256 posts · 148,896 views
The goal of this blog is to better understand why people think, feel, and behave the way they do. What's unique, in some ways, about this blog is that we'll be generating theories about people's behavior from cutting-edge psychological science!
Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE ... Read more »
Kross E, Verduyn P, Demiralp E, Park J, Lee DS, Lin N, Shablack H, Jonides J, & Ybarra O. (2013) Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults. PloS one, 8(8). PMID: 23967061
Burke, M., Marlo, C., & Lento, T. (2010) Social network activity and social well-being. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 1909-1912. DOI: 10.1145/1753326.1753613
Fernandez, K.C., Levinson, C. A., & Rodebaugh, T. L. (2012) Profiling: Predicting Social Anxiety From Facebook Profiles. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3(6), 706-713. DOI: 10.1177/1948550611434967
Weisbuch M, Ivcevic Z, & Ambady N. (2009) On Being Liked on the Web and in the "Real World": Consistency in First Impressions across Personal Webpages and Spontaneous Behavior. Journal of experimental social psychology, 45(3), 573-576. PMID: 20161314
Clerkin EM, Smith AR, & Hames JL. (2013) The interpersonal effects of Facebook reassurance seeking. Journal of affective disorders, 151(2), 525-30. PMID: 23850160
Forest, A.L., & Wood, J.V. (2012) When Social Networking Is Not Working Individuals With Low Self-Esteem Recognize but Do Not Reap the Benefits of Self-Disclosure on Facebook. Psychological Science, 23(3), 295-302. info:/
Chou, H.T.G., & Edge, N. (2012) 'They Are Happier and Having Better Lives than I Am': The Impact of Using Facebook on Perceptions of Others' Lives. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(2), 117-121. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0324
Bond, R.M., Fariss, C.J., Jones, J.J., Kramer, A.D., Marlow, C., Settle, E., & Fowler, J.H. (2012) A 61-million-person experiment in social influence and political mobilization. Nature, 489(7415), 295-298. DOI: 10.1038/nature11421
Stieger, S., Burger, C., Bohn, M., & Voracek, M. (2013) Who commits virtual identity suicide? Differences in privacy concerns, Internet addiction, and personality between Facebook users and quitters. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2012.0323
As we ring in the new year, every major news outlet is publishing their “top” lists of 2013: the top movies, the top tweets, the top sports moments, the top medical breakthroughs, the top business blunders - the lists go on and on. To add a bit of psychology to this “top” list trend, in this post, I take the three top news stories of 2013 as chosen by CNN.com’s readers and highlight what psychological research can contribute to each of them.
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McCullough ME, Rachal KC, Sandage SJ, Worthington EL Jr, Brown SW, & Hight TL. (1998) Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships: II. Theoretical elaboration and measurement. Journal of personality and social psychology, 75(6), 1586-603. PMID: 9914668
Mehl MR, & Pennebaker JW. (2003) The social dynamics of a cultural upheaval: social interactions surrounding September 11, 2001. Psychological science, 14(6), 579-85. PMID: 14629689
Pettigrew, T.F., & Tropp, L. R. (2008) How does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Meta-analytic tests of three mediators. European Journal of Social Psychology, 922-934. info:/
Poulin MJ, Silver RC, Gil-Rivas V, Holman EA, & McIntosh DN. (2009) Finding social benefits after a collective trauma: perceiving societal changes and well-being following 9/11. Journal of traumatic stress, 22(2), 81-90. PMID: 19283834
Witvliet CV, Ludwig TE, & Vander Laan KL. (2001) Granting forgiveness or harboring grudges: implications for emotion, physiology, and health. Psychological science, 12(2), 117-23. PMID: 11340919
Two months ago Jonathan Martin, a football player on the Miami Dolphins, left the team due to mistreatment from teammates, which included receiving threatening phone messages from another player. The incident raised concerns about hazing within the NFL, but it also prompted some to suggest that Martin himself bears at least partial responsibility for his fate. For example, another NFL player stated in an interview that Martin is "just as much to blame because he allowed it to happen" and shou........ Read more »
It’s the first week of December, and we’re back in another holiday gift-giving season! For a psychologist, this is an especially fun time of year because it seems like people are all trying to get inside each other’s heads. As gift-givers, we do our best to predict what others will like and appreciate the most. Maybe we purchase the latest trends or use our own talents to create a special gift for our loved ones. Sometimes the perfect match is even sitting right in our closet - a gift init........ Read more »
Adams GS, Flynn FJ, & Norton MI. (2012) The gifts we keep on giving: documenting and destigmatizing the regifting taboo. Psychological science, 23(10), 1145-50. PMID: 22915082
Tempting Halloween candyThanks to yesterday’s festivities, both kids and adults have a few more sweet treats on hand than normal. With a big bowl of candy sitting at home on the kitchen table or stashed in a desk drawer, many of us now face the annual challenge of eating our Halloween candy in moderation. Some of us will succeed; others won’t. We face situations like this constantly in life, where we are tasked with resisting temptations and overriding our impulses. What might our response........ Read more »
Hofmann W, Luhmann M, Fisher RR, Vohs KD, & Baumeister RF. (2013) Yes, But Are They Happy? Effects of Trait Self-Control on Affective Well-Being and Life Satisfaction. Journal of personality. PMID: 23750741
Normal 0 0 1 839 4785 39 9 5876 11.1539 0 0 0 When we fail at something important to us, whether in relationships, at school, or at work, it can be very painful. These experiences can threaten the very core of who we think we are and who we want to be.To cope with failure, we often turn to self-protective strategies. We rationalize what happened so that it places us in a more positive light, we blame other people, and we discount the importance of the event. Th........ Read more »
Kim YH, Chiu CY, & Zou Z. (2010) Know thyself: misperceptions of actual performance undermine achievement motivation, future performance, and subjective well-being. Journal of personality and social psychology, 99(3), 395-409. PMID: 20804261
I may get back pain every now and then when I lift my daughter up off the ground, but I am still relatively early in my career as a social psychologist. And being young, I am always on the lookout for ways to improve my writing and scholarship. This pursuit is great for me, because as my research improves, I conduct better science and help the world understand itself more completely. It's also great for you here at PYM, because if I learn something useful I like to pay it forward to you, t........ Read more »
Gray, K., & Wegner, D. (2013) Six guidelines for interesting research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 549-553. info:/
Cohen D, Nisbett RE, Bowdle BF, & Schwarz N. (1996) Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: an "experimental ethnography". Journal of personality and social psychology, 70(5), 945-59. PMID: 8656339
If you watch any of the numerous dance
shows on TV, such as Dancing with the Stars, So You Think You Can Dance, or
even Dance Moms, you know that dancing at the elite level requires a lot more than strong muscles, a flexible body, and fierce determination. Professional dancers are smart. Not only are their bodies working at a high level, but their minds are as well. When performing, dancers are juggling numerous thoughts as they strive to execute each movement as precisely as
possible. “Poi........ Read more »
Warburton EC, Wilson M, Lynch M, & Cuykendall S. (2013) The cognitive benefits of movement reduction: evidence from dance marking. Psychological science, 24(9), 1732-9. PMID: 23863756
Every Wednesday Thursday afternoon, I gather with a bunch of faculty and graduate students at the University of Illinois to discuss a journal article about social psychology, and to eat a snack. This blog post reflects the discussion we had during this week's seminar affectionately called Social Wednesdays Thursdays and Grub (SWTAG)--we're going STAG now!
In last week's journal club we read about a recent paper in Psychological Science with a very clear message: It should be th........ Read more »
Simonsohn, U. (2013) Just Post It: The Lesson From Two Cases of Fabricated Data Detected by Statistics Alone. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2114571
Graduate School: The Playground of the Mind
If you've come to the internet more than once, then you know that blogs often discuss the difficulties of coming out of graduate school with a tenure track faculty appointment in psychology or other fields (here and here). For those of you out there considering a research career at a major university--keep in mind that it's not for everyone. PYM has also tried its hand at one or two lists of traits needed to succeed in graduate school. These........ Read more »
Su, Rong; Rounds, James; Armstrong, Patrick Ian. (2009) Men and things, women and people: A meta-analysis of sex differences in interests. Psychological Bulletin, 859-884. DOI: 10.1037/a0017364
Van Iddekinge, Chad H.; Putka, Dan J.; Campbell, John P. (2011) Reconsidering vocational interests for personnel selection: The validity of an interest-based selection test in relation to job knowledge, job performance, and continuance intentions. Journal of Applied Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/a0021193
Part of being human is the desire to control or change what
we do, what we feel, and what we think. We all struggle with tasks of
self-regulation, like cooking more nutritious food, limiting our emotional outbursts,
and paying attention in class. I’m sure you can find countless reasons on the
internet and within the self-help literature to explain why you’re not so good
at regulating your behaviors, emotions, and cognitions. Maybe you didn’t learn
how to control your actions well in ........ Read more »
Cacioppo JT, Ernst JM, Burleson MH, McClintock MK, Malarkey WB, Hawkley LC, Kowalewski RB, Paulsen A, Hobson JA, Hugdahl K.... (2000) Lonely traits and concomitant physiological processes: the MacArthur social neuroscience studies. International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 35(2-3), 143-54. PMID: 10677643
Hawkley LC, Thisted RA, & Cacioppo JT. (2009) Loneliness predicts reduced physical activity: cross-sectional . Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 28(3), 354-63. PMID: 19450042
For the first few years of college, I maintained the typical college-student sleep schedule: in bed between 2am and 3am, dragging myself up at 9am for my 9:30am lecture which I inevitably slept through (in the front row… what was I thinking?!?). Chronically sleep-deprived, I would rather be spending time with my new friends and boyfriend than catching those precious zzz’s. Many of those nights made for wonderful memories, but other times I’d find myself inexplicably upset over some small i........ Read more »
Gordon, A. M., & Chen, S. (2013) The role of sleep in interpersonal conflict: Do sleepless nights mean worse fights?. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 10.1177/1948550613488952
It is job season again for academic psychologists everywhere! In that spirit, I thought it might be a good idea to re-post this piece on my experience searching for an academic job. Enjoy!
The annual job season always brings back my own memories of the two job searches I've attempted (one successful). I remember the anxiety a lot, the feeling that there may not actually be a job out there for you (this is a common concern). Then there is also the feeling that you may not, in fact, be as aw........ Read more »
Higgans, E. (1999) When do self-discrepancies have specific relations to emotions? The second-generation question of Tangney, Niedenthal, Covert, and Barlow (1998). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1313-1317. DOI: 10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.523
Swann, W., Pelham, B., & Krull, D. (1989) Agreeable fancy or disagreeable truth? Reconciling self-enhancement and self-verification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(5), 782-791. DOI: 10.1037//0022-35184.108.40.2062
Imagine for a moment that you are an experiment participant in a dystopian future university thirty years from now. At birth, you were taken from your natural parents and assigned to two robotic parental unit alternatives. The first unit is cold and metal, it has a big frowny face, and all it's good for is dispensing the occasional hot meal through it's midriff. The second unit provides no food, but this unit is fashioned with a luxurious coat of fine fur that feels warm to the touch.
........ Read more »
Tom knows a pseudoscience when he sees one! (wikipedia.org)
Every so often the internet is set ablaze with opinion pieces on a familiar question: Are "soft" sciences, like psychology, actually science? Most of the time the argument against psychology as a science comes from people from the so-called harder sciences (you know, people who don't know ish about psychology). Of course, every once in a while we throw ourselves under the bus by declaring that for our softer sciences to........ Read more »
Fanelli, D. (2010) Positive Results increase down the hierarchy of the sciences. PLOS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010068
Fredrickson BL, & Losada MF. (2005) Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. The American psychologist, 60(7), 678-86. PMID: 16221001
“Never give up” has become one of the most popular pieces of
advice in Western culture. It’s not popular with me, though. I do
agree that persistence in the face of obstacles is necessary, important, and
admirable. Many worthwhile goals require serious commitment and perseverance in
order to achieve them. The problem with this advice is that at some point in
our lives, we all have goals that are unattainable, and this is where “never
give up” falls short. When faced with an unatt........ Read more »
Heckhausen, J, Wrosch, C, & Fleeson, W. (2001) Developmental regulation before and after passing a developmental deadline: The sample case of “biological clock” for child-bearing. Psychology and Aging, 400-413. info:/
Wrosch C, Scheier MF, Miller GE, Schulz R, & Carver CS. (2003) Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being. Personality , 29(12), 1494-508. PMID: 15018681
The word "bridezilla" was reportedly first used in the mid-1990s to refer to the bride-to-be who turned into a monster while planning her wedding, throwing tantrums when she didn't get her way and making ridiculous demands on her friends and family. But in recent years the derogatory term, a reference to a fictional giant mutant dinosaur-like creature who went on crazed killing sprees (i.e., Godzilla), has almost become synonymous with "bride," encompassing behaviors ........ Read more »
Brescoll, V. L., & Uhlmann, E. L. (2008) Can an angry woman get ahead? Status conferral, gender, and expression of emotion in the workplace. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02079.x
Prichard, I., & Tiggemann, M. (2009) Unveiled: Pre-wedding weight concerns and health and beauty plans of Australian brides. . Journal of Health Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/1359105309342905
Life is full of reminders of what we lack, usually in the form of other people. There is always someone who is more successful, more talented, more attractive, or more advanced in meeting important "milestones" than we are. We encounter these people every day--in fact, they are often our friends, family members, and colleagues. Sometimes these encounters can leave us with a bitter taste in our mouths, or a green glow in our eyes--that familiar sting of envy. Defined as a state of desiri........ Read more »
Do you believe in Soul Mates?
If I could give one piece of advice as a relationships
researcher, it would be this: Relationships take work. Sure we’d all like to
believe in destiny, thinking there is someone out there who is mean for us.
Then when we find our soul mate, we will slip into an easy and comfortable
companionship that provides us with decades of endless laughter and joy, and
not a single fight or tense moment. But that is the stuff of dreams, people. Of
course there will be tim........ Read more »
Knee, C. R. (1998) Implicit theories of relationships: Assessment and prediction of romantic relationship initiation, coping, and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1037//0022-35220.127.116.110
What's in a facial expression of emotion? (source)
Last week Boston Magazine published an article (here) claiming a "new theory" of emotion. The article then challenged the idea that emotions are signaled and perceived universally through unique facial expressions (like we've discussed here). The article purports to be a take-down of famous emotion researcher Paul Ekman*--whose work has been popularized on such television shows as Lie to Me. Here is why I hated this article:........ Read more »
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