I have a love/hate relationship with Nature Reviews: Immunology. It comes out once per month, and is usually packed with easy to read articles about fascinating (to me) topics, and each is filled with tons of great references so I can dig into the issue more. On the one hand, I get really excited about all the great things to read and new ways to expand my knowledge. On the other hand - that's a lot of reading. My Instapaper queue is about 80% Nature Reviews (15% other papers, and 5% random crap........ Read more »
Bachmann MF, & Jennings GT. (2010) Vaccine delivery: a matter of size, geometry, kinetics and molecular patterns. Nature reviews. Immunology, 10(11), 787-96. PMID: 20948547
I’ve been interested in the possibility of using Google Trends to monitor patterns of drug abuse in the U.S. and throughout the world. My hypothesis is that drug abuse patterns will be reflected by the number and geographic distribution of Google searches for a drug key word. Google Trends monitors the number of search engine key words. Countries and cities are ranked based on the relative number of searches. If a country or city has more than their expected number of searche........ Read more »
Keyes KM, Martins SS, & Hasin DS. (2008) Past 12-month and lifetime comorbidity and poly-drug use of ecstasy users among young adults in the United States: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Drug and alcohol dependence, 97(1-2), 139-49. PMID: 18524499
Corley CD, Cook DJ, Mikler AR, & Singh KP. (2010) Using web and social media for influenza surveillance. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 559-64. PMID: 20865540
Schuster NM, Rogers MA, & McMahon LF Jr. (2010) Using search engine query data to track pharmaceutical utilization: a study of statins. The American journal of managed care, 16(8). PMID: 20690788
It’s an argument oft heard in conservation circles: Endangered ecosystems are chock full of chemical compounds that could be the next big blockbuster drug — but these life-saving compounds are lost every time a species goes extinct. Estimating the financial value of biodiversity, however, has been a complicated calculation. Now, researchers have put a number […] Read More »... Read more »
Erwin, P., López-Legentil, S., & Schuhmann, P. (2010) The pharmaceutical value of marine biodiversity for anti-cancer drug discovery. Ecological Economics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.09.030
As one of the oldest cities in the world, Rome has seen its fair share of drama, from the fall of Julius Caesar to the rise of facism. Now comes another sad tale: a study documenting the loss of Rome’s insect inhabitants over the last century. The innovative research could help conservationists focus insect protection […] Read More »... Read more »
Fattorini, S. (2010) Insect extinction by urbanization: A long term study in Rome. Biological Conservation. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.09.014
Philip Piper et al reported the discovery of the presence of Panthera tigris in the island of Palawan, Philippines. The team of archaeologists who were excavating Ille Cave near El Nido, found the tiger bones in a “large human-derived animal bone assemblage dating to at least the early 11th millennium BP that included the remains [...]... Read more »
Piper, P., Ochoa, J., Lewis, H., Paz, V., & Ronquillo, W. (2008) The first evidence for the past presence of the tiger Panthera tigris (L.) on the island of Palawan, Philippines: Extinction in an island population. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 264(1-2), 123-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.04.003
Napping sounds like just the thing for babies and elderly, but even healthy adults can rely on a daytime snooze to improve memory. A recent study suggests that napping not only strengthens memory but also reorganizes memory and links information together to form memory networks for an easy retrieval later.... Read more »
Lau, H., Tucker, M., & Fishbein, W. (2010) Daytime napping: Effects on human direct associative and relational memory. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 93(4), 554-560. DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2010.02.003
MOLLICONE, D., VANDONGEN, H., & DINGES, D. (2007) Optimizing sleep/wake schedules in space: Sleep during chronic nocturnal sleep restriction with and without diurnal naps. Acta Astronautica, 60(4-7), 354-361. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2006.09.022
The prisoner’s right to vote and civic responsibility: Reaffirming the social contract? From Probation Journal UK headlines this week have caused significant public debate regarding the issue of a prisoner’s right to vote. The current law in the UK is that convicted prisoners (with few exceptions) are denied the right to vote in national or [...]... Read more »
Easton, S. (2009) The prisoner 's right to vote and civic responsibility: Reaffirming the social contract?. Probation Journal, 56(3), 224-237. DOI: 10.1177/0264550509337455
Earlier this term I intercepted a note my 7-year-old had written to her teacher: “Ger Ger Ger; Don’t be so rude.” She was objecting to a reading comprehension exercise about sneezing, which included the following information: If someone nearby sneezes, … Continue reading →... Read more »
Initially the baby’s immune system has to cope with a form of microbial exposure while still inside the womb which will determine how it will cope with microbes after birth. Whilst incubating the baby the mother will be interacting with her environment, including the microbes within it, and these interactions put indirect pressure on the growing baby too.... Read more »
Schwiertz A, Gruhl B, Löbnitz M, Michel P, Radke M, & Blaut M. (2003) Development of the intestinal bacterial composition in hospitalized preterm infants in comparison with breast-fed, full-term infants. Pediatric research, 54(3), 393-9. PMID: 12788986
Minimization of entanglement strongly influences why a protein molecule attains its specific shape, an issue relevant to diseases caused by protein misfolding.... Read more »
Cossio, P., Trovato, A., Pietrucci, F., Seno, F., Maritan, A., & Laio, A. (2010) Exploring the Universe of Protein Structures beyond the Protein Data Bank. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000957
Psychiatrists see a lot of people who are, to use the technical term, screwed up. Psychiatrists' talk, then, often turns around curing, or ameliorating, or at least preventing "bad" behaviors and feelings—drug addiction, violence, learning disabilities, crippling anxieties and the like. And a number of psychiatrists sounded that note at the University of Massachusetts conference on behavioral epigenetics last weekend. But throughout the proceedings, there was an undertow pullin........ Read more »
Champagne, D., Bagot, R., van Hasselt, F., Ramakers, G., Meaney, M., de Kloet, E., Joels, M., & Krugers, H. (2008) Maternal Care and Hippocampal Plasticity: Evidence for Experience-Dependent Structural Plasticity, Altered Synaptic Functioning, and Differential Responsiveness to Glucocorticoids and Stress. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(23), 6037-6045. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0526-08.2008
Pollak, S., Cicchetti, D., Hornung, K., & Reed, A. (2000) Recognizing emotion in faces: Developmental effects of child abuse and neglect. Developmental Psychology, 36(5), 679-688. DOI: 10.1037//0012-1622.214.171.1249
[This post is part of a larger blogging carnival addressing the questions What is Psychopathology. See The Thoughtful Animal for a full list]What is psychopathology?Really, give that question some thought.It’s a big topic, where do you even begin? How do you start to understand such a thing?Perhaps its worth starting, well, somewhere near the beginning.Evolution is well established as a legitima; (read more)
Source: Rift - Discipline: Psychology... Read more »
Keller MC, & Miller G. (2006) Resolving the paradox of common, harmful, heritable mental disorders: which evolutionary genetic models work best?. The Behavioral and brain sciences, 29(4), 385. PMID: 17094843
Keller, M. (2008) The Evolutionary Persistence of Genes That Increase Mental Disorders Risk. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17(6), 395-399. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00613.x
Ferguson CJ. (2010) Genetic contributions to antisocial personality and behavior: a meta-analytic review from an evolutionary perspective. The Journal of social psychology, 150(2), 160-80. PMID: 20397592
BARBER, N. (2008) Evolutionary social science: A new approach to violent crime. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13(3), 237-250. DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2008.04.002
Large-scale alteration of nature landscapes has had profound implications for biological diversity. The single biggest contributor to the current extinction crisis is the wholesale destruction of habitats. As habitats are destroyed, formerly contiguous landscapes become fragmented into smaller patches. But what exactly the effects of fragmentation are, independent of habitat destruction, is not always so clear (e.g., Simberloff 2000. What do we really know about fragmentation? Texas Journal of S........ Read more »
Laurance, W., Camargo, J., Luizão, R., Laurance, S., Pimm, S., Bruna, E., Stouffer, P., Bruce Williamson, G., Benítez-Malvido, J., & Vasconcelos, H. (2010) The fate of Amazonian forest fragments: A 32-year investigation. Biological Conservation. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.09.021
Zhang, X., Huang, J., Chang, P., Li, J., Chen, Y., Wang, D., Yu, J., & Chen, J. (2010). Structure and properties of polysaccharide nanocrystal-doped supramolecular hydrogels based on Cyclodextrin inclusion Polymer, 51 (19), 4398-4407 DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.07.025 Last year I unsubscribed … Continue reading →... Read more »
Zhang, X., Huang, J., Chang, P., Li, J., Chen, Y., Wang, D., Yu, J., & Chen, J. (2010) Structure and properties of polysaccharide nanocrystal-doped supramolecular hydrogels based on Cyclodextrin inclusion. Polymer, 51(19), 4398-4407. DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.07.025
Eutrophication has gained a pretty bad reputation considering that it is a natural process. The word itself comes from the Greek “eutrophia” which means “healthy” and simply means the addition of nutrients into an ecosystem encouraging plant growth. Of course, … Continue reading →... Read more »
Wimp, G., Murphy, S., Finke, D., Huberty, A., & Denno, R. (2010) Increased primary production shifts the structure and composition of a terrestrial arthropod community. Ecology, 91(11), 3303-3311. DOI: 10.1890/09-1291.1
Despite the fact that my research lies at the intersection between cognitive, comparative, and developmental psychology, I am also quite interested in the evolution of our understanding of psychopathology. The ultimate goal of the study of psychopathology is to ground such disorders in brain and body. But our understanding of some pathologies are simply not there yet (though some of our therapeutic interventions still prove effective even if we don't quite understand the etiology of a given dise........ Read more »
Barkley RA, Fischer M, Smallish L, & Fletcher K. (2002) The persistence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into young adulthood as a function of reporting source and definition of disorder. Journal of abnormal psychology, 111(2), 279-89. PMID: 12003449
Sauropods were exceptionally strange creatures. With tiny heads mounted at the tip of ludicrously long necks anchored on a massive body with tapering tails on the other end, they were truly marvels of evolution. As odd as the basic sauropod body plan was, though, many sauropods had armor, clubs, sails and other features which only [...]... Read more »
Pablo A. Gallina and Sebastián Apesteguía. (2010) Cranial anatomy and phylogenetic position of the titanosaurian sauropod Bonitasaura salgadoi. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. info:/
Apestegu�a, S. (2004) Bonitasaura salgadoi gen. et sp. nov.: a beaked sauropod from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Naturwissenschaften, 91(10), 493-497. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-004-0560-6
by Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D. in Obesity Panacea
Approximately 42% of the US population will be obese in 2050, according to a new study by Hill and colleagues from Harvard.
In the study, just published in PLoS Computational Biology, the authors predict the obesity epidemic will also plateau around this time. That is, 42% obesity rate is the predicted maximum level at which point an equilibrium will be reached.
The authors have this to say about their prediction:
While not great, this is a much more optimistic estimate than 100%.
That is certai........ Read more »
Hill, A., Rand, D., Nowak, M., & Christakis, N. (2010) Infectious Disease Modeling of Social Contagion in Networks. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000968
As children, one of my and my sister’s favorite rainy-afternoon activities was looking through our Mother’s jewelry box. The daughter of a forester and the wife of a teacher, my Mom didn’t have dazzling diamonds and sapphires, but she did have interesting things. An ivory and silver broach that belonged to her great Aunt, a [...]... Read more »
Rust J, Singh H, Rana RS, McCann T, Singh L, Anderson K, Sarkar N, Nascimbene PC, Stebner F, Thomas JC.... (2010) Biogeographic and evolutionary implications of a diverse paleobiota in amber from the early Eocene of India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(43), 18360-5. PMID: 20974929
Watch authors describe new findings in these recent additions to the Psychological Science YouTube page!
Do Babies Learn From Baby Media?
Parents spend millions of dollars every year on videos and ... Read more »
Schumann, K., & Ross, M. (2010) Why Women Apologize More Than Men: Gender Differences in Thresholds for Perceiving Offensive Behavior. Psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS. PMID: 20855900
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