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United Academics Magazine publishes popular science news on a daily basis.

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  • November 24, 2015
  • 06:04 AM

Pinocchio and Captain Hook: Suffering from Tinnitus?

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

You might be wondering what Pinocchio and Captain Hook have in common. Well, they are both from children’s stories, they both have prosthetics, they have issues with being honest, and they both experience interesting maritime adventures. But there is something else too: they are both annoyed by a continuous ticking sound that follows them everywhere. For Pinocchio it is Jiminy Cricket who bothers him while for Hook the crocodile is ticking merrily away. I can hear you saying: “So? Wh........ Read more »

  • November 11, 2015
  • 11:50 AM

A New Boost for Cancer Stem Cell Therapies

by Rita dos Santos Silva in United Academics

Patent for Bozepinib approved by scientists of University of Granada

Researchers at the University of Granada, Spain, have patented Bozepinib, a drug that inhibits the growth of cancer stem cells in breast, colon and melanoma cancers.

The mechanisms of action of Bozepinib were first described in an article published in the Open Access journal Oncotarget back in 2014. The team showed that Bozepinib was able to inhibit growth and metastasis of tumors in mice without inducing toxicity. Follow........ Read more »

Ramírez A, Boulaiz H, Morata-Tarifa C, Perán M, Jiménez G, Picon-Ruiz M, Agil A, Cruz-López O, Conejo-García A, Campos JM.... (2014) HER2-signaling pathway, JNK and ERKs kinases, and cancer stem-like cells are targets of Bozepinib small compound. Oncotarget, 5(11), 3590-606. PMID: 24946763  

  • November 11, 2015
  • 06:22 AM

The Dangers of Galactic Cosmic Rays

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Eager to travel to Mars? Think twice!

NASA, galactic cosmic rays, mars, space travel

Explorations of Mars with probes and spacecraft are revealing intriguing features of the Red Planet. The most recent discovery by the NASA spacecraft Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, that liquid water very likely flows on Mars, has stirred enthusiasm among scientists who have been looking for signs of “life-as-we-know-it” on the planet for the last twenty years.

One of the major future goals of ........ Read more »

Parihar, V., Allen, B., Tran, K., Macaraeg, T., Chu, E., Kwok, S., Chmielewski, N., Craver, B., Baulch, J., Acharya, M.... (2015) What happens to your brain on the way to Mars. Science Advances, 1(4). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400256  

  • November 10, 2015
  • 06:10 AM

Novel Strategies for Eliminating HIV

by Shefali Sabharanjak in United Academics

Using special antibodies to attack HIV

HIV, AIDS, ART, treatment, therapy, health

More than thirty-five million people in the world today are living with HIV/AIDS. In the last few decades there have been concerted, large-scale efforts worldwide to contain the spread of this pandemic and to help infected people survive the virus and live with it.

At the forefront of anti-HIV therapy stands a class of drugs known as anti-retroviral therapy or ART. These drugs are able to reduce the number........ Read more »

Pegu, A., Asokan, M., Wu, L., Wang, K., Hataye, J., Casazza, J., Guo, X., Shi, W., Georgiev, I., Zhou, T.... (2015) Activation and lysis of human CD4 cells latently infected with HIV-1. Nature Communications, 8447. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9447  

Sung, J., Pickeral, J., Liu, L., Stanfield-Oakley, S., Lam, C., Garrido, C., Pollara, J., LaBranche, C., Bonsignori, M., Moody, M.... (2015) Dual-Affinity Re-Targeting proteins direct T cell–mediated cytolysis of latently HIV-infected cells. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 125(11), 4077-4090. DOI: 10.1172/JCI82314  

  • November 9, 2015
  • 07:10 AM

The Future of Micro Pigs

by Rita dos Santos Silva in United Academics

Different colors and flavors of pig?

pig, micro pig, genetics, gene editing, agriculture, pets

The Chinese genomics institute BGI (Beijing Genomics Institute) has announced that tiny pigs, created through genetic-editing techniques, are now being sold as pets. The profits generated through revenue will be used to further develop research in this area.

Demand for pigs as pets has been growing, especially among the U.S public. Yong Li, director of BGI believes that in the future gene-edit........ Read more »

  • November 6, 2015
  • 06:32 AM

Death Will Come and Will Have Your Eyes

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Once upon a time there was a high school student who was struggling to write a literature essay. The student couldn’t find anything good about the writer she had to discuss; he simply looked like a depressed misogynist, unable to even properly commit suicide at the first try. There is no need to write and publish a poem called “Death Will Come and Will Have Your Eyes” just because a woman broke up with you (not that the student would blame her), right?

The student grew up, f........ Read more »

  • November 5, 2015
  • 07:38 AM

Preventing Peanut Allergies: Consumption or Avoidance?

by Pieter Carriere in United Academics

Prevention of peanut allergies is a controversial issue, leaving society uncertain whether children should eat or avoid peanuts. Recent scientific studies show...... Read more »

Du Toit G, Katz Y, Sasieni P, Mesher D, Maleki SJ, Fisher HR, Fox AT, Turcanu V, Amir T, Zadik-Mnuhin G.... (2008) Early consumption of peanuts in infancy is associated with a low prevalence of peanut allergy. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 122(5), 984-91. PMID: 19000582  

Du Toit G, Roberts G, Sayre PH, Bahnson HT, Radulovic S, Santos AF, Brough HA, Phippard D, Basting M, Feeney M.... (2015) Randomized trial of peanut consumption in infants at risk for peanut allergy. The New England journal of medicine, 372(9), 803-13. PMID: 25705822  

Fleischer DM, Sicherer S, Greenhawt M, Campbell D, Chan E, Muraro A, Halken S, Katz Y, Ebisawa M, Eichenfield L.... (2015) Consensus Communication on Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants. Pediatric dermatology. PMID: 26354148  

Gupta R, Holdford D, Bilaver L, Dyer A, Holl JL, & Meltzer D. (2013) The economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States. JAMA pediatrics, 167(11), 1026-31. PMID: 24042236  

  • November 4, 2015
  • 06:13 AM

The Cyberspace Evolution of Beauty

by Gunnar De Winter in United Academics

The cyberspace evolution of beauty
Researchers using CGI images found that beauty evolves in two steps.

beauty, cyberspace, CGI, women, female, attraction, attractive

Explaining attractiveness

Symmetrical faces and bodies are nice to look at. Men prefer a specific waist-to-hip ratio. People with a Body Mass Index within a certain range are more often perceived as beautiful, and tall people are generally judged as being more attractive.

Explanations of beauty abound. Yet, all of the ........ Read more »

Germine L, Russell R, Bronstad PM, Blokland GA, Smoller JW, Kwok H, Anthony SE, Nakayama K, Rhodes G, & Wilmer JB. (2015) Individual Aesthetic Preferences for Faces Are Shaped Mostly by Environments, Not Genes. Current biology : CB, 25(20), 2684-2689. PMID: 26441352  

  • October 9, 2015
  • 07:14 AM

Open Access vs Predator

by Nesru Koroso in United Academics

Predatory Open Access publishers on the rise

open access, publishing, open access publishing, predators, predatory publishing, articles, peer review

The increase in so-called “predatory” Open Access publishers is posing a threat to the integrity of Open Access publishing. Predatory Open Access publishers charge authors high publishing fees without providing proper editorial and peer review services. They are abusing the opportunity created by the Gold Open Access publishing mod........ Read more »

  • October 1, 2015
  • 06:52 AM

It’s A Water Full World: World Water Week 2015

by Kate Blanchfield in United Academics

Three big ideas from World Water Week 2015

World Water Week is an annual conference organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute that discusses global issues concerning water. Held in August 2015, World Water Week attracted over 3,000 participants, including government ministers, scientists and economists, from 130 different countries. To celebrate its 25th anniversary this year, here are 3 big ideas from World Water Week 2015.... Read more »

World Energy Outlook. (2012) World Energy Outlook 2012. International Energy Agency. DOI: 10.1787/weo-2012-en  

  • September 18, 2015
  • 05:34 AM

What Do Bats and Plants Have in Common? High-pitched Screaming!

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Polyglot like a pitcher plant or cryptolectic like a sperm whale?

A: “Pitcher Tower, this is Bat K hardwickii, established ILS 16. Do you copy me?”
B: “Bat K hardwickii, clear to land. Please confirm: are you ready to discharge the cargo?”
A: “Roger. Affirmative.”

This is how I imagined a conversation between the tropical carnivorous pitcher plant Nepenthes hemsleyana and the bat Kerivoula hardwickii would go. No, I am not on drugs; bats and plants can........ Read more »

Cantor M, Shoemaker LG, Cabral RB, Flores CO, Varga M, & Whitehead H. (2015) Multilevel animal societies can emerge from cultural transmission. Nature communications, 8091. PMID: 26348688  

Schöner MG, Schöner CR, Simon R, Grafe TU, Puechmaille SJ, Ji LL, & Kerth G. (2015) Bats Are Acoustically Attracted to Mutualistic Carnivorous Plants. Current biology : CB, 25(14), 1911-6. PMID: 26166777  

  • September 15, 2015
  • 06:03 AM

Busting The Myth: Do Cats Cause Schizophrenia?

by Chiara Civardi in United Academics

Don’t be so quick to throw out your feline companions


I have to admit that as an animal lover, I was biased when I approached this research. A post titled “Cats = Schizophrenia” appeared on my Facebook page and my first though was “Bollocks! What is the science behind this?!” My search began.... Read more »

Calcaterra V, Veggiotti P, Palestrini C, De Giorgis V, Raschetti R, Tumminelli M, Mencherini S, Papotti F, Klersy C, Albertini R.... (2015) Post-operative benefits of animal-assisted therapy in pediatric surgery: a randomised study. PloS one, 10(6). PMID: 26039494  

  • September 8, 2015
  • 10:40 AM

Spiders Sailing The Seven Seas

by Gunnar De Winter in United Academics

Spiders Sailing The Seven Seas
Discovery of a new type of behaviour shows that some spiders are really good sailors.
With the exception of the coldest places on our planet, spiders are almost everywhere. From giant bird-eating tarantulas to pin-prick-sized web-builders, from solitary hunters to social colonies, spiders are versatile in more ways than one.
Some of our eight-legged friends on the smaller side of the size/weight scale even know how to fly! ... Read more »

  • August 24, 2015
  • 05:54 AM

Xenotransplants: How a Pig Could Save Your Life

by rebekah morrow in United Academics

While it sounds like something from The Island of Dr. Moreau, physicians and research scientists are convinced that clinical trials will be underway in the near future.... Read more »

Iwase, H., Liu, H., Wijkstrom, M., Zhou, H., Singh, J., Hara, H., Ezzelarab, M., Long, C., Klein, E., Wagner, R.... (2015) Pig kidney graft survival in a baboon for 136 days: longest life-supporting organ graft survival to date. Xenotransplantation, 22(4), 302-309. DOI: 10.1111/xen.12174  

Cooper, D., Ekser, B., & Tector, A. (2015) A brief history of clinical xenotransplantation. International Journal of Surgery. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2015.06.060  

Cooper DK. (2012) A brief history of cross-species organ transplantation. Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center), 25(1), 49-57. PMID: 22275786  

  • August 14, 2015
  • 06:21 AM

Six Surprising Facts About Energy Drinks

by Agnese Mariotti in United Academics

Energy drinks boost your adrenaline, but not without health risks.... Read more »

Higgins, J., Tuttle, T., & Higgins, C. (2010) Energy Beverages: Content and Safety. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 85(11), 1033-1041. DOI: 10.4065/mcp.2010.0381  

  • July 24, 2015
  • 06:32 AM

Gay And Lesbian TV Characters Increase LGBTQ Support

by Sarah Boers-Goi in United Academics

While at times, media can be seen as forces out to create negative feelings towards minority groups, recent research by Garretson of Vanderbilt University shows an example of the positive powers that media can have on group-mechanisms. ... Read more »

  • July 14, 2015
  • 06:09 AM

Laughing Hyenas Have Social Network Too

by jeffrey daniels in United Academics

Hyenas, like humans, are social animals. It turns out that a hyena, as is usually the case with humans, won’t befriend all the members in their clan. Extensive research reveals their social network strategies... Read more »

  • July 7, 2015
  • 06:02 AM

5 Ways To Connect Science And Spirituality

by Pieter Carriere in United Academics

To assess the value of spirituality, this article aims to give a clear, imaginable and humble impression of spirituality research. It describes research of spiritual practices, which are practiced by people of multiple religious affiliations and even by irreligious people.... Read more »

Gothe N, Pontifex MB, Hillman C, & McAuley E. (2013) The acute effects of yoga on executive function. Journal of physical activity , 10(4), 488-95. PMID: 22820158  

Vickhoff, B., Malmgren, H., Åström, R., Nyberg, G., Ekström, S., Engwall, M., Snygg, J., Nilsson, M., & Jörnsten, R. (2013) Music structure determines heart rate variability of singers. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00334  

Friese M, Schweizer L, Arnoux A, Sutter F, & Wänke M. (2014) Personal prayer counteracts self-control depletion. Consciousness and cognition, 90-5. PMID: 25277947  

  • July 6, 2015
  • 06:08 AM

Why Radicalize? Five Motives For Becoming A Jihadist

by Sarah Boers-Goi in United Academics

Radicalization is an analyzable process, rather than the outcome of an ‘evil’ personality.... Read more »

  • July 3, 2015
  • 06:02 AM

5 Tips For Better Sleep

by Elisabeth Buhl Thubron in United Academics

Adding some ‘worry time’ to your day could work better than pills.... Read more »

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