12 posts · 22,118 views
Casting an evolutionary eye on biological conservation and the interaction between humans and nature, this blog focuses on evolutionary ecology in human dominated environments, addressing how other organisms respond to what we do to earth's habitats.
When you pack over a billion people into a relatively small subcontinent containing several globally important biodiversity hotspots, and many species of large, fierce, charismatic megafauna, the challenges of conserving all that biodiversity while meeting human needs are not simple. You find that solutions invented in other places, in simpler contexts, seldom work. Some simple [...]... Read more »
Fernando, P., Leimgruber, P., Prasad, T., & Pastorini, J. (2012) Problem-Elephant Translocation: Translocating the Problem and the Elephant?. PLoS ONE, 7(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050917
Two interesting, alarming reports this week about what's happening (no small thanks to us) to the dominant habitat on this watery planet. First, that habitat is becoming even more dominant: a paper...
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Kemp, A., Horton, B., Donnelly, J., Mann, M., Vermeer, M., & Rahmstorf, S. (2011) Climate related sea-level variations over the past two millennia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1015619108
Familiarity, they say, breeds contempt. Or, even if we aren't actually contemptuous of the familiar, we often simply ignore it. It is not surprising, then—although it should...
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Hamm, C. (2010) Multivariate Discrimination and Description of a New Species of Tapinoma from the Western United States . Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 103(1), 20-29. DOI: 10.1603/008.103.0104
See and download the full gallery on posterous
What a handsome corvid, the Yellow-billed Magpie. How curiously restricted, its global range:
This lovely bird is another one I consider...
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You are brightly colored - enough to be considered charismatic even by humans who like to keep you as a pet! You can make fairly loud calls. So how do you communicate with each other? Especially in...
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Caldwell, M., Johnston, G., McDaniel, J., & Warkentin, K. (2010) Vibrational Signaling in the Agonistic Interactions of Red-Eyed Treefrogs. Current Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.069
Robertson, J., & Zamudio, K. (2009) Genetic Diversification, Vicariance, and Selection in a Polytypic Frog. Journal of Heredity, 100(6), 715-731. DOI: 10.1093/jhered/esp041
I've noted the so-called "luxury effect" in the distribution of biodiversity in urban areas on this blog before, as seen in the pattern of higher bird diversity in the more affluent areas of...
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Ann P. Kinzig, Paige Warren, Chris Martin, Diane Hope, & Madhusudan Katti. (2005) The Effects of Human Socioeconomic Status and Cultural Characteristics on Urban Patterns of Biodiversity. Ecology and Society, 10(1). info:other/
Deep in the mountains of Arunachal Pradesh, where the mighty Siang river carves its way through the Himalayan wall, nestled the Adi hamlet of Tuting, surrounded by a sea of green—overgrown fields, verdant mountains, the river itself deep green. The very moonlight seemed green as it shone on the ghostly mist rising from the gorge. Eighteen years ago, a search for India's last Takin—that... Read more »
Madhusudan Katti. (2001) Vocal communication and territoriality during the non-breeding season in a migrant warbler. Current Science, 80(3), 419-423. DOI: http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/feb102001/419.pdf
SWADDLE, J., & PAGE, L. (2007) High levels of environmental noise erode pair preferences in zebra finches: implications for noise pollution. Animal Behaviour, 74(3), 363-368. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.01.004
Fuller, R., Warren, P., & Gaston, K. (2007) Daytime noise predicts nocturnal singing in urban robins. Biology Letters, 3(4), 368-370. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2007.0134
I am, (it seems) almost constantly reading, evaluating, and passing judgment on, material written by others: not just when I'm synthesizing material for my own papers or blog essays, but as a peer reviewing manuscripts and grants written by colleagues, or as a teacher grading student papers. Comes with the territory of being a professor, or course. As it happens, its that time of year again when... Read more »
Dove, A. (2009) Regulators confront blind spots in research oversight. Nature Medicine, 15(5), 469-469. DOI: 10.1038/nm0509-469a
Errami, M., Sun, Z., Long, T., George, A., & Garner, H. (2009) Deja vu: a database of highly similar citations in the scientific literature. Nucleic Acids Research, 37(Database). DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkn546
Long, T., Errami, M., George, A., Sun, Z., & Garner, H. (2009) SCIENTIFIC INTEGRITY: Responding to Possible Plagiarism. Science, 323(5919), 1293-1294. DOI: 10.1126/science.1167408
Contributed by Seth Reid, following a vigorous class discussion with guest presentation by Genevra Ornelas.
Our March 4th class discussion revolved around urban forestry and how it pertained to an article written by John M. Anderis, Marcos A. Jannsen, and Elinor Ostrom. This article provided, “A Framework to Analyze the Robustness of Social-ecologcial Sytems from an Institutional Perspective.”... Read more »
Anderies, J. M., Janssen, M. A., & Ostrom, E. (2004) A Framework to Analyze the Robustness of Social-ecological Systems from an Institutional Perspective. Ecology and Society, 9(1), 18. DOI: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss1/art18/
Brad Schleder shares this summary of class discussion of two very interesting papers that Brett Moore brought to the table.
Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scales
Erik Nelson, Guillermo Mendoza, James Regetz, Stephen Polasky, Heather Tallis, D. Richard Cameron, Kai MA Chan, Gretchen C. Daily, Joshua Goldstein,... Read more »
Nelson, E., Mendoza, G., Regetz, J., Polasky, S., Tallis, H., Cameron, D., Chan, K., Daily, G., Goldstein, J., Kareiva, P.... (2009) Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scales. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7(1), 4-11. DOI: 10.1890/080023
Bohlen, P., Lynch, S., Shabman, L., Clark, M., Shukla, S., & Swain, H. (2009) Paying for environmental services from agricultural lands: an example from the northern Everglades. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7(1), 46-55. DOI: 10.1890/080107
Heather Hanlin wrote the following summary of our class discussion on Feb 17th:
We discussed two different papers: “Coupled Human and Natural Systems,” by Jianguo Liu et al (2007), and “The Effects of Human Socioeconomic Status and Cultural Characteristics on Urban Patterns of Biodiversity” by Ann Kinzig et al (2005). The “Coupled Human and Natural Systems,” are referred to as CHANS. CHANS are... Read more »
Liu, J., Dietz, T., Carpenter, S., Folke, C., Alberti, M., Redman, C., Schneider, S., Ostrom, E., Pell, A., Lubchenco, J.... (2007) Coupled Human and Natural Systems. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 36(8), 639-649. DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447(2007)36[639:CHANS]2.0.CO;2
Ann P. Kinzig, Paige Warren, Chris Martin, Diane Hope and Madhusudan Katti. (2005) The Effects of Human Socioeconomic Status and Cultural Characteristics on Urban Patterns of Biodiversity. Ecology and Society, 10(1), 23. DOI: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol10/iss1/art23/
File this one under the "who woulda thunk it?", or "why didn't I think of this?" or simply "whaaa...?!" categories! Quick, can you tell which way is north in this picture?
Do you think of asking the cow for directions? Why not? For it seems that cow probably knows which way north is! Read on...
You know, these big dumb-seeming large mammals you pass by every day, these big walking, grazing... Read more »
S Begall, J Cerveny, J Neef, O Vojtcch, & H Burda. (2008) Magnetic alignment in grazing and resting cattle and deer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0803650105
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