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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.
There are osteoarthritic changes in knee as early as one year post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in both the tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joints.... Read more »
Culvenor, A., Collins, N., Guermazi, A., Cook, J., Vicenzino, B., Khan, K., Beck, N., van Leeuwen, J., & Crossley, K. (2014) Early knee osteoarthritis is evident one year following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A magnetic resonance imaging evaluation. Arthritis . DOI: 10.1002/art.39005
The King-Devick test is a quick and reliable method to assess vision, eye movements, language function, and attention. An athlete with a concussion tends to complete the test slower than his/her preseason assessment while other athletes improve over time. ... Read more »
Leong, D., Balcer, L., Galetta, S., Evans, G., Gimre, M., & Watt, D. (2015) The King–Devick test for sideline concussion screening in collegiate football. Journal of Optometry. DOI: 10.1016/j.optom.2014.12.005
Knees with bone marrow oedema 3 or more months after an anterior cruciate ligament injury are less likely to return to activity when compared with knees without oedema.... Read more »
Filardo, G., Kon, E., Tentoni, F., Andriolo, L., Di Martino, A., Busacca, M., Di Matteo, B., & Marcacci, M. (2015) Anterior cruciate ligament injury: post-traumatic bone marrow oedema correlates with long-term prognosis. International Orthopaedics. DOI: 10.1007/s00264-015-2672-3
There is no evidence to support the use of electrical stimulation after an acute lateral ankle sprain to reduce edema, decrease pain, or improve functional limitations.... Read more »
Feger, M., Goetschius, J., Love, H., Saliba, S., & Hertel, J. (2015) Electrical stimulation as a treatment intervention to improve function, edema or pain following acute lateral ankle sprains: A Systematic Review. Physical Therapy in Sport. DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.01.001
The Tau-A biomarker is a potential biomarker to distinguish those at risk for prolonged recovery following a concussion.... Read more »
Shahim P, Linemann T, Inekci D, Karsdal MA, Blennow K, Tegner Y, Zetterberg H, & Henriksen K. (2015) Serum tau fragments predict return to play in concussed professional ice hockey players. Journal of Neurotrauma. PMID: 25621407
College athletes have decreased quadriceps:hamstring activation ratio, increased peak hamstring activation, and increased trunk sway when landing on an unstable surface versus a stable surface.
... Read more »
Shultz, R., Silder, A., Malone, M., Braun, H., & Dragoo, J. (2014) Unstable Surface Improves Quadriceps:Hamstring Co-contraction for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Prevention Strategies. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. DOI: 10.1177/1941738114565088
Fear of re-injury, exercise importance, and age are associated with return to activities after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ... Read more »
Gignac MA, Cao X, White LM, Hurtig M, Kunz M, & Marks PH. (2015) Perceived personal importance of exercise and fears of re-injury: a longitudinal study of psychological factors related to activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 4. info:/
After overhead shoulder fatigue, healthy individuals have an increase in acromiohumeral distance and altered scapular position, consistent with a protective, impingement-sparing situation.... Read more »
Maenhout, A., Dhooge, F., Van Herzeele, M., Palmans, T., & Cools, A. (2015) Acromiohumeral Distance and 3-Dimensional Scapular Position Change After Overhead Muscle Fatigue. Journal of Athletic Training, 2147483647. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.92
Following a fatiguing exercise protocol, participants showed increased anterior tibial translation, compressive force, and knee flexion range of motion during the transition from non-weight-bearing to weight-bearing. This illustrates an inability of the lower extremity muscles to stabilize the knee joint.... Read more »
Schmitz, R., Kim, H., & Shultz, S. (2015) Neuromuscular Fatigue and Tibiofemoral Joint Biomechanics When Transitioning From Non–Weight Bearing to Weight Bearing. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(1), 23-29. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-49.3.79
Specific genotypes that influence new blood vessel growth are more common among individuals with an anterior cruciate ligament tear.... Read more »
Rahim, M., Gibbon, A., Hobbs, H., van der Merwe, W., Posthumus, M., Collins, M., & September, A. (2014) The association of genes involved in the angiogenesis-associated signaling pathway with risk of anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 32(12), 1612-1618. DOI: 10.1002/jor.22705
For individuals 11 to 22 years of age, strict rest after a concussion had no added benefit compared to 1-2 days of rest before the stepwise program.... Read more »
Thomas, D., Apps, J., Hoffmann, R., McCrea, M., & Hammeke, T. (2015) Benefits of Strict Rest After Acute Concussion: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PEDIATRICS. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-0966
Three anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques yield similar patient-reported and objective outcomes for up to 2 years after surgery. The one exception was joint laxity, which was better among patients who received a patellar tendon autograft instead of one of two hamstring techniques.... Read more »
Mohtadi, N., Chan, D., Barber, R., & Oddone Paolucci, E. (2014) A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Patellar Tendon, Hamstring Tendon, and Double-Bundle ACL Reconstructions. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000165
Anterior reach asymmetry larger than 4 cm on the Y Balance test was associated with increased risk of non-contact injury in a sample of collegiate athletes.... Read more »
SMITH, C., CHIMERA, N., & WARREN, M. (2015) Association of Y Balance Test Reach Asymmetry and Injury in Division I Athletes. Medicine , 47(1), 136-141. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000380
There are many clinical special tests geared towards diagnosing labral tears and femoroacetabular impingement. Unfortunately, these tests are largely not helpful in confirming the presence of the pathology in population that is likely to have either.... Read more »
Reiman, M., Goode, A., Cook, C., Holmich, P., & Thorborg, K. (2014) Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for the diagnosis of hip femoroacetabular impingement/labral tear: a systematic review with meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094302
Legislation regulating pediatric concussion injury management seems to be effective. From 2009-20012 states with legislation had a 92% increase in concussion-related health care utilization while states without legislation had a 75% increase.... Read more »
Gibson TB, Herring SA, Kutcher JS, & Broglio SP. (2014) Analyzing the Effect of State Legislation on Health Care Utilization for Children With Concussion. JAMA Pediatrics. PMID: 25531065
Women who take oral contraceptives are less likely to sustain an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than women who do not.... Read more »
Rahr-Wagner, L., Thillemann, T., Mehnert, F., Pedersen, A., & Lind, M. (2014) Is the Use of Oral Contraceptives Associated With Operatively Treated Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury?: A Case-Control Study From the Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Registry. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(12), 2897-2905. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514557240
The Thessaly test is comparable in accuracy to a modified McMurray test in a group of patients with a high prevalence of meniscal tears. ... Read more »
Goossens, P., Keijsers, E., van Geenen, R., Zijta, A., van den Broek, M., Verhagen, A., & Scholten-Peeters, G. (2014) Validity of the Thessaly Test in Evaluating Meniscal Tears Compared With Arthroscopy: A Diagnostic Accuracy Study. Journal of Orthopaedic , 1-26. DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2015.5215
While 75% of youth football athletes reported that they understood the dangers of concussions over 60% reported that they believe it is okay to continue to play after they sustained a hit to the head that elicited a headache as long as they did not lose consciousness. This suggests that this population needs further concussion education.... Read more »
McAllister-Deitrick, J., Covassin, T., & Gould, D. (2014) Sport-Related Concussion Knowledge Among Youth Football Players. Athletic Training , 6(6), 280-284. DOI: 10.3928/01484834-20141112-03
Healthy youth baseball players, despite actively competing in a summer league, reported arm pain and fatigue that resulted in a decline of enjoyment in the game and feeling encouraged to continue playing despite experiencing pain.... Read more »
Makhni, E., Morrow, Z., Luchetti, T., Mishra-Kalyani, P., Gualtieri, A., Lee, R., & Ahmad, C. (2014) Arm Pain in Youth Baseball Players: A Survey of Healthy Players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514555506
Biomarkers in the blood, such as SNTF, are elevated for up to 6 days following a concussion compared with preseason levels. This marker may eventually be developed to determine diagnosis and prognosis after a concussion as well as guiding return-to-play decisions.... Read more »
Siman R, Shahim P, Tegner Y, Blennow K, Zetterberg H, & Smith DH Dr. (2014) Serum SNTF Increases in Concussed Professional Ice Hockey Players and Relates to the Severity of Post-Concussion Symptoms. Journal of Neurotrauma. PMID: 25419578
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