Child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church: Revisiting the rotten apples explanation From Criminal Justice and Behavior The Pope’s first state visit to Britain this week has fuelled controversy, not least due to his recent comments expressing his “great sadness” over revelations of widespread abuse of children by Catholic priests, saying ”authorities in the church have [...]... Read more »
White, M., & Terry, K. (2008) Child Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church: Revisiting the Rotten Apples Explanation. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(5), 658-678. DOI: 10.1177/0093854808314470
This definition of supply risk views the supply chain from end to end, acknowledging that what you purchase as a supply, in the the end will wind up in some customer's hand, to which you may be liable, if your product or service is faulty [ ... ]... Read more »
Anderson (2010) discovers that cheating men crave ‘emotional monogamy’ with their partners and to have their physical desires fulfilled through multiple, additional sexual contacts. Many such men claim to love their partners even more because they cheat on them.
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Anderson, E. (2010) 'At Least With Cheating There is an Attempt at Monogamy': Cheating and Monogamism Among Undergraduate Heterosexual Men. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. info:/
The other day a friend of mine bumped into some news that concerned her. She could have asked a random person about this to find out more information, but there was a bit of information that came with the news indicating that I might know more than the average person about it. So, she asked me, and as it turns out, I did not know anything. But, having heard the news from her, I noticed a different bit of information that came along with it that told me exactly who would know everything about i........ Read more »
Christakis, N., & Fowler, J. (2010) Social Network Sensors for Early Detection of Contagious Outbreaks. PLoS ONE, 5(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012948
First, there was plain and simple creationism, a Christian idea that, in an ideal Christian world, would be taught as part of any science dealing with the past, including biology (evolution), geology, and presumably history.
But the constitution stood in the way of implementing basic Christian teachings in public schools in the United States, though that battle took decades. Just as creationists were being driven off he landscape, a sort of Battle of the Bulge occurred, in the form of Intellig........ Read more »
Rosenau, Joshua. (2010) Leap of Faith: Intelligent Design's Trajectory after Dover. UNIV. OF ST. THOMAS JOURNAL OF LAW . info:/
Cohort differences in personality in middle-aged women during a 36-year period. Results from the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg From Scandinavian Journal of Public Health This research measures differences in personality in middle-aged Swedish women during a 36-year period. Society has undergone major changes in recent decades, many of which have had a pronounced [...]... Read more »
Andre, M., Lissner, L., Bengtsson, C., Hallstrom, T., Sundh, V., & Bjorkelund, C. (2010) Cohort differences in personality in middle-aged women during a 36-year period. Results from the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(5), 457-464. DOI: 10.1177/1403494810371247
There are two quick and fairly easy approaches to reducing US emissions of CO2 by several percent. These reduction would be at the household level, possibly decreasing the household cost of energy by between 20 and 30 percent (or more, depending on the household) and decreasing national total CO2 emissions by around 10% or so.
But these approaches are nearly impossible to implement. Why? Because people are ignorant and selfish. Read the rest of this post... | Read the comments on this post........ Read more »
Attari, S., DeKay, M., Davidson, C., & Bruine de Bruin, W. (2010) From the Cover: Public perceptions of energy consumption and savings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(37), 16054-16059. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1001509107
According to Eddie Izzard, if you kill someone, that’s murder and you go to jail for the rest of your life. If you kill ten people, you’re sent to Texas where the officials hit you with a brick on the head. Kill twenty people, and the judge will throw you into a mental hospital where [...]... Read more »
Nordgren, L., & Morris McDonnell, M. (2010) The Scope-Severity Paradox: Why Doing More Harm Is Judged to Be Less Harmful. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 10.1177/1948550610382308
Social Security spending in times of crisis From Global Social Policy While it could be assumed that times of financial crisis, like the current global recession, requires a tightening of the government’s purse strings, this research argues that in fact common sense and past experience tells us that countries should be encouraged to adopt expansionary [...]... Read more »
Spurred by questions from readers, I've expanded the coffee series to include two additional posts on this caffeinated drink that will run this week. If this is your first visit to AiP, you can review our coffee discussions here. This post will consider the question that readers have raised: how can we explain the popularity of instant coffee in coffee producing countries? As a follow-up, on
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Klumbyte, Neringa. (2010) The Soviet Sausage Renaissance. American Anthropologist, 112(1), 22-37. info:/
Somewhat like cooperation between members of the same species, mutually beneficial interactions between different species should be prone to fall apart when one species evolves a way to cheat the other. Biologists who study mutualism (myself included) have long believed that the solution to cheating is to punish cheaters—but a new model suggests that the benefits gained from playing nice might be enough to deter cheating [PDF].
I knew I had to write about this one when I saw that the authors ........ Read more »
Marr, D., & Pellmyr, O. (2003) Effect of pollinator-inflicted ovule damage on floral abscission in the yucca-yucca moth mutualism: the role of mechanical and chemical factors. Oecologia, 136(2), 236-43. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-003-1279-3
Pellmyr, O., & Huth, C. (1994) Evolutionary stability of mutualism between yuccas and yucca moths. Nature, 372(6503), 257-60. DOI: 10.1038/372257a0
Weyl, E., Frederickson, M., Yu, D., & Pierce, N. (2010) Economic contract theory tests models of mutualism. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 107(36), 15712-6. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1005294107
The politics of ethical foreign policy: A responsibility to protect whom? From European Journal of International Relations With the 9/11 anniversary just a few days ago, plus the recent publication of Tony Blair’s autobiography, once again there is much public debate regarding the justification and achievements of the foreign policy implemented over the last decade [...]... Read more »
Bulley, D. (2010) The politics of ethical foreign policy: A responsibility to protect whom?. European Journal of International Relations, 16(3), 441-461. DOI: 10.1177/1354066109350051
In the White House, can a white conservative do more to restrain anti-Islamic bigotry than an African-American progressive? Writing on the anniversary of 9/11, a couple of writers Saturday argued that this is so. Studies on the psychology of prejudice suggest they're right.
Chicken crusaders—Americans who have nothing to fear from Muslims, yet feel free to attack and insult them—are becoming a global problem, as their hatred provokes mirror-image rhetoric in the Muslim worl........ Read more »
THOMSEN, L., GREEN, E., & SIDANIUS, J. (2008) We will hunt them down: How social dominance orientation and right-wing authoritarianism fuel ethnic persecution of immigrants in fundamentally different ways☆. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44(6), 1455-1464. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2008.06.011
Sidanius, J., Feshbach, S., Levin, S., & Pratto, F. (1997) The Interface Between Ethnic and National Attachment: Ethnic Pluralism or Ethnic Dominance?. Public Opinion Quarterly, 61(1, Special Issue on Race), 102. DOI: 10.1086/297789
Sidanius, J., Pratto, F., & Bobo, L. (1996) Racism, conservatism, Affirmative Action, and intellectual sophistication: A matter of principled conservatism or group dominance?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(3), 476-490. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1686
*-note, this was derived from a combination of emails between myself and my former phd advisor. See if you can pick out who is arguing what and where. It’s fun – well, for some of you, anyway. How do we know the world? This is a seemingly simple and vast question – one with no [...]... Read more »
Paine, R. (2010) Macroecology: Does It Ignore or Can It Encourage Further Ecological Syntheses Based on Spatially Local Experimental Manipulations?. The American Naturalist, 176(4), 385-393. DOI: 10.1086/656273
Religious people are more likely to approve of capital punishment. That's something that's always intrigued me - partly because I find the idea of killing another human being in cold blood absolutely horrific. To be fair, however, there's a lot of variation between different religious groups in the support for the death penalty, and perhaps that holds at least a partial answer. Maybe there's something in the creed of certain religions, or sects within religions, that encourages notions of reveng........ Read more »
Wozniak, K., & Lewis, A. (2010) Re-examining the effect of Christian denominational affiliation on death penalty support. Journal of Criminal Justice. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.07.011
There's a paradox at the heart of modern psychiatry, according to an important new paper by Dr Charles E. Dean, Psychopharmacology: A house divided.It's a long and slightly rambling article, but Dean's central point is pretty simple. The medical/biological model of psychiatry assumes that there are such things as psychiatric diseases. Something biological goes wrong, presumably in the brain, and this causes certain symptoms. Different pathologies cause different symptoms - in other words, there ........ Read more »
Supply chain risk management must look beyond the individual supplier and look at dependencies within the entire supplier portfolio. Such dependencies may not be obvious at first sight, and this paper presents one very good approach towards discovering these dependencies. [ ... ]... Read more »
Wagner, S., Bode, C., & Koziol, P. (2009) Supplier default dependencies: Empirical evidence from the automotive industry. European Journal of Operational Research, 199(1), 150-161. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2008.11.012
The publisher Henry Holt and Company was kind enough to send me a review copy of Guy Deutscher's new book Through the Language Glass: Why the World Looks Different in Other Languages which bills itself as "demonstrating that language does in fact reflect culture in ways that are anything but trivial" but which also goes beyond that and purports to demonstrate that language affects thought, if only via habits of mind.This is part one of a two part review. I expect to post Part 2 next Monday, Sept........ Read more »
Guy Deutscher. (2010) Through the Language Glass: Why the World Looks Different in Other Languages. Metropolitan Books. info:/
The recent financial crisis is partly due to leaders abusing their power for self-interest. CEO’s and other leaders are responsible for the promotion and welfare of their clients and workers. Instead of wielding their power for the greater good, leaders might be tempted to use their power in self-serving ways. What makes leaders use their [...]
Related posts:On Leading a Research Group
How great leaders inspire action
Conflicts of Interest in Medical Journal Publishing
... Read more »
Maner, J., & Mead, N. (2010) The essential tension between leadership and power: When leaders sacrifice group goals for the sake of self-interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(3), 482-497. DOI: 10.1037/a0018559
by Kimie Takahashi 高橋君江 in Language on the Move
The latest issue of Cross-Cultural Studies (published by the Center for Cross Cultural Studies, Hyung Hee University, Korea) includes an article about the dark side of TESOL authored by Ingrid Piller, Kimie Takahashi, and Yukinori Watanabe. Based on case studies from … Continue reading →... Read more »
Ingrid Piller, Kimie Takahashi, & Yukinori Watanabe. (2010) The Dark Side of TESOL: The Hidden Costs of the Consumption of English. Cross-Cultural Studies, 183-201. info:/
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