Biologists discovered that bacteria–often viewed as lowly, solitary creatures–are actually quite sophisticated in their social interactions and communicate with one another through similar electrical signaling mechanisms as neurons in the human brain. In the study, scientists detail the manner by which bacteria living in communities communicate with one another electrically through proteins called “ion channels.”... Read more »
Prindle, A., Liu, J., Asally, M., Ly, S., Garcia-Ojalvo, J., & Süel, G. (2015) Ion channels enable electrical communication in bacterial communities. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature15709
Some people are literal minded – they think in black and white whereas others colour their worlds with metaphor. A new paper published recently in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology reports on the first standardised measure of this difference, and it shows that having a proclivity for metaphors has real consequences, affecting how people respond to the world around them and even how they interact with others.A metaphor uses a concrete concept, often sensory (e.g. "light") or loca........ Read more »
Fetterman, A., Bair, J., Werth, M., Landkammer, F., & Robinson, M. (2015) The Scope and Consequences of Metaphoric Thinking: Using Individual Differences in Metaphor Usage to Understand How Metaphor Functions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/pspp0000067
Back in the days before stringent rules governing the sale of drugs, store shelves were awash with medications bearing pretty labels extolling their ability to fix all sorts of diseases. Many were patent medicines containing lots of alcohol and/or opium, which of course on their own can temporarily numb pain and perhaps convince you that your particular illness isn't quite so bad. These medicines were often named after people involved in their creation and were generally useless aside from the b........ Read more »
Macht DI. (1915) The history of opium and some of its preparations and alkaloids. Journal of the American Medical Association, LXIV(6), 477. DOI: 10.1001/jama.1915.02570320001001
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Deborah S. Hasin, Ph.D. Professor of Epidemiology Columbia University New York, New York 10032 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Hasin: This study is based on data from … Continue reading →
The post Marijuana Use Doubles Over Decade appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Deborah S. Hasin, Ph.D. (2015) Marijuana Use Almost Doubles Over Decade. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Adil Mardinoglu, PhD Assistant Professor of Systems BiologyScience for Life Laboratory Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Stockholm, Sweden Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Mardinoglu: The functional output … Continue reading →
The post More Evidence That Gut Bacteria May Affect Progression Of Metabolic Disease appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Adil Mardinoglu, PhD. (2015) More Evidence That Gut Bacteria May Affect Progression Of Metabolic Disease. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Regardless of how many articles I read on scurvy, or how many skeletons I’ve seen showing evidence of the deficiency of vitamin C, or how many times I’m reminding that […]... Read more »
Krenz-Niedbała, M. (2015) Did Children in Medieval and Post-medieval Poland Suffer from Scurvy? Examination of the Skeletal Evidence. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. DOI: 10.1002/oa.2454
Last week I talked about the 100,000 Genomes Project in the UK. That video tip was an introduction and overview of the project. This week, though, we’ll highlight one software piece that is in place now. PanelApp is a collection of gene lists, with information about the evidence associated with variations in these genes. The goal […]... Read more »
Siva, N. (2015) UK gears up to decode 100 000 genomes from NHS patients. The Lancet, 385(9963), 103-104. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)62453-3
Halloween brings stories of the undead, the dead coming back to life, and the dead staying dead but still coming to visit you. But the scariest of all is the prospect of being buried alive. It happened all to often in the most recent three centuries, so people devised some amazing precautions to prevent premature burial. Nowadays it’s less likely to happen, but there are several conditions that can mimic death and could lead to fingernail scratches inside the lid of a casket.... Read more »
Christopher Dibble. (2010) The Dead Ringer: Medicine, Poe, and the fear of premature burial. Historia Medicinae. info:/
Nesiama JA, Pirallo RG, Lerner EB, Hennes H. (2012) Does a prehospital glasgow coma scale score predict pediatric outcomes?. Pediatr Emerg Care. . DOI: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e31826cac31
Strategies to prevent dog bites need to get past the belief that ‘it won’t happen to me.’4.5 million people a year are bitten by a dog in the US, of whom 885,000 need medical attention (Gilchrist et al 2008). In England in the last year, there were 7,227 admissions to hospital for injuries due to dogs, over 3000 more than a decade earlier. Developing a better understanding of how to prevent dog bites is essential. A new paper by Carri Westgarthand Francine Watkins (University of Liver........ Read more »
Morrongiello BA, Schwebel DC, Stewart J, Bell M, Davis AL, & Corbett MR. (2013) Examining parents' behaviors and supervision of their children in the presence of an unfamiliar dog: does The Blue Dog intervention improve parent practices?. Accident; analysis and prevention, 108-13. PMID: 23499982
Patronek, G., Sacks, J., Delise, K., Cleary, D., & Marder, A. (2013) Co-occurrence of potentially preventable factors in 256 dog bite–related fatalities in the United States (2000–2009). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 243(12), 1726-1736. DOI: 10.2460/javma.243.12.1726
Westgarth, C., & Watkins, F. (2015) A qualitative investigation of the perceptions of female dog-bite victims and implications for the prevention of dog bites. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2015.07.035
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Julie H. Ishida MD San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center Nephrology Section San Francisco, CA Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Ishida: Intravenous iron is important in … Continue reading →
The post IV Iron in Hospitalized Hemodialysis Patients Not Linked With Worsening Infections appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr. Julie H. Ishida MD. (2015) IV Iron in Hospitalized Hemodialysis Patients Not Linked With Worsening Infections. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
Dealing what they say is a “mortal blow” to the interpretation of some creationists, a team of archaeologists has concluded that a panel of rock art in Utah portrays all manner of fantastic figures, but it does not, in fact, depict a pterosaur.
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If you could meet yourself, would you always agree with yourself?
You might hope so. But according to a new study, many people will reject their own arguments - if they're tricked into thinking that other people proposed them.
The paper, published in Cognitive Science, is called The Selective Laziness of Reasoning and it's from cognitive scientists Emmanuel Trouche and colleagues. By "selective laziness", Trouche et al. are referring to our tendency to only bother scrutinizing arg... Read more »
By guest blogger Mo CostandiMindfulness is a form of meditation that encourages self-awareness by focusing attention on one's thoughts and sensations in a non-judgemental way. The practice is associated with various health benefits, and its popularity has grown enormously in recent years, due largely to endorsement from celebrities such as Oprah Winfrey and Deepak Chopra.Today, mindfulness meditation forms the basis of therapeutic interventions for a wide variety of physical and psychological ai........ Read more »
Wilson, B., Mickes, L., Stolarz-Fantino, S., Evrard, M., & Fantino, E. (2015) Increased False-Memory Susceptibility After Mindfulness Meditation. Psychological Science, 26(10), 1567-1573. DOI: 10.1177/0956797615593705
To maximize tensor fasciae latae stretching, patients should be positioned with their hip adducted and extended and with more than 90º of knee flexion.... Read more »
Umehara, J., Ikezoe, T., Nishishita, S., Nakamura, M., Umegaki, H., Kobayashi, T., Fujita, K., & Ichihashi, N. (2015) Effect of hip and knee position on tensor fasciae latae elongation during stretching: An ultrasonic shear wave elastography study. Clinical Biomechanics. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.09.007
"We further show that the children with ASDs [autism spectrum disorders] in which the elevated serum IL-6 and TNF levels decreased at the end of the treatment period with a luteolin formulation, were the ones whose behavior improved the most."That was an excerpt from the paper by Tsilioni and colleagues  (open-access available here) who looked at some of the potential biological (and behavioural) effects following supplementation with the dietary formulation known as Neuro........ Read more »
Tsilioni I, Taliou A, Francis K, & Theoharides TC. (2015) Children with autism spectrum disorders, who improved with a luteolin-containing dietary formulation, show reduced serum levels of TNF and IL-6. Translational psychiatry. PMID: 26418275
Chi Running did not lead to less injuries... Read more »
McDermott K, Kumar D, Goldman V, Feng H, Mehling W, Moskowitz JT, Souza RB, & Hecht FM. (2015) Training in ChiRunning to reduce blood pressure: a randomized controlled pilot study. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 15(1), 368. PMID: 26471194
The new ACLS guidelines are out. How bad is the evidence?
The short answer – The Advanced Cardiac Life Support guidelines could be worse.
How does the American Heart Association determine that a recommendation is not beneficial?... Read more »
Morrison LJ, Gent LM, Lang E, Nunnally ME, Parker MJ, Callaway CW, Nadkarni VM, Fernandez AR, Billi JE, Egan JR.... (2015) Part 2: Evidence Evaluation and Management of Conflicts of Interest: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation, 132(18 Suppl 2). PMID: 26472990
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr.Lakshmi Sukumaran MD, MPH Immunization Safety Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine Atlanta, Georgia Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. … Continue reading →
The post Safety of TDAP Vaccine in Pregnant Women Who Have Prior Tetanus Vaccination appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Dr.Lakshmi Sukumaran MD, MPH. (2015) Safety of TDAP Vaccine in Pregnant Women Who Have Prior Tetanus Vaccination. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, David Richardson PhD Associate Professor Epidemiology Gillings School of Global Public Health UNC Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Dr. Richardson: The International Nuclear Workers Study (INWORKS) combines three cohorts from France, the United … Continue reading →
The post Study Evaluates Cancer Risk From Occupational Radiation Exposure appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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David Richardson PhD. (2015) Study Evaluates Cancer Risk From Occupational Radiation Exposure. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Stuck Chefarzt Geriatrie Geriatrische Universitätsklinik Inselspital, Bern Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Prof. Stuck: The number of older persons increases worldwide. Unfortunately, many older persons cannot enjoy the benefits … Continue reading →
The post Health Counseling of Seniors Can Extend Lives appeared first on MedicalResearch.com.
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Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Stuck. (2015) Health Counseling of Seniors Can Extend Lives. MedicalResearch.com. info:/
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