This years conference focused on Developing Regions wishing to investigate accessibilities Common Goals and Common Problems. The rationale was that the community thought that a revolution in the information society was starting, based on the use of mobile phones in developing countries. The hyper-growth of mobile phone penetration was deeply changing the lives of people in most of the world; their ways of communicating, working, learning, and structuring their societies. The promising next step ........ Read more »
Andy Brown, Caroline Jay, and Simon Harper. (2010) Audio access to calendars. W4A '10: Proceedings of the 2010 International Cross Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility (W4A), 1(1), 1-10. info:/10.1145/1805986.1806028
Brian Kelly, Sarah Lewthwaite, and David Sloan. (2010) Developing countries; developing experiences: approaches to accessibility for the real world. W4A '10: Proceedings of the 2010 International Cross Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility (W4A), 1(1), 1-4. info:/10.1145/1805986.1805992
Regular readers of these pages will be well aware of the very real problems caused by weight-bias and discrimination.
As noted previously, anti-fat prejudice has direct implications for the health of those struggling with excess weight as it can increase vulnerability for depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, suicidality, maladaptive eating behaviors, avoidance of physical activity, poorer outcomes [...]... Read more »
Puhl RM, & Heuer CA. (2010) Public Opinion About Laws to Prohibit Weight Discrimination in the United States. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.). PMID: 20508626
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Lucrezi, S., & Schlacher, T. (2010) Impacts of Off-Road Vehicles (ORVs) on Burrow Architecture of Ghost Crabs (Genus Ocypode) on Sandy Beaches. Environmental Management. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-010-9491-5
It should not come as a surprise to the regular reader of this blog that a lot can be learned about animal cognition by simply observing animal behavior. But can observing animal behavior lead the observer to make inferences about brain anatomy? Can observing animal behavior tell us something about the evolution of the brain?
Figure 1: Like the raccoon says.
Let's say you have two very very closely related species. You might even call them congeneric, because they are from the same taxonomic ........ Read more »
Jacobs, L. (1990) Evolution of Spatial Cognition: Sex-Specific Patterns of Spatial Behavior Predict Hippocampal Size. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 87(16), 6349-6352. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.87.16.6349
As the the words fall from your lips, it's the first you've heard of them. That is, you don't have a sneak preview of what your own words sound like before you utter them. That's according to Falk Huettig and Robert Hartsuiker who say their finding has implications for our understanding of the brain's internal monitoring processes.The researchers took advantage of an established effect whereby the sound of a spoken word draws our eyes automatically towards written words that sound similar. Forty........ Read more »
Huettig, F., & Hartsuiker, R. (2010) Listening to yourself is like listening to others: External, but not internal, verbal self-monitoring is based on speech perception. Language and Cognitive Processes, 25(3), 347-374. DOI: 10.1080/01690960903046926
In Short Cuts, the "vegetarians and vegans are more empathetic" neuroimaging article was mentioned in passing, but I didn't actually blog about it. However, there has been one thing [OK, more than one thing] bothering me about this paper... But first, a quick summary of the Methods which were rather straightforward.Filippi and colleagues (2010) recruited 20 omnivores, 19 vegetarians, and 20 vegans to participate in a study that examined their brain responses to images of human and animal suffer........ Read more »
Filippi, M., Riccitelli, G., Falini, A., Di Salle, F., Vuilleumier, P., Comi, G., & Rocca, M. (2010) The Brain Functional Networks Associated to Human and Animal Suffering Differ among Omnivores, Vegetarians and Vegans. PLoS ONE, 5(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010847
It’s good to see the Lancet paper on injectable heroin in the UK finally make it into print given the rather hasty pre-publication presentation at press conference in September 2009. This post is a follow up to ‘I predict a RIOTT‘ I blogged back when the NAOMI study in Canada was published in the NEJM. One [...]... Read more »
John Strang, Nicola Metrebian, & Nicholas Lintzeris, et al. (2010) Supervised injectable heroin or injectable methadone versus optimised oral methadone as treatment for chronic heroin addicts in England after persistent failure in orthodox treatment (RIOTT): a randomised trial. The Lancet, 375(9729), 1885-1895. info:/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60349-2
Plantations sequester less carbon than natural forests according to a new study recently published in the open access journal PLoS ONE. Yiqi Luo from the University of Oklahoma and fellow researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 86 experimental studies comparing plantations and their natural forest counterparts...... Read more »
Liao, C., Luo, Y., Fang, C., & Li, B. (2010) Ecosystem Carbon Stock Influenced by Plantation Practice: Implications for Planting Forests as a Measure of Climate Change Mitigation. PLoS ONE, 5(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010867
It must have sounded like a great idea at the time. Uganda’s Kibale National Park (KNP) is scenic, diverse, important for the largest bit of mid-elevation tropical rainforest remaining in East Africa it contains, with its primates — and short of cash. But it also has wild robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) in its forest, and [...]... Read more »
LILIEHOLM, R., & WEATHERLY, W. (2010) Kibale Forest Wild Coffee: Challenges to Market-Based Conservation in Africa. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01527.x
Never in history of mankind have we reared as many pigs and chickens as now. The growing demand for meat, especially in developing countries like China, exerts a great pressure in the increase of the quantity of meat in commerce. Therefore, more wild birds are being caught and more domestic birds are being bred. The [...]... Read more »
Dugan, V., Chen, R., Spiro, D., Sengamalay, N., Zaborsky, J., Ghedin, E., Nolting, J., Swayne, D., Runstadler, J., Happ, G.... (2008) The Evolutionary Genetics and Emergence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Wild Birds. PLoS Pathogens, 4(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000076
Guan, Y. (1999) Molecular characterization of H9N2 influenza viruses: Were they the donors of the "internal" genes of H5N1 viruses in Hong Kong?. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96(16), 9363-9367. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.16.9363
In particle physics, experimentalists often aim to set limits on certain physical quantities, in part to verify theories. Say a theory predicts that a particle called Gobbledygook has a 10-8 chance of decaying into two Gooks and a chance of decaying into three Gobbles. Often, the ratio between these two decay modes are closely related [...]... Read more »
Agriculture will play a critical role in how our society responds to climate change. One of the main obstacles keeping more farmers from participating in carbon markets is the difficulty of accurately measuring the carbon that is sequestered in their fields.In addition to the costs of field-scale monitoring, much of this difficulty can be traced to limited knowledge of how complex soil processes translate into the ecosystem service of interest: how much carbon is sequestered.A new paper in Ecolo........ Read more »
Dominati, E., Patterson, M., & Mackay, A. (2010) A framework for classifying and quantifying the natural capital and ecosystem services of soils. Ecological Economics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.05.002
Humans, like other animals, can eat for a number of different reasons. In a state of acute hunger, we may not consider many of these reasons, as we generally feel as though we are eating in order to fulfill some kind of immediate nutritional need. When speaking of appetite, we generally want to keep things [...]... Read more »
Olszewski, P., Fredriksson, R., Olszewska, A., Stephansson, O., Alsiö, J., Radomska, K., Levine, A., & Schiöth, H. (2009) Hypothalamic FTO is associated with the regulation of energy intake not feeding reward. BMC Neuroscience, 10(1), 129. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-10-129
It is well documented that Thomas Robert Malthus’ An Essay on the Principle of Population greatly influenced both Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace’s independent conception of their theory of natural selection. In it, Malthus puts forward his observation that the finite nature of resources is in conflict with the potentially exponential rate of reproduction, [...]... Read more »
These days, Britain is one of the most atheistic countries around. It wasn't always like that, of course, but one of the problems with trying to work out how the present state of affairs came about is that there are very few statistics on religion the stretch back far enough.
Stepping into the breach is Steven Bruce and Tony Glendinning, of the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. They've put together a time-series from data collected by the Methodists Churches, who have been among the most rigo........ Read more »
Bruce, S, & Glendinning, T. (2010) When was secularization? Dating the decline of the British churches and locating its cause. The British Journal of Sociology, 61(1), 107-126. info:/
I’ll be straight with you: I want to write about sex – and have done so in the past – but I have absolutely no longing to titillate or talk about my own sex life. So there won’t be any pictures of me perched on a desk peering over my glasses here.
This is because I [...]... Read more »
Boynton, P. (2007) Advice for sex advisors: a guide for 'agony aunts', relationship therapists and sex educators who want to work with the media. Sex Education, 7(3), 309-326. DOI: 10.1080/14681810701448119
Boynton, P., & Callaghan, W. (2006) Understanding media coverage of sex: A practical discussion paper for sexologists and journalists. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 21(3), 333-346. DOI: 10.1080/14681990600798770
Walter Garstang famously said that ontogeny creates phylogeny: you need to understand the development of a structure to understand the diversity of that structure across species.
There are a few different ways to change the way a structure is put together. Research on the development of limbs has tended to view morphological changes as being caused by changing boundaries that delineate different regions of the embryo. If you want a bigger forebrain, shift the boundary between the forebrain and ........ Read more »
Sylvester, J., Rich, C., Loh, Y., van Staaden, M., Fraser, G., & Streelman, J. (2010) Brain diversity evolves via differences in patterning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(21), 9718-9723. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1000395107
Forest carbon stocks fluctuate after bark beetle infestation
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Pfeifer, E.M., Hicke, J.A., & A.J.H. Meddens. (2010) Observations and modeling of aboveground tree carbon stocks and fluxes following a bark beetle outbreak in the western United States. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02226.x
There are very few people who have chronic pain who have sweet dreams all night and wake feeling refreshed – having disturbed sleep and waking feeling grouchy seems to come with the territory for so many of the people I’ve seen with chronic pain! If it’s not difficulty staying asleep, it’s difficulty getting off to … Read more... Read more »
Jungquist CR, O'Brien C, Matteson-Rusby S, Smith MT, Pigeon WR, Xia Y, Lu N, & Perlis ML. (2010) The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia in patients with chronic pain. Sleep medicine, 11(3), 302-9. PMID: 20133188
Another intriguing experiment by Mel Slater’s group from Barcelona, this one sure to get a good whack of popular media coverage. 24 (supposedly normal) healthy blokes put on virtual reality goggles and were ‘transported’ into a scene that contained two virtual women. They then induced the illusion of body transfer, which has been shown [...]... Read more »
Slater, M., Spanlang, B., Sanchez-Vives, M., & Blanke, O. (2010) First Person Experience of Body Transfer in Virtual Reality. PLoS ONE, 5(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010564
 Petkova, V., & Ehrsson, H. (2008) If I Were You: Perceptual Illusion of Body Swapping. PLoS ONE, 3(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003832
 Ehrsson, H. (2007) The Experimental Induction of Out-of-Body Experiences. Science, 317(5841), 1048-1048. DOI: 10.1126/science.1142175
 Lenggenhager B, Tadi T, Metzinger T, & Blanke O. (2007) Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5841), 1096-9. PMID: 17717189
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