Winston Sieck

26 posts · 10,662 views

Cognitive psychologist who studies the strategies people use to learn, think, and make decisions, and how these strategies differ across cultures and levels of expertise. He received his PhD in cognitive psychology and MA in statistics from the University of Michigan.

Head Smart
26 posts

Sort by Latest Post, Most Popular

View by Condensed, Full

  • August 20, 2014
  • 11:23 AM
  • 166 views

What is Competence and Why Should I Care?

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

If you’ve been reading about any of the new adventures in education, such as project-based learning, you’ve surely noticed the word competence sprinkled throughout. You may have thought, “Why do I keep hearing about competence? It sounds like another fad in my kid’s education. Wish they’d focus on getting test scores up.” In fact, competence […]... Read more »

McClelland, D. C. (1973) Testing for competence rather than for "intelligence.". American psychologist, 28(1), 1-14. info:/

  • December 16, 2013
  • 04:36 PM
  • 333 views

A Question Exploration Approach to Learning

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

A great way to learn is by asking questions. A question begs to be answered. When you ask a question, your mind starts to explore information in new and purposeful ways. Research on questioning has shown that some forms of questioning work better than others. Questions that invite explanations, such as “why,” “how does that […]... Read more »

Bulgren, J. A., Marquis, J. G., Lenz, B. K., Deshler, D. D., & Schumaker, J. B. (2011) The effectiveness of a question-exploration routine for enhancing the content learning of secondary students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 103(3), 578-593. info:/10.1037/a0023930

  • November 10, 2013
  • 08:00 PM
  • 362 views

Transfer of Learning: Take What You’ve Learned with You

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Can an eighth-grade math student apply her knowledge of geometry to estimate the square footage of the family’s new home? If so, then she has experienced transfer of learning. Transfer of learning means to extend knowledge you’ve gained from one situation to new ones. Parents and educators hope that kids get more out of school […]... Read more »

Barnett, S. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2002) When and where do we apply what we learn? A taxonomy for far transfer. Psychological bulletin, 128(4), 612-637. info:/10.1037//0033-2909.128.4.612

  • October 31, 2013
  • 02:56 PM
  • 568 views

Building Spatial Thinking Improves STEM success

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

You fall off of a ledge, dropping through a hole in the floor, only to find yourself hurtling out the side of a wall like a cannon ball. If you can imagine that easily, you have great spatial thinking skills. Or you’ve been playing Portal 2. Perhaps your spatial thinking skills got a boost from […]... Read more »

David H. Uttal, David I. Miller, & Nora S. Newcombe. (2013) Exploring and Enhancing Spatial Thinking: Links to Achievement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(5), 367-373. info:/10.1177/0963721413484756

  • October 26, 2013
  • 08:51 AM
  • 407 views

Cognitive Skills Help Fashion Adaptive Minds

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Which is the most useful kind of knowledge – general knowledge about how to think well, or specific knowledge within many subject areas? The idea that we can train the mind to use core cognitive skills that are effective in a wide range of situations is really fantastic. But, maybe it’s too fantastic. General, learnable, […]... Read more »

Perkins, D. N., & Salomon, G. (1989) Are cognitive skills context bound?. Educational Researcher, 18(1), 16-25. info:/10.3102/0013189X018001016

  • September 30, 2013
  • 06:18 PM
  • 403 views

Five Metacognitive Strategies to Change Your Mind

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Everyday learning often starts with a surprise. Something unexpected happens and you use that to change your understanding. You learn the most when you use metacognitive strategies to adapt your mindset. Metacognition is what you know about how you think and learn. It includes knowing what you know (and what you don’t).  It also includes […]... Read more »

Winston R. Sieck, Jennifer L. Smith, & Louise J. Rasmussen. (2013) Metacognitive strategies for making sense of cross-cultural encounters. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(6), 1007-1023. DOI: 10.1177/0022022113492890  

  • August 23, 2013
  • 01:55 PM
  • 486 views

Does High Intelligence Mean Low Cognitive Bias?

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

In thinking through any complex issue, there are going to be different possible solutions and perspectives. Ideally, a smart and critical thinker would reason through the pros and cons of the different possibilities and come to a balanced view of the issue. Yet a great deal of research finds that people tend to just consider […]... Read more »

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, & Maggie E. Toplak. (2013) Myside Bias, Rational Thinking, and Intelligence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(4), 259-264. DOI: 10.1177/0963721413480174  

  • June 23, 2013
  • 03:35 PM
  • 281 views

Note Taking Strategies in the Computer Age

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

One of the core ways we learn is by listening to lectures. We learn more when we take notes, especially when making use of good note taking strategies. Note taking affords you with an external record of what was said. Incomplete, by all means, but something you can look back at later. Note taking also […]... Read more »

  • June 10, 2013
  • 03:23 PM
  • 327 views

Argumentation Is More Than Just Knowing Why You Are Right

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Argumentation is the thought process used to develop and present arguments. It is closely related to critical thinking and reasoning. Argumentation belongs among the essential 21st century cognitive skills. We face complex issues that require careful, balanced reasoning to resolve. Perhaps for this reason, argumentative reasoning skills are now part of the “common core” for [...]... Read more »

  • May 16, 2013
  • 10:38 AM
  • 350 views

Discover Discovery Learning with Guidance

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

In days of old, a good bit of learning was done by rote memorization. The lesson is given. Recite and repeat over and over until you’ve got it down. Rote learning still exists. It gets used in some places and for some topics. A radically different approach is discovery learning. With discovery learning, you work [...]... Read more »

  • May 8, 2013
  • 08:16 PM
  • 563 views

5 Study Skills to Accelerate Your Learning

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

You may have heard that we now live in something called a “knowledge economy.” One big implication is the premium put on the ability to ramp up your knowledge about new topics. Whatever else students are learning in school, they also need to practice study skills that can help them learn more quickly. Having a [...]... Read more »

  • April 29, 2013
  • 09:39 PM
  • 431 views

Spotting Fallacious Arguments

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Starting an argument with someone can be a great way to learn more about a topic. Arguments help us check our own thinking, come to terms with someone else’s reasoning, and occasionally even arrive at a shared understanding about what we believe to be true. Everyday arguments are often messy. The parties involved in the [...]... Read more »

  • April 20, 2013
  • 02:13 PM
  • 442 views

What is Cognition and What Good is it?

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

You never used to hear anyone say the word cognition. More and more, it seems to crop up in all kinds of places. I see cognition crop up in newspapers, magazines, and letters from my kid’s school. As someone who makes his living off of cognition, that’s comforting. But what is cognition really about? Is [...]... Read more »

  • April 12, 2013
  • 10:22 AM
  • 442 views

Why Overconfidence Occurs and How to Overcome It

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Overconfidence happens to all of us. Ever have a plan that just couldn’t go wrong? And then you get a kick in the butt. Ever know that something must be true, only to find out later that you had it backwards? Overconfidence is when you think you are more likely to be right than you [...]... Read more »

Sieck, W., Merkle, E., & Van Zandt, T. (2007) Option fixation: A cognitive contributor to overconfidence. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103(1), 68-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.11.001  

  • March 13, 2013
  • 10:47 PM
  • 495 views

Intelligence: What it Means to You

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

What does intelligence mean to you? Take a moment to really think about that. Now, ask yourself another question – why do you think that? Where did your ideas about the nature of intelligence really come from? There are two main ways that people think about intelligence. Perhaps the most common view is that intelligence [...]... Read more »

  • February 28, 2013
  • 04:28 PM
  • 427 views

Cognitive Skills in the Internet Era

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Learning has gotten complicated. We often need to answer challenging technical and scientific questions to get by in our everyday life. The internet has become the default means to get those answers. Yet learning from the web is fraught with … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 20, 2013
  • 09:11 PM
  • 355 views

In Praise of (the Right Kind of) Praise

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Sure, you praise your kids. They look at you with beaming little faces. Such a warm feeling, if only for a moment. Is that all there is to praise? What’s simmering in the brain behind those sparkling eyes? It may … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 13, 2013
  • 08:19 PM
  • 433 views

Metacognition is not like Metaphysics

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

When someone bravely raises metaphysics at a gathering, autonomic responses take over. Some start to salivate, whereas others roll their eyes. The very few people who have attempted to bring up “metacognition” in polite conversation have also met with an … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • February 13, 2013
  • 08:19 PM
  • 265 views

Metacognition is Good to Know

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

The very few people who have attempted to bring up “metacognition” in polite conversation have mostly been met with uncontrolled reactions. Eyes glaze over and mouths get dry. Vague associations with metaphysics and mysticism might be made. The quick-witted excuse themselves to pour another drink. Is this “flight” reaction well-tuned? Should you be anticipating a [...]... Read more »

  • February 4, 2013
  • 11:35 PM
  • 435 views

Respect for Arab Crowds

by Winston Sieck in Head Smart

Direct displays of respect can reduce conflict in Arab protests, where a premium is placed on honor. Such displays enable people in potentially volatile crowd situations to accrue honor while avoiding risks associated with violent confrontation. These conclusions are based … Continue reading →... Read more »

Sieck, W., Smith, J., Grome, A., Veinott, E., & Mueller, S. (2013) Violent and peaceful crowd reactions in the Middle East: cultural experiences and expectations. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 5(1), 20-44. DOI: 10.1080/19434472.2011.616668  

join us!

Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.

If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.

Register Now

Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.

To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.