Hewitt (2010) challenges the seemingly irrefutable view that people living with schizophrenia lack capacity and therefore, any ability to make rational decisions about their own suicide.... Read more »
Hewitt J. (2010) Schizophrenia, mental capacity, and rational suicide. Theoretical medicine and bioethics, 31(1), 63-77. PMID: 20237854
A major opportunity – worth $3 billion over the next half century – in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean may be lost by the tuna fishing industry, which risks declining profits in the face of declining tuna stocks.Capturing this additional economic value would more than double the industry’s profits by mid-century, according to a projection published in this month’s Conservation Letters: 'Bioeconomic losses from overharvesting tuna.' The authors developed a ........ Read more »
I missed the UN’s French language day! It’s not the fact that I missed it that bothers me – I’m late for pretty much everything – it’s the fact that there is such a thing as a UN-sponsored French language day that I find surprising to say the least. Why the French language?! I mean [...]... Read more »
Alexandre Duchêne. (2008) Ideologies Across Nations. Mouton de Gruyter. info:/
When two of the leading experts in genomics published their thoughts about the future of genetics in Nature’s retrospective on the Human Genome Project, one of them didn’t devote significant parts of his editorial to a simple laundry list of goals and challenges in his field. Instead, J. Craig Venter called on a seemingly unlikely [...]... Read more »
Self-proclaimed insomniacs should be asking themselves right now if they've got either a "softcore" or a "hardcore" sleep problem on their hands. What's the difference between softcore and hardcore insomnia and why is it important you ask? First, let's define the terms. Softcore insomnia = complaint of insomnia with normal sleep duration greater than or equal to 6 hours of sleepHardcore insomnia = complaint of insomnia with less than or equal to 6 hours of sleepFernandez-Mendoza and colleagues f........ Read more »
ulio Fernandez-Mendoza, MSc1,2,3; Susan Calhoun, PhD1; Edward O. Bixler, PhD1; Slobodanka Pejovic, MD1; Maria Karataraki, PsyD1; Duanping Liao, PhD4; Antonio Vela-Bueno, MD2; Maria J. Ramos-Platon, PhD3; Katherine A. Sauder, BA1; Alexandros N. Vgontzas, M. (2010) Insomnia with Objective Short Sleep Duration is Associated with Deficits in Neuropsychological Performance: A General Population Study. SLEEP, 33(4), 459-465. info:/
Mike Smith has an interesting post about the scale of monumental architecture, focusing on the fact that the Templo Mayor in the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, one of the best-known archaeological sites in Mesoamerica, would fit comfortably as one of several similarly sized elements on the enormous platform at the heart of Tzintzuntzan, the capital of [...]... Read more »
Nelson, B. (1995) Complexity, Hierarchy, and Scale: A Controlled Comparison between Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, and la Quemada, Zacatecas. American Antiquity, 60(4), 597. DOI: 10.2307/282045
I suppose I’ve been around the world of exercise science for long enough to see plenty of fads come and go. For God’s sake, I just heard about a “cookie diet” while driving home from work today. I’ve oft lamented that the conditioning and rehabilitation communities are sometimes a bit quick to embrace fads. While I’m [...]... Read more »
Slater, H., Thériault, E., Ronningen, B., Clark, R., & Nosaka, K. (2010) Exercise-induced mechanical hypoalgesia in musculotendinous tissues of the lateral elbow. Manual Therapy, 15(1), 66-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.math.2009.07.002
As today is Good Friday, perhaps it's a good time to talk about death in the digital world. While millions of Catholics engage in rituals of remembering today, I'd like to talk about how Web 2.0 technologies are changing the experience of death for those charged with remembering.
Death has been referred to as the great equalizer—it is the one fate we cannot escape. And cultures around the world
... Read more »
Aggarwal, R. (2001) At the Margins of Death: Ritual Space and the Politics of Location in an Indo-Himalayan Border Village. American Ethnologist, 28(3), 549-573. DOI: 10.1525/ae.2001.28.3.549
Dernbach, Katherine Boris. (2005) Spirits of the Hereafter: Death, Funerary Possession, and the Afterlife in Chuuk, Micronesia. Ethnology, 44(2), 99-123. info:/
An article from the Duke University media outlet reminds us of the bigger historical picture of human life expectancy: continual incremental improvement ever since the Industrial Revolution. It's also a good example of how to write a decent popular science press piece, one that adds context to the research it references, rather than dumbing it down or papering it over. From the perspective of the reliability theory of aging and longevity, the historical increase in life expectancy has occurred b........ Read more »
A supply chain is never stronger than its weakest link. Rigid supply chains are particularly weak, unlike flexible supply chains that can bend and adapt to new situations. Flexible supply chains can indeed “flex” their supply chain management muscles (pun intended) and show the strength that lies in them. With transportation being a key ingredient [ ... ]... Read more »
Naim, M., Potter, A., Mason, R., & Bateman, N. (2006) The role of transport flexibility in logistics provision. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 17(3), 297-311. DOI: 10.1108/09574090610717491
Haskins Laboratories - brain areas activated during reading.An unfocused and rambling article in the New York Times the other day was excited about the potential use of neuroimaging to revive the gloomy state of university literature departments. It also tried to convey the importance of evolutionary psychology in explaining fiction. The piece opened with Professor Lisa Zunshine discussing Phoebe's complex theory of mind in the sitcom Friends:(Follow closely now; this is about the science of Eng........ Read more »
Thierry, G., Martin, C., Gonzalez-Diaz, V., Rezaie, R., Roberts, N., & Davis, P. (2008) Event-related potential characterisation of the Shakespearean functional shift in narrative sentence structure. NeuroImage, 40(2), 923-931. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.12.006
“Who will speak for the imperiled troglobites? Charismatic megafauna, they are not. Troglobites—not to be confused with troglodytes (cavemen) or trilobites (extinct arthropods)—are neither warm-blooded nor fuzzy. Most are invertebrates, including insects and crustaceans, but there are also troglobitic fish and amphibians—and all are as weird as they are rare.”... Read more »
Katherine Ellison. (2010) An underground movement. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8(3), 168-168. info:/
Gunnthorsdottir, A. (2001) Physical Attractiveness of an Animal Species as a Decision Factor for its Preservation. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 14(4), 204-215. DOI: 10.2752/089279301786999355
About a year ago, we reported here at SGSAC on a study attempting to identify key themes that might characterize a militant-extremist mindset. Gerard Saucier (University of Oregon) and his colleagues pored through numerous documents and extracted sixteen themes. Members of that same research team - this time led by Lazar Stankov (National Institute of Education in Singapore) - have continued this line of inquiry and spotted three central "psychological ingredients of the militant extremist min........ Read more »
Stankov, L., Saucier, G., & Knežević, G. (2010) Militant extremist mind-set: Proviolence, Vile World, and Divine Power. Psychological Assessment, 22(1), 70-86. DOI: 10.1037/a0016925
Virtual screening (VS), wherein a large number of compounds are screened, either by docking against a protein target of interest or by similarity searching against a known active, is one of the most popular computational techniques in drug discovery. The goal of VS is to complement high-throughput screening (HTS) and the ideal goal is to at least partly substitute HTS in finding new hits.But this goal is still far from being achieved. VS still has to make a significant contribution in the discov........ Read more »
Note: This entry is a bit different from most of my posts. It is more mathematical, and uses MathML extensively to display equations. If you see gibberish instead of equations, then your browser isn't capable of viewing them. If you...... Read more »
Geraci, A., Smullin, S., Weld, D., Chiaverini, J., & Kapitulnik, A. (2008) Improved constraints on non-Newtonian forces at 10 microns. Physical Review D, 78(2). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.78.022002
A recent article on GenomeWeb profiling the XGen Congress meeting in San Diego, where researchers debated the question of whether sequencing cancer genomes has clinical relevance. In a roundtable discussion, University of Washington’s Larry Loeb argued that cancer is too heterogeneous for sequencing to uncover the therapeutically-relevant mutations. As an example, he pointed to AML1 [...]... Read more »
Verhaak RG, Hoadley KA, Purdom E, Wang V, Qi Y, Wilkerson MD, Miller CR, Ding L, Golub T, Mesirov JP.... (2010) Integrated genomic analysis identifies clinically relevant subtypes of glioblastoma characterized by abnormalities in PDGFRA, IDH1, EGFR, and NF1. Cancer cell, 17(1), 98-110. PMID: 20129251
A recent paper in The Journal of Physiology titled, "A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms." has caused quite a stir. It centers around a recent fashion in workouts called High-Intensity Interval Training, or HIT. HIT is a method of exercise which involves working as hard as you can for brief intervals followed by brief rest intervals. The idea is that by doing higher intensity workouts fo........ Read more »
Little, J., Safdar, A., Wilkin, G., Tarnopolsky, M., & Gibala, M. (2010) A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms. The Journal of Physiology, 588(6), 1011-1022. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.181743
Many people get a little melancholy as the winter months take away sunshine and warm weather. But, for some, the winter blues become a serious case of depression. Recent lawsuits have designated this recurrent seasonal depression, or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), as a disability that requires accommodation by employers. However, these rulings are provoking renewed [...]... Read more »
Steinhausen, H., Gundelfinger, R., & Winkler Metzke, C. (2009) Prevalence of self-reported seasonal affective disorders and the validity of the seasonal pattern assessment questionnaire in young adultsFindings from a Swiss community study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 115(3), 347-354. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.09.016
A margay (Leopardus wiedii). From Wikipedia.
Even if they spend years in the field, researchers rarely witness predation on primates. Cats, birds, and other hunters regularly feed on primate species, but what we know about the habits of primate-hunters often comes from bones and fingernails picked out of predator droppings. Every now and again, though, someone is in just the right place at just the right time to observe a predator attempt to catch a primate for dinner, and one recent obser........ Read more »
de Oliveira Calleia, F., Rohe, F., & Gordo, M. (2009) Hunting Strategy of the Margay ( ) to Attract the Wild Pied Tamarin ( ) . Neotropical Primates, 16(1), 32-34. DOI: 10.1896/044.016.0107
by Robert Deyes in Promega Connections
Promega Connections post about the how social connections influence the brain.... Read more »
Russell DW. (1996) UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3): reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of personality assessment, 66(1), 20-40. PMID: 8576833
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