United Academics

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United Academics Connects Science to Society.

United Academics
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  • July 15, 2014
  • 10:13 AM
  • 169 views

Hosting the World Cup: is it worth it?

by Flora Brils in United Academics

The World Cup has come to an end. Brazil asks: do the costs outweigh the benefits? An economic analysis. ... Read more »

  • July 11, 2014
  • 05:17 AM
  • 206 views

Get Your 8 Hours Sleep: How Your Brain Makes Memories

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Conventional wisdom says that sleep is an important part of learning (remember your teachers telling you to get a good night’s sleep before a big test?), but what is your brain actually doing while you are sleeping? New studies confirm and explain this notion... Read more »

Yang G, Lai CS, Cichon J, Ma L, Li W, & Gan WB. (2014) Sleep promotes branch-specific formation of dendritic spines after learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1173-8. PMID: 24904169  

Euston DR, & Steenland HW. (2014) Neuroscience. Memories--getting wired during sleep. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1087-8. PMID: 24904140  

  • July 10, 2014
  • 11:19 AM
  • 209 views

Haha, kkkk, 555, LOL, jaja: Globalization Through Internet Jokes

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

In a recent article from Shifman, Levy and Thelwall, internet jokes are found to serve as an important and powerful agent of globalization and americanization. To research the role of internet jokes, they look at the concept of “user-generated globalization”, where internet users are the focal points through which user-generated content (in this case jokes) is translated, customized and distributed across the globe.... Read more »

Shifman, L., Levy, H., & Thelwall, M. (2014) Internet Jokes: The Secret Agents of Globalization?. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. DOI: 10.1111/jcc4.12082  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 09:21 AM
  • 263 views

A Deadly Shot: Heart Attacks During The World Cup

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

Studies show that there is an increase in cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, at the time of important football matches like the World Cup. Especially penalty shoot-outs can cause a higher number of myocardial infarctions. However, there are also studies that report no significant influence or even a decrease in cardiac emergencies.... Read more »

Mendenhall, M., Ute Wilbert-Lampen, M.D.,, David Leistner, M.D.,, Sonja Greven, M.S.,, Tilmann Pohl, M.D.,, Sebastian Sper,, Christoph Völker,, Denise Güthlin,, Andrea Plasse,, Andreas Knez, M.D.,.... (2008) Cardiovascular Events During World Cup Soccer. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 35(1), 114-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2008.03.028  

Carroll D, Ebrahim S, Tilling K, Macleod J, & Smith GD. (2002) Admissions for myocardial infarction and World Cup football: database survey. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 325(7378), 1439-42. PMID: 12493655  

  • July 4, 2014
  • 02:00 PM
  • 147 views

OhMyDog! Discover The Ins And Outs Of Your Pet, And Yourself

by Elisabeth Buhl Thubron in United Academics

A new health collar or chip may be the next big accessory for dogs, and humans.... Read more »

Xu S, Zhang Y, Jia L, Mathewson KE, Jang KI, Kim J, Fu H, Huang X, Chava P, Wang R.... (2014) Soft microfluidic assemblies of sensors, circuits, and radios for the skin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 70-4. PMID: 24700852  

  • July 2, 2014
  • 12:26 PM
  • 163 views

That Shiver Down My Spine: How We Experience Emotions

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Researchers draw bodily maps of emotions associated with corresponding brain maps. In a paper published in PNAS, Nummenmaa and colleagues from the University of Aalto in Finland wondered whether common emotions consistently activate the same body areas in different individuals. Their goal was to understand if it is possible to draw bodily maps of emotions that could be associated with corresponding brain maps.... Read more »

Nummenmaa L, Glerean E, Hari R, & Hietanen JK. (2014) Bodily maps of emotions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(2), 646-51. PMID: 24379370  

  • July 1, 2014
  • 06:58 AM
  • 181 views

Don’t Try Losing Weight By Just Eating More Fruits And Vegetables

by Geetanjali Yadav in United Academics

They fill you up, without loading you up with fat and calories. Still, a recent finding shows zero or null effect of fruits or vegetables on weight loss.... Read more »

  • June 27, 2014
  • 07:22 AM
  • 182 views

Jokes To Use And Not To Use In Your Relationship

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

To clear the air it’s always good to make a joke, right? It releases the tension, which could especially come in handy during a serious discussion with your partner. But don’t be too jolly. Some jokes only make it worse. Two researchers at the University of Minnesota attempted to quantitavely investigate which humour is advisable to use in certain romantic situations, and which is not.... Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 06:17 AM
  • 161 views

Why Measles, Whooping Cough (And Autism) Are Expanding

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Preventable diseases such as whooping cough and measles are more prevalent now than they have been in many years. Most of these outbreaks occur in places where vaccination levels are low. What does this mean for the global population, both vaccinated and unvaccinated?... Read more »

John TJ, & Samuel R. (2000) Herd immunity and herd effect: new insights and definitions. European journal of epidemiology, 16(7), 601-6. PMID: 11078115  

  • June 20, 2014
  • 06:40 AM
  • 198 views

Diabetes update: positive new facts and the role of genes

by Patrícia Fonseca Pedro in United Academics

Even though it is agreed that genetic inheritance is a very important factor, it is widely acknowledged, nowadays, that eating habits have a far more prominent role in Type 2 Diabetes’ development.... Read more »

  • June 18, 2014
  • 06:03 AM
  • 193 views

Anti-Aging With Oxygen Instead Of Antioxidants

by Gunnar de Winter in United Academics

There have been previous hints that metformin slows down the aging process. The main players, it seems, are oxygen particles. But wait, what about the whole fuss about antioxidants?... Read more »

De Haes W, Frooninckx L, Van Assche R, Smolders A, Depuydt G, Billen J, Braeckman BP, Schoofs L, & Temmerman L. (2014) Metformin promotes lifespan through mitohormesis via the peroxiredoxin PRDX-2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24889636  

  • June 17, 2014
  • 08:39 AM
  • 174 views

Injected Stem Cells Repair Heart After Heart Attack

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Cardiac muscle that has survived an infarction has nonetheless lost in part its functionality, and is at risk for complications such as arrhythmias. Scientists have been researching methods to promote heart repair that imply the replacement of the dead CMs with healthy and functional ones. Their technique consists of producing in the lab CMs starting from embryonic stem cells and then injecting them into the damaged heart.... Read more »

Chong JJ, Yang X, Don CW, Minami E, Liu YW, Weyers JJ, Mahoney WM, Van Biber B, Cook SM, Palpant NJ.... (2014) Human embryonic-stem-cell-derived cardiomyocytes regenerate non-human primate hearts. Nature, 510(7504), 273-7. PMID: 24776797  

  • June 17, 2014
  • 06:38 AM
  • 176 views

Cynicism & Dementia – Thinking Healthy Helps

by Harsha Radhakrishnan in United Academics

Statements of the Cynical Distrust Scale include (i) I think most people would like to get ahead; (ii) no one cares much what happens to you, etc. The higher one scores, the more cynical distrust they have, and a greater chance of incident dementia. These are the results of a recent study in Finland.... Read more »

  • June 16, 2014
  • 05:51 AM
  • 185 views

Disturbing facts about sunscreen

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

What you should know about sun cream ingredients.
... Read more »

  • June 14, 2014
  • 05:22 AM
  • 208 views

Do Women’s Brains Make Them Better Parents?

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

There’s an age old stereotype that women are made to be mothers, so being a parent comes more naturally to them. A recent paper by Abraham et al. examined brain activity in first-time mothers and fathers, and the results may surprise you.... Read more »

Abraham E, Hendler T, Shapira-Lichter I, Kanat-Maymon Y, Zagoory-Sharon O, & Feldman R. (2014) Father's brain is sensitive to childcare experiences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 24912146  

Ruscio MG, Sweeny TD, Hazelton JL, Suppatkul P, Boothe E, & Carter CS. (2008) Pup exposure elicits hippocampal cell proliferation in the prairie vole. Behavioural brain research, 187(1), 9-16. PMID: 17913255  

  • June 13, 2014
  • 06:27 AM
  • 196 views

Bacteria May Give You A Heart Attack

by Geetanjali Yadav in United Academics

Enrique Iglesias might have had a heart attack because of his beloved, in reality the culprit are bacteria. Research published online in mBio®, indicates that stress, fear or over exertion may trigger these bacteria to cause a heart attack in vulnerable people. Hormones released during such events cause bacterial biofilm to disperse and rupture the plaque deposits into the bloodstream. This causes clogging of artery and restriction of blood flow and hence death.... Read more »

  • June 11, 2014
  • 06:02 AM
  • 206 views

Historic Accidental Finding Now Produced Promising Malaria Vaccine

by Pieter Carrière in United Academics

From killing 19th century chickens to protecting today’s humans: the historic Pasteurian approach for a new malaria vaccine could save many lives in the near future.... Read more »

Seder RA, Chang LJ, Enama ME, Zephir KL, Sarwar UN, Gordon IJ, Holman LA, James ER, Billingsley PF, Gunasekera A.... (2013) Protection against malaria by intravenous immunization with a nonreplicating sporozoite vaccine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1359-65. PMID: 23929949  

  • June 4, 2014
  • 04:54 AM
  • 176 views

Effects of bullying last into adulthood

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Recent studies reveal that bullied children are at risk for chronic inflammation and illness in adult life.
... Read more »

Copeland, W., Wolke, D., Lereya, S., Shanahan, L., Worthman, C., & Costello, E. (2014) Childhood bullying involvement predicts low-grade systemic inflammation into adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(21), 7570-7575. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1323641111  

  • May 30, 2014
  • 04:39 AM
  • 206 views

Mental Illness Is More Deadly Than Tobacco

by Patricia Pedro in United Academics

Researchers from the University of Oxford performed a meta-review based on clinical studies of mental illness. These included mental health problems, substance and alcohol abuse, dementia, autistic spectrum disorders, learning disability and childhood behavioural disorders. They found that most of these reduce life expectancy with 7 to 24 years, whereas heavy smoking reduces life expectancy with 8 to 10 years.... Read more »

Chesney E, Goodwin GM, Fazel S. (2014) Risks of all-cause and suicide mortality in mental disorders: a meta-review. World Psychiatry . info:/

  • May 29, 2014
  • 06:16 AM
  • 256 views

Think Before You Speak: The Mental Process

by RAZ Rebecca A. Zarate in United Academics

“The erroneous theory is: to speak is to understand. Tell that to Stephen Hawking” - Speech is one of the quickest and most efficient methods of communication, but not as easy for everyone to understand.... Read more »

Houde, J., & Nagarajan, S. (2011) Speech Production as State Feedback Control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00082  

Uecker, M., Zhang, S., Voit, D., Karaus, A., Merboldt, K., & Frahm, J. (2010) Real-time MRI at a resolution of 20 ms. NMR in Biomedicine, 23(8), 986-994. DOI: 10.1002/nbm.1585  

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