Post List

  • December 18, 2016
  • 12:41 AM
  • 191 views

On the Interpretation of Neuroscientific Findings

by Justin A. Sattin in The Ghost of Charcot

A review of classic "split brain" research and critique of a new paper regarding "functional" splits in brain function.... Read more »

Sasai, S., Boly, M., Mensen, A., & Tononi, G. (2016) Functional split brain in a driving/listening paradigm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(50), 14444-14449. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1613200113  

  • December 17, 2016
  • 11:55 PM
  • 224 views

Some of the most beautiful emotions with no direct English words

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

So, here is a vocabulary of some of the loveliest and beautiful emotions having no direct English translations:

Að jenna (Icelandic): Willingness or ability to continue the hard or boring tasks
Ah-un ((阿吽, Japanese): Unspoken communication between close friends
Cafune (Portuguese): Tenderly moving fingers through the hairs of a lover one
Fargin (Yiddish): To show or express pride and happiness at the success of others
Early morning

Gökotta (Swedish): Waking up early to hea........ Read more »

  • December 17, 2016
  • 05:51 AM
  • 232 views

Pregnancy influenza infection not linked to offspring autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"There was no association between maternal influenza [flu] infection anytime during pregnancy and increased ASD [autism spectrum disorder] risk."So said the findings reported by Ousseny Zerbo and colleagues [1] continuing a research theme from this author (see here for example) looking at how various infections 'encountered' during critical periods of pregnancy may / may not impact on offspring autism risk. This time around the focus was on viral infections and in partic........ Read more »

  • December 16, 2016
  • 07:02 AM
  • 244 views

Power poses: It was such a nice idea but it  cannot be replicated (so far)

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

Last week the Shark Tank television show was apparently shown during a time my DVR was trying to record another show for me. As I watched it, I was amused to see a couple of entrepreneurs whispering to each other to do “power poses” before they pitched to the shark-investors. I was amused, because I’d […]... Read more »

Bartlett, T. (2016) Power Poser: When big ideas go bad. Chronicle of Higher Education. info:/

  • December 16, 2016
  • 05:25 AM
  • 220 views

Patient participation in clinical trials

by Joana Guedes in BHD Research Blog

Clinical trials are crucial to help doctors and scientists understand how to safely treat a particular condition, to evaluate new treatments and to test drug safety and efficacy. They have an important role in every step of managing a condition with different clinical trials helping with prevention, diagnosis, treatments and follow-up support.... Read more »

  • December 16, 2016
  • 05:00 AM
  • 197 views

Friday Fellow: Common Stonewort

by Piter Boll in Earthling Nature

by Piter Kehoma Boll It’s always hard to introduce a less charismatic species here. Not because they are less interesting to me, but because I cannot find good information available. But I try to do my best to show all … Continue reading →... Read more »

Ariosa, Y., Quesada, A., Aburto, J., Carrasco, D., Carreres, R., Leganes, F., & Fernandez Valiente, E. (2004) Epiphytic Cyanobacteria on Chara vulgaris Are the Main Contributors to N2 Fixation in Rice Fields. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(9), 5391-5397. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.9.5391-5397.2004  

  • December 16, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 189 views

Frequency and Location of Head Impacts in Division 1 Men’s Lacrosse Players

by Patricia Kelshaw, MS, LAT, ATC in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Player position and session type such as practice or game are the main factors that influence head impact frequencies and magnitudes for lacrosse athletes.... Read more »

  • December 16, 2016
  • 03:16 AM
  • 231 views

Non-febrile seizures in children with autism vs unaffected siblings

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Children with idiopathic ASD [autism spectrum disorder] are significantly more likely to have non-febrile seizures than their unaffected siblings, suggesting that non-febrile seizures may be ASD-specific."So said the findings from Lena McCue and colleagues [1] (open-access) continuing a research theme looking at one of the important 'comorbidities' that seems to be over-represented when it comes to a diagnosis of autism (see here). Idiopathic autism or ASD refers to autism as the........ Read more »

  • December 15, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 212 views

Cortisol and Testosterone Levels Following Exhaustive Endurance Exercise: How Much Recovery Do Athletes Really Need?

by Jennifer Fields in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Following high-intensity endurance exercise, recovery may require 48-72 hours for cortisol and testosterone to return back to resting levels. ... Read more »

Anderson, T., Lane, A., & Hackney, A. (2016) Cortisol and testosterone dynamics following exhaustive endurance exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(8), 1503-1509. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-016-3406-y  

  • December 15, 2016
  • 02:59 AM
  • 258 views

ADHD, not autism, might count when it comes to 'comorbid psychiatric symptomatology'

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A quote to begin this fairly brief post: "Our study concluded that higher levels of ADHD [attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder] severity-not ASD [autism spectrum disorder] severity-were associated with a higher prevalence of comorbid psychiatric symptomatology in school-age children with ASD. These findings may encourage clinicians to thoroughly assess ADHD symptomatology in ASD children to better inform treatment planning."That was the research bottom line reported by Ro........ Read more »

  • December 14, 2016
  • 08:40 PM
  • 185 views

ZIKV replication and the induction of p53: a tale of three places ?

by thelonevirologist in Virology Tidbits

Zika Virus (ZIKV) is a mosquitoe-borne Flavivirus (MBFV), related to other Flavivirus’ that are transmitted by mosquitoes such as Dengue Virus (DENV), Yellow Fever Virus (YFV) or Tick Borne Encephalitis Virus (TBEV) and as such the viral genome is released into the cytoplasm following viral entry and translated into a single polyprotein that is cleaved by both viral and cellular proteases into the 3 structural and 7 non-structural proteins.
Here the induction of p53 dependent apoptosis an........ Read more »

Li H, Saucedo-Cuevas L, Shresta S, & Gleeson JG. (2016) The Neurobiology of Zika Virus. Neuron, 92(5), 949-958. PMID: 27930910  

Vasilakis N, & Weaver SC. (2016) Flavivirus transmission focusing on Zika. Current opinion in virology, 30-35. PMID: 27936448  

Barreto-Vieira DF, Barth OM, Silva MA, Santos CC, Santos Ada S, F JB Filho, & Filippis AM. (2016) Ultrastructure of Zika virus particles in cell cultures. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 111(8), 532-4. PMID: 27581122  

Li H, Saucedo-Cuevas L, Regla-Nava JA, Chai G, Sheets N, Tang W, Terskikh AV, Shresta S, & Gleeson JG. (2016) Zika Virus Infects Neural Progenitors in the Adult Mouse Brain and Alters Proliferation. Cell stem cell, 19(5), 593-598. PMID: 27545505  

Pingen M, Bryden SR, Pondeville E, Schnettler E, Kohl A, Merits A, Fazakerley JK, Graham GJ, & McKimmie CS. (2016) Host Inflammatory Response to Mosquito Bites Enhances the Severity of Arbovirus Infection. Immunity, 44(6), 1455-69. PMID: 27332734  

Agarwal A, Joshi G, Nagar DP, Sharma AK, Sukumaran D, Pant SC, Parida MM, & Dash PK. (2016) Mosquito saliva induced cutaneous events augment Chikungunya virus replication and disease progression. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, 126-35. PMID: 26925703  

Hewitt G, Carroll B, Sarallah R, Correia-Melo C, Ogrodnik M, Nelson G, Otten EG, Manni D, Antrobus R, Morgan BA.... (2016) SQSTM1/p62 mediates crosstalk between autophagy and the UPS in DNA repair. Autophagy, 12(10), 1917-1930. PMID: 27391408  

Danthi P. (2016) Viruses and the Diversity of Cell Death. Annual review of virology, 3(1), 533-553. PMID: 27501259  

Parquet MC, Kumatori A, Hasebe F, Morita K, & Igarashi A. (2001) West Nile virus-induced bax-dependent apoptosis. FEBS letters, 500(1-2), 17-24. PMID: 11434919  

Zhao P, Han T, Guo JJ, Zhu SL, Wang J, Ao F, Jing MZ, She YL, Wu ZH, & Ye LB. (2012) HCV NS4B induces apoptosis through the mitochondrial death pathway. Virus research, 169(1), 1-7. PMID: 22542667  

Netsawang J, Noisakran S, Puttikhunt C, Kasinrerk W, Wongwiwat W, Malasit P, Yenchitsomanus PT, & Limjindaporn T. (2010) Nuclear localization of dengue virus capsid protein is required for DAXX interaction and apoptosis. Virus research, 147(2), 275-83. PMID: 19944121  

Licon Luna RM, Lee E, Müllbacher A, Blanden RV, Langman R, & Lobigs M. (2002) Lack of both Fas ligand and perforin protects from flavivirus-mediated encephalitis in mice. Journal of virology, 76(7), 3202-11. PMID: 11884544  

Tudzarova S, Mulholland P, Dey A, Stoeber K, Okorokov AL, & Williams GH. (2016) p53 controls CDC7 levels to reinforce G1 cell cycle arrest upon genotoxic stress. Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 15(21), 2958-2972. PMID: 27611229  

Abraham AG, & O'Neill E. (2014) PI3K/Akt-mediated regulation of p53 in cancer. Biochemical Society transactions, 42(4), 798-803. PMID: 25109960  

  • December 14, 2016
  • 07:43 AM
  • 184 views

The spotted gar genome illuminates vertebrate evolution and facilitates human-teleost comparisons

by Christian de Guttry in genome ecology evolution etc

The spotted gar genome illuminates vertebrate evolution and facilitates human-teleost comparisons About 450 mya bony vertebrates radiated into Lobe-finned fish, from which tetrapods appeared later, and Ray-finned fish, which include Teleost (Fig.1). Nowadays they make up to 96 percent of … Continue reading →... Read more »

Braasch I, Gehrke AR, Smith JJ, Kawasaki K, Manousaki T, Pasquier J, Amores A, Desvignes T, Batzel P, Catchen J.... (2016) The spotted gar genome illuminates vertebrate evolution and facilitates human-teleost comparisons. Nature genetics, 48(4), 427-37. PMID: 26950095  

  • December 14, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 186 views

Identifying Athletes at Risk for Chronic Ankle Instability

by Matt Prebble in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The jump-landing protocol was able to distinguish between healthy, ‘coper’, and unstable ankles. This protocol may be useful for identifying athletes at increased risk for injury, and as a return to play indicator following rehabilitation.... Read more »

  • December 14, 2016
  • 03:07 AM
  • 230 views

Urinary metabolomics in autism turns up tryptophan (again)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"The tryptophan metabolic pathway collectively displays the largest perturbations in ASD [autism spectrum disorder]."So said the findings reported by Federica Gevi and colleagues [1] (open-access) who provide yet more 'metabolomic' data when it comes to autism to add to the already quite voluminous peer-reviewed matter on this topic (see here for example).Just in case you aren't analytical chemistry-saavy, metabolomics is basically the study of the various chemical fingerprints that th........ Read more »

  • December 13, 2016
  • 12:00 PM
  • 45 views

Study points to new chronic form of liver disease associated with ingestion of Brachiaria grasses

by SciELO in SciELO in Perspective | Press Releases

Researchers at the Federal University of Santa Maria in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, of Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, in Mato Grosso do Sul state, and the University of Cuiabá, in Mato Grosso state, in Brazil, analyzed cattle livers in a abattoir and found a new form of chronic liver disease probably associated with ingestion of Brachiaria grasses. … Read More →... Read more »

Faccin, T., Kommers, G., Galiza, G., Pupin, R., Madureira, R., & Lemos, R. (2016) Chronic liver disease in cattle associated with ingestion of Brachiaria spp. Ciência Rural, 46(11), 2036-2042. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160297  

  • December 13, 2016
  • 08:23 AM
  • 237 views

Acceleration of electrons in the solar wind by Langmuir waves produced by a decay cascade by Catherine Krafft and Alexander Volokitin

by CESRA in Solar Radio Science

It was recently reported that a significant part of the Langmuir waveforms observed by the STEREO satellite (Graham and Cairns, 2013) during type III solar radio bursts are likely consistent with the occurrence of electrostatic decay instabilities, when a Langmuir wave \(\mathcal{L}\) resonantly interacts with another Langmuir wave \(\mathcal{L}^{\prime}\) and [...]... Read more »

  • December 13, 2016
  • 04:30 AM
  • 210 views

Can Using a Whole Body Vibration Warm-up Give Athletes Quicker Feet?

by Stuart McCrory in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Whole-body vibration improves performance on quick feet test when compared to a traditional warm-up.... Read more »

Donahue RB, Vingren JL, Duplanty AA, Levitt DE, Luk HY, & Kraemer WJ. (2016) Acute Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Warm-up on Footspeed Quickness. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30(8), 2286-91. PMID: 27328378  

  • December 13, 2016
  • 04:25 AM
  • 253 views

'My child is not talking'. Online concerns and internet-based screening for autism?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Online communities are used as platforms by parents to verify developmental and health concerns related to their child."That was the starting point for the study results reported by Ben-Sasson & Yom-Tov [1] (open-access available here) who approached an increasingly important issue related to how the Internet and social media in particular, is fast becoming one of the 'go-to' options when it comes to parental concerns about their child's development and the question: could it be autism........ Read more »

  • December 12, 2016
  • 03:16 PM
  • 242 views

Bacteria Help Pitcher Plants Trap Prey

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish



Pity the insect that tumbles into a pitcher plant's trap. The slippery walls and waiting pool of water ensure it won't clamber back out. There's nothing left to do but wait to be digested.

The California pitcher plant (Darlingtonia californica) is also called the cobra lily for its curled-over shape that hides its exit from its victims. Unlike other pitcher plants, it doesn't fill its trap from above with rainwater but from below, drawing water up with its roots. But like others, it seems... Read more »

  • December 12, 2016
  • 10:43 AM
  • 217 views

Simple Jury Persuasion: Why you don’t want your  trial videos to elicit awe from jurors 

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

While you don’t want jurors to think your visual evidence was made by poorly trained technicians—here’s a study that tells us something counter-intuitive that you may find useful (we have). It may not make obvious sense, but you also don’t want jurors to be blown away (i.e., awed, in wonder, overwhelmed by the majesty of […]

Related posts:
Simple Jury Persuasion: Educating jurors about science may have no effect
Simple Jury Persuasion: Telling jurors where to look
Simple Jury Pe........ Read more »

Farias M, Newheiser AK, Kahane G, & de Toledo Z. (2013) Scientific faith: Belief in science increases in the face of stress and existential anxiety. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(6), 1210-1213. PMID: 24187384  

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