Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • September 30, 2015
  • 04:00 AM
  • 545 views

Autograft Has a Lower Failure Rate a Decade Post ACL Reconstruction

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Overall, revision rates for ACL reconstruction were relatively small 10 years post surgery. However, ACLs that were reconstructed with allografts had three times higher failure rates than autograft reconstruction.... Read more »

  • September 28, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 723 views

Our Genes May Affect Our Long-Term Outcome After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: Single and repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accelerates tauopathy among mice genetically predisposed to tau build up.... Read more »

  • September 23, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 594 views

Keep Your Newly Repaired Achilles Tendon Moving to Improve Outcomes Following Surgery

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: A functional brace following surgery to repair an acute Achilles tendon rupture is safe and results in higher patient satisfaction than immobilization after surgery.... Read more »

  • September 16, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 617 views

Tendinopathy is Inflammatory

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: Tendon-related issues seem to have increased inflammation, while torn tendons have significantly lower inflammation than tendon-related conditions in intact tendons.... Read more »

  • September 14, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 726 views

Athletic Trainers and Physicians Are Under Pressure to Release Concussed Athletes Prematurely

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

More than half of the sports medicine staff experience pressure from coaches and athletes to release athletes prematurely to play following a concussion.... Read more »

  • September 9, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 562 views

Acceptable Outcome or Perceived Failure After ACL Reconstruction

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Only 55 to 66% of patients who were 3 to 24 months post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction perceived their symptoms following treatment as acceptable.... Read more »

  • September 2, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 548 views

Ain’t no Half Stepping - Students with Chronic Ankle Instability are Less Active

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

College students with chronic ankle instability have lower activity levels and more symptoms than healthy students. Activity levels appear to be related to the amount of ankle laxity.... Read more »

  • August 31, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 718 views

Serum Biomarkers May Be Beneficial Concussion Diagnostic/Prognostic Tools

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A serum biomarker measured on the day of an injury could help diagnose a traumatic brain injury and differentiate mild injuries from more severe injuries.... Read more »

Korley FK, Diaz-Arrastia R, Wu AH, Yue JK, Manley GT M D Ph D, Sair HI, Van Eyk J, Everett AD, Okonkwo DO, Valadka A.... (2015) Circulating Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Has Diagnostic and Prognostic Value in Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma. PMID: 26159676  

  • August 26, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 552 views

Quality of Life may Suffer after ACL Rupture Regardless of Treatment

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: A systematic review of 11 studies revealed that patients who either received anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or remained deficient (ACL-D) reported lower quality of life than the general healthy population.... Read more »

  • August 19, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 616 views

Should the Focus Be on Limiting Player Contact Instead of Soccer Heading?

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Banning heading from youth soccer would likely prevent some concussions; however, reducing player-to-player contact may play a more effective role in preventing concussions as well as other injuries.... Read more »

  • August 12, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 562 views

Graft Type May Influence ACL Reinjury Rates

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Two years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, a patient who was treated with patellar tendon grafts was less likely to sustain reinjury than a patient who received a hamstring graft. Further, a younger patient (27 years old or younger) was more likely to have an adverse event than an older patient.... Read more »

Mohtadi, N., Chan, D., Barber, R., & Paolucci, E. (2015) Reruptures, Reinjuries, and Revisions at a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 1. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000209  

  • August 10, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 698 views

Not so Fast with that PRP: Platelet-rich Plasma for Hamstring Injuries

by Emily Levy, MD & Marc I. Harwood, MD in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Compared to intensive rehabilitation alone, a single injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) does not reduce the time to return to sports (RTS) among professional male athletes with acute hamstring injuries.... Read more »

Hamilton, B., Tol, J., Almusa, E., Boukarroum, S., Eirale, C., Farooq, A., Whiteley, R., & Chalabi, H. (2015) Platelet-rich plasma does not enhance return to play in hamstring injuries: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(14), 943-950. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094603  

  • August 5, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 545 views

Real-Time Feedback Helps Improve Landing Techniques in Gymnasts

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Real-time feedback with Microsoft Kinect-based software helps to improve landing techniques in a female gymnastics.... Read more »

  • July 29, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 631 views

Should You be Nervous about Neural Changes Following ACL Surgery?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery, patients have changes in the excitability of pathways that go from the brain (primary motor cortex) and down the spinal cord when compared with an uninjured limb as well as healthy control participants.... Read more »

Pietrosimone, B., Lepley, A., Ericksen, H., Clements, A., Sohn, D., & Gribble, P. (2015) Neural Excitability Alterations After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(6), 665-674. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.1.11  

  • July 27, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 580 views

Accuracy, Affordability, and Portability! Use Your Tablet To Detect Postural Instability

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Tablet hardware provided accurate data to quantify postural stability within 2.9° of data generated from a force platform system.... Read more »

Alberts, J., Hirsch, J., Koop, M., Schindler, D., Kana, D., Linder, S., Campbell, S., & Thota, A. (2015) Using Accelerometer and Gyroscopic Measures to Quantify Postural Stability. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(6), 578-588. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.2.01  

  • July 21, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 593 views

Increased Risk of Acute Lower Extremity Injury For Up To a Year Following Concussion

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

College athletes are nearly 2 times more likely to sustain an acute lower extremity injury for up to 1-year post concussion compared with a year before the concussion.... Read more »

  • July 15, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 808 views

Does Sport Participation Give You a Longer Life?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Former elite athletes have a longer life expectancy than demographically-matched control patients. Those athletes participating in soccer, basketball, ice hockey, jumping, short distance running, hurdling, cross-country skiing, middle and long distance runners suffer from heart disease less than control patients.... Read more »

Kettunen, J., Kujala, U., Kaprio, J., Backmand, H., Peltonen, M., Eriksson, J., & Sarna, S. (2014) All-cause and disease-specific mortality among male, former elite athletes: an average 50-year follow-up. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(13), 893-897. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093347  

  • July 8, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 602 views

Balancing Chronic Ankle Instability

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

A 6-week lower-extremity training program that incorporates progressive balance exercises is effective in reducing feelings of instability and improving dynamic balance in athletes with chronic ankle instability.... Read more »

  • July 6, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 626 views

Structural Brain Changes Associated to Concussion History and Cognition

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Prior concussion that resulted in loss of consciousness is a risk factor for decreased hippocampal regions and mild cognitive impairment later in life.... Read more »

  • July 1, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 578 views

The Power of the Mind May not be as Well Utilized as it could be

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Of 1283 survey respondents, only 27% of athletes reported using mental skills such as goal setting, positive self-talk, imagery, and relaxation. Of the 249 respondents who used mental skills 72% reported they felt it helped expedite their recovery process.... Read more »

Arvinen-Barrow M, Clement D, Hamson-Utley JJ, Zakrajsek RA, Lee SM, Kamphoff C, Lintunen T, Hemmings B, & Martin SB. (2015) Athletes' use of mental skills during sport injury rehabilitation. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 24(2), 189-97. PMID: 25996227  

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