We all vary in how often we become happy, sad or angry, and also in how strongly these emotions are expressed. This variability is a part of our personality and can be seen as a positive aspect that increases diversity in society. However, there are people that find it so difficult to regulate their emotions that it has a serious impact on their work, family and social life. These individuals may be given an emotional instability diagnosis such as borderline personality disorder or antisocial pe........ Read more »
Petrovic, P., Ekman, C., Klahr, J., Tigerstrom, L., Ryden, G., Johansson, A., Sellgren, C., Golkar, A., Olsson, A., Ohman, A.... (2015) Significant gray matter changes in a region of the orbitofrontal cortex in healthy participants predicts emotional dysregulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsv072
Whether you're a person biting her nails during a phone interview or a polar bear pacing its cage, anxious animals often do the same thing over and over. Extreme cases of repetitive behavior show up in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder or autism. Now researchers have shown that even a simple, anxiety-inducing experiment can make an average person act in a repetitive and ritualized way.
"A lot of social theorists have talked about the link between anxiety and ritualization," says M........ Read more »
Lang M, Krátký J, Shaver JH, Jerotijević D, & Xygalatas D. (2015) Effects of Anxiety on Spontaneous Ritualized Behavior. Current biology : CB, 25(14), 1892-7. PMID: 26096971
While at times, media can be seen as forces out to create negative feelings towards minority groups, recent research by Garretson of Vanderbilt University shows an example of the positive powers that media can have on group-mechanisms. ... Read more »
Garretson, J. (2014) Exposure to the Lives of Lesbians and Gays and the Origin of Young People's Greater Support for Gay Rights. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 27(2), 277-288. DOI: 10.1093/ijpor/edu026
A recent blog post discussed the need to assess the pathogenicity of genetic variants to determine which mutations are truly causative and which are only background. This is highly important in the search for new cancer drugs as rapidly dividing tissues are more prone to accruing mutations. Large cancer genomic studies are identifying increasing numbers of apparently “significantly-mutated genes” across all major cancer types. However, these genes often include highly unlikely candid........ Read more »
Lawrence MS, Stojanov P, Polak P, Kryukov GV, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Carter SL, Stewart C, Mermel CH, Roberts SA.... (2013) Mutational heterogeneity in cancer and the search for new cancer-associated genes. Nature, 499(7457), 214-8. PMID: 23770567
Participants used a sliding scale under an image like this to indicate "how evolved" they believed an average member of various racial and ethnic groups to beGhanaian footballer Emmanuel Frimpong’s match in Russia last Friday ended nastily: "When the match was stopped,” he said, “the fans started shouting 'monkey' at me.” Redefining human beings as animals in this way, or as vermin, or insects, is no small thing; time and again it’s augured the worst that our species has........ Read more »
Kteily, N., Bruneau, E., Waytz, A., & Cotterill, S. (2015) The Ascent of Man: Theoretical and Empirical Evidence for Blatant Dehumanization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/pspp0000048
Some time ago, the winners of the annual Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2015 have been presented. Here comes a selection of this year’s outstanding papers related to supply chain management: First of all, it is noteworthy that several award-winning papers deal with sustainability; this includes papers written by Eng-Larsson & Norrman, Fabbe-Costes et […]... Read more »
Eltantawy, R., Giunipero, L., & Handfield, R. (2014) Strategic sourcing management’s mindset: strategic sourcing orientation and its implications. International Journal of Physical Distribution , 44(10), 768-795. DOI: 10.1108/IJPDLM-02-2014-0045
"IL-17 was increased in ASD [autism spectrum disorder] children with co-morbid asthma compared to controls with the same condition."That was the conclusion reached by Marjannie Eloi Akintunde and colleagues  including some notable names on the authorship list from the University of California, Davis. IL-17 (Interleukin 17) by the way, refers to a group of cytokines - chemical messengers of the immune system - linked to various processes centred on inflammation. Jin & Dong [........ Read more »
Akintunde, M., Rose, M., Krakowiak, P., Heuer, L., Ashwood, P., Hansen, R., Hertz-Picciotto, I., & Van de Water, J. (2015) Increased production of IL-17 in children with autism spectrum disorders and co-morbid asthma. Journal of Neuroimmunology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2015.07.003
The brain’s effect on other parts of the body has been well established. Now, a group of researchers has found that it’s a two-way street: Body fat can send a signal that affects the way the brain deals with stress and metabolism. While the exact nature of those signals remains a mystery, researchers say simply knowing such a pathway exists and learning more about it could help break a vicious cycle: Stress causes a desire to eat more, which can lead to obesity. And too much extra fat can im........ Read more »
de Kloet, A., Krause, E., Solomon, M., Flak, J., Scott, K., Kim, D., Myers, B., Ulrich-Lai, Y., Woods, S., Seeley, R.... (2015) Adipocyte glucocorticoid receptors mediate fat-to-brain signaling. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 110-119. DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.008
Can the thought of money make people more conservative?
The idea that mere reminders of money can influence people's attitudes and behaviors is a major claim within the field of social priming - the study of how our behavior is unconsciously influenced by seemingly innocuous stimuli. However, social priming has been controversial lately with many high profile failures to replicate the reported effects.
Now, psychologists Doug Rohrer, Hal Pashler, and Christine Harris have joined the sk... Read more »
Doug Rohrer, Harold Pashler, & Christine R. Harris. (2015) Do Subtle Reminders of Money Change People’s Political Views?. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. info:/
If you’re familiar with behavioural economics, then the results of this study will be right up your alley. The researchers set out to determine whether there was a “first-toss Heads bias.” Meaning, when flipping a coin and the choices are presented “Heads or … Continue reading →... Read more »
Bar-Hillel M, Peer E, & Acquisti A. (2014) "Heads or tails?"--a reachability bias in binary choice. Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition, 40(6), 1656-63. PMID: 24773285
Women rated men's faces as more attractive when they were shown alongside a good-looking sonIf you're the father to a good-looking boy, you might want to give him your thanks – his handsome looks apparently mean women will tend to find you more attractive. That's according to a new study by Pavol Prokop at Trnava University in Slovakia, who says the result is consistent with the established idea from evolutionary psychology that women instinctively pick up on cues to the quality of a man's gen........ Read more »
Prokop, P. (2015) The Putative Son’s Attractiveness Alters the Perceived Attractiveness of the Putative Father. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44(6), 1713-1721. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-015-0496-2
"Children with sickle cell disease may have increased risk for certain neurodevelopmental diagnoses based on their disease characteristics and associated comorbidities."That was the conclusion reached by Eboni Lance and colleagues  following their retrospective chart review including "59 children with sickle cell disease with a documented neurodevelopmental diagnosis, specifically attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], attention issues, behavioral issues, executive dy........ Read more »
Lance EI, Comi AM, Johnston MV, Casella JF, & Shapiro BK. (2015) Risk Factors for Attention and Behavioral Issues in Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease. Clinical pediatrics. PMID: 26149844
by DaveMSW in Dare To Dream
This is a cross post from © 2015 ChooseHelp.com who welcomes republishing of their content on condition that you credit Choose Help and the author, David Earl Johnson, MSW, LICSW. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Bullying … Continue reading →... Read more »
Arseneault L, Walsh E, Trzesniewski K, Newcombe R, Caspi A, & Moffitt TE. (2006) Bullying victimization uniquely contributes to adjustment problems in young children: a nationally representative cohort study. Pediatrics, 118(1), 130-8. PMID: 16818558
Baldry, A. (2004) The impact of direct and indirect bullying on the mental and physical health of Italian youngsters. Aggressive Behavior, 30(5), 343-355. DOI: 10.1002/ab.20043
Bond L, Carlin JB, Thomas L, Rubin K, & Patton G. (2001) Does bullying cause emotional problems? A prospective study of young teenagers. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 323(7311), 480-4. PMID: 11532838
Lara VP, Caramelli P, Teixeira AL, Barbosa MT, Carmona KC, Carvalho MG, Fernandes AP, & Gomes KB. (2013) High cortisol levels are associated with cognitive impairment no-dementia (CIND) and dementia. Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 18-22. PMID: 23611893
Metcalfe J, & Mischel W. (1999) A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: dynamics of willpower. Psychological review, 106(1), 3-19. PMID: 10197361
Schreier, A., Wolke, D., Thomas, K., Horwood, J., Hollis, C., Gunnell, D., Lewis, G., Thompson, A., Zammit, S., Duffy, L.... (2009) Prospective Study of Peer Victimization in Childhood and Psychotic Symptoms in a Nonclinical Population at Age 12 Years. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66(5), 527. DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.23
For the first time, researchers have employed a gene-editing technique involving low-dose irradiation to repair patient cells. This method, developed by researchers in the Cedars-Sinai Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute, is 10 times more effective than techniques currently in use.... Read more »
Hatada, S., Subramanian, A., Mandefro, B., Ren, S., Kim, H., Tang, J., Funari, V., Baloh, R., Sareen, D., Arumugaswami, V.... (2015) Low-Dose Irradiation Enhances Gene Targeting in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells. Stem Cells Translational Medicine. DOI: 10.5966/sctm.2015-0050
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Mark S. Wallace MD Department of Anesthesiology School of Medicine University of California, San Diego, California Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Wallace: The study was funded by … Continue reading →
The post Study Evaluates Cannabis For Pain From Diabetic Neuropathy appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »
Mark S. Wallace MD. (2015) Study Evaluates Cannabis For Pain From Diabetic Neuropathy. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Allison Ursu, MD Department of Family Medicine University of Michigan Medical School Ann Arbor Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Ursu: This study was the result of a … Continue reading →
The post Change in PAP Smear Guidelines Unintentionally Means Fewer Chlamydia Tests appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »
Allison Ursu, MD. (2015) Change in PAP Smear Guidelines Unintentionally Means Fewer Chlamydia Tests. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Alison E. Heald, M.D Harborview Medical Center Seattle, WA 98104 MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Heald: Marburg virus causes a very serious, potentially fatal infection in humans for which … Continue reading →
The post Investigational Drug Shows Promise In Treating Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Alison E. Heald, M.D. (2015) Investigational Drug Shows Promise In Treating Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Monique Bethel, MD Subspecialty Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Rheumatology Georgia Regents University Augusta, GA MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Bethel: Osteoporosis and kidney stones share … Continue reading →
The post No Association Between Kidney Stones and Osteoporosis or Fractures in Women appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews ........ Read more »
Monique Bethel, MD. (2015) No Association Between Kidney Stone and Osteoporosis or Fractures in Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Geoffrey Barnes, MD, MSc Clinical Lecturer Cardiovascular Medicine and Vascular Medicine University of Michigan Health System Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Barnes: While warfarin has been the … Continue reading →
The post Oral Anticoagulation Medications Have Led To More Patients Treated For Atrial Fibrillation appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Geoffrey Barnes, MD, MSc. (2015) Oral Anticoagulation Medications Have Led To More Patients Treated For Atrial Fibrillation. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Maria-Gabriela Garcia Ph.D candidate Sensory-Motor Systems Lab, ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland and Dr. B.J. Martin University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Many workers … Continue reading →
The post Prolonged Standing Associated With Musculoskeletal Disorders and Health Problems appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
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Maria-Gabriela Garcia. (2015) Prolonged Standing Associated With Musculoskeletal Disorders and Health Problems. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
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