Over the years, Cancer Research UK has helped transform breast cancer treatment – now 8 out of 10 women survive their disease for more than 5 years, compared with 5 out of 10 women in the 1970s. Most of this progress has been made in so-called hormone-sensitive cancers – those that are fuelled by the [...]... Read more »
Bouwman, P., Aly, A., Escandell, J., Pieterse, M., Bartkova, J., van der Gulden, H., Hiddingh, S., Thanasoula, M., Kulkarni, A., Yang, Q.... (2010) 53BP1 loss rescues BRCA1 deficiency and is associated with triple-negative and BRCA-mutated breast cancers. Nature Structural . DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.1831
A key concept in ecological psychology is that of affordances. There is still uncertainty how to characterise these (slightly odd) properties, and the first formal attempt was by Turvey (1992).... Read more »
Turvey, M. (1992) Affordances and Prospective Control: An Outline of the Ontology. Ecological Psychology, 4(3), 173-187. DOI: 10.1207/s15326969eco0403_3
A psychology study fresh off the presses shows the importance of positive expectations for the successful resolution of awkward negotiations. The results couldn't be more timely as our senior politicians negotiate over terms for a new coalition British government - the first since the 1970s. The finding suggests that the media has a vital role to play. By fostering optimism in the likely success of the negotiations, the media could help increase the likelihood of a successful resolution.In an in........ Read more »
Liberman, V., Anderson, N., & Ross, L. (2010) Achieving difficult agreements: Effects of Positive Expectations on negotiation processes and outcomes☆. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(3), 494-504. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.12.010
What does it mean to be a baseball fan? To exchange high fives with complete strangers utterly swept away with the exhilaration of a win? To sit in your car, despondent, after a devastating loss? What is the fan’s connection to this game—billed as America’s pastime?
Before delving into this post, it’s only fair to report that I myself am a fan. So this is in part a self-reflexive exercise to... Read more »
Karl J. Franklin. (1985) Componential Analysis and the Game of Baseball. Anthropological Linguistics, 27(3), 281-301. info:/
No time for anything new (working on a book chapter and putting the finishing touches to the Tet Zoo book), so here's this, from the archives. NOT properly updated, so please be aware that it's more than four years old...
Read the rest of this post... | Read the comments on this post...... Read more »
DOMNING, D. (2005) FOSSIL SIRENIA OF THE WEST ATLANTIC AND CARIBBEAN REGION. VII. PLEISTOCENE TRICHECHUS MANATUS LINNAEUS, 1758. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25(3), 685-701. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2005)025[0685:FSOTWA]2.0.CO;2
Almost everyone is familiar with the ongoing debate surrounding the extinction of the non-avian dinosaurs 65 million years ago, but the discussion over where dinosaurs came from in the first place is often overlooked. Hypotheses of dinosaur origins have been just as controversial as those of triggers for the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, but during the [...]... Read more »
Fast food may make you fat, but mere thoughts of fast food can have wider reaching effects: Haste and impatience... Read more »
Chen-Bo Zhong, & Sanford E. DeVoe. (2010) You Are How You Eat: Fast Food and Impatience. Psycholgoical Science. info:/10.1177/0956797610366090
When you run a blog which focuses on skepticism and fact checking, you can occasionally discover that even a seemingly common, everyday, undisputed bit of science can have its detractors. About two months ago, two people who commented on my review of NatGeo’s dramatic what-if scenario about our future if all the oil in the [...]... Read more »
Glasby, G. (2006) Abiogenic Origin of Hydrocarbons: An Historical Overview. Resource Geology, 56(1), 83-96. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-3928.2006.tb00271.x
If you ever saw the dramatic seamount scene in Blue Planet (and if you haven’t, where ya been??), then you are probably familiar with the idea that submarine mountains can attract lots of animals; as Attenborough puts it, they “create oases where life can flourish in the comparatively empty expanses of the open ocean”. In that spectacular BBC sequence, jacks and tuna swarm an Eastern Pacific ... Read more »
Morato, T., Hoyle, S., Allain, V., & Nicol, S. (2010) Seamounts are hotspots of pelagic biodiversity in the open ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0910290107
...and what can word-learning in dogs teach us about the evolution of language in humans?
What is involved in the learning of a single new word? Consider the word "tiger", being learned by a child with already a modest vocabulary, at least for animal words. First the child must make a new entry in the mental lexicon - that "tiger" is a word in the first place. He has to categorize it as a noun. It has to be categorized under "animal" (a supernym) and related to its hyponyms, like "Sumatran tige........ Read more »
Kaminski, J., Call, J., & Fischer, J. (2004) Word Learning in a Domestic Dog: Evidence for "Fast Mapping". Science, 304(5677), 1682-1683. DOI: 10.1126/science.1097859
After witnessing a C-section performed by flashlight in Nigeria, Laura Stachel, an OB-GYN doctor at UC Berkley founded WE CARE (Women’s Emergency Communication and Reliable Electricity) Solar. To bring power to needy hospitals around the globe, she developed the solar suitcase: a portable solar electric system, used to power overhead LED lights and charge walkie-talkies, cell phones, and LED headlamp batteries.... Read more »
Fadare, D. (2009) Modelling of solar energy potential in Nigeria using an artificial neural network model. Applied Energy, 86(9), 1410-1422. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.12.005
... Read more »
Schlegel, J., & Rupf, R. (2010) Attitudes towards potential animal flagship species in nature conservation: A survey among students of different educational institutions. Journal for Nature Conservation. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2009.12.002
Antidepressant medications have been the mainstay of treatment for depressive disorders for decades. But these drugs may not be as effective as once believed, according to a new analysis published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania conducted a meta-analysis of data from trials of antidepressants and [...]... Read more »
Fournier, J., DeRubeis, R., Hollon, S., Dimidjian, S., Amsterdam, J., Shelton, R., & Fawcett, J. (2010) Antidepressant Drug Effects and Depression Severity: A Patient-Level Meta-analysis. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 303(1), 47-53. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2009.1943
Torpey, D., & Klein, D. (2009) Chronic depression: Update on classification and treatment. Current Psychiatry Reports, 10(6), 458-464. DOI: 10.1007/s11920-008-0074-6
Regular readers of these pages will recall previous posts on the role of brown fat tissue and its potential role in the prevention of weight gain. This tissue, helps burn excess calories by directly converting them into heat - people with more brown fat may be less likely to become obese (click here for TV [...]... Read more »
Vegiopoulos A, Müller-Decker K, Strzoda D, Schmitt I, Chichelnitskiy E, Ostertag A, Diaz MB, Rozman J, Hrabe de Angelis M, Nüsing RM.... (2010) Cyclooxygenase-2 Controls Energy Homeostasis in Mice by de Novo Recruitment of Brown Adipocytes. Science (New York, N.Y.). PMID: 20448152
A comment on Twitter about PubMed left me wondering aloud why people use the thing instead of Google Scholar. This idle comment brought a surprising amount of comments.
Before I get to the comments, let me explain my point of view. I’ve never warmed to PubMed, although I know many of my peers use it multiple times daily. I suppose part of it is the “med” moniker. While PubMed does include a lot of the basic biological literature, it’s still fundamentally a medical resource. And I am not........ Read more »
Falagas, M., Pitsouni, E., Malietzis, G., & Pappas, G. (2007) Comparison of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar: strengths and weaknesses. The FASEB Journal, 22(2), 338-342. DOI: 10.1096/fj.07-9492LSF
Shultz, M. (2007) Comparing test searches in PubMed and Google Scholar. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 95(4), 442-445. DOI: 10.3163/1536-5050.95.4.442
A look at a commentary that criticizes the concept of "food addiction"... Read more »
Epstein DH, & Shaham Y. (2010) Cheesecake-eating rats and the question of food addiction. Nature neuroscience, 13(5), 529-31. PMID: 20421898
Coastlines around the world will be affected by rising sea level over the next several decades. In some places, the impacts will be severe as flooding, erosion, and storm surge cause damage to coastal towns and transform habitats for coastal species. The big question for resource managers and planners: Where are the most vulnerable places?... Read more »
Abuodha, P., & Woodroffe, C. (2010) Assessing vulnerability to sea-level rise using a coastal sensitivity index: a case study from southeast Australia. Journal of Coastal Conservation. DOI: 10.1007/s11852-010-0097-0
Since first coming on the market in 1998, erectile dysfunction drug Viagra has improved the lives of countless men. Now new research has suggested that phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors like Viagra could also help women – but not how you think.
Researchers in California have shown that sildenafil (Viagra) and a similar drug called vardenafil [...]... Read more »
Hu, J., Ljubimova, J., Inoue, S., Konda, B., Patil, R., Ding, H., Espinoza, A., Wawrowsky, K., Patil, C., Ljubimov, A.... (2010) Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors Increase Herceptin Transport and Treatment Efficacy in Mouse Metastatic Brain Tumor Models. PLoS ONE, 5(4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010108
Don’t get me wrong, Sigmund Freud and Wilder Penfield were far more intelligent and successful than I, but in hindsight we now have evidence that disconfirms their models of memory. The costs of having an inaccurate model of how memory works are immense. There are financial and opportunity costs to psychotherapy participants and on occasion [...]... Read more »
Goodman, G. (1994) Predictors of Accurate and Inaccurate Memories of Traumatic Events Experienced in Childhood. Consciousness and Cognition, 3(3-4), 269-294. DOI: 10.1006/ccog.1994.1016
Loftus EF, & Loftus GR. (1980) On the permanence of stored information in the human brain. The American psychologist, 35(5), 409-20. PMID: 7386971
McNally, N. (2003) Remembering Trauma. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University. info:/
Quas JA, Goodman GS, Bidrose S, Pipe ME, Craw S, & Ablin DS. (1999) Emotion and memory: Children's long-term remembering, forgetting, and suggestibility. Journal of experimental child psychology, 72(4), 235-70. PMID: 10074380
When you see someone else in pain, the pain network in your own brain winces as if you were experiencing their pain yourself. This is great for everyday empathy, but not necessarily so useful if you're a doctor. When you're the one wielding the needle or planning a treatment regimen, you need to make sure your concern for your patient's pain doesn't distract you from the task at hand. According to Jean Decety, doctors get around this conflict by reducing their sensitivity to other people's pain......... Read more »
Decety J, Yang CY, & Cheng Y. (2010) Physicians down-regulate their pain empathy response: an event-related brain potential study. NeuroImage, 50(4), 1676-82. PMID: 20080194
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