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Daily Observations: Your source for the latest psychological research.

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  • March 20, 2015
  • 10:48 AM
  • 85 views

Understanding the Origin of Psychopathic Tendencies Through Chimpanzees

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Psychopathy, a personality disorder characterized by antisocial behavior, lack of empathy, and disinhibition, is typically investigated among clinical and forensic samples, and sometimes among the general population. But a team […]... Read more »

Latzman, R., Drislane, L., Hecht, L., Brislin, S., Patrick, C., Lilienfeld, S., Freeman, H., Schapiro, S., & Hopkins, W. (2015) A Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Model of Triarchic Psychopathy Constructs: Development and Initial Validation. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702615568989  

  • February 23, 2015
  • 03:54 PM
  • 108 views

Mistargeted Messages Could Spur Help-Seeking for Depression

by amikulak in Daily Observations

From decades of research, scientists have developed effective, empirically-validated interventions for treating major depression and, yet, many people suffering from depression don’t receive these treatments. While there can be many reasons […]... Read more »

  • February 9, 2015
  • 08:00 AM
  • 51 views

Feeding Mental Health Through Nutritional Interventions

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Major depression affects many millions of people worldwide and is one of the leading causes of disability, according to data from the World Health Organization. Diagnosing and treating depression is, […]... Read more »

  • January 20, 2015
  • 10:34 AM
  • 44 views

Perspective-Tracking Brain Response Could Help Identify Children with Autism

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Using brain imaging to examine neural activity associated with our ability to distinguish the self from others may offer scientists a relatively accurate tool to identify children with autism spectrum […]... Read more »

  • November 6, 2014
  • 09:30 AM
  • 249 views

Infants Can Tell If You’re a Reliable Informant

by amikulak in Daily Observations

It’s hard to know how babies think, since they’re still getting a handle on language skills.  One strategy that researchers use to gain some insight is eye tracking, which allows […]... Read more »

Tummeltshammer, K., Wu, R., Sobel, D., & Kirkham, N. (2014) Infants Track the Reliability of Potential Informants. Psychological Science, 25(9), 1730-1738. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614540178  

  • October 27, 2014
  • 10:20 AM
  • 209 views

Focusing on the Past or Future Shapes Spatial Perception of Time

by amikulak in Daily Observations

We often think about the future as being in front of us and the past as being at our back – as we walk, places we pass are behind us, […]... Read more »

  • September 15, 2014
  • 09:49 AM
  • 320 views

Great Apes Share Our Ability to Predict Goal-Oriented Actions

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Within a year after birth, human infants develop the ability to direct their attention to the anticipated goal of another person’s movement, before it has occurred.  So, for example, our […]... Read more »

  • August 11, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 257 views

OCD Linked With Broad Impairments in Executive Function

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), characterized by intrusive and persistent thoughts that are often accompanied by repetitive or ritualized acts, is a serious clinical disorder that can significantly impact a person’s ability […]... Read more »

  • August 4, 2014
  • 01:10 PM
  • 207 views

Typical Items Facilitate Fear Learning, Atypical Items Don’t

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Have you ever recoiled at something because it reminds you of something else that you’re genuinely afraid of?  Research indicates that people have a propensity to generalize their fear — […]... Read more »

  • July 30, 2014
  • 09:19 AM
  • 350 views

Higher Implicit Self-Esteem Linked to Positive Evaluation of Spouses

by amikulak in Daily Observations

It’s often said that we can’t love others unless we love ourselves.  According to a new study, this may be true, but perhaps in a different way than we expect: […]... Read more »

  • July 10, 2014
  • 12:18 PM
  • 351 views

Learning for Survival? Venom Overrides Other Snake Categories

by amikulak in Daily Observations

We deal with the world around us by putting it into categories. We are constantly trying to understand the things we encounter by classifying them: Is this a food I […]... Read more »

  • July 8, 2014
  • 09:38 AM
  • 463 views

Sleep May Help the Brain Integrate New Language Skills

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Scientists have understood for decades that the brain is “plastic,” meaning that our neural connections change and adapt in response to new experiences. One factor that seems to play a […]... Read more »

Gaskell, M., Warker, J., Lindsay, S., Frost, R., Guest, J., Snowdon, R., & Stackhouse, A. (2014) Sleep Underpins the Plasticity of Language Production. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614535937  

  • June 24, 2014
  • 09:05 AM
  • 413 views

Social Networks May Guide Parents to Particular Autism Interventions

by amikulak in Daily Observations

After receiving a life-changing diagnosis for themselves or a loved one, people often turn to social networks for support and information. Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) […]... Read more »

  • June 19, 2014
  • 09:16 AM
  • 418 views

Everyday Aggression: We Hurt Those Closest to Us

by amikulak in Daily Observations

When we think of aggression, we might think of road rage or a bar fight, situations in which people are violent toward strangers.  But research suggests that aggression is actually […]... Read more »

South Richardson, D. (2014) Everyday Aggression Takes Many Forms. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(3), 220-224. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414530143  

  • June 16, 2014
  • 09:43 AM
  • 381 views

People Sensitive to Criticism May Be Biased Toward Focusing on the Negative

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Being on the receiving end of criticism from loved ones is unpleasant for anybody, but for some people, it may go so far as to affect their mental health. Research […]... Read more »

Masland, S., Hooley, J., Tully, L., Dearing, K., & Gotlib, I. (2014) Cognitive-Processing Biases in Individuals High on Perceived Criticism. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614529935  

  • June 5, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 464 views

“Out, Damned Spot!”: Obsessive-Like Behavior Linked to Specific Type of Guilt

by amikulak in Daily Observations

If you’ve ever watched the T.V. show Monk, you know that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by a fixation on certain thoughts and a need to engage in repetitive behaviors, […]... Read more »

  • June 4, 2014
  • 09:45 AM
  • 573 views

Spirituality May Help Buffer New Mothers Against Postpartum Depression

by amikulak in Daily Observations

While the birth of a new baby is usually an exciting time for parents, for half a million American mothers each year, childbirth is followed by the onset of postpartum […]... Read more »

Cheadle, A., Dunkel Schetter, C., Gaines Lanzi, R., Reed Vance, M., Sahadeo, L., Shalowitz, M., , ., Vance, M., Minkovitz, C., O'Campo, P.... (2014) Spiritual and Religious Resources in African American Women: Protection From Depressive Symptoms After Childbirth. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614531581  

  • May 19, 2014
  • 11:25 AM
  • 396 views

Predicting Uncertain Events on a Global Scale

by amikulak in Daily Observations

When it comes to predicting world events, some of the most influential decisions are fraught with a significant amount of uncertainty: Will this national economy stabilize or crash? Will that […]... Read more »

Mellers, B., Ungar, L., Baron, J., Ramos, J., Gurcay, B., Fincher, K., Scott, S., Moore, D., Atanasov, P., Swift, S.... (2014) Psychological Strategies for Winning a Geopolitical Forecasting Tournament. Psychological Science, 25(5), 1106-1115. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614524255  

  • May 14, 2014
  • 09:57 AM
  • 581 views

Accents Can Carry Over When You Switch Between Languages

by amikulak in Daily Observations

Switching back and forth between two different languages presents a cognitive challenge that can trip up even the most fluent bilingual speakers. Researcher Matthew Goldrick of Northwestern University and colleagues […]... Read more »

Goldrick, M., Runnqvist, E., & Costa, A. (2014) Language Switching Makes Pronunciation Less Nativelike. Psychological Science, 25(4), 1031-1036. DOI: 10.1177/0956797613520014  

  • May 5, 2014
  • 10:00 AM
  • 367 views

From Our Pets to Our Plates: The Psychology of Eating Animals

by amikulak in Daily Observations

We love animals, caring for some as if they were members of our families, and yet we eat animals, too. In fact, we eat a lot of meat — data […]... Read more »

Loughnan, S., Bastian, B., & Haslam, N. (2014) The Psychology of Eating Animals. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(2), 104-108. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414525781  

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