Post List

  • February 5, 2010
  • 05:00 AM

Reducing dietary salt by half a teaspoon could save 92,000 lives a year

by Helen Jaques in In Sickness and In Health

A Californian population based study has found that if everyone in the US reduced their daily salt intake by 3 grams – half a teaspoon – the annual number of deaths could be slashed by up to 92,000. In addition, the number of new people who get cardiovascular disease each year could drop by [...]... Read more »

Bibbins-Domingo, K., Chertow, G., Coxson, P., Moran, A., Lightwood, J., Pletcher, M., & Goldman, L. (2010) Projected Effect of Dietary Salt Reductions on Future Cardiovascular Disease. New England Journal of Medicine. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0907355  

  • February 5, 2010
  • 02:37 AM

10 Websites With The Best Information on Depression

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

After searching for websites about depression (‘‘depression,’’ ‘‘depression treatment,’’ and ‘‘depression help’’) with a popular search engine: Google, the authors of this work carefully examined the websites. The websites were evaluated on accountability, interactivity, esthetics, readability and content quality. They also used the brief DISCERN as a content quality indicator for general consumers. They found [...]

Related posts:Assess Health Information Online Three........ Read more »

Zermatten, A., Khazaal, Y., Coquard, O., Chatton, A., & Bondolfi, G. (2010) Quality of web-based information on depression. Depression and Anxiety. DOI: 10.1002/da.20665  

  • February 5, 2010
  • 12:28 AM

Social Media Week NYC: Remembering the Human Element in CSR Initiatives

by Krystal D'Costa in Anthropology in Practice

At today's panel, Putting the Social Back in CSR (CSR = corporate social responsibility) at the Paley Center for Media, Jamie Daves, executive director of Think Social, began the discussion by reminding the audience (and panelists) of social media's potential. Characterizing it as both dangerous and powerful, he drew upon examples where revolutions in communication methods had profound impact on

... Read more »

KAS KALBA. (2008) The Adoption of Mobile Phones in Emerging Markets: Global Diffusion and Rural Challenges. International Journal of Communication, 631-661. info:/

  • February 5, 2010
  • 12:18 AM

Friday Weird Science: Preserving the Species

by Evil Monkey in Neurotopia

As I'm sure most of you are aware, the human species isn't really in immediate danger from dying out due to lack of mating partners (other reasons, I leave up to you). And after all, if all else fails, a trip to a sperm bank can often be arranged. But what about those rare animals growing steadily rarer from the encroachment of humans on their habitat? Well this is when you need to lend a hand. It's time to preserve some...eland semen.

Nel-Themaat et al. "Isolation, culture and characteri........ Read more »

Nel-Themaat, L., Gómez, M., Damiani, P., Wirtu, G., Dresser, B., Bondioli, K., Lyons, L., Pope, C., & Godke, R. (2007) Isolation, culture and characterisation of somatic cells derived from semen and milk of endangered sheep and eland antelope. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 19(4), 576. DOI: 10.1071/RD06153  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 10:25 PM

Sustainabewildering Seafood

by Sam in Oceanographer's Choice

I just finished reading a new paper from Jennifer Jaquet et al., mostly from Daniel Pauly’s group at UBC. The paper is titled “Conserving wild fish in a sea of market-based efforts,” and it appears in the current issue of the conservation biology journal Oryx. In it, the authors investigate the proliferation and [...]... Read more »

Jacquet, J., Hocevar, J., Lai, S., Majluf, P., Pelletier, N., Pitcher, T., Sala, E., Sumaila, R., & Pauly, D. (2009) Conserving wild fish in a sea of market-based efforts. Oryx, 44(01), 45. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605309990470  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 09:30 PM

Can unconscious brains think? Coma, philosophy of mind, and the media.

by Michael Slezak in Good, Bad, and Bogus

“Ok brain. I don’t like you and you don’t like me. Let’s just do this and I can go back to killing you with beer.”  - Homer Simpson

A new piece of research has elicited headlines around the world in today’s newspapers such as “Coma patient ‘talks’ with his thoughts” and “Coma victim talks via brain [...]... Read more »

Monti MM, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Coleman MR, Boly M, Pickard JD, Tshibanda L, Owen AM, & Laureys S. (2010) Willful Modulation of Brain Activity in Disorders of Consciousness. The New England journal of medicine. PMID: 20130250  

Martin M. Monti, & Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse. (2010) Willful Modulation of Brain Activity in Disorders of Consciousness. The New England Journal of Medicine. info:/10.1056/NEJMoa0905370

  • February 4, 2010
  • 07:22 PM

Toxicology Conundrum #024

by sandnsurf in Life in the Fast Lane

A 23 year-old male is brought to your ED by a friend. He appears anxious, distressed and confused. His friend volunteers that the patient had seen a GP in the past few weeks as he was feeling depressed. The friend also admitted that the patient occasionally used recreational drugs such as marijuana and ecstasy. Further of examination of the patient was notable for the presence of shaking eye movements, brisk deep tendon reflexes and stiffness of the lower limbs...

Related posts:Toxicology Conu........ Read more »

Boyer EW, & Shannon M. (2005) The serotonin syndrome. The New England journal of medicine, 352(11), 1112-20. PMID: 15784664  

Isbister GK, Buckley NA, & Whyte IM. (2007) Serotonin toxicity: a practical approach to diagnosis and treatment. Medical Journal of Australia, 187(6), 361-5. PMID: 17874986  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 04:06 PM

Adult neurogenesis in humans: Murine Features of Neurogenesis in the Human Hippocampus

by Jason Snyder in Functional Neurogenesis

Studies of adult neurogenesis often begin with the following sentence: “Adult neurogenesis occurs in all mammals examined, including humans.” More detail-oriented papers might say, “Adult neurogenesis occurs in all mammals examined, including humans…but not bats.” Here, the similarities between bats and humans become more evident than one might expect: it could be an equally long [...]... Read more »

Knoth, R., Singec, I., Ditter, M., Pantazis, G., Capetian, P., Meyer, R., Horvat, V., Volk, B., & Kempermann, G. (2010) Murine Features of Neurogenesis in the Human Hippocampus across the Lifespan from 0 to 100 Years. PLoS ONE, 5(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008809  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 03:41 PM

Ocean Acidification (Holy Carbonate Chemistry, Batman!)

by Uncharted Atolls in Uncharted Atolls

A condensed review of ocean acidification and its proposed effects on scleractinian corals--a methodological focus.... Read more »

  • February 4, 2010
  • 02:06 PM

Attack of the Toads

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

How toads spread across the world

... Read more »

Van Bocxlaer, I. et al. (2010) Gradual adaptation toward a range-expansion phenotype initiated the global radiation of toads. Science. info:/10.1126/science.1181707

  • February 4, 2010
  • 01:53 PM

Looking Sharp

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

Birds adapt to deforestation by growing pointier wings

... Read more »

  • February 4, 2010
  • 01:35 PM

The cutaneous rabbit illusion hops out of the body

by Mo in Neurophilosophy

IF a rapid series of taps are applied first to your wrist and then to your elbow, you will experience a perceptual illusion, in which phantom sensations are felt along the skin connecting the two points that were actually touched. This feels as if a tiny rabbit is hopping along your skin from the wrist to the elbow, and is therefore referred to as the "cutaneous rabbit". The illusion indicates that our perceptions of sensory inputs do not enter conscious awareness until after the integration of ........ Read more »

Miyazaki, M., Hirashima, M., & Nozaki, D. (2010) The "Cutaneous Rabbit" Hopping out of the Body. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(5), 1856-1860. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3887-09.2010  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 11:59 AM

VarScan 2 Released on SourceForge

by Daniel Koboldt in Massgenomics

Accurate variant detection in massively parallel sequencing data is a significant bioinformatics challenge. Not only do new sequencers offer unprecedented breadth (whole genome) and depth (30x or more), but they suffer coverage biases and error rates that make variant calling difficult. Last year, we published VarScan, our in-house algorithm for SNP and indel detection on [...]... Read more »

Koboldt DC, Chen K, Wylie T, Larson DE, McLellan MD, Mardis ER, Weinstock GM, Wilson RK, & Ding L. (2009) VarScan: variant detection in massively parallel sequencing of individual and pooled samples. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 25(17), 2283-5. PMID: 19542151  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 10:41 AM

Novel therapies could improve potency of existing AIDS treatments

by Sally Church in Pharma Strategy Blog

"The beauty and mystery of life extends down to the molecular level. The more we see, the more we can appreciate the wonder of our own nature."Prof Arthur Olson, Scripps Institute Every now and then, something lands in my Google...... Read more »

Perryman, A., Zhang, Q., Soutter, H., Rosenfeld, R., McRee, D., Olson, A., Elder, J., & David Stout, C. (2010) Fragment-Based Screen against HIV Protease. Chemical Biology , 75(3), 257-268. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2009.00943.x  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 10:17 AM

Evolution while you wait

by Uncharted Atolls in Uncharted Atolls

Observation of reproductive isolation in finches. The road to speciation?... Read more »

  • February 4, 2010
  • 08:00 AM

Bird wing shape changing as possible adaptation to environmental change

by Rob Goldstein in Conservation Maven

... Read more »

  • February 4, 2010
  • 08:00 AM

Can crayfish feel electricity?

by Zen Faulkes in NeuroDojo

The sensory abilities of vertebrates and invertebrates are generally more similar than they are different: both groups can detect light, sound, pressure, and so on. One of the few cases of a sensory ability that seemed to be the domain of vertebrates alone was the ability to detect electrical signals: electroreception. Several fish have it, and use electrical signals to communicate. Platypus have it. Electroreception in fish is one of the best examples of

For a long time, people argued that in........ Read more »

Patullo, B., & Macmillan, D. (2010) Making sense of electrical sense in crayfish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213(4), 651-657. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.039073  

  • February 4, 2010
  • 05:30 AM

Should we be treating children for obesity?

by Yoni Freedhoff in Weighty Matters

Long term readers of my blog may know that generally I'm leery of childhood obesity treatment programs.My issues with them are pretty straightforward. I worry about what it will do to the self-esteem and body image of a child to be put through an inter-disciplinary weight management program (kid, you're so fat you need a team of doctors and dietitians to help you); I worry that kids are not emotionally or cognitively mature enough to have insight into treatment (especially younger kids........ Read more »

  • February 4, 2010
  • 03:51 AM

Forty years of hackers at the movies

by David Bradley in Sciencetext

There are two definitions of “hacker” the first is the one we geeks mean when we call someone a hacker – a person skilled in using technology, particularly computers, who enjoys understanding the inner workings of that technology, perhaps for personal education. The second is the colloquial definition that refers to someone engaged in breaking [...]Post from: David Bradley's Sciencetext Tech TalkForty years of hackers at the movies
... Read more »

Damian Gordon. (2010) Forty years of movie hacking: considering the potential implications of the popular media representation of computer hackers from 1968 to 2008. Int. J. Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, 2(1/2), 59-87. info:/

  • February 4, 2010
  • 03:36 AM

The end of gravity as we know it?

by sarah in One Small Step

When a physicist is on the front page of a newspaper, you know the story is either really bad, or really good. Just before Christmas, the Dutch paper De Volkskrant ran a big story on theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde, who has been making waves with his new theory for the origin of gravity. Since the [...]... Read more »

Erik P. Verlinde. (2010) On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton. arxiv. arXiv: 1001.0785v1

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