Post List

  • April 18, 2010
  • 05:35 PM

Why religion can lead to racism

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Religious people are more racist than average. That fact has been known for decades, and it's rather surprising given that mainstream religions are unanimous in preaching racial tolerance. Just why this should be is not well understood.Does religion really cause racism, or is it that are racists drawn to religion? Three recent studies have shed a little light on that question, with fascinating results.Do subconscious religious prompts increase racism?Can you make someone more racist simply by su........ Read more »

Megan K. Johnson, Wade C. Rowatt, & Jordan LaBouff. (2010) Priming Christian Religious Concepts Increases Racial Prejudice. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(2), 119-126. info:/10.1177/1948550609357246

  • April 18, 2010
  • 04:45 PM

Who will do well, who will not?

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

If I had a crystal ball, and could decide who would do well in self managing their pain, and who would not, what would I do? A holy grail for insurance companies and health economists and yes, clinicians, is to find some precise way to decide who needs the most help with their pain, and [...]... Read more »

  • April 18, 2010
  • 02:51 PM

If You're Going to Taser a Sheep, at Least Do It Right!

by Isis the Scientist in On Becoming a Domestic and Laboratory Goddess...

On Friday I read with interest a post written by my dear SciBling DrugMonkey conducted by the folks at TASER International on the effects of the TASER on anesthetized, methamphetamine-intoxicated sheep. The TASER is a device used by law enforcement agents that uses an electrical shock to disrupt neuromuscular function and immobilize suspects.

Figure 1: The multi-shot TASER X3.According to Dr. Monkey, in this study (1), The study was conducted in Dorset sheep who were [isoflurane] anesthe........ Read more »

Cevik, C., Otahbachi, M., Miller, E., Bagdure, S., & Nugent, K. (2009) Acute stress cardiomyopathy and deaths associated with electronic weapons. International Journal of Cardiology, 132(3), 312-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.12.006  

Dawes, D., Ho, J., Cole, J., Reardon, R., Lundin, E., Terwey, K., Falvey, D., & Miner, J. (2010) Effect of an Electronic Control Device Exposure on a Methamphetamine-intoxicated Animal Model. Academic Emergency Medicine, 17(4), 436-443. DOI: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00708.x  

  • April 18, 2010
  • 02:46 PM

New online-only NPG journal – Nature Communications

by Olexandr Isayev in

Nature Publishing Group (NGP), perhaps, has a tradition every year in April to produce a new magazine. This year this is Nature Communications — a multidisciplinary online-only journal. Moreover, this is second NPG multidisciplinary journal, 140 years after the first issue of Nature.

Science is now more multidisciplinary than ever – new fields are emerging from [...]... Read more »

Editorial. (2010) Open for business. Nature Communications, 1(1), 1-1. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1011  

  • April 18, 2010
  • 01:45 PM

Atlatls to Bows: First Things First

by teofilo in Gambler's House

Everyone is familiar with the bow and arrow, but what on earth is an atlatl?  Although this implement was once used all over the world and was an important part of life, in most areas it was replaced by other weapons so long ago that it is no longer remembered, and most people today have [...]... Read more »

Howard, C. (1974) The Atlatl: Function and Performance. American Antiquity, 39(1), 102. DOI: 10.2307/279223  

  • April 18, 2010
  • 12:51 PM

Profile: Gianpaolo Rando

by Susan Steinhardt in BioData Blogs

Scientist and blogger Gianpaolo Rando is BioData Blogs Featured Scientist for the month of April.

Tell us about your first encounter with science
I was 12: I was a strong reader and a loyal fellow of the civic library. Books being the main source of my knowledge, I thought everything in the world had already been discovered. At the beginning of the school year, my new science teacher introduced a small aquarium to the classroom. He put in a mug full of water from a waterhole and asked the cl........ Read more »

  • April 18, 2010
  • 12:51 PM

Profile: Gianpaolo Rando

by Susan Steinhardt in The PostDoc Forum

Scientist and blogger Gianpaolo Rando is BioData Blogs Featured Scientist for the month of April.

Tell us about your first encounter with science
I was 12: I was a strong reader and a loyal fellow of the civic library. Books being the main source of my knowledge, I thought everything in the world had already been discovered. At the beginning of the school year, my new science teacher introduced a small aquarium to the classroom. He put in a mug full of water from a waterhole and asked the... Read more »

  • April 18, 2010
  • 11:14 AM

*Cough cough* *choke*

by Bob O'Hara in Deep Thoughts and Silliness

All of use in central and northern Europe are suffering from the latest Icelandic insult: rather than settling their debts after their banks collapsed, they've sent us bits of less-than-prime Icelandic real estate. You can see some in this view...... Read more »

Pönkä A, Savela M, & Virtanen M. (1998) Mortality and air pollution in Helsinki. Archives of environmental health, 53(4), 281-6. PMID: 9709992  

  • April 18, 2010
  • 10:02 AM

Evolving a code: A molecular fossil’s tale

by Lucas in thoughtomics

Every living cell on earth carries a molecular fossil: the ribosome. In a recent paper published in PNAS, researchers from California open the drawer and dust off this ancient remnant. The structure of the ribosome seems to provide hints about the origin of that universal feature of life: the genetic code.
The genetic code is life’s universal [...]... Read more »

Johnson, D., & Wang, L. (2010) Imprints of the genetic code in the ribosome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1000704107  

  • April 18, 2010
  • 09:39 AM

The spillover effect

by CJA Bradshaw in ConservationBytes

The so-called ’spillover effect’ is a long-standing debate in conservation ecology. The idea is relatively simple – put in a marine reserve (or, no-take zone, park, whatever you wish to call it as long as it restricts blanket over-fishing) and the area around the reserve eventually profits from the nearby over-production of fish (and other [...]... Read more »

  • April 18, 2010
  • 08:00 AM

BitTorrents for Science

by egonw in Chem-bla-ics

The idea has been lingering in the air for a long time now: sharing large science data sets using bittorrent. Over the past couple of years I have seen a lot of science related software being distributed over torrents, and the use in open source in general is abundant. Given a good network of so-called seeders, download times go down dramatically, and the overall energy consumption goes down too, as data has to follow a much shorter path.

It could very well be that the uptake of this technology........ Read more »

  • April 18, 2010
  • 07:59 AM

Is beat induction innate or learned?

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

This week a short entry with a selection of discussions related to the newborn study mentioned in last months entry.Discussion at ScienceNews by Bruce Bower. Discussion at Wired by Brandon Keim.Interview at WNYC Public Radio by John Schaefer: [soundfile]Report by Science Update by Bob Hirshon: [soundfile]Report by NewScientist by Hazel Muir, video by Sandrine Ceurstemont:For more media attention see Google news.Winkler, I., Haden, G., Ladinig, O., Sziller, I., & Honing, H. (2009). Newborn in........ Read more »

Winkler, I., Haden, G., Ladinig, O., Sziller, I., & Honing, H. (2009) Newborn infants detect the beat in music. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(7), 2468-2471. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0809035106  

  • April 18, 2010
  • 01:53 AM

Transparent, Accountable Corporatocracy

by Vahid Motlagh in Ideas for a deeper sense of life

Jim Dator, Jake Dunagan, and Stuart Candy (within the framework of the Manoa School’s Continued Growth scenario) have posited that "corporations in 2050 would be able to run for elected office as candidates."It seems that a weak signal has been recently detected, which as a signpost, may herald such a scenario. Forum for the Future reports that a small start-up has declared it will be running for office. "After the Supreme Court declared that corporations have the same rights as individuals wh........ Read more »

  • April 18, 2010
  • 12:06 AM

Dreaming as delirium, protoconsciousness or epiphenomenon?

by sandygautam in The Mouse Trap

Image via Wikipedia

J Allan Hobson, has never shied form  making bold departures from existing trends when it comes to dream research. At the time when Freudian notions of dream interpretation and dreams-as wish-fulfillment were at it speak, he proposed a theory that dreaming or the subjective state be distinguished from the underlying REM sleep physiological More >Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)

Related posts:Depression, Dreaming and Rehearsal learning We all know that depressi........ Read more »

  • April 17, 2010
  • 10:59 PM

The price of grooming in redfronted lemurs

by Beast Ape in Beast Ape and the Bleeding Heart Baboons

At first blush grooming among primates might seem to strictly serve hygienic purposes. After all, primates are furry little mammals crawling with ectoparasites like lice, ticks, and other icky arthropods. Despite this, primates seem to allocate more time to grooming than necessary for basic hygiene. Primates groom each other to strengthen social bonds and reduce [...]... Read more »

  • April 17, 2010
  • 08:50 PM

Behavioural Effects of Early Focal Damage to Prefrontal Cortex

by Maria P. in noustuff

Anderson et al. (2007) report a case of a 14 month boy (PF1) who sustained damage to his right inferior dorsolateral prefrontal cortex due to resection of a vascular malformation on day 3 of life. After a successful surgery he exhibit normal behaviour and reached developmental milestones at a normal rate. Also, his performance on [...]... Read more »

Anderson SW, Aksan N, Kochanska G, Damasio H, Wisnowski J, & Afifi A. (2007) The earliest behavioral expression of focal damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior, 43(6), 806-16. PMID: 17710831  

  • April 17, 2010
  • 04:39 PM

Are E-Readers Value-Added?

by Jason Goldman in The Thoughtful Animal

A recent paper from the Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy came across my desktop yesterday called e-Reading and e-Responding: New Tools for the Next Generation of Readers.

In it, Lotta C. Larson describes her observation of 10 fifth-grade students who were given access to an e-reader containing two recent award-winning books, both by Christopher Paul Curtis: Bud, Not Buddy, and The Watsons Go To Birmingham-1963. Read the rest of this post... | Read the comments on this post...... Read more »

  • April 17, 2010
  • 12:36 PM

Diagnostic Challenges in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

This is the third in a series of posts from the NARSAD-sponsored Healthy Minds Across America 2010 symposium in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The first two posts covered deep brain stimulation in depression and the neurocircuitry of depression. Dr. Robert Kowatch presented a review of the key issues in pediatric mood disorder. Dr. Kowatch is a child and adolescent psychiatrist from the University of Cincinnati who has been involved in assessment of bipolar disorder and depression. A portion of his presen........ Read more »

Danner S, Fristad MA, Arnold LE, Youngstrom EA, Birmaher B, Horwitz SM, Demeter C, Findling RL, Kowatch RA, & LAMS Group. (2009) Early-onset bipolar spectrum disorders: diagnostic issues. Clinical child and family psychology review, 12(3), 271-93. PMID: 19466543  

Zimmerman M, Ruggero CJ, Chelminski I, & Young D. (2010) Psychiatric diagnoses in patients previously overdiagnosed with bipolar disorder. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 71(1), 26-31. PMID: 19646366  

  • April 17, 2010
  • 07:26 AM

Practically useful: what the Rosetta protein modeling suite can do for you

by Nir London in Macromolecular Modeling Blog

In a recent review published in Biochemistry, Kaufmann, Lemmon and DeLuca et al. from the Meiler Lab, cover the Rosetta modeling suite capabilities. More importantly, as supplementary information they provide tutorials to demonstrate 6 basic use cases of Rosetta.

... Read more »

Kaufmann KW, Lemmon GH, Deluca SL, Sheehan JH, & Meiler J. (2010) Practically useful: what the Rosetta protein modeling suite can do for you. Biochemistry, 49(14), 2987-98. PMID: 20235548  

  • April 17, 2010
  • 12:31 AM

Using the fact that sometimes scientists look at the pictures first

by Christina Pikas in Christina's LIS Rant

I was happy to see that the authors published this article in PlosOne. I was following their work a while ago, but had lost track (plus, when asked, the last author implied that they had moved on to new projects). So here's the citation and then I'll summarize and comment. Divoli, A., Wooldridge, M., & Hearst, M. (2010). Full Text and Figure Display Improves Bioscience Literature Search PLoS ONE, 5 (4) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009619 The authors created a prototype information system tha........ Read more »

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