Post List

  • June 23, 2014
  • 03:53 PM
  • 95 views

Pesticides and autism: chapter II

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I've labelled this entry a chapter II post reflecting some continued interest in how agricultural pesticide exposure might fit into autism research (see here for the chapter I post). In that previous post, I talked about various issues such as the old correlation-is-not-necessarily-causation mantra and indeed, how use of something like galantamine for cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) [1] might present something of a paradox for certain types of pesticides being involved in the condition, ........ Read more »

Janie F. Shelton, Estella M. Geraghty, Daniel J. Tancredi,, Lora D. Delwiche, Rebecca J. Schmidt, Beate Ritz, Robin L. Hansen, & Irva Hertz-Picciotto. (2014) Neurodevelopmental disorders and prenatal residential proximity to agricultural pesticides: The CHARGE study. Environmental Health Perspectives. info:/10.1289/ehp.1307044

  • June 23, 2014
  • 02:59 PM
  • 89 views

Methadone side effects – practising harm reduction on the harm reduction

by DJMac in Recovery Review

Methadone, evidenced in harm reduction outcomes, is not without its potential pitfalls. It looks like one of these is osteoporosis, or thinning of the bones. All men on methadone maintenance programmes should be having bone checkups. That was the conclusion of a past paper in the journal Addiction. Why? It looks like taking methadone long [...]
The post Methadone side effects – practising harm reduction on the harm reduction appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

Grey, A., Rix-Trott, K., Horne, A., Gamble, G., Bolland, M., & Reid, I. (2011) Decreased bone density in men on methadone maintenance therapy. Addiction, 106(2), 349-354. DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03159.x  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 01:46 PM
  • 91 views

Chemical Process Helps Sunlight Reach Solar Cells

by dailyfusion in The Daily Fusion

Researchers at the Rice University have created a new chemical process for making materials that help sunlight reach the solar cells’ active elements, thus increasing their efficiency.... Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 01:30 PM
  • 56 views

The Iceman Cometh

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Are you so fat you can’t see your toes? Have you forgotten what toes even look like? Have you been mistaken for the infamous “Kool-aid man”? Want to shed the […]... Read more »

Lee, P., Smith, S., Linderman, J., Courville, A., Brychta, R., Dieckmann, W., Werner, C., Chen, K., & Celi, F. (2014) Temperature-acclimated brown adipose tissue modulates insulin sensitivity in humans. Diabetes. DOI: 10.2337/db14-0513  

Liu, M., Bai, J., He, S., Villarreal, R., Hu, D., Zhang, C., Yang, X., Liang, H., Slaga, T., Yu, Y.... (2014) Grb10 Promotes Lipolysis and Thermogenesis by Phosphorylation-Dependent Feedback Inhibition of mTORC1. Cell Metabolism, 19(6), 967-980. DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2014.03.018  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 11:48 AM
  • 77 views

A man's fighting ability is written in his face

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

A composite of the most (A) and least (B) experienced UFC fighters (from Zilioli et al.)Men with faces that are wide relative to their length are more formidable fighters, on average. That's according to a new paper that also finds that observers use the width of a man's face to ascertain with accuracy his likely fighting ability. Samuele Zilioli and his collaborators believe their findings support the idea that humans have evolved specific "neurocognitive adaptations" for assessing the fig........ Read more »

Zilioli S, Sell AN, Stirrat M, Jagore J, Vickerman W, & Watson NV. (2014) Face of a fighter: Bizygomatic width as a cue of formidability. Aggressive behavior. PMID: 24910133  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 10:52 AM
  • 102 views

Varenicline for Smoking Cessation

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Varenicline is a drug designed to assist smokers in cessation. It is marketed in the U.S. as Chantix.Varenicline is one of the first drugs to target the nicotine receptor. It is classified as a partial agonist, meaning it stimulates the nicotine receptor but to a weaker effect than nicotine itself.The mechanism of action of varenicline differs from that of another smoking cessation drug bupropion marked under trade name Zyban in the U.S.One concern with varenicline is the risk for psychiatric ad........ Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 10:30 AM
  • 114 views

The Iceman Cometh

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Are you so fat you can't see your toes? Have you forgotten what toes even look like? Have you been mistaken for the infamous "Kool-aid man"? Want to shed the pounds easier than taking off your shirt? Well too bad, that is science fiction and the stuff of horrid marketing ploys and this my friends is a science website. Losing weight is hard, I've written several articles on it in fact. Nothing is going to be more effective at weight loss than a sensible diet, a calorie deficit........ Read more »

Lee, P., Smith, S., Linderman, J., Courville, A., Brychta, R., Dieckmann, W., Werner, C., Chen, K., & Celi, F. (2014) Temperature-acclimated brown adipose tissue modulates insulin sensitivity in humans. Diabetes. DOI: 10.2337/db14-0513  

Liu, M., Bai, J., He, S., Villarreal, R., Hu, D., Zhang, C., Yang, X., Liang, H., Slaga, T., Yu, Y.... (2014) Grb10 Promotes Lipolysis and Thermogenesis by Phosphorylation-Dependent Feedback Inhibition of mTORC1. Cell Metabolism, 19(6), 967-980. DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2014.03.018  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 83 views

Smiles really might warm your heart (or brain)

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

Those heartwarming touches can give us a warm feeling inside, and help us warm up to someone we don’t know well. On the other hand, a cold-hearted person will leave us cold, and if you give people the cold shoulder too often your significant other might get cold feet about marrying you. Fancy figures of speech, all, and perhaps not just pulled from the ether. We may describe positive social interactions this way because positive interactions really do make us warmer – and by contrast........ Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 08:26 AM
  • 43 views

Pushing the Living Kidney Donor Agenda

by Cristy at Living Donor 101 in Living Donors Are People Too

It’s no secret that the overwhelming majority of medical practitioners specializing in chronic kidney disease prefer living kidney donor transplants as a treatment for their patients. But this is the second time in recent history I’ve run across a study that actively propagandizes to would-recipients *and their social network* about the practice. It’s not particularly …
Continue reading »
The post Pushing the Living Kidney Donor Agenda appeared first on Living Donor........ Read more »

Ismail SY, Luchtenburg AE, Timman R, Zuidema WC, Boonstra C, Weimar W, Busschbach JJ, & Massey EK. (2014) Home-Based Family Intervention Increases Knowledge, Communication and Living Donation Rates: A Randomized Controlled Trial. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. PMID: 24935081  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 06:17 AM
  • 87 views

Why Measles, Whooping Cough (And Autism) Are Expanding

by Rebekah Morrow in United Academics

Preventable diseases such as whooping cough and measles are more prevalent now than they have been in many years. Most of these outbreaks occur in places where vaccination levels are low. What does this mean for the global population, both vaccinated and unvaccinated?... Read more »

John TJ, & Samuel R. (2000) Herd immunity and herd effect: new insights and definitions. European journal of epidemiology, 16(7), 601-6. PMID: 11078115  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 04:43 AM
  • 63 views

Is group brainstorming more effective if you do it standing up?

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Experts say that spending more time standing at work is good for your physical well-being. Now there's another reason to ditch your office chair. According to psychologists in the US, standing improves group brainstorming sessions.Andrew Knight and Markus Baer recruited 214 undergrads to take part in a 30-minute brainstorming session in groups of three to five people. The challenge for the groups was to come up with ideas for a university recruitment video, which they then recorded at the end of........ Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 04:30 AM
  • 110 views

Kata training and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The actor and musician Steven Seagal is probably not natural fodder for this blog about autism research but he does nevertheless make an appearance today. More readily known for his action films - my favourite was always 'Under Siege' - one of the appeals of Mr Seagal was his knowledge and use of martial arts in his various roles, as a function of his quite impressive real-life black belt in Aikido.Obi Wan... no Obi knot @ Wikipedia It is with martial arts in mind that today I'm talkin........ Read more »

  • June 23, 2014
  • 12:28 AM
  • 45 views

The rainbow diet pills: there and back again

by Shelly Fan in Neurorexia

* This post contains spoilers for Requiem for a Dream. Last night I re-watched Requiem for a Dream, a Darren Aronofsky masterpiece that is perhaps...... Read more »

Cohen PA, Goday A, & Swann JP. (2012) The return of rainbow diet pills. American journal of public health, 102(9), 1676-86. PMID: 22813089  

  • June 23, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 74 views

How Much is Too Much? Defining Nonprescription Pain Medication Misuse

by Jane McDevitt in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Division II and III athletes use and misuse nonprescription pain medication for sports-related pain less often compared with Division 1-A football athletes.... Read more »

  • June 22, 2014
  • 09:46 PM
  • 127 views

English in the Global Village

by Ingrid Piller in Language on the Move

Tourism has been found to be beneficial for minority language maintenance in a number of contexts from around the world. For instance, Anand Torrents Alcaraz has recently shown here on Language on the Move that the growing tourism industry in … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • June 22, 2014
  • 08:04 PM
  • 92 views

Review of Lieberman et al's (2010) paper in Nature on Barefoot Running

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

Review of Lieberman et al's (2010) paper in Nature on Barefoot Running... Read more »

Lieberman DE, Venkadesan M, Werbel WA, Daoud AI, D'Andrea S, Davis IS, Mang'eni RO, & Pitsiladis Y. (2010) Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners. Nature, 463(7280), 531-5. PMID: 20111000  

  • June 22, 2014
  • 04:02 PM
  • 97 views

Microbiome, Obesity and Diet

by Bernadeta Dadonaite in The Question Gene

How microbiome is linked to obesity in humans and how the diet can affect gut communities.... Read more »

Ridaura VK, Faith JJ, Rey FE, Cheng J, Duncan AE, Kau AL, Griffin NW, Lombard V, Henrissat B, Bain JR.... (2013) Gut microbiota from twins discordant for obesity modulate metabolism in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6150), 1241214. PMID: 24009397  

  • June 22, 2014
  • 02:01 PM
  • 103 views

Solution to alcoholism? Get sober friends!

by DJMac in Recovery Review

A solution to alcoholism? If you want to live long and healthily, get loads of friends. That was the finding of a massive meta-analysis of around 150 studies involving over a third of a million people. Good social connections predict longevity. Dependent drinking shortens lives. Is the process of finding sober friends helpful as a solution [...]
The post Solution to alcoholism? Get sober friends! appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

Litt, M., Kadden, R., Kabela-Cormier, E., & Petry, N. (2007) Changing network support for drinking: Initial findings from the Network Support Project. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(4), 542-555. DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.4.542  

Litt, M., Kadden, R., Kabela-Cormier, E., & Petry, N. (2009) Changing network support for drinking: Network Support Project 2-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(2), 229-242. DOI: 10.1037/a0015252  

  • June 22, 2014
  • 10:23 AM
  • 145 views

The Love Song of Philo T. Farnsworth

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Philo Farnsworth, if the name sounds vaguely familiar than you might just be a Futurama watcher. If you don't watch and know who I'm talking about or even better are a fan then, "YAY!" and for those of you who don't know, don't sweat it you're not alone. One of the forgotten greats, Farnsworth should be a household name, namely because one of his biggest inventions is in practically every home.... Read more »

The associated press. (2006) Elma Gardner Farnsworth, 98, Who Helped Husband Develop TV, Dies. The New York Times. info:/http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/03/arts/television/03farnsworth.html?_r

Edwin Cartlidge. (2007) The Secrete way of Amateur Fusion. Physics World. info:/http://physicsworldarchive.iop.org/index.cfm?action

  • June 22, 2014
  • 10:10 AM
  • 85 views

What is in a smile?

by Janet Kwasniak in Neuro-patch

  We distinguish genuine from fake smiles, even though we appreciate the polite sort of fake smile in many cases. I have thought it was a settled matter. Smiles are marked by the raising of the corners of the mouth and pulling them back. A broad smile (fake or real) opens the mouth by lowering […]... Read more »

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