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United Academics
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  • June 14, 2014
  • 05:22 AM
  • 144 views

Do Women’s Brains Make Them Better Parents?

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

There’s an age old stereotype that women are made to be mothers, so being a parent comes more naturally to them. A recent paper by Abraham et al. examined brain activity in first-time mothers and fathers, and the results may surprise you.... Read more »

Abraham E, Hendler T, Shapira-Lichter I, Kanat-Maymon Y, Zagoory-Sharon O, & Feldman R. (2014) Father's brain is sensitive to childcare experiences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24912146  

Ruscio MG, Sweeny TD, Hazelton JL, Suppatkul P, Boothe E, & Carter CS. (2008) Pup exposure elicits hippocampal cell proliferation in the prairie vole. Behavioural brain research, 187(1), 9-16. PMID: 17913255  

  • June 13, 2014
  • 06:27 AM
  • 143 views

Bacteria May Give You A Heart Attack

by Geetanjali Yadav in United Academics

Enrique Iglesias might have had a heart attack because of his beloved, in reality the culprit are bacteria. Research published online in mBio®, indicates that stress, fear or over exertion may trigger these bacteria to cause a heart attack in vulnerable people. Hormones released during such events cause bacterial biofilm to disperse and rupture the plaque deposits into the bloodstream. This causes clogging of artery and restriction of blood flow and hence death.... Read more »

  • June 11, 2014
  • 06:02 AM
  • 113 views

Historic Accidental Finding Now Produced Promising Malaria Vaccine

by Pieter Carrière in United Academics

From killing 19th century chickens to protecting today’s humans: the historic Pasteurian approach for a new malaria vaccine could save many lives in the near future.... Read more »

Seder RA, Chang LJ, Enama ME, Zephir KL, Sarwar UN, Gordon IJ, Holman LA, James ER, Billingsley PF, Gunasekera A.... (2013) Protection against malaria by intravenous immunization with a nonreplicating sporozoite vaccine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1359-65. PMID: 23929949  

  • June 4, 2014
  • 04:54 AM
  • 122 views

Effects of bullying last into adulthood

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Recent studies reveal that bullied children are at risk for chronic inflammation and illness in adult life.
... Read more »

Copeland, W., Wolke, D., Lereya, S., Shanahan, L., Worthman, C., & Costello, E. (2014) Childhood bullying involvement predicts low-grade systemic inflammation into adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(21), 7570-7575. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1323641111  

  • May 30, 2014
  • 04:39 AM
  • 150 views

Mental Illness Is More Deadly Than Tobacco

by Patricia Pedro in United Academics

Researchers from the University of Oxford performed a meta-review based on clinical studies of mental illness. These included mental health problems, substance and alcohol abuse, dementia, autistic spectrum disorders, learning disability and childhood behavioural disorders. They found that most of these reduce life expectancy with 7 to 24 years, whereas heavy smoking reduces life expectancy with 8 to 10 years.... Read more »

Chesney E, Goodwin GM, Fazel S. (2014) Risks of all-cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta-review. World Psychiatry . info:/

  • May 29, 2014
  • 06:16 AM
  • 174 views

Think Before You Speak: The Mental Process

by RAZ Rebecca A. Zarate in United Academics

“The erroneous theory is: to speak is to understand. Tell that to Stephen Hawking” - Speech is one of the quickest and most efficient methods of communication, but not as easy for everyone to understand.... Read more »

Houde, J., & Nagarajan, S. (2011) Speech Production as State Feedback Control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00082  

Uecker, M., Zhang, S., Voit, D., Karaus, A., Merboldt, K., & Frahm, J. (2010) Real-time MRI at a resolution of 20 ms. NMR in Biomedicine, 23(8), 986-994. DOI: 10.1002/nbm.1585  

  • May 26, 2014
  • 05:40 AM
  • 167 views

Scientists Scanning Wood: “The More Dimensions, The Better”

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

An interview with Dr. Jan Van den Bulcke. He is an expert on X-ray computed tomography (CT) on wood, a technique that allows to see the inner structure of objects in 3D by irradiating them with X-rays. This technique has long been used in medicine and geology, but it was only recently applied in many other research fields, resulting in a tremendously fast evolution... Read more »

Van den Bulcke, J., Boone, M., Van Acker, J., & Van Hoorebeke, L. (2009) Three-Dimensional X-Ray Imaging and Analysis of Fungi on and in Wood. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 15(05), 395-402. DOI: 10.1017/S1431927609990419  

  • May 23, 2014
  • 10:09 AM
  • 112 views

New Omega Mice Produce Their Own Essential Fats

by Q Dragon in United Academics

Researchers create a transgenic mouse that stays healthier on a diet of carbohydrates and saturated fats... Read more »

  • May 23, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 127 views

4 Reasons Why Garlic Truly IS Awesome

by Jeffrey Daniels in United Academics

(1) It is more effective than antibiotics, and it works in a fraction of the time, (2) It can cure all sorts of warts caused by HPV, (3) It has been proven to combat malaria and cancer, and (4) It puts an end to brain cancers with no side-effects.... Read more »

  • May 21, 2014
  • 08:02 AM
  • 117 views

New Technique For Regenerating Heavily Injured Muscles

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Current therapies of heavily injured muscles imply surgical removal of the scar tissue and transplantation of immature muscles cells. Unfortunately, the transplanted cells are often unable to survive after transfer into patients. Now scientists bypassed this problem by providing the damaged tissue only with a biological scaffold of Extracellular Matrix (ECM). The results are promising.... Read more »

Brian M. Sicari, J. Peter Rubin, Christopher L. Dearth, Matthew T. Wolf, Fabrisia Ambrosio, Michael Boninger, Neill J. Turner, Douglas J. Weber, Tyler W. Simpson, Aaron Wyse, Elke H. P. Brown, Jenna L. Dziki, Lee E. Fisher, Spencer Brown, Stephen F. Badyl. (2014) An acellular biological scaffold promotes skeletal muscle formation in mice and humans with Volumetric Muscle Loss. Science Translational Medicine . info:/

  • May 21, 2014
  • 05:29 AM
  • 126 views

Electrical ‘brain hacking’: the new caffeine fix?

by Elisabeth Buhl Thubron in United Academics

The company Foc.us Labs has recently released a commercial tDCS headset directed towards video-gamers. The electrodes are placed on the gamer’s forehead so that the prefrontal cortex is targeted with 1-2 milliamps of current for 5-40 minutes. It improves performance, shows research. But is it really healthy?... Read more »

  • May 20, 2014
  • 07:23 AM
  • 154 views

Finally Solved: Why Zebra’s Wear Black And White Stripes

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

The origin of zebra stripes has long been a mystery: in over a century, scientists developed various hypotheses. Social factors, cooling mechanisms and camouflage against predators, were proposed as possible explanations. However, no striking evidence could support one particular theory, so the black and white striping in zebra was believed to remain a grey area.... Read more »

Caro, T., Izzo, A., Reiner, R., Walker, H., & Stankowich, T. (2014) The function of zebra stripes. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4535  

  • May 19, 2014
  • 08:35 AM
  • 186 views

http://www.united-academics.org/magazine/mind-brain/shock-jolt-developments-in-biomedical-research/

by Harsha Radhakrishnan in United Academics

Growth of biomedical research simultaneously hinders and advances its development.

This week brought to the forefront two important pieces of news in the field of biomedical research. Bad news first – the future of biomedical research looks bleak if things are not going to change. Then the good news – depending on your views on science, this second bit could be either head-scratching or eye opening: Scientists in the Scripps Research Institute, following years of research, have been able to create a synthetic organism with an “artificial DNA”.... Read more »

Alberts B, Kirschner MW, Tilghman S, & Varmus H. (2014) Rescuing US biomedical research from its systemic flaws. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(16), 5773-7. PMID: 24733905  

Malyshev DA, Dhami K, Lavergne T, Chen T, Dai N, Foster JM, Corrêa IR Jr, & Romesberg FE. (2014) A semi-synthetic organism with an expanded genetic alphabet. Nature, 509(7500), 385-8. PMID: 24805238  

  • May 19, 2014
  • 05:47 AM
  • 185 views

Dietary Supplements As Life-Lengthening Elixir?

by Patricia Fonsesca Pedro in United Academics

Recent research shows how alpha-ketoglutarate increases life-span of worms... Read more »

Chin RM, Fu X, Pai MY, Vergnes L, Hwang H, Deng G, Diep S, Lomenick B, Meli VS, Monsalve GC.... (2014) The metabolite α-ketoglutarate extends lifespan by inhibiting ATP synthase and TOR. Nature. PMID: 24828042  

  • May 15, 2014
  • 05:39 AM
  • 134 views

The Dead Sea could save lives

by Q Dragon in United Academics

Research reveals that fungus from the Dead Sea can address environmental challenges.... Read more »

Kis-Papo, T., Weig, A., Riley, R., Peršoh, D., Salamov, A., Sun, H., Lipzen, A., Wasser, S., Rambold, G., Grigoriev, I.... (2014) Genomic adaptations of the halophilic Dead Sea filamentous fungus Eurotium rubrum. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4745  

  • May 13, 2014
  • 06:47 AM
  • 147 views

The Dodo’s Journey to Japan

by Gunnar de Winter in United Academics

It was easy for Dodo's to perish since they were stuck in one place. But, some dodos travelled. Or were forced to travel anyway. As it goes with rare things, the rarer they get, the more of a collector’s item they become for the wealthy. ... Read more »

  • May 8, 2014
  • 04:00 PM
  • 138 views

How A ‘Medium-Size’ Can Trick You Into Buying ‘Large’

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

Maybe you have already heard about the magic effects of adding a ‘Medium’ size. It makes the ‘Small’ look a little too cheap to order. But the Medium size can do even more. If it is positioned strategically close to the Large option, it even makes the most expensive option look like a fairer deal.... Read more »

Terry Connolly, & Jochen Reb Edgar E. Kausel. (2013) Regret salience and accountability in the decoy effect. Judgment and Decision Making. info:/

  • May 5, 2014
  • 04:59 AM
  • 144 views

Using A Foreign Language Influences Your Sense of Morality

by Eva de Lozanne in United Academics

Moral judgement is often considered to be a fixed given, based on deep-seated ideas on what is morally right and morally wrong. But, however counter-intuitive it may seem: recent research shows that people react differently to moral dilemmas when presented in a foreign language than in their native language.... Read more »

Costa A, Foucart A, Hayakawa S, Aparici M, Apesteguia J, Heafner J, & Keysar B. (2014) Your morals depend on language. PloS one, 9(4). PMID: 24760073  

  • April 30, 2014
  • 12:00 PM
  • 135 views

Gene editing tool upgrated for human use

by Q-Dragon in United Academics

The biotechnology tool known as CRISPR is making a big impact on medicine and other fields. It’s a collection of enzymes, originally found in the immune system of certain bacteria. One enzyme targets a particular gene, and its companion cuts out that section of DNA which may enable further changes.... Read more »

Tsai SQ, Wyvekens N, Khayter C, Foden JA, Thapar V, Reyon D, Goodwin MJ, Aryee MJ, & Joung JK. (2014) Dimeric CRISPR RNA-guided FokI nucleases for highly specific genome editing. Nature biotechnology. PMID: 24770325  

  • April 29, 2014
  • 05:48 AM
  • 166 views

11 Tips To Write Popular Science Articles

by Pieter Carrière in United Academics

As a science editor for United Academics, a website that contains numerous popular scientific articles, I explored the website to find what components make science articles more attractive. I analyzed several articles that were frequently shared on social network sites. Here are eleven tips and tricks I filtered out of these articles:... Read more »

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