MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Shannon M. Monnat, PhD Assistant Professor of Rural Sociology, Demography, and Sociology Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education The Pennsylvania State University University Park, PA 16802 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What … Continue reading →
The post Rural Teens More Likely To Abuse Prescription Opioids appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Shannon M. Monnat, PhD. (2015) Rural Teens More Likely To Abuse Prescription Opioids. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Prof. Danilo Ercolini, PhD Department of Agricultural Sciences University of Naples Federico II Portici – Italy Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Prof. Ercolini: There is a thick body … Continue reading →
The post Diets Rich in Vegetables May Reduce Heart Disease Risk Through Microbiome Changes appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Prof. Danilo Ercolini. (2015) Diets Rich in Vegetables May Reduce Heart Disease Risk Through Microbiome Changes. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Kathy D. Miller, MD Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Miller: Previous studies had found a small but real … Continue reading →
The post Gene Score Identified Breast Cancer Patients Who Don’t Benefit From Chemotherapy appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. Kathy D. Miller, MD. (2015) Gene Score Identified Breast Cancer Patients Who Don't Benefit From Chemotherapy. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
All around the world, barriers can be found at borders. We're talking a structure (e.g. a wall) or set of fortifications (e.g. fences with guard towers and minefields) built to control the movement of people across a human-created line. While modern border barriers are typically used to combat some combination of illegal immigration, drug smuggling, and terrorism, classically they were constructed as a defence against invasion.Hadrian's Wall, built by the Romans across what is now northern ........ Read more »
Marris E. (2006) Wildlife caught in crossfire of US immigration battle. Nature, 442(7101), 338-9. PMID: 16871176
Researchers at USC and Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have developed a brain prosthesis that is designed to help individuals suffering from memory loss. The prosthesis, which includes a small array of electrodes implanted into the brain, has performed well in laboratory testing in animals and is currently being evaluated in human patients.... Read more »
Song, D., Harway, M., Marmarelis, V., Hampson, R., Deadwyler, S., & Berger, T. (2014) Extraction and restoration of hippocampal spatial memories with non-linear dynamical modeling. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2014.00097
Sheep are rarely dangerous to skiers, but otherwise they have a lot in common with avalanches. That's what physicists say after mathematically modeling the ungulates' behavior (and staying well out of their path).
Francesco Ginelli, who researches complex systems at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland, had already studied flocks of birds and schools of fish. But he was curious to learn what was different about the movement of sheep or other grazers. Animals like these have a simple goa... Read more »
Ginelli, F., Peruani, F., Pillot, M., Chaté, H., Theraulaz, G., & Bon, R. (2015) Intermittent collective dynamics emerge from conflicting imperatives in sheep herds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201503749. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1503749112
Neuropsychiatric disorders cause impairment via multiple pathways. One pathway to impairment is cognitive impairment via attention problems, cognitive slowing and memory disruption.Barbara Sahakian and colleagues recently published an interesting manuscript examining the issue of cognitive enhancement.Their review begins by summarizing some of the research related to cognitive enhancement in four neuropsychiatric syndromes. I will summarize their main points by specific disorder.Alzheimer's Dise........ Read more »
Sahakian BJ, Bruhl AB, Cook J, Killikelly C, Savulich G, Piercy T, Hafizi S, Perez J, Fernandez-Egea E, Suckling J.... (2015) The impact of neuroscience on society: cognitive enhancement in neuropsychiatric disorders and in healthy people. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 370(1677). PMID: 26240429
So: "our findings indicate that infection with HSV-1 [Herpes simplex virus] is associated with reduced cognitive functioning in healthy individuals."That was the conclusion reached in the study by Eyal Fruchter and colleagues  who based on a "representative, random sample of 612 soldiers before active duty in the Israeli military (Israeli defense force — IDF)" looked at cognitive functioning and language abilities as a function of HSV status ("62.2% HSV positive (n = 381) and 38.8%........ Read more »
Fruchter, E., Goldberg, S., Fenchel, D., Grotto, I., Ginat, K., & Weiser, M. (2015) The impact of Herpes simplex virus type 1 on cognitive impairments in young, healthy individuals — A historical prospective study. Schizophrenia Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2015.08.036
Example stimuli from Shakeshift and Plomin, 2015.A new twin study, published today in PNAS, of the genetic influences on face recognition ability, supports the idea that face recognition is a special skill that's evolved quite separately from other aspects of human cognition. In short, face recognition seems to be influenced by genes that are mostly different from the genes that influence general intelligence and other forms of visual expertise.The background to this is that, for some time, psyc........ Read more »
Nicholas G. Shakeshaft, & Robert Plomin. (2015) Genetic specificity of face recognition . PNAS . info:/
The role of the immune system in Alzheimer’s disease is a hot topic, but exactly how the two are connected and what interventions could help lower risk remain a mystery. In a new study, researchers in the Ann Romney Center for Neurologic Diseases at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) investigate how genetic risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease may influence a key type of immune cell. Their results lay the groundwork for designing better therapeutic strategies and better prediction tools fo........ Read more »
Chan, G., White, C., Winn, P., Cimpean, M., Replogle, J., Glick, L., Cuerdon, N., Ryan, K., Johnson, K., Schneider, J.... (2015) CD33 modulates TREM2: convergence of Alzheimer loci. Nature Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1038/nn.4126
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Wilfried Gwinner Div. of Nephrology and Hypertension University of Hanover Medical School Hannover and Dr. Uta Erdbruegger Div. Nephrology and Hypertension Division University of Virginia, Charlottesville Medical Research: What is the background for this study? … Continue reading →
The post Study Does Not Support Significant Role of CMV Virus In Transplant Outcomes appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. Wilfried Gwinner and Dr. Uta Erdbruegger. (2015) Study Does Not Support Significant Role of CMV Virus In Transplant Outcomes. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Rebecca Prince MBBS Clinical Research Fellow and first author and Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD MPH FRCPC Medical Oncologist, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Associate Professor, Dept of Medicine and Institute of Health Policy, Management & Evaluation, University of … Continue reading →
The post Many Patients Require Hospitalization During Chemotherapy appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. Rebecca Prince MBBS. (2015) Many Patients Require Hospitalization During Chemotherapy. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: M.A. Frouws, Study Coordinator ASPIRIN trial MD PhD Candidate Datacenter Heelkunde, K6-R Leiden University Medical Center Leiden, the Netherlands Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: The effect of … Continue reading →
The post Aspirin Prolongs Survival In All GI Cancers Except Pancreatic appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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M.A. Frouws, Study Coordinator ASPIRIN trial. (2015) Aspirin Prolongs Survival In All GI Cancers Except Pancreatic. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Does this sight make you want to yawn? A yawning Japanese macaque by Daisuke Tashiro at Wikimedia Commons.Do you think it would make other animals want to yawn? Many animals yawn spontaneously, but yawning in response to sensing or thinking about someone else doing it may be a completely different thing. Contagious yawning requires a sense of social connection and emotional empathy that not all species share. So far, scientists have found experimental evidence of contagious yawning in humans, ch........ Read more »
Gallup, A., Swartwood, L., Militello, J., & Sackett, S. (2015) Experimental evidence of contagious yawning in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus). Animal Cognition, 18(5), 1051-1058. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-015-0873-1
An analysis of the OPTN/UNOS database from 1999-2011 reveals that 63.6% of all living kidney donors were either overweight* or obese. (emphasis mine): “Overweight and mildly obese kidney donors have increased through time by 12% and 20% every 5 years, respectively “ Obesity is associated with numerous health risks, including Type 2 Diabetes and …
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The post 63.6% of Living Kidney Donors Are Overweight appeared first on Living Donors Are People Too......... Read more »
Sachdeva, M. (2015) Weight trends in United States living kidney donors: Analysis of the UNOS database. World Journal of Transplantation, 5(3), 137. DOI: 10.5500/wjt.v5.i3.137
There are many things we read and discard rather than sharing them (and our take on them) with you, but other things we read and grin and think you might want to know. We’ve described these before as odd facts for sharing over drinks or dinner or around the office. It isn’t the most pivotal […]
“Cultural competency” is important for your financial bottom line
The Donald Trump Effect: Press coverage can determine public opinion and maybe election outcomes
Things ........ Read more »
Caputo, G. (2015) Dissociation and hallucinations in dyads engaged through interpersonal gazing. Psychiatry Research, 228(3), 659-663. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.04.050
An ancient mass grave, uncovered during the construction of a shopping mall outside San Francisco, contains the bodies of seven men who appear to have been victims of “mass homicide” some 1,150 years ago, scientists say.
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Eerkens JW, Carlson T, Malhi RS, Blake J, Bartelink EJ, Barfod GH, Estes A, Garibay R, Glessner J, Greenwald AM.... (2015) Isotopic and genetic analyses of a mass grave in central California: Implications for precontact hunter-gatherer warfare. American journal of physical anthropology. PMID: 26331533
The solitary inventor, buried away in garage or shed, is the classic depiction of introvert as born problem-solver. But new research, published recently in Psychological Studies, suggests that it’s extraverted people who perform better at classical tests of problem-solving, thanks to their tendency to be motivated in ways that are helpful for achieving.Vidya Athota at the University of Notre Dame, Australia and Richard Roberts at the Center for Innovative Assessments in New York ran compu........ Read more »
"ASD [autism spectrum disorder] might be overlooked in older adults and especially within geriatric psychiatry when diagnosing and treating depression and anxiety in older patients one should be attentive to ASD."So concluded Hilde Geurts and colleagues  as a function of their results looking for the presence of autistic traits in older adults with and without depressive disorders participating in the Netherlands study of depression in older persons (NESDO) initiative. Based on........ Read more »
Geurts, H., Stek, M., & Comijs, H. (2015) Autism characteristics in older adults with depressive disorders. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2015.08.003
Take Home Message: Single and repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accelerates tauopathy among mice genetically predisposed to tau build up.... Read more »
Xu L, Ryu J, Nguyen JV, Arena J, Rha E, Vranis P, Hitt D, Marsh-Armstrong N, & Koliatsos VE. (2015) Evidence for accelerated tauopathy in the retina of transgenic P301S tau mice exposed to repetitive mild traumatic brain injury. Experimental Neurology, 168-176. PMID: 26311071
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