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Daily Observations: Your source for the latest psychological research.
There are several steps that researchers can take to bolster the integrity of their work, but embracing the use of the “new statistics” of effect sizes, estimation, and meta-analysis is a particularly important one, argues psychological scientist Geoff Cumming of La Trobe University in Australia.... Read more »
Professional poker players rely on the ability to divorce their facial expressions from their emotional state – no matter how good, or how bad, their hand is, they have to maintain an inscrutable “poker face.” But new research suggests that they may do well to focus on another body part: The arms. The research, published in Psychological Science, suggests that homing in on only the player’s arms may be the most reliable way to call a bluff.... Read more »
Slepian, M.L., Young, S.G., Rutchick A.M., & Ambady, N. (2013) Quality of Professional Players' Poker Hands Is Perceived Accurately From Arm Motions. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613487384
APS Fellow and Charter Member Kathleen McCartney, who has been the Dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Education for the past seven years, will be the next president of ... Read more »
Scarr, S., Phillips, D., & McCartney, K. (1990) FACTS, FANTASIES AND THE FUTURE OF CHILD CARE IN THE UNITED STATES. Psychological Science, 1(1), 26-35. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1990.tb00061.x
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Many police departments have a problem with prejudice — It’s a common assumption supported by empirical research. But when a team of psychological scientists led by Juliette ... Read more »
Gatto, J., Dambrun, M., Kerbrat, C., & De Oliveira, P. (2009) Prejudice in the police: On the processes underlying the effects of selection and group socialisation. European Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.617
APS Fellow Michele Gelfand, an expert in the study of conflicts and comparative cultures, accepted the Anneliese Maier Research Award at a September 13, 2012, ceremony at Heidelberg University in ... Read more »
Gelfand, M.J.,, Raver, J.L.,, Nishii, L.,, Leslie, L.M., Lun, J.,, & Lim, B.C.,. (2011) Differences between tight and loose cultures: A 33-nation study. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1100-4. PMID: 21617077
APS Fellow Kurt Pawlik, University of Hamburg, Germany, has received the 2012 APA Outstanding Psychologist Award for distinguished contributions to global psychology.
Pawlik, who has been a professor at the University ... Read more »
Pawlik, K. . (1964) Third-Order Factors in Objective Personality Test. British Journal of Psychology, 55(1), 1-18. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1964.tb00893.x
“When it’s really important to educate the public about an issue, the most reliable means we have is simple, clear messages repeated often by a variety of trusted sources,” says ... Read more »
Lewandowsky, s., Ecker,U. K. H. Seifert,C.M., Schwarz,N., and Cook, J. (2012) Misinformation and Its Correction: Continued Influence and Successful Debiasing. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 13(3), 106-131. DOI: 10.1177/1529100612451018
A paper published in Perspectives on Psychological Science, “The situated inference model of priming: An integrative account of construal, behavior, and goal priming” was awarded the 2011 Best Paper Award ... Read more »
Loersch, C. . (2011) The Situated Inference Model An Integrative Account of the Effects of Primes on Perception, Behavior, and Motivation. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 234-252. info:/10.1177/1745691611406921
In logic, an argument can be invalid even if its conclusion is true, and an argument can be valid even if its conclusion is false. It’s a confusing concept, and ... Read more »
Edward J. N. Stupple, Linden J. Ball, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans, , & Smith. (2011) When logic and belief collide: Individual differences in reasoning times support a selective processing model. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23(8). DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2011.589381
Imagine you’re at a party and a new acquaintance comes over to say hello. In a blind moment of panic you realize that you’ve just met the person, but you ... Read more »
Salas, C. R., Minakata, K., . (2011) Walking before study enhances free recall but not judgment-of-learning magnitude. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23(4). info:/
It’s Friday the 13th for the second time in 2012. With one more Friday the 13th coming in July, for some superstitious people this is a scary time—but stay positive. ... Read more »
Math can be a fun, logic puzzle for some people. But for others, doing math is a headache-inducing experience. Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have recently shown ... Read more »
There are tons of studies about how to improve learning, but what happens when we want to unlearn is less clear. Research on learning by association goes back to Pavlov’s ... Read more »
Coutanche, M., & Thompson-Schill, S. (2012) Reversal Without Remapping: What We Can (and Cannot) Conclude About Learned Associations From Training-Induced Behavior Changes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(2), 118-134. DOI: 10.1177/1745691611434211
Ever wonder what the number 5 tastes like? What color is G sharp? Or what type of personality does January have? If you were a synesthete, you might be able ... Read more »
APS Past-President Elizabeth Loftus, University of California, Irving, is the highest-ranking female in the list of top 100 psychologists. She’s gained world-wide renown for her experiments showing that memory, far ... Read more »
When a game begins, there is no telling how it will end. How can players cope with the unpredictability of sports? The rituals that athletes count on to win a ... Read more »
Damisch, L., Stoberock, B., & Mussweiler, T. (2010) Keep Your Fingers Crossed!: How Superstition Improves Performance. Psychological Science, 21(7), 1014-1020. DOI: 10.1177/0956797610372631
APS Fellow and Charter Member Irving Kirsch, associate director of the Placebo Studies Program at Harvard Medical School, says the difference between the effect of a placebo and the effect ... Read more »
Kirsch, I., Deacon, B.J., Huedo-Medina, T.B., Scoboria, A., Moore, T.J., & Johnson, B.T. (2008) Initial severity and antidepressant benefits: a meta-analysis of data submitted to the Food and Drug Administration. PLoS medicine, 5(2). PMID: 18303940
The need for STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) professionals has become critical in the United States. A recent Washington Post article stated there is a shortage of qualified U.S. ... Read more »
Bang, M., & Medin, D. (2010) Cultural processes in science education: Supporting the navigation of multiple epistemologies. Science Education, 94(6), 1008-1026. DOI: 10.1002/sce.20392
Today it seems to be common knowledge that most behavioral and psychological traits have a heritable genetic component. But what does it really mean when a study says that the ... Read more »
Johnson, W., Penke, L., & Spinath, F. (2011) Heritability in the Era of Molecular Genetics: Some Thoughts for Understanding Genetic Influences on Behavioural Traits. European Journal of Personality, 25(4), 254-266. DOI: 10.1002/per.836
In the January 2012 issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science, two articles were published in which the authors argued that the trend of increasingly shorter journal articles could have a ... Read more »
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