In pop culture, conspiracy believers — like FBI agent Fox Mulder on The X Files or professor Robert Langdon in The Da Vinci Code — tend to reject the notion of coincidence or chance; even the most random-seeming events are thought to result from some sort of intention or design. And researchers have suggested that such a bias against randomness may explain real-world conspiracy beliefs. But new research from psychological scientists shows no evidence for a link between conspiracist thinking ........ Read more »
Dieguez, S., Wagner-Egger, P., & Gauvrit, N. (2015) Nothing Happens by Accident, or Does It? A Low Prior for Randomness Does Not Explain Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/0956797615598740
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Ann-Cathrine Larsen MD, PhD-student University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Eye Pathology Section Copenhagen Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Larsen: Conjunctival melanoma is an uncommon malignancy … Continue reading →
The post Factors Associated With Aggressive Conjunctival Melanoma Outlined appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Ann-Cathrine Larsen. (2015) Factors Associated With Aggressive Conjunctival Melanoma Outlined. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Michael P. Sherman, MD, FAAP Professor, Department of Child Health University of Missouri – Columbia Women’s and Children’s Hospital Columbia, Missouri 65201 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Sherman: We understand eosinophils are … Continue reading →
The post Allergy Cells Predict Bowel Complications In Preterm Babies appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Michael P. Sherman, MD, FAAP. (2015) Allergy Cells Predict Bowel Complications In Preterm Babies. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Sharing of research data (open data) is increasing in all areas related to scientific research, and it involves authors, journals, publishers, funding agencies, the productive sector and society. In order to encourage authors to provide and reuse datasets, it is paramount to find ways to measure their impact. The initiative ‘Making Data Count’ is efficiently doing this, find out how. … Read More →... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Tanja D de Gruijl PhD Professor Translational Tumor Immunology Head Immunotherapy Lab Department of Medical Oncology VU University medical center-Cancer Center Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main … Continue reading →
The post Vaccinating New Melanoma Patients With Immune Booster Reduced Tumor Recurrences appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Tanja D de Gruijl PhD. (2015) Vaccinating New Melanoma Patients With Immune Booster Reduced Tumor Recurrences. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Jessica Alba's company has been charged with two lawsuits citing ineffective protection by her Honest Company sunscreen. The failure of the sunscreen highlights a need for better education regarding sunscreen use and sun exposure.... Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Jonas Minet Kinge PhD Researcher, Department of Health Statistics, Norwegian Institute of Public Health Associate professor, Department of Health Management and Health Economics University of Oslo Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo, Norway Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post In Rich Countries, It’s the Poor Who Become Obese appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr Jonas Minet Kinge PhD. (2015) In Rich Countries, It's the Poor Who Become Obese. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Germaine Louis Buck PhD Senior Investigator and Director of the Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) National Institutes of Health Medical Research: What is the … Continue reading →
The post Fetal Weight Found To Vary By Race and Ethnicity appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. Louis Germaine Buck PhD. (2015) Fetal Weight Found To Vary By Race and Ethnicity. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Metagenomic profiling, also called metagenomic shotgun sequencing (MSS) represents a powerful application made possible by the digital nature of next-gen sequencing technologies. In it, one basically sequences a sample isolate obtained from somewhere — a shovelful of dirt, a scoop of plankton, or anything else that contains living organisms. MSS has proven particularly useful to […]... Read more »
Wylie TN, Wylie KM, Herter BN, & Storch GA. (2015) Enhanced virome sequencing through solution-based capture enrichment. Genome research. PMID: 26395152
Three big ideas from World Water Week 2015
World Water Week is an annual conference organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute that discusses global issues concerning water. Held in August 2015, World Water Week attracted over 3,000 participants, including government ministers, scientists and economists, from 130 different countries. To celebrate its 25th anniversary this year, here are 3 big ideas from World Water Week 2015.... Read more »
Today I'm serving up the paper by Milo Careaga and colleagues  for your blogging delight, who concluded that: "Children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] may be phenotypically characterized based upon their immune profile." Further that there may be: "several possible immune subphenotypes within the ASD population that correlate with more severe behavioral impairments."With many thanks to Natasa for the paper, participants - 50 boys with a median age of 3.2 years diagnosed wi........ Read more »
Milo Careaga, Sally Rogers, Robin L. Hansen, David G. Amaral, Judy Van de Water, & Paul Ashwood. (2015) Immune endophenotypes in children with autism spectrum disorder. Biological Psychiatry. info:/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.08.036
The AVE–SV comparison (Fornell & Larcker, 1981) is certainly the most common technique for detecting discriminant validity violations on the construct level. An alternative technique, proposed by Henseler et al. (2015), is the heterotrait–monotrait (HTMT) ratio of correlations (see the video below). Based on simulation data, these authors show for variance-based structural equation modeling (SEM), […]... Read more »
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. (1981) Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39. DOI: 10.2307/3151312
Henseler, J., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2014) A New Criterion for Assessing Discriminant Validity in Variance-based Structural Equation Modeling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43(1), 115-135. DOI: 10.1007/s11747-014-0403-8
Voorhees, C., Brady, M., Calantone, R., & Ramirez, E. (2015) Discriminant Validity Testing in Marketing: An Analysis, Causes for Concern, and Proposed Remedies. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science. DOI: 10.1007/s11747-015-0455-4
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have uncovered a significant–and potentially treatable–relationship between a chemical that helps transmit signals in the brain and genetic mutations present in a subset of individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The new research findings focus on the role that the neurotransmitter serotonin plays in the development of social behavior.... Read more »
Séjourné, J., Llaneza, D., Kuti, O., & Page, D. (2015) Social Behavioral Deficits Coincide with the Onset of Seizure Susceptibility in Mice Lacking Serotonin Receptor 2c. PLOS ONE, 10(8). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136494
It’s pretty well established now that there is a statistical connection between intelligence and non-belief. The effect is small, but it’s consistent and has been shown many times. Education, however, is a different matter. Some studies show that educated people are more religious, while others find they are less religious. Now there’s an obvious problem [Read More...]... Read more »
Ganzach, Y., & Gotlibovski, C. (2014) Individual differences and the effect of education on religiosity. Learning and Individual Differences, 213-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.lindif.2014.10.007
A new mechanism of trapping carbon in the ocean has been proposed by researchers studying the migration of zooplankton!... Read more »
Jónasdóttir SH, Visser AW, Richardson K, & Heath MR. (2015) Seasonal copepod lipid pump promotes carbon sequestration in the deep North Atlantic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 26338976
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Timothy Anderson, M.D. Chief medical resident Department of Internal Medicine University of Pittsburgh Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Anderson: My coauthors and I analyzed the public disclosures … Continue reading →
The post Many Academic Medical Professors Serve on Health Care Company Boards appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Timothy Anderson, M.D. (2015) Many Academic Medical Professors Serve on Health Care Company Boards. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Adela Hruby PhD Adjunct Instructor, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy Research Fellow, Harvard School of Public Health Fellow, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. … Continue reading →
The post Saturated Fats Should Not Be Replaced With Refined Carbs or Sugar appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Adela Hruby PhD. (2015) Saturated Fats Should Not Be Replaced With Refined Carbs or Sugar. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Dictyoglomus thermophilum is a bacterium found in hot springs all over the world. It specifically enjoys aquatic places where there isn't any oxygen, it's not acidic, and the temperature is between 73 and 78 degrees Celsius (thermophilum = heat-loving). Turns out a hot spring is actually a pretty okay place for a strict anaerobe (organism poisoned by oxygen) to hang out, in part because hot water contains less dissolved oxygen. Hot springs also tend to contain lots of energy-rich organic matter ........ Read more »
Hoppert M, Valdez M, Enseleit M, Theilmann W, Valerius O, Braus GH, Föst C, & Liebl W. (2012) Structure-functional analysis of the Dictyoglomus cell envelope. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 35(5), 279-90. PMID: 22824581
In a previous post, I summarized some of the current thinking on the use of cognitive enhancement drugs in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, ADHD and schizophrenia.This summary was based on a review by Gabe Howard and colleagues. The review also included a summary of a clinical trial using an iPad cognitive training app for the treatment of cognition in schizophrenia.Here are the key elements of the study and the results.Study sample: 22 adults with a diagnosis of DSM-5 schizophrenia, sc........ Read more »
Sahakian BJ, Bruhl AB, Cook J, Killikelly C, Savulich G, Piercy T, Hafizi S, Perez J, Fernandez-Egea E, Suckling J.... (2015) The impact of neuroscience on society: cognitive enhancement in neuropsychiatric disorders and in healthy people. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 370(1677). PMID: 26240429
And now for something completely different. Typically we highlight software that’s nucleotide or amino acid sequence related in some way. But this software is on a whole ‘nother level. It looks at interactions between species. This week we highlight GloBI, the Global Biotic Interactions database. Before you start thinking of Bambi and butterflies, though, consider […]... Read more »
Poelen, J., Simons, J., & Mungall, C. (2014) Global biotic interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics, 148-159. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2014.08.005
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