Specifically, the kymograph enabled the study of the influence of drugs on a specific organ, which van Bronswijk (2008) argues enabled the development of Pharmacology as an independent science in it's own right. Accor........ Read more »

van Bronswijk, P., . (2008) The First Recordings of Pharmalogical Effects. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 66(5), 588-593. info:/

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