Post List

  • April 29, 2015
  • 10:38 AM
  • 77 views

Irish Eyes Aren’t Smiling: Decapitation in Medieval Ireland

by Katy Meyers Emery in Bones Don't Lie

Beheading was a popular mode of execution throughout human history- it is dramatic, final and is often part of a public display of power by the victors over the soon […]... Read more »

  • April 29, 2015
  • 09:36 AM
  • 74 views

Video Tip of the Week: Proband for pedigrees with your iPad

by Mary in OpenHelix

For this week’s Tip of the Week we revisit pedigree tools. We see a lot of interest in pedigree tools from researchers and from the public, in fact. Families have been encouraged to collect their own family histories by the Surgeon General’s office in the US. We’ve been big fans of the web-based Madeline 2.0 […]... Read more »

  • April 29, 2015
  • 08:30 AM
  • 71 views

Different Dog Breeds, Different Sensitive Period?

by CAPB in Companion Animal Psychology Blog

A study of three breeds finds differences in the sensitive period, and shows socialization should begin before you even take your puppy home.Puppies have a sensitive period between 3 and 12-14 weeks old in which they must be socialized. This means positive introductions to new people, dogs, places, etc. If not, they will be fearful as adult dogs. A fascinating new study by Mary Morrow (Ohio State University) et al investigates whether this period is the same for three breeds of dog: Cavalier Kin........ Read more »

Morrow, M., Ottobre, J., Ottobre, A., Neville, P., St-Pierre, N., Dreschel, N., & Pate, J. (2015) Breed-dependent differences in the onset of fear-related avoidance behavior in puppies. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2015.03.002  

  • April 29, 2015
  • 08:20 AM
  • 56 views

Towards a mechanistic understanding of branching innovations in plant evolution.

by Jill Harrison in the Node

Jill Harrison and Yoan Coudert.   The conquest of land by plants was one of the most significant events in our planet’s history, and was underpinned by a series of innovations in plant architecture. Amongst these, the innovation of branching stands out in allowing plants to colonize new volumes of space in the subaerial environment. […]... Read more »

Laenen, B., Shaw, B., Schneider, H., Goffinet, B., Paradis, E., Désamoré, A., Heinrichs, J., Villarreal, J., Gradstein, S., McDaniel, S.... (2014) Extant diversity of bryophytes emerged from successive post-Mesozoic diversification bursts. Nature Communications, 5134. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6134  

Bennett, T., Liu, M., Aoyama, T., Bierfreund, N., Braun, M., Coudert, Y., Dennis, R., O’Connor, D., Wang, X., White, C.... (2014) Plasma Membrane-Targeted PIN Proteins Drive Shoot Development in a Moss. Current Biology, 24(23), 2776-2785. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.054  

Coudert, Y., Palubicki, W., Ljung, K., Novak, O., Leyser, O., & Harrison, C. (2015) Three ancient hormonal cues co-ordinate shoot branching in a moss. eLife. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.06808  

Domagalska, M., & Leyser, O. (2011) Signal integration in the control of shoot branching. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 12(4), 211-221. DOI: 10.1038/nrm3088  

  • April 29, 2015
  • 08:18 AM
  • 0 views

Rapid Genome Sequencing Helps Pinpoint Diagnosis In Ill Newborns

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Stephen F. Kingsmore MB ChB BAO DSc FRCPath Dee Lyons/Missouri Endowed Chair in Genomic Medicine, Children’s Mercy – Kansas City Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Response: The background to this study is that … Continue reading →
The post Rapid Genome Sequencing Helps Pinpoint Diagnosis In Ill Newborns appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Inte........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Stephen F. Kingsmore MB ChB BAO DSc FRCPath. (2015) Rapid Genome Sequencing Helps Pinpoint Diagnosis In Ill Newborns. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 29, 2015
  • 08:05 AM
  • 0 views

Service To Others May Help Addicted Adolescents Overcome Fear Of Social Humiliation

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Maria Pagano, PhD Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry, Division of Child Psychiatry Cleveland, OH MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Pagano: Socially anxious adolescents quickly figure out that alcohol … Continue reading →
The post Service To Others May Help Addicted Adolescents Overcome Fear Of Social Humiliation appeared first........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Maria Pagano, PhD. (2015) Service To Others May Help Addicted Adolescents Overcome Fear Of Social Humiliation. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 29, 2015
  • 08:00 AM
  • 67 views

The Flower Child Must Be Confused

by Mark Lasbury in As Many Exceptions As Rules

Very few animal species have true hermaphrodites, but over 90% of flowering plants are bisexual. Even though the rest are exceptions, they aren’t all the same type of exception. Some plants are male and some are female all the time, but some change sex every morning they flower. And maple tress can decide to be male or female for a whole year and then change their mind for next year.... Read more »

Spigler, R., & Ashman, T. (2011) Gynodioecy to dioecy: are we there yet?. Annals of Botany, 109(3), 531-543. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcr170  

Matallana, G., Wendt, T., Araujo, D., & Scarano, F. (2005) High abundance of dioecious plants in a tropical coastal vegetation. American Journal of Botany, 92(9), 1513-1519. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.92.9.1513  

Renner SS, Beenken L, Grimm GW, Kocyan A, & Ricklefs RE. (2007) The evolution of dioecy, heterodichogamy, and labile sex expression in Acer. Evolution; international journal of organic evolution, 61(11), 2701-19. PMID: 17894810  

  • April 29, 2015
  • 07:55 AM
  • 0 views

Potassium May Play Larger Role Than Sodium in Adolescent Blood Pressure

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Lynn L. Moore, DSc, MPH Department of Medicine Boston University School of Medicine Boston, Massachusetts Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Moore: The USDA’s current Dietary Guidelines for sodium intake have become increasingly controversial. Current … Continue reading →
The post Potassium May Play Larger Role Than Sodium in Adolescent Blood Pressure appeared fi........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Lynn L. Moore, DSc, MPH. (2015) Potassium May Play Larger Role Than Sodium in Adolescent Blood Pressure. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 29, 2015
  • 06:00 AM
  • 77 views

Where Are All The Galaxy-Harvesting Alien Civilizations At?

by Jeffrey Daniels in United Academics

The alien civilizations we search might be too advanced to be found.
... Read more »

  • April 29, 2015
  • 05:02 AM
  • 71 views

People are overly optimistic about the benefits of optimism

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

"It is our attitude at the beginning of a difficult task which, more than anything else, will affect its successful outcome." The sentiment articulated here by psychology pioneer William James is currently in vogue, if its preponderance in self-help books, motivational posters, and memes is anything to go by. But are we pinning too much on positive thinking?A research team led by Elizabeth Tenney asked participants to guess how much a given task is affected by optimism, then compared this to how........ Read more »

  • April 29, 2015
  • 04:41 AM
  • 58 views

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core sets for autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a framework for describing and organising information on functioning and disability. It provides a standard language and a conceptual basis for the definition and measurement of health and disability."That is the US CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - definition of the ICF (from WHO) and how, among other things, the ICF offers a "scientific basis for understanding and studying health an........ Read more »

  • April 29, 2015
  • 12:05 AM
  • 65 views

Screening with LESS

by Nicole Cattano in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) can help us identify poor landing habits that may leave a young soccer athlete susceptible to an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. ... Read more »

  • April 28, 2015
  • 09:48 PM
  • 0 views

Elevated Body Position Improves Respiratory Safety In Postpartum Women

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Matthias Eikermann, MD, PhD Associate Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School Director of Research, Critical Care Division Massachusetts General Hospital Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Eikermann: Obstructive … Continue reading →
The post Elevated Body Position Improves Respiratory Safety In Postpartum Women appeared first on M........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Matthias Eikermann, MD, PhD. (2015) Elevated Body Position Improves Respiratory Safety In Postpartum Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 28, 2015
  • 08:15 PM
  • 0 views

Blood Pressure Variability By Setting Also Varies By Age

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: George S. Stergiou, MD, FRCP Professor of Medicine & Hypertension Hypertension Center STRIDE-7 Third University Department of Medicine Sotiria Hospital Athens, Greece Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. … Continue reading →
The post Blood Pressure Variability By Setting Also Varies By Age appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Re........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: George S. Stergiou, MD, FRCP. (2015) Blood Pressure Variability By Setting Also Varies By Age. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 28, 2015
  • 05:59 PM
  • 0 views

Major Disease States Cause Slowdown in Red Blood Cell Production and Destruction

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: John M. Higgins, MD MGH Center for Systems Biology Boston, MA Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Higgins: Hundreds of studies over the past 8 years have shown … Continue reading →
The post Major Disease States Cause Slowdown in Red Blood Cell Production and Destruction appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and N........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: John M. Higgins, MD. (2015) Major Disease States Cause Slowdown in Red Blood Cell Production and Destruction. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 28, 2015
  • 05:43 PM
  • 0 views

Nurses and Nursing Assistants Face Occupational Injury and Workplace Violence

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Ahmed Gomaa, MD, ScD, MSPH Medical Officer / Surveillance Branch Division of Surveillance Hazard Evaluation and Health Studies National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Medical Research: What is … Continue reading →
The post Nurses and Nursing Assistants Face Occupational Injury and Workplace Violence appeared first on Medic........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Ahmed Gomaa, MD, ScD, MSPH. (2015) Nurses and Nursing Assistants Face Occupational Injury and Workplace Violence. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • April 28, 2015
  • 02:44 PM
  • 71 views

The adolescent brain on alcohol: Changes last into adulthood

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in long-lasting changes in the region of the brain that controls learning and memory, according to a research team at Duke Medicine that used a rodent model as a surrogate for humans. The study provides new insights at the cellular level for how alcohol exposure during adolescence, before the brain is fully developed, can result in cellular and synaptic abnormalities that have enduring, detrimental effects on behavior.... Read more »

Risher, M., Fleming, R., Risher, W., Miller, K., Klein, R., Wills, T., Acheson, S., Moore, S., Wilson, W., Eroglu, C.... (2015) Adolescent Intermittent Alcohol Exposure: Persistence of Structural and Functional Hippocampal Abnormalities into Adulthood. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. DOI: 10.1111/acer.12725  

  • April 28, 2015
  • 11:35 AM
  • 66 views

Snowshoe Hares Pass Down Stress to Multiple Future Generations

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish



It's hard to be a showshoe hare. The northern animals are in a constant race for survival with their predators, always cycling between population booms and busts. In hard years, hares are understandably stressed. And that stress can leave its signature not just on those animals, but on several future generations.

When life is good, populations of showshoe hares (Lepus americanus) can roughly double every year. But the hare's predators—lynx, foxes, coyotes—also increase in numbers as ........ Read more »

  • April 28, 2015
  • 11:10 AM
  • 59 views

Chilesaurus diegosuarezi, T-rex’s Vegetarian Cousin

by beredim in Strange Animals



Chilesaurus diegosuarezi
Artistic interpretation
Credit: Gabriel Lío

Researchers announced yesterday the discovery of a new dinosaur that although closely related to the carnivorous T-Rex it preferred to feed on plant material. The new lineage of dinosaur was discovered in Chile and has proven to be an evolutionary jigsaw puzzle.


Paleontologists are referring to the newly described species (... Read more »

Novas, F., Salgado, L., Suárez, M., Agnolín, F., Ezcurra, M., Chimento, N., de la Cruz, R., Isasi, M., Vargas, A., & Rubilar-Rogers, D. (2015) An enigmatic plant-eating theropod from the Late Jurassic period of Chile. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature14307  

  • April 28, 2015
  • 09:40 AM
  • 78 views

Murder Your Darling Hypotheses But Do Not Bury Them

by Jalees Rehman in The Next Regeneration

There is surprisingly little data on how and when scientists reject hypotheses, but John Fugelsang and Kevin Dunbar at Dartmouth conducted a rather unique study "Theory and data interactions of the scientific mind: Evidence from the molecular and the cognitive laboratory" in 2004 in which they researched researchers. They sat in at scientific laboratory meetings of three renowned molecular biology laboratories at carefully recorded how scientists presented their laboratory data and how........ Read more »

Fugelsang, J., Stein, C., Green, A., & Dunbar, K. (2004) Theory and Data Interactions of the Scientific Mind: Evidence From the Molecular and the Cognitive Laboratory. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 58(2), 86-95. DOI: 10.1037/h0085799  

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