Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

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The mission of SMR is to objectively summarize and describe the clinical relevance of research articles related to basic science, translational research, and clinical research that may be relevant to students and professionals interested in sports medicine. Furthermore, SMR aims to provide a forum for clinicians, researchers, and students in sports medicine-related fields to discuss the clinical relevance of new research.

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  • July 23, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 55 views

Despite the Hype: Many Former NFL Athletes May Have Normal Neurological Function and Structure

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Neuropsychological impairments were found in some retired NFL players; however, the majority of retired NFL players had no clinical signs of chronic brain damage. Some retired players had lesions found on brain imaging tests and these were associated with the number of previous concussions.... Read more »

  • July 21, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 90 views

It’s Only One Little Muscle Group…The Impact of Lumbar Multifidus Size on Lower Extremity Injury

by Mark A. Sutherlin in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Smaller lumbar multifidus size during preseason and the competitive season was associated with lower extremity injury in Australian Football. Additionally, lumbar multifidus asymmetry, limb kicking dominance and a history of low back pain were also associated with increased lower extremity injury.... Read more »

Hides, J., Stanton, W., Mendis, M., Franettovich Smith, M., & Sexton, M. (2014) Small Multifidus Muscle Size Predicts Football Injuries. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(6). DOI: 10.1177/2325967114537588  

  • July 16, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 60 views

Feel Like Phoning-In Your Concussion Symptoms? Not so Fast

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Athletes who have sustained a concussion exhibit a wide range of symptom severity scores when surveyed through text-messaging at various times during the day.... Read more »

  • July 14, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 78 views

Pitching: We Can Have too Much of a Good Thing

by Mark Rice in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Young pitchers who engage in “risk-prone” pitching activities are more likely to report arm tiredness and pain, which is related to shoulder and elbow injuries.... Read more »

Yang, J., Mann, B., Guettler, J., Dugas, J., Irrgang, J., Fleisig, G., & Albright, J. (2014) Risk-Prone Pitching Activities and Injuries in Youth Baseball: Findings From a National Sample. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(6), 1456-1463. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514524699  

  • July 9, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 58 views

If You’re Not Using the SCAT-2 For On-Field Concussion Diagnosis Maybe You Should Be

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The SCAT-2 tool composite score is useful in sports-related concussion assessment in a college setting due to its high sensitivity and specificity especially if you can compare a post injury score with a baseline measure.... Read more »

  • July 2, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 92 views

What’s Really Causing Those Knee Stability Deficits Following an ACL Reconstruction?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) rehabilitation patients continue to experience muscular strength and stability deficits in the affected limb compared with the unaffected limb. This is potentially caused by the loss of neuromuscular control following ACLR and the rehabilitation process.... Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 80 views

How Much is Too Much? Defining Nonprescription Pain Medication Misuse

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Division II and III athletes use and misuse nonprescription pain medication for sports-related pain less often compared with Division 1-A football athletes.... Read more »

  • June 13, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 128 views

Hip Impingement is More Prevalent in Semiprofessional Male Soccer Players

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: Male semiprofessional soccer athletes have a higher prevalence of femoracetabular impingement (as measured by alpha angle) than male amateur soccer athletes.... Read more »

  • June 11, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 80 views

Treat the Spine, Help the Shoulder

by Katie Reuther in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: Patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) who underwent a thoracic spine manipulation (TSM) had an immediate decrease in symptoms; however, no differences in scapular kinematics were identified.... Read more »

  • June 4, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 106 views

Does Your Level of Exercise Match Up Against Retired Elite Athletes?...Probably!

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Take Home Message: Athletes at a NCAA Division I institution demonstrate clinically important differences in exercise behavior compared with nonathletes; however, former athletes had similar exercise behaviors as nonathletes.... Read more »

Sorenson, S., Romano, R., Azen, S., Schroeder, E., & Salem, G. (2014) Life Span Exercise Among Elite Intercollegiate Student Athletes. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. DOI: 10.1177/1941738114534813  

  • June 2, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 123 views

Cost, Another Factor to Consider When Deciding if Surgery is the Best Treatment Option

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

An early ACL reconstruction may lead to lower cost than individuals with an optional delayed ACL reconstruction. While this may help clinicians counsel patients, caution should be exercised as little is understood about long-term effects of each option and these results represent societal cost and may not always be applicable to a specific patient.... Read more »

  • May 28, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 114 views

Know Your Genetics Before You Hit the Slopes

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Elite-level alpine skiers with a family history of ACL injury are more likely to sustain an ACL injury themselves compared with skiers without a family history of an ACL injury. ... Read more »

  • May 21, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 145 views

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Incidence May Be Higher than Originally Estimated

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Male athletes have the highest risk for sudden cardiac arrest compared with non-athletes. Preventative measures should be targeted to this at-risk population, specifically in higher risk sports such as football and basketball. ... Read more »

  • May 19, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 121 views

Female Participation in Sports is Increasing Everywhere Except in Sports Medicine Research

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Female athletes are under-represented in sports and exercise medicine research. This could have widespread implications to the clinical setting if we don’t know whether certain risk factors or treatments affect males and females differently.... Read more »

  • May 14, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 127 views

MACI Results in Better Clinical Outcomes than Microfracture for Large Cartilage Lesions

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

At 2 years post-surgery, matrix-applied characterized autologous cultured chondrocytes had superior clinical outcomes compared with microfracture surgery for management of large cartilage lesions. Structurally there were no differences between this technique and microfracture at the same 2 year follow-up point.... Read more »

Saris, D., Price, A., Widuchowski, W., Bertrand-Marchand, M., Caron, J., Drogset, J., Emans, P., Podskubka, A., Tsuchida, A., Kili, S.... (2014) Matrix-Applied Characterized Autologous Cultured Chondrocytes Versus Microfracture: Two-Year Follow-up of a Prospective Randomized Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514528093  

  • May 12, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 166 views

Don’t Be Quick to Use Simple Reaction Time Test on Concussed High School Athletes

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The clinical reaction time test is a cost efficient, simple test to perform; however, further validation of this clinical measure is warranted before incorporation into the concussion protocol.
... Read more »

  • April 30, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 194 views

ACL Reconstruction With A Double-Bundle Technique May Be Better for Knee Stability

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Double-bundle ACL reconstruction with allograft or autograft may be superior to single-bundle techniques with allograft at enhancing knee stability but all three procedures have comparable patient-reported outcomes.... Read more »

  • April 28, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 183 views

Are Concussion Apps Ready For the General Public?

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The SCAT2-1.0.0, SCAT2-1.3.0, and Concussion-1.2.0 are comprehensive apps for trained medical personnel to use for concussion diagnosis and monitoring.... Read more »

Lee H, Sullivan SJ, Schneiders AG, Ahmed OH, Balasundaram AP, Williams D, Meeuwisse WH, & McCrory P. (2014) Smartphone and tablet apps for concussion road warriors (team clinicians): a systematic review for practical users. British Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 24668048  

  • April 16, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 228 views

Knees with an ACL Reconstruction Often Have Osteoarthritis Regardless of Graft Selection

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Knees with a history of an anterior cruciate ligament injury are more likely to have osteoarthritis compared with a healthy contralateral knee but graft selection has no effect on long-term outcomes, such as osteoarthritis or knee functional outcomes.... Read more »

  • April 14, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 251 views

Time and Cost of Diagnosis for Symptomatic Femoroacetabular Impingement

by Meghan Maume Miller in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Diagnosing labral tears with femoroacetabular impingement can be slow and expensive, it is important for health care professionals to quickly recognize and manage the symptoms.... Read more »

Kahlenberg, C., Han, B., Patel, R., Deshmane, P., & Terry, M. (2014) Time and Cost of Diagnosis for Symptomatic Femoroacetabular Impingement. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(3). DOI: 10.1177/2325967114523916  

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