Post List

  • December 8, 2010
  • 01:01 PM

All-Cause Mortality Risk and BMI

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Elevated BMI (body weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) increases risk for heart disease and some types of cancer.  There is less data on the relationship and effect size on all-cause mortality.   A recent pooled study analysis of approximately 1.5 million adults in the U.S. provides important new data.The authors of the study pooled (aggregated) 19 longitudinal studies of white (non-Hispanic) samples.    The large sample size allows for controll........ Read more »

Berrington de Gonzalez A, Hartge P, Cerhan JR, Flint AJ, Hannan L, MacInnis RJ, Moore SC, Tobias GS, Anton-Culver H, Freeman LB.... (2010) Body-mass index and mortality among 1.46 million white adults. The New England journal of medicine, 363(23), 2211-9. PMID: 21121834  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 12:49 PM

Endogenous Electric Fields May Guide Neocortical Network Activity

by Bradley Voytek in Oscillatory Thoughts

(Note: this is a repost of my original post from 2010 Jul. I'm reposting some old posts to work within the framework.)I’ve been geeking out about this paper for a week or so now, so I just finally decided to put together a post about it to explain why I think it’s so awesome.I’ve been thinking about the foundations of electrophysiological research in neuroscience. The earliest experiments on the electrical properties of neurons were performed on giant squid axons becau........ Read more »

  • December 8, 2010
  • 12:03 PM

Science Careers: The Good, The Bad and The Starry

by Duncan Hull in O'Really?

Of all the things you can do with a Science degree, being paid money to stargaze from the top of a volcano in Hawaiʻi has to be one of the more interesting. Tom Kerr is one such lucky astronomer who has been managing operations at UKIRT (UK infrared telescope) – currently the world’s largest telescope dedicated [...]... Read more »

Song, I., McCombie, J., Kerr, T., & Sarre, P. (2007) The 3.3-μm PAH emission band of the Red Rectangle. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 380(3), 979-985. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12197.x  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 11:41 AM

Battle of the Sexes Not Worth the Risk!

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

Women are generally thought to be more cautious than men, so does this translate over to financial decisions too?  According to a new study published in Psychological Science, stereotypes like ... Read more »

Carr, P.B., & Steele, C.M. (2010) Stereotype threat affects financial decision making. Psychological Science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS, 21(10), 1411-6. PMID: 20855899  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 09:49 AM

How clownfish help their anemones: nutrient transfer in a triple symbiosis

by Hannah Waters in Sleeping with the Fishes

The vision of a tropical beach is something we take for granted: the white sands, crystal blue water, and colorful, diverse reefs.  It’s like a playground designed just for us where everything is beautiful and comfortable (well, minus the sunburn).  But we actually shouldn’t take this for granted, as the existence of coral reefs in warm tropical waters is not a give-in, but rather the result of millions of years of slow evolution and coevolution to cope with this nutrient-poor ha........ Read more »

Hoegh-Guldberg, O. (2005) Low coral cover in a high-CO2 world . Journal of Geophysical Research, 110(C9). DOI: 10.1029/2004JC002528  

L. Muscatine, & James W. Porter. (1977) Reef Corals: Mutualistic Symbioses Adapted to Nutrient-Poor Environments. Bioscience, 27(7), 454-460. info:other/

Wood, R. (1998) The Ecological Evolution of Reefs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29(1), 179-206. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.179  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 09:15 AM

Science Bloggers: Diversifying the news

by Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. in Science of Blogging

Editor’s Note: When we said we wanted Science of Blogging to pick the brains of the best and brightest in the online science world, we weren’t kidding! Today, I’m excited to share a wonderful post by fellow Canadian, Colin Shultz. Colin is a science journalist, who regularly discusses fascinating topics on his blog and is... Read more »

Walejko, G., & Ksiazek, T. (2010) BLOGGING FROM THE NICHES. Journalism Studies, 11(3), 412-427. DOI: 10.1080/14616700903407429  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 09:07 AM

Tip of the Week: BioGPS for expression data and more

by Mary in OpenHelix

This week’s tip introduces BioGPS, or Gene Portal System. We get a lot of questions about two things that BioGPS can help you to tackle: what do I do with a list of genes to find out what are? And the next question people have after that is: and where are they expressed? BioGPS can help you with both of those problems. It is a tool that integrates and displays many types of data that researchers would be interested in. It also allows you to customize your display with the types of data th........ Read more »

Wu, C., Orozco, C., Boyer, J., Leglise, M., Goodale, J., Batalov, S., Hodge, C., Haase, J., Janes, J., Huss, J.... (2009) BioGPS: an extensible and customizable portal for querying and organizing gene annotation resources. Genome Biology, 10(11). DOI: 10.1186/gb-2009-10-11-r130  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 07:01 AM

Overdoing it: Is there such a thing as too little anxiety in your witness?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Close your eyes. Think of a nervous witness you have had to prepare for trial. Beads of sweat on their upper lip. Nervous throat-clearing. Trembling hands. Shaky voice. Deer in the headlights expression. Testifying can be terrifying and we’ve all had the experience of attempting to take the edge off of the visible anxiety of [...]

Related posts:Preparing the Witness: Sometimes it’s easy (sometimes it’s not)

‘Lawyerese’ may work well in journals but not in the cour........ Read more »

Boccaccini, M., & Brodsky, S. (2002) Believability of expert and lay witnesses: Implications for trial consultation. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33(4), 384-388. info:/

Tenney ER, MacCoun RJ, Spellman BA, & Hastie R. (2007) Calibration trumps confidence as a basis for witness credibility. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 18(1), 46-50. PMID: 17362377  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 06:14 AM

Do TRegs discriminate?

by iayork in Mystery Rays from Outer Space

As I’ve noted several times before, regulatory T cells are important reasons for the poor immune response to tumors. TRegs are normal components of an immune response, “designed” to keep inflammation from running riot in general and to prevent responses to self-antigens in particular. Whether it’s because tumors are mostly (though not solely) self antigens, [...]... Read more »

James, E., Yeh, A., King, C., Korangy, F., Bailey, I., Boulanger, D., Van den Eynde, B., Murray, N., & Elliott, T. (2010) Differential Suppression of Tumor-Specific CD8 T Cells by Regulatory T Cells. The Journal of Immunology, 185(9), 5048-5055. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1000134  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 04:41 AM

Personalized Products and its Impacts on Supply Chain Design

by Daniel Dumke in SCRM Blog - Supply Chain Risk Management

Experts from research and business alike argue that within the last decades consumers have grown to be a more demanding factor for supply chain management. At the same time manufacturing and supply chain strategies adapted to this development (from lean to agile, see Christopher and Towill, 2000).

But how are customer demands going to develop? Are we already seeing the decentralized manufacturing world, where everybody uses his own 3D printer to produce individual products on their desks? ........ Read more »

  • December 8, 2010
  • 04:41 AM

Personalized Products and their Impact on Supply Chain Design

by Daniel Dumke in SCRM Blog - Supply Chain Risk Management

Experts from research and business alike argue that within the last decades consumers have grown to be a more demanding factor for supply chain management. At the same time manufacturing and supply chain strategies adapted to this development (from lean to agile, see Christopher and Towill, 2000).

But how are customer demands going to develop? Are we already seeing the decentralized manufacturing world, where everybody uses his own 3D printer to produce individual products on their desks? ........ Read more »

  • December 8, 2010
  • 04:22 AM

Meet the Milky Way

by sarah in One Small Step

Back in July I wrote about my involvement in a new Zooniverse citizen science project, the then unnamed Project IX. In the last few months, Project IX became the Milky Way Project, and today yesterday it went live! A massive congratulations to Rob and the team who did a fabulous job in getting this all [...]

... Read more »

Churchwell, E., Povich, M., Allen, D., Taylor, M., Meade, M., Babler, B., Indebetouw, R., Watson, C., Whitney, B., Wolfire, M.... (2006) The Bubbling Galactic Disk. The Astrophysical Journal, 649(2), 759-778. DOI: 10.1086/507015  

  • December 8, 2010
  • 02:00 AM

The significant impact of apple juice on the behavioral and psychological symptoms of Alzheimer’s

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

From American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias  This study reveals that apple juice can be a useful supplement for calming the declining moods that are part of the normal progression of moderate-to-severe Alzheimer’s Disease. After institutionalized AD patients consumed two 4-oz glasses of apple juice a day for a month, their caregivers reported [...]... Read more »

  • December 8, 2010
  • 01:13 AM

Magnets, Brain “Disruption”, and Math

by Scicurious in Neurotic Physiology

Sci got an email the other day. Ok, I get lots of emails, but this one asked a cool question, which is always nice. All it asked for was an opinion on an article in Scientific American: “Get Better at Math By Disrupting your Brain“. Sci looked. Was intrigued. Read the actual paper…and found the [...]... Read more »

  • December 7, 2010
  • 09:00 PM

An increase in mitochondrial superoxide extends lifespan in C. elegans but not by hormesis?

by Colby in

Rate of ageing theories have evolved significantly over the years but now frequently centralize around the involvement of the mitochondria. Of recent (and seemingly on the way out) is the oxidative stress theory of ageing (formally the free radical theory of ageing), which is largely supported by correlational data. Recent genetic manipulation studies on the endogenous antioxidant network has caste considerable doubt over this theory.... Read more »

Yang W, & Hekimi S. (2010) A Mitochondrial Superoxide Signal Triggers Increased Longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans . PLoS Biology. info:/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000566

  • December 7, 2010
  • 08:58 PM

A tale of two foreigners in Japan

by Lachlan Jackson in Language on the Move

This is the first in a series of blog posts about my experiences undertaking an ongoing research project. In this series I will be detailing some of the methodological challenges I encounter as well as the strategies I adopt to … Continue reading →... Read more »

Maher, J. C. (2005) Metroethnicity, language and the principle of cool. International Journal of the Sociology of Languages, 83. info:/

  • December 7, 2010
  • 07:58 PM

Diversity & Disease

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

The spread of potent diseases like West Nile virus and Lyme disease is getting a boost from the loss of biodiversity, concludes a new study. But there is still a lot to be learned about the complex interplay between diversity, disease and habitat change, the researchers say.
In theory, biodiversity could play two roles in […] Read More »... Read more »

Keesing, F., Belden, L., Daszak, P., Dobson, A., Harvell, C., Holt, R., Hudson, P., Jolles, A., Jones, K., Mitchell, C.... (2010) Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases. Nature, 468(7324), 647-652. DOI: 10.1038/nature09575  

  • December 7, 2010
  • 07:35 PM

Is an unusual new galactic gamma-ray source a possible “dark accelerator”?

by mithy in The Enlightenment Junkie

In my last post on gamma-ray binaries, I mentioned that only a few of these exotic X-ray binaries (XRB) have been observed, and that they appear to fall into two distinct categories: microquasars, where the gamma-ray emission is caused by leptonic or hadroni particle interactions in the relativistic jet (Inverse Compton Scattering and Neutral Pion Decay respectively) and pulsar wind binaries. where the gamma-rays are [...]... Read more »

H.E.S.S. Collaboration,, Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A., Anton, G., Barres de Almeida, U., Bazer-Bachi, A., Becherini, Y., Behera, B., Bernlöhr, K.... (2010) Discovery and follow-up studies of the extended, off-plane, VHE gamma-ray source HESS J1507-622. Astronomy and Astrophysics. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201015187  

  • December 7, 2010
  • 07:20 PM

Can Mormons Be Identified by Facial Features?

by Michael Long in Phased

Non-Mormons cannot distinguish Mormons from non-Mormons much better than through random guessing.... Read more »

Rule, N. O., Garrett, J. V., & Ambady, N. (2010) On the Perception of Religious Group Membership from Faces. PLoS ONE, 5(12). info:/10.1371/ journal.pone.0014241

  • December 7, 2010
  • 06:16 PM

Why do we teach science?: The Cultural Argument

by Jack Hassard in The Art of Teaching Science

In four of the last five posts, I’ve explored the question, Why do we teach science? from four points of view. Using a template by R. Stephen Turner, I’ve presented the arguments for teaching science from economic, democratic, and skills points of view. In this post, I want to use the cultural argument as the [...]

Related posts:Why Do We Teach Science? The Skills Argument
Why Do We Teach Science, Anyway? The Democratic Argument
Why do we teach science?
... Read more »

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