Post List

  • April 7, 2014
  • 08:33 PM
  • 100 views

Is ketamine really a plausible treatment for depression?

by in Neuroscientifically Challenged

Last week, a publication in the Journal of Psychopharmacology made international news by reporting that patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) showed improvement after being given the dissociative hallucinogenic drug ketamine. Ketamine, which is traditionally used as an anesthetic in humans and other animals, is probably better known for its use as a party drug (in this context it is often called "special K"). However, a growing body of evidence has begun to suggest that ketamine may........ Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 05:29 PM
  • 91 views

New Electrolyte to Enable Fast-Charging Li-Ion Batteries

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Scientists in Japan have developed an innovative electrolyte that may be the key to the next great breakthrough in advanced lithium-ion batteries.... Read more »

Yamada, Y., Furukawa, K., Sodeyama, K., Kikuchi, K., Yaegashi, M., Tateyama, Y., & Yamada, A. (2014) Unusual Stability of Acetonitrile-Based Superconcentrated Electrolytes for Fast-Charging Lithium-Ion Batteries. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(13), 5039-5046. DOI: 10.1021/ja412807w  

  • April 7, 2014
  • 04:12 PM
  • 97 views

Did I Do That? Distinguishing Real from Imagined Actions

by Rebecca Schwarzlose in Garden of the Mind

If you’re like most people, you spend a great deal of your time remembering past events and planning or imagining events that may happen in the future. While these activities have their uses, they also make it terribly hard to keep track of what you have and haven’t actually seen, heard, or done. Distinguishing between memories of real experiences and memories of imagined or dreamt experiences is called reality monitoring and it’s something we do (or struggle to do) all of the ........ Read more »

Brandt, V., Bergström, Z., Buda, M., Henson, R., & Simons, J. (2014) Did I turn off the gas? Reality monitoring of everyday actions. Cognitive, Affective, , 14(1), 209-219. DOI: 10.3758/s13415-013-0189-z  

  • April 7, 2014
  • 02:04 PM
  • 52 views

Speciation in Reverse

by sedeer in Inspiring Science

I don’t usually advertise my Accumulating Glitches posts on here, but I decided to make an exception for today’s post. …Continue reading →... Read more »

Kleindorfer S, O'Connor JA, Dudaniec RY, Myers SA, Robertson J, & Sulloway FJ. (2014) Species collapse via hybridization in Darwin's tree finches. The American naturalist, 183(3), 325-41. PMID: 24561597  

  • April 7, 2014
  • 01:26 PM
  • 61 views

Multi-Gene Engineering Could Boost Seed Oil Content in Oilseed Crops

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A team of researchers from Rothamsted Research, one of the oldest agricultural research institutions in the world, have published the first study to target multiple genes that control a series of important steps in the pathway for seed oil production.... Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 12:35 PM
  • 56 views

Usher Syndrome and Cochlear Implants - Hearing Sound for the First Time

by Alex Giffen in Antisense Science

Joanne Milne, lifelong Usher syndrome sufferer, hears for the first time thanks to cochlear implants... Read more »

Cosgrove, D., & Zallocchi, M. (2014) Usher protein functions in hair cells and photoreceptors. The International Journal of Biochemistry , 80-89. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocel.2013.11.001  

Loundon, N., Marlin, S., Busquet, D., Denoyelle, F., Roger, G., Renaud, F., & Garabedian, E. (2003) Usher Syndrome and Cochlear Implantation. Otology , 24(2), 216-221. DOI: 10.1097/00129492-200303000-00015  

Petit C. (2001) Usher syndrome: from genetics to pathogenesis. Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet. info:/

  • April 7, 2014
  • 11:37 AM
  • 91 views

The Genetics of Religious Belief

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

In the next few posts, I will review some of the recent brain-related research related to religious belief.Religious belief and religious affiliation run in families. This effect is not surprising as parents influence their children's type of religious experience during development.However, there is increasing evidence that adult religious belief and behavior is also influenced by genetic factors independent of family environment experience.Twin studies represent a powerful research model to tea........ Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 11:02 AM
  • 66 views

Illacme plenipes - World's leggiest creature

by beredim in Strange Animals

Illacme plenipesCredit: Paul Marek et. al.Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ArthropodaClass: Diplopoda Order: Siphonophorida Family: SiphonorhinidaeGenus: IllacmeSpecies: Illacme plenipesConservation Status: Not officially assessed, possibly threatened by extinctionCommon Name: NoneDespite their name, we have yet to discover a millipede species that has one thousand legs. However, the rare Illacme plenipes comes very close to this number, with one recorded specimen having 750 legs.The species has on........ Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 43 views

Keeping past and future at a distance

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

If I wanted to guess whether my students were more preoccupied with the present or the past, embodied cognition – the notion that the way we think is determined by the way our bodies work, and the scourge of artificial intelligence theorists everywhere – says I should place my money on the future.... Read more »

Caruso EM, Van Boven L, Chin M, & Ward A. (2013) The temporal Doppler effect: when the future feels closer than the past. Psychological Science, 24(4), 530-536. PMID: 23474832  

  • April 7, 2014
  • 08:53 AM
  • 67 views

Hummingbirds: still evolving endless forms most wonderful | @GrrlScientist

by GrrlScientist in GrrlScientist

A new study finds that the rising Andes is tied to the rapid speciation of hummingbirds. This study also predicts that hummingbirds will evolve twice as many species as what we see today.... Read more »

McGuire Jimmy A. , Witt Christopher C. , Remsen, Jr. J.V. , Corl Ammon , Rabosky Daniel L. , Altshuler Douglas L. , & Dudley Robert . (2014) Molecular Phylogenetics and the Diversification of Hummingbirds. Current Biology. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.03.016  

Hoorn C., Wesselingh F. P., ter Steege H., Bermudez M. A., Mora A., Sevink J., Sanmartin I., Sanchez-Meseguer A., Anderson C. L., & Figueiredo J. P. (2010) Amazonia Through Time: Andean Uplift, Climate Change, Landscape Evolution, and Biodiversity. Science, 330(6006), 927-931. DOI: 10.1126/science.1194585  

Doorn G. S. v., Noest A. J., & Hogeweg P. (1998) Sympatric speciation and extinction driven by environment dependent sexual selection. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 265(1408), 1915-1919. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1998.0520  

  • April 7, 2014
  • 07:03 AM
  • 28 views

Why “7 a Day” is the new “5 a Day”

by Stuart Farrimond in Dr Stu's Science Blog

You probably saw the news last week that you should “Forget five a day: You need SEVEN portions a day for a long life”. Yes you read that correctly, research now tells us that should eat seven – or possibly even ten – portions of fruit and veg every day to help keep disease at … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 67 views

Just because I think they’re out to get me doesn’t mean they aren’t

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Not long ago we blogged about the reality that half of Americans believe in at least one public health conspiracy. The same researchers have now looked into other conspiracy theories and found similar trends: half of Americans believe at least one conspiracy theory. So. Let’s take a look at what the researchers say about the sort […]

Related posts:
Osama bin Laden is dead and (simultaneously) Osama bin Laden lives!
Think conspiracy theorists live on the fringes? Think again!
Conspiracy........ Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 04:51 AM
  • 57 views

Africa vs Malaria: The Tables Are Turning

by Pieter Carrière in United Academics

Wide-ranging analysis shows a decreased transmission intensity in the last decade... Read more »

  • April 7, 2014
  • 12:02 AM
  • 94 views

Causes and Incidence of Sudden Death Among College Athletes

by Marc Harwood in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Two recent studies found different causes of SCD, which makes it difficult to develop cost-effective screening strategies when it remains uncertain what problems we should be screening for in preparticipation physicals.... Read more »

Harmon, K., Drezner, J., Maleszewski, J., Lopez-Anderson, M., Owens, D., Prutkin, J., Asif, I., Klossner, D., & Ackerman, M. (2014) Etiologies of Sudden Cardiac Death in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.001376  

Maron, B., Haas, T., Murphy, C., Ahluwalia, A., & Rutten-Ramos, S. (2014) Incidence and Causes of Sudden Death in U.S. College Athletes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.01.041  

  • April 6, 2014
  • 11:45 PM
  • 94 views

Kleene’s variant of the Church-Turing thesis

by Artem Kaznatcheev in Evolutionary Games Group

In 1936, Alonzo Church, Alan Turing, and Emil Post each published independent papers on the Entscheidungsproblem and introducing the lambda calculus, Turing machines, and Post-Turing machines as mathematical models of computation. A myriad of other models followed, many of them taking seemingly unrelated approaches to the computable: algebraic, combinatorial, linguistic, logical, mechanistic, etc. Of course, […]... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 04:19 PM
  • 102 views

Scientists Determine Most Favorable Wind Turbine Positioning

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

A team of researchers at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) has developed a new way to study wake effects that takes into account the airflow both within and around a wind farm and challenges the conventional belief that turbines arrayed in checker board patterns produce the highest power output.... Read more »

Stevens, R., Gayme, D., & Meneveau, C. (2014) Large eddy simulation studies of the effects of alignment and wind farm length. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 6(2), 23105. DOI: 10.1063/1.4869568  

  • April 6, 2014
  • 12:41 PM
  • 90 views

Look! A Morsel of Good Vaccination News

by Eric Horowitz in peer-reviewed by my neurons

It’s been a bad few weeks for vaccination. Whooping cough continues to make a comeback; it was revealed that some New York City schools have third-world vaccination rates; and a study led by Brendan Nyhan found that four different interventions were unable to shift vaccination intentions. So it may come as a surprise that a […]... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 10:45 AM
  • 85 views

CAN 7-A-DAY SAVE YOUR LIFE?

by Julia Rose in Antisense Science

New research from University College London has suggested that eating 7 fruit and veg a day could reduce the risk of 'all causes' of death by 42%.... Read more »

  • April 6, 2014
  • 10:38 AM
  • 76 views

Like a giant elevator to the stratosphere

by Perikis Livas in Tracing Knowledge

Recent research results show that an atmospheric hole over the tropical West Pacific is reinforcing ozone depletion in the polar regions and could have a significant influence on the climate of the Earth.... Read more »

Rex, M., Wohltmann, I., Ridder, T., Lehmann, R., Rosenlof, K., Wennberg, P., Weisenstein, D., Notholt, J., Krüger, K., Mohr, V.... (2013) A Tropical West Pacific OH minimum and implications for stratospheric composition. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 13(11), 28869-28893. DOI: 10.5194/acpd-13-28869-2013  

  • April 6, 2014
  • 02:47 AM
  • 85 views

Vitamin D deficiency and more and risk of ADHD

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Vitamin D – could it stop 'modern’ diseases?" was one of the headlines I read quite recently as more pressure is being applied on the sunshine vitamin to perform when it comes to our health and welbeing. Indeed, not so long ago I posted an entry updating where we're at when it comes to the 'sunshine' vitamin D and the autism spectrum conditions. The conclusion buried in that post was that whilst there is some interesting work potentially linking vitamin D and autism, there is still more to ........ Read more »

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