Hvidberg et al (2015) PLoS One. e0132421Two papers are served up for your reading today. Both provide stark peer-reviewed evidence that when it comes to chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) / myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), measures of quality of life (QoL) rank this/these condition(s) as potentially causing great suffering compared with population norms and various other states.The first paper is by Michael Falk Hvidberg and colleagues  (open-access available here) and details respo........ Read more »
Falk Hvidberg M, Brinth LS, Olesen AV, Petersen KD, & Ehlers L. (2015) The Health-Related Quality of Life for Patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS). PloS one, 10(7). PMID: 26147503
Winger A, Kvarstein G, Wyller VB, Ekstedt M, Sulheim D, Fagermoen E, Småstuen MC, & Helseth S. (2015) Health related quality of life in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome: a cross-sectional study. Health and quality of life outcomes, 13(1), 96. PMID: 26138694
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Kami Kosenko PhD Department of Communication North Carolina State University Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Kosenko: In May 2013, Angelina Jolie revealed that she had had a … Continue reading →
The post Angelina Jolie’s Announcement Encouraged Some Patients’ To Get Tested For Breast Cancer appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Kami Kosenko PhD. (2015) Angelina Jolie's Announcement Encouraged Some Patients' To Get Tested For Breast Cancer. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Can our beliefs, motivations and emotions influence our visual perception? Are cognition and perception ultimately inseparable?
A lot of recent psychological research says "yes" to the question. For instance, it has been claimed that carrying a heavy backpack makes a hill look - not just feel - steeper. Other researchers say that feeling sad makes things seem darker - not just metaphorically, but literally.
However, according to a new paper by Yale psychologists Chaz Firestone & Br... Read more »
Firestone C, & Scholl BJ. (2015) Cognition does not affect perception: Evaluating the evidence for 'top-down' effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1-77. PMID: 26189677
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Helmneh Sineshaw, MD, MPH Senior Epidemiologist, Health Services Researcher American Cancer Society, Inc Atlanta, GA 30303 MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Sineshaw: Male breast cancer is a rare disease, and its incidence rate is … Continue reading →
The post Younger Black Men With Breast Cancer Have Higher Mortality Rate appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Helmneh Sineshaw, MD, MPH. (2015) Younger Black Men With Breast Cancer Have Higher Mortality Rate. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Fernando Goni, PhD MS Adjunct associate professor Department of Neurology, Center for Cognitive Neurology NYU School of Medicine NYU Langone Medical Center Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. … Continue reading →
The post Precision Antibodies Target Defective Protein in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Model appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Fernando Goni, PhD MS. (2015) Precision Antibodies Target Defective Protein in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Model. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Quantum theory is one of the great achievements of 20th century science, yet physicists have struggled to find a clear boundary between our everyday world and what Albert Einstein called the “spooky” features of the quantum world, including cats that could be both alive and dead, and photons that can communicate with each other across space instantaneously.... Read more »
Qian, X., Little, B., Howell, J., & Eberly, J. (2015) Shifting the quantum-classical boundary: theory and experiment for statistically classical optical fields. Optica, 2(7), 611. DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.2.000611
Five years prior to noticing a fungus eating its way across a slice of bacteria-laden agar and setting in motion a marked decline in human mortality from infections, Alexander Fleming smeared a bit of snot on an agar slice and found an enzyme capable of corroding bacterial cell walls. He named this enzyme lysozyme due to its effect on bacterial colonies (lyso- = dissolving). Lysozyme is present in tears, mucus, saliva, and human milk, providing an early line of defence against disease-causing ba........ Read more »
Cho SJ, Weiden MD, & Lee CG. (2015) Chitotriosidase in the pathogenesis of inflammation, interstitial lung diseases and COPD. Allergy, Asthma , 7(1), 14-21. PMID: 25553258
by amikulak in Daily Observations
When conducting psychology studies online or in the lab, researchers might not think about participants’ past experiences as a research subject. But research published in Psychological Science suggests that these […]... Read more »
Chandler, J., Paolacci, G., Peer, E., Mueller, P., & Ratliff, K. (2015) Using Nonnaive Participants Can Reduce Effect Sizes. Psychological Science, 26(7), 1131-1139. DOI: 10.1177/0956797615585115
There is an urgent need to identify strategies to prevent or delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.The role of diet as a prevention strategy is controversial. Some research evidence supports a role for a Mediterranean diet in cognitive health and dementia prevention.A recent brain imaging study adds to this evidence. Dr. Lisa Mosconi and colleagues at New York University School of Medicine completed a cross-sectional study of brain magnetic resonance imaging and diet........ Read more »
Mosconi L, Murray J, Tsui WH, Li Y, Davies M, Williams S, Pirraglia E, Spector N, Osorio RS, Glodzik L.... (2014) Mediterranean Diet and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Assessed Brain Atrophy in Cognitively Normal Individuals at Risk for Alzheimer's Disease. The journal of prevention of Alzheimer's disease, 1(1), 23-32. PMID: 25237654
It's not only carnivorous plants that bugs have to watch out for. Sure, if an ant tumbles into a pitcher plant or a spider stands in the open maw of a Venus flytrap, we know what's coming next. But certain innocent-looking plants—perhaps very many of them, even including ones in your own yard—murder hosts of insects that they have no plans to eat. They lure passing bugs into a slow death, then exchange their corpses with other insects for protection.
One of these plants is the serp........ Read more »
LoPresti, E., Pearse, I., & Charles, G. (2015) The siren song of a sticky plant: columbines provision mutualist arthropods by attracting and killing passerby insects. Ecology, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1890/15-0342.1
Like coffee? Unbelievably, there is a beetle that lives on nothing but coffee! The coffee berry borer consumes toxic levels of caffeine without even getting jittery. Researchers have figured out why, and the answer may lead to a way to stop this pest from destroying the coffee crop.... Read more »
Ceja-Navarro, J., Vega, F., Karaoz, U., Hao, Z., Jenkins, S., Lim, H., Kosina, P., Infante, F., Northen, T., & Brodie, E. (2015) Gut microbiota mediate caffeine detoxification in the primary insect pest of coffee. Nature Communications, 7618. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8618
It's often assumed that personality is largely fixed, like your height or shoe size. But a better analogy might be between personality and body weight. After all, like an expanding waist span, there's evidence that personality changes as we get older. And just as we can strive to lose weight, there's evidence we can intentionally change our personalities.Now Marcus Mund and Franz Neyer at the Institute of Psychology at Friedrich Schiller University, Jena in Germany have explored two fa........ Read more »
Mund, M., & Neyer, F. (2015) The Winding Paths of the Lonesome Cowboy: Evidence for Mutual Influences between Personality, Subjective Health, and Loneliness. Journal of Personality. DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12188
"Children exposed to maternal hypothyroxinemia in early pregnancy had more ADHD [attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder] symptoms, independent of confounders. This finding suggests that intrauterine exposure to insufficient thyroid hormone levels influences neurodevelopment in offspring."That was the bottom line reported by Thiago Modesto and colleagues  looking at how "mild thyroid hormone insufficiency" in early pregnancy might link into offspring behavioural outcomes a few........ Read more »
Modesto T, Tiemeier H, Peeters RP, Jaddoe VW, Hofman A, Verhulst FC, & Ghassabian A. (2015) Maternal Mild Thyroid Hormone Insufficiency in Early Pregnancy and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Children. JAMA pediatrics. PMID: 26146876
College athletes are nearly 2 times more likely to sustain an acute lower extremity injury for up to 1-year post concussion compared with a year before the concussion.... Read more »
Lynall RC, Mauntel TC, Padua DA, & Mihalik JP. (2015) Acute Lower Extremity Injury Rates Increase following Concussion in College Athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. PMID: 26057941
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Alison L. Chetlen, D.O. Associate Professor, Department of Radiology Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Hershey, PA 17033 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Chetlen: Breast cancer risk assessment provides a means … Continue reading →
The post Despite Notification, Most High Risk Patients Do Not Seek Further Breast Cancer Evaluation appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Alison L. Chetlen, D.O. (2015) Despite Notification, Most High Risk Patients Do Not Seek Further Breast Cancer Evaluation . MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Michael Lee PhD MPhty MChiro BSc Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney Clinical Neurophysiologist, The Brain & Mind Research Institute, The University of Sydney Research Affiliate, Neuroscience Research Australia Neurology Research … Continue reading →
The post Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Improves Motor Nerve Function After Spinal Cord Injury appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Researc........ Read more »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Michael Lee. (2015) Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Improves Motor Nerve Function After Spinal Cord Injury. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jessica Finlay M.A. Department of Geography, Environment and Society University of Minnesota MN Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Natural environments are known to promote physical, mental, and … Continue reading →
The post Aging Adults Benefit From Exposure To Green and Blue Spaces appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Jessica Finlay M.A. (2015) Aging Adults Benefit From Exposure To Green and Blue Spaces. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Changfu Kuo MD PhD Division of Rheumatology, Orthopaedics, and Dermatology School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Medical Research: What is the background … Continue reading →
The post Family History of Lupus Is Strong Risk Factor For Lupus and Other Autoimmune Diseases appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research........ Read more »
Dr. Changfu Kuo. (2015) Family History of Lupus Is Strong Risk Factor For Lupus and Other Autoimmune Diseases. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Science magazine had an interesting series of review articles on Machine Learning last week. Two of them were different perspectives of the exact same question: how does traditional economic rationality fit into artificial intelligence? At the core of much AI work … Continue reading →... Read more »
Gershman, S., Horvitz, E., & Tenenbaum, J. (2015) Computational rationality: A converging paradigm for intelligence in brains, minds, and machines. Science, 349(6245), 273-278. DOI: 10.1126/science.aac6076
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Yankel Gabet, DMD, PhD Department of Anatomy and Anthropology Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv Israel Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Gabet: Cannabis affects … Continue reading →
The post Non-Psychotropic Cannabis Extract May Promote Bone Healing appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Yankel Gabet, DMD, PhD. (2015) Non-Psychotropic Cannabis Extract May Promote Bone Healing. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
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