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Knees with a history of an anterior cruciate ligament injury are more likely to have osteoarthritis compared with a healthy contralateral knee but graft selection has no effect on long-term outcomes, such as osteoarthritis or knee functional outcomes.... Read more »
Barenius, B., Ponzer, S., Shalabi, A., Bujak, R., Norlen, L., & Eriksson, K. (2014) Increased Risk of Osteoarthritis After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A 14-Year Follow-up Study of a Randomized Controlled Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514526139
Diagnosing labral tears with femoroacetabular impingement can be slow and expensive, it is important for health care professionals to quickly recognize and manage the symptoms.... Read more »
Kahlenberg, C., Han, B., Patel, R., Deshmane, P., & Terry, M. (2014) Time and Cost of Diagnosis for Symptomatic Femoroacetabular Impingement. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(3). DOI: 10.1177/2325967114523916
Biochemical markers in the blood, like T-tau, are elevated after a concussion and are associated with recovery time. These markers may eventually be developed into clinical tools to determine diagnosis and prognosis after concussions as well as to devise improved return-to-play decisions.... Read more »
Shahim, P., Tegner, Y., Wilson, D., Randall, J., Skillbäck, T., Pazooki, D., Kallberg, B., Blennow, K., & Zetterberg, H. (2014) Blood Biomarkers for Brain Injury in Concussed Professional Ice Hockey Players. JAMA Neurology. DOI: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2014.367
Two recent studies found different causes of SCD, which makes it difficult to develop cost-effective screening strategies when it remains uncertain what problems we should be screening for in preparticipation physicals.... Read more »
Harmon, K., Drezner, J., Maleszewski, J., Lopez-Anderson, M., Owens, D., Prutkin, J., Asif, I., Klossner, D., & Ackerman, M. (2014) Etiologies of Sudden Cardiac Death in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.001376
Maron, B., Haas, T., Murphy, C., Ahluwalia, A., & Rutten-Ramos, S. (2014) Incidence and Causes of Sudden Death in U.S. College Athletes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.01.041
Cam deformities develop over time in skeletally immature elite soccer athletes.
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Agricola, R., Heijboer, M., Ginai, A., Roels, P., Zadpoor, A., Verhaar, J., Weinans, H., & Waarsing, J. (2014) A Cam Deformity Is Gradually Acquired During Skeletal Maturation in Adolescent and Young Male Soccer Players: A Prospective Study With Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514524364
Computerized neurocognitive testing results suggest athletes suffer small impairments within one week of a concussion. Several factors may lead to more pronounced impairments: age, type of neurocognitive test, and test administrator.... Read more »
Kontos AP, Braithwaite R, Dakan S, & Elbin RJ. (2014) Computerized Neurocognitive Testing within 1 Week of Sport-Related Concussion: Meta-analytic Review and Analysis of Moderating Factors. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, 20(3), 324-32. PMID: 24521662
A rehabilitation program that uses hip and trunk strengthening with verbal feedback and proper instruction during rehab provided greater pain reduction, improved strength, and improved squatting mechanics compared with a standard rehabilitation program that was focused on quadriceps strengthening.... Read more »
Baldon RD, Serrão FV, Silva RS, & Piva SR. (2014) Effects of Functional Stabilization Training on Pain, Function, and Lower Extremity Biomechanics in Females With Patellofemoral Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. PMID: 24568258
Athletic training students, who are involved in clinical experiences, report the highest levels of frustration when they experience a lack of respect from coaches, athletes, and their preceptors. They also experience frustration trying to balance their clinical experience with other obligations.... Read more »
Heinerichs, S., Curtis, N., & Gardiner-Shires, A. (2014) Perceived Levels of Frustration During Clinical Situations in Athletic Training Students. Journal of Athletic Training, 49(1), 68-74. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-48.6.12
Patients who underwent rotator cuff repair have improved function and reduced pain, regardless of the structural integrity of the repair. Patients with an intact repair have greater strength than those with retears.... Read more »
Russell RD, Knight JR, Mulligan E, & Khazzam MS. (2014) Structural integrity after rotator cuff repair does not correlate with patient function and pain: a meta-analysis. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume, 96(4), 265-71. PMID: 24553881
Take Home Message: Individuals with a history of an anterior cruciate ligament injury are more likely to have certain genetic variations compared with individuals without a history of a knee injury. While these findings are novel and interesting, researchers need to conduct more research to understand the multifactorial genetic risk behind anterior cruciate ligament injuries. ... Read more »
Mannion, S., Mtintsilana, A., Posthumus, M., van der Merwe, W., Hobbs, H., Collins, M., & September, A. (2014) Genes encoding proteoglycans are associated with the risk of anterior cruciate ligament ruptures. British Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093201
Take Home Message: Illegal collision tackles cause the most injuries per contact and weeks missed due to injury. Six percent of scrums, a relatively controllable event, collapse; however, the propensity for injury is 4 times higher and the severity is 6 times greater than non-collapsed scrums.
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Roberts SP, Trewartha G, England M, & Stokes KA. (2014) Collapsed scrums and collision tackles: what is the injury risk?. British Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 24516009
College athletes who had orthopaedic surgery in high school miss more days of collegiate competition than athletes without a history of orthopaedic surgery. More specifically, athletes with a history of knee surgery were more likely to sustain another knee injury or require surgery while in college.... Read more »
Rugg, C., Wang, D., Sulzicki, P., & Hame, S. (2014) Effects of Prior Knee Surgery on Subsequent Injury, Imaging, and Surgery in NCAA Collegiate Athletes. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546513519951
The risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision is relatively low after an autograft reconstruction. Revision rates may be slightly lower for patellar autografts compared with hamstring autografts.... Read more »
Rahr-Wagner, L., Thillemann, T., Pedersen, A., & Lind, M. (2013) Comparison of Hamstring Tendon and Patellar Tendon Grafts in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in a Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study: Results From the Danish Registry of Knee Ligament Reconstruction. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(2), 278-284. DOI: 10.1177/0363546513509220
Persson, A., Fjeldsgaard, K., Gjertsen, J., Kjellsen, A., Engebretsen, L., Hole, R., & Fevang, J. (2013) Increased Risk of Revision With Hamstring Tendon Grafts Compared With Patellar Tendon Grafts After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Study of 12,643 Patients From the Norwegian Cruciate Ligament Registry, 2004-2012. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(2), 285-291. DOI: 10.1177/0363546513511419
Younger athletes (10-12 year olds) have more invalid baseline ImPACT exams compared to older athletes (13-18 year olds). This is most pronounced when younger athletes are tested in large groups in a nonclinical setting.... Read more »
Lichtenstein JD, Moser RS, & Schatz P. (2014) Age and test setting affect the prevalence of invalid baseline scores on neurocognitive tests. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(2), 479-84. PMID: 24243771
While many screening methods for sudden cardiac death exist, a large proportion of institutions do not employ noninvasive cardiac screening. The most commonly reported reasons why noninvasive cardiac screening is not used was lack of evidence to support its effectiveness and cost.... Read more »
Asplund CA, & Asif IM. (2014) Cardiovascular Preparticipation Screening Practices of College Team Physicians. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. PMID: 24451693
When compared to the older Riddell VSR4 model helmet, college football players wearing the Riddell Revolution helmet may have a lower risk of concussion.... Read more »
Rowson S, Duma SM, Greenwald RM, Beckwith JG, Chu JJ, Guskiewicz KM, Mihalik JP, Crisco JJ, Wilcox BJ, McAllister TW.... (2014) Can helmet design reduce the risk of concussion in football?. Journal of Neurosurgery. PMID: 24484225
Eight-week strengthening programs that address the posterolateral hip muscles or quadriceps improve patellofemoral pain for up to 6 months. The outcomes were better for the posterolateral hip strengthening group. ... Read more »
Khayambashi K, Fallah A, Movahedi A, Bagwell J, & Powers C. (2014) Posterolateral Hip Muscle Strengthening verses Quadriceps Strengthening for Patellofemoral Pain: A Comparative Control Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. PMID: 24440362
Young female soccer players (11 to 14 years) have a high rate of concussions, often continue to play with symptoms, and commonly fail to seek medical attention.... Read more »
O'Kane JW, Spieker A, Levy MR, Neradilek M, Polissar NL, & Schiff MA. (2014) Concussion Among Female Middle-School Soccer Players. JAMA pediatrics. PMID: 24446018
Many athletes especially football players suffer exertional heat stroke each year To reduce the prevalence of exertional heat stroke, clinicians should be well educated on, and implement active exertional heat stroke management strategies such as moving the athletes into air conditioning, cold water immersion, and monitoring body temperature.... Read more »
Kerr ZY, Marshall SW, Comstock RD, & Casa DJ. (2014) Exertional heat stroke management strategies in United States high school football. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1), 70-7. PMID: 24013346
Long-term bracing reduced the incidence of recurrent ankle sprains in comparison with 12 weeks of neuromuscular training following an ankle sprain. A combination of bracing and neuromuscular training also had a mild reduction in comparison with neuromuscular training. ... Read more »
Janssen KW, van Mechelen W, & Verhagen EA. (2014) Bracing superior to neuromuscular training for the prevention of self-reported recurrent ankle sprains: a three-arm randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 24398222
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