United Academics

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United Academics
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  • August 28, 2014
  • 07:56 AM
  • 112 views

Feminism Not Funny? Women In American Sitcoms

by Nura Rutten in United Academics

Compared to the beginning of the sitcom-area, in the 1950′s/1960′s, the roles of women and men sometimes seem to be reversed. However, in every sitcom, the woman who wants to be funny has only two options.... Read more »

  • August 27, 2014
  • 05:33 AM
  • 104 views

Gaming Against Depression: It Can Really Help

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

A meta-analysis of 19 different studies of game-based interventions shows encouraging results. And besides the big amount of games for youngsters, the researchers specifically point out much can be done with with therapeutic gaming for older adults.... Read more »

  • August 22, 2014
  • 05:13 AM
  • 104 views

Is Intelligence Actually Beneficial To Survival?

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Research shows that more intelligent animals might not always be best suited for survival. Some researchers speculate that intelligence may be a trade-off. Fast learning may correlate with other traits, such as being less aggressive, which could weaken chances for survival. Slower learning may indicate that other choices are being made, and this variety could prove advantageous later.... Read more »

  • August 20, 2014
  • 06:06 AM
  • 84 views

How Stress Promotes Atherosclerosis

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

There is evidence that chronic stress increases the risk of atherosclerosis, but no mechanism linking the two phenomena has been demonstrated so far. Since stressful emotional states can affect the function of the immune system, Heidt and colleagues of the Massachusetts General Hospital hypothesized that stress increases the activity of inflammatory cells in the plaques facilitating their rupture, as you can read in their recently published article.... Read more »

Heidt T, Sager HB, Courties G, Dutta P, Iwamoto Y, Zaltsman A, von Zur Muhlen C, Bode C, Fricchione GL, Denninger J.... (2014) Chronic variable stress activates hematopoietic stem cells. Nature medicine, 20(7), 754-8. PMID: 24952646  

  • August 19, 2014
  • 07:14 AM
  • 91 views

Cats Won’t Answer Your Call Or Ring You Back

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

In a recent article, scientists proof that cats do not evidently set aside special attentions to their owners when called, even though they were able to recognize a familiar voice. Twenty domestic cats simply moved their head or their ears when called by whomever, owners or strangers, but almost no cat replied, “saying something”. They tried with everything: official names, nicknames, etc. but cats never said a word. In addition, hearing the owners’ voice did not result in a ma........ Read more »

  • August 18, 2014
  • 01:00 PM
  • 74 views

Five Facts You Did Not Know About Eggshells

by Shefali Sabharanjak in United Academics

Don't just throw away your Sunday morning egg shell. The humble eggshell and the shell membrane – the thin paperish sheet on the inner part of the eggshell- has a large number of surprising uses. Here’s a short list of five:... Read more »

  • August 13, 2014
  • 08:09 AM
  • 86 views

Stuck In The Middle: Migration Routes Of Hybrid Birds

by Gunnar de Winter in United Academics

Birds migrate long distances, via set routes and this behavior is partially genetic. But what’s the migration behavior then of hybrids with parents that employ two different travel routes? A new study provides fascinating answers.... Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 05:56 AM
  • 95 views

Taste Isn’t Just For The Tongue

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Taste is one of our five basic senses, and every child is taught that you use the tongue to taste things. But science is proving that many other tissues can taste what you ingest.... Read more »

Mosinger B, Redding KM, Parker MR, Yevshayeva V, Yee KK, Dyomina K, Li Y, & Margolskee RF. (2013) Genetic loss or pharmacological blockade of testes-expressed taste genes causes male sterility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(30), 12319-24. PMID: 23818598  

  • August 7, 2014
  • 05:50 AM
  • 111 views

Nature’s Magnifying Glass: Gravitational Lensing

by RAZ Rebecca A. Zarate in United Academics

Gravitational lensing is a clean probe of the Universe and has much to tell us about its two most mysterious components – dark matter and dark energy. This article explains what it is, what is can discover and what Sherlock Holmes has to do with it.... Read more »

Kenneth C. Wong, Kim-Vy H. Tran, Sherry H. Suyu, Ivelina G. Momcheva, Gabriel B. Brammer, Mark Brodwin, Anthony H. Gonzalez, Aleksi Halkola, Glenn G. Kacprzak, Anton M. Koekemoer.... (2014) Discovery of a Strong Lensing Galaxy Embedded in a Cluster at z . The Astrophysical Journal Letters vol. 789 . arXiv: 1405.3661v2

  • August 4, 2014
  • 07:29 AM
  • 163 views

Interview: Battling HIV-treatment With Computer Simulation

by Pieter Carriere in United Academics

Prof. Mancini computationally models HIV and other viruses’ dynamics and explains its clinical relevance.... Read more »

  • July 30, 2014
  • 07:32 AM
  • 128 views

Potentially habitable exoplanets found

by Jeffrey Daniels in United Academics

Two systems in the cosmic realm that are the closest to Earth found so far. At half the speed of light we can visit them within a single human lifetime.... Read more »

Anglada-Escude, G., Arriagada, P., Tuomi, M., Zechmeister, M., Jenkins, J., Ofir, A., Dreizler, S., Gerlach, E., Marvin, C., Reiners, A.... (2014) Two planets around Kapteyn's star: a cold and a temperate super-Earth orbiting the nearest halo red dwarf. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 443(1). DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slu076  

  • July 29, 2014
  • 07:35 AM
  • 147 views

Is Twitter Ruining Our Proper English?

by Katja Keuchenius in United Academics

“Hey al im on my way 2wrk but i totes 4got 2bring ur ipod sori il hav 2 bring it nxt tym ur workin. Hav a nice day xo”
Gives you the cramps? Maybe you should read this article.... Read more »

  • July 23, 2014
  • 07:01 AM
  • 126 views

Seeing Red: A New Way To Predict Preeclampsia

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

New Congo red test predicts development of preeclampsia with pregnant women. A large collaboration of scientists recently reported a new method of determining which women would develop preeclampsia. Urine samples were collected from more than 600 patients and mixed with a dye called Congo red. Congo red stains large clumps of proteins, but doesn’t mark smaller separate proteins.... Read more »

Buhimschi IA, Nayeri UA, Zhao G, Shook LL, Pensalfini A, Funai EF, Bernstein IM, Glabe CG, & Buhimschi CS. (2014) Protein misfolding, congophilia, oligomerization, and defective amyloid processing in preeclampsia. Science translational medicine, 6(245). PMID: 25031267  

Whitehead, N. (2014) Proteins and a pregnancy woe. Science, 345(6194), 249-249. DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6194.249  

  • July 22, 2014
  • 07:15 AM
  • 125 views

White or Brown: which is the better fat?

by Shefali Sabharanjak in United Academics

White adipose tissue or white fat has earned notoriety in the current obesity pandemic. But it is not right to throw white fat cells out of the window, just yet. Recent research has shown that conservation of energy-storing white fat cells can help to overcome cachexia brought on by chemotherapy in cancer patients. ... Read more »

Petruzzelli, M., Schweiger, M., Schreiber, R., Campos-Olivas, R., Tsoli, M., Allen, J., Swarbrick, M., Rose-John, S., Rincon, M., Robertson, G.... (2014) A Switch from White to Brown Fat Increases Energy Expenditure in Cancer-Associated Cachexia. Cell Metabolism. DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2014.06.011  

  • July 20, 2014
  • 05:19 AM
  • 136 views

Time-lapse video of developing depression and trichotillomania

by Elisabeth Buhl Thubron in United Academics

this young woman took 2100 over 6.5 years. You watch Rebecca as a young 14 year old go through not only the trials and tribulations of adolescent life, but also through the stages of developing major depressive disorder and trichotillomania.... Read more »

  • July 18, 2014
  • 05:03 AM
  • 225 views

Blue Eyes Mean Lies?

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

A recent study by Karel Kleisner et al. (2013) shows eye colour and facial features have an influence on our perception of trustworthiness.... Read more »

Kleisner K, Priplatova L, Frost P, & Flegr J. (2013) Trustworthy-looking face meets brown eyes. PloS one, 8(1). PMID: 23326406  

  • July 17, 2014
  • 06:07 AM
  • 172 views

Profiling Risk: Predicting Alcoholism In Adolescents

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

It appears that certain personality traits and traumatic early life events are typically associated with binge drinking in teenage years. However, the predictive power of each type of factors by itself (personality or individual history for example) is not absolute. A new study evaluated not only one single factor, but a series of psychological, genetic, and neurological elements for their ability to determine, when combined, current and future alcohol misuse in a large group of youngsters. ... Read more »

Whelan, R., Watts, R., Orr, C., Althoff, R., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., Barker, G., Bokde, A., Büchel, C., Carvalho, F.... (2014) Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13402  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 07:12 AM
  • 154 views

Want To Look Sexier? Pick The Right Crowd

by Gunnar de Winter in United Academics

Earlier modern work has shown that men will invest more resources in potential mates when there are a lot of guys and few women around. Basically, the rarer the women in a group, the more effort the men will expend in order to impress them. Now a new study...... Read more »

  • July 15, 2014
  • 10:13 AM
  • 130 views

Hosting the World Cup: is it worth it?

by Flora Brils in United Academics

The World Cup has come to an end. Brazil asks: do the costs outweigh the benefits? An economic analysis. ... Read more »

  • July 11, 2014
  • 05:17 AM
  • 164 views

Get Your 8 Hours Sleep: How Your Brain Makes Memories

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Conventional wisdom says that sleep is an important part of learning (remember your teachers telling you to get a good night’s sleep before a big test?), but what is your brain actually doing while you are sleeping? New studies confirm and explain this notion... Read more »

Yang G, Lai CS, Cichon J, Ma L, Li W, & Gan WB. (2014) Sleep promotes branch-specific formation of dendritic spines after learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1173-8. PMID: 24904169  

Euston DR, & Steenland HW. (2014) Neuroscience. Memories--getting wired during sleep. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1087-8. PMID: 24904140  

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