Fig 1A (modified from Blauwblomme et al., 2010). Top: coronal and lateral representation of the stereotaxic implantation scheme. Bottom: reflex seizure showing ictal onset in the right insula and secondary spreading in the hippocampus.Reflex epilepsy is a rare neurological condition in which seizures are triggered by a specific type of sensory input (Xue & Ritaccio, 2006). The most common reflex seizures are induced by light, but other reported triggers have included reading, Mah-Jong, mus........ Read more »
Blauwblomme, T., Kahane, P., Minotti, L., Grouiller, F., Krainik, A., Vercueil, L., Chabardes, S., Hoffmann, D., & David, O. (2010) Multimodal imaging reveals the role of activity in eating-reflex seizures. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery . DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.2010.212696
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Fu H, & Dooner HK. (2002) Intraspecific violation of genetic colinearity and its implications in maize. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(14), 9573-8. PMID: 12060715
Lai J, Li Y, Messing J, & Dooner HK. (2005) Gene movement by Helitron transposons contributes to the haplotype variability of maize. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(25), 9068-73. PMID: 15951422
Swanson-Wagner RA, Eichten SR, Kumari S, Tiffin P, Stein JC, Ware D, & Springer NM. (2010) Pervasive gene content variation and copy number variation in maize and its undomesticated progenitor. Genome research. PMID: 21036921
Bones of a giant manabou stork have been unearthed recently from the Pleistocene of Liang Bua cave in Flores, Indonesia. This new species, Leptoptilos robustus, is estimated to be 1.8 meters in length with an estimated weight of 16 kg. This stork has a reduced capacity for flight and would have been oriented more towards [...]... Read more »
HANNEKE J.M. MEIJER and ROKUS AWE DUE. (2010) A new species of giant marabou stork (Aves: Ciconiiformes) from the Pleistocene of Liang Bua, Flores (Indonesia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. info:/
"Costly punishment" is the term used to describe an interesting phenomenon in which people will punish wrongdoers even if it brings a cost to themselves. For example, you could imagine a situation where a vigilante attempts to beat up a criminal - risky, if the criminal gets the upper hand. It's an understandable reaction if you are going to have to deal with the individual again.
Yet lab studies show that people will punish misbehaviour even if all the transactions are anonymous and "single-sh........ Read more »
I’m just reading a paper on the response properties of monoamine neurons, and it starts out with a few points of consideration for electrophysiological recording of neurons in vivo. I thought I’d relay them here.
The evidence that you are recording from a given type of neuron (dopaminergic, serotinergic etc.) is almost always indirect. It is usually . . . → Read More... Read more »
JACOBS, B. (1986) Single Unit Activity of Brain Monoamine-Containing Neurons in Freely Moving Animals. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 473(1 Neurochemical), 70-77. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1986.tb23604.x
Is Playstation Move and Microsoft Kinect the newest motion gaming option? Not quite, Anthony Whitehead has been working in the exergaming space for some time and in 2007 presented his SNAP project (Sensor Networks for Active Play) and more recently revealed some of the data on how effective SNAP could be Exergame effectiveness: what the numbers can tell us Anthony Whitehead Carleton University Hannah Johnston Carleton University Nicole Nixon ........ Read more »
Anthony Whitehead, Nick Crampton, Kaitlyn Fox, & Hannah Johnston. (2007) Sensor networks as video game input devices. Proceedings of the 2007 conference on Future Play. info:/
Thinking about fitness landscapes can stimulate detailed discussion and consideration of the meanings and limitations of such metaphors, and my introductory comments did just that. Most notably, Joe Felsenstein pointed us to the various ways these depictions can be employed, and urged everyone to use caution in interpreting them.All too true, but the goal here is modest: I want to discuss the interesting questions that arise when considering the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes, i.e........ Read more »
Loh E, Salk JJ, & Loeb LA. (2010) Optimization of DNA polymerase mutation rates during bacterial evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(3), 1154-9. PMID: 20080608
In a previous post, I looked at the varieties of traumatic experiences and their risk of inducing PTSD in men and women. Another aspect of the epidemiology of PTSD is a more basic look at the overall prevalence of exposure to individual traumatic experiences. There has been significant discussion and research to define the trauma severity required to increase risk of a PTSD response. Early studies tended to have a lower threshold for severity. They included not only a pers........ Read more »
Breslau, N. (1998) Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Community: The 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55(7), 626-632. DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.55.7.626
Stein DJ, Chiu WT, Hwang I, Kessler RC, Sampson N, Alonso J, Borges G, Bromet E, Bruffaerts R, de Girolamo G.... (2010) Cross-national analysis of the associations between traumatic events and suicidal behavior: findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. PloS one, 5(5). PMID: 20485530
Most of us have experienced the thrills and agonies of watching our chosen sports teams either perform well or poorly. During college football season in the United States, millions of fans devote their weekends to watching people run up and down fields while trying to avoid getting too injured. Those who follow college football notice [...]... Read more »
Silk, T., Vance, A., Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J., & Cunnington, R. (2009) White-matter abnormalities in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A diffusion tensor imaging study. Human Brain Mapping, 30(9), 2757-2765. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.20703
Ashtari M, Cervellione KL, Hasan KM, Wu J, McIlree C, Kester H, Ardekani BA, Roofeh D, Szeszko PR, & Kumra S. (2007) White matter development during late adolescence in healthy males: a cross-sectional diffusion tensor imaging study. NeuroImage, 35(2), 501-10. PMID: 17258911
I've been ill, and pressing deadlines for book chapters and other projects have kept me busy. An inability to post stuff on Tet Zoo always frustrates me, as there's just so much Tet Zoo-relevant stuff to get through. And, on that note: I must have said on many occasions that there are whole tetrapod groups, consisting of hundreds or even thousands of species, that I've either never mentioned at all, or have only touched on in passing. I aim to get through as many as I can while the going's goo........ Read more »
Greer, A. (1997) Does the Limbless Lygosomine Skink Isopachys borealis Really Lack Pectoral and Pelvic Girdles?. Journal of Herpetology, 31(3), 461. DOI: 10.2307/1565684
Pont St. Esprit is a small town in southern France. In 1951 it became famous as the site of one of the most mysterious medical outbreaks of modern times.As Dr's Gabbai, Lisbonne and Pourquier wrote to the British Medical Journal, 15 days after the "incident":The first symptoms appeared after a latent period of 6 to 48 hours. In this first phase, the symptoms were generalized, and consisted in a depressive state with anguish and slight agitation.After some hours the symptoms became more clearly d........ Read more »
As you know, my post-doc in Uppsala ended. It was a good time, and it was great collaborating on Bioclipse with Ola, Jonathan, Arvid, and Carl. I would have loved tighter integration with the work of Maris and Martin, but that was limited to one joined paper (in press). I thank Professors Jarl Wikberg and Eva Brittebo for allowing me to continue my research at their department, and hope this is not the end of the collaboration yet.
Like with new year, the end of a contract is a good time to ref........ Read more »
Wagener, J., Spjuth, O., Willighagen, E., & Wikberg, J. (2009) XMPP for cloud computing in bioinformatics supporting discovery and invocation of asynchronous web services. BMC Bioinformatics, 10(1), 279. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-10-279
Spjuth, O., Alvarsson, J., Berg, A., Eklund, M., Kuhn, S., Mäsak, C., Torrance, G., Wagener, J., Willighagen, E., Steinbeck, C.... (2009) Bioclipse 2: A scriptable integration platform for the life sciences. BMC Bioinformatics, 10(1), 397. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-10-397
Spjuth, O., Willighagen, E., Guha, R., Eklund, M., & Wikberg, J. (2010) Towards interoperable and reproducible QSAR analyses: Exchange of datasets. Journal of Cheminformatics, 2(1), 5. DOI: 10.1186/1758-2946-2-5
Biofilm assembly provides insight into the cellular and biochemical mechanisms underlying archaeal adaptation to extreme conditions.... Read more »
Koerdt, A., Gödeke, J., Berger, J., Thormann, K. M., & Albers, S.-V. (2010) Crenarchaeal Biofilm Formation under Extreme Conditions. PLoS ONE, 5(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014104
Does carboxyhemoglobin vary that much that a few seconds later, the HbCO is wildly different?
If that is the case, why buy a machine that will only give us a snap shot of a rapidly fluctuating and unreliable number?
Is there any reason to believe that carboxyhemoglobin changes that rapidly and unpredictably?... Read more »
O'Reilly M. (2010) Performance of the Rad-57 pulse co-oximeter compared with standard laboratory carboxyhemoglobin measurement. Annals of emergency medicine, 56(4), 442. PMID: 20868919
Touger, M., Birnbaum, A., Wang, J., Chou, K., Pearson, D., & Bijur, P. (2010) Performance of the RAD-57 Pulse Co-Oximeter Compared With Standard Laboratory Carboxyhemoglobin Measurement. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 56(4), 382-388. DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.03.041
PTSD represents a pathological response to a serious trauma. The evolution of the diagnostic criteria for PTSD has included a broadening of the types of trauma exposures felt sufficient to trigger PTSD. The original criteria included combat, concentration camp confinement, natural disaster, rape or physical assault. The current DSM-IV criteria for trauma require that "the person experienced, witnessed or was confronted with an event(s) that involved actual or threatened death or seri........ Read more »
Breslau N. (2009) The epidemiology of trauma, PTSD, and other posttrauma disorders. Trauma, violence , 10(3), 198-210. PMID: 19406860
The Miocene marks a period in geologic time in which massive changes were occurring to Earth. Major landmasses came close to their present-day positions, and the closing of the Tethys Ocean ended the circumglobal circulation of warm waters. Modern patterns of ocean and atmospheric circulation developed, as gyres formed in the northern and southern hemispheres, [...]... Read more »
Lambert, O., Bianucci, G., Post, K., de Muizon, C., Salas-Gismondi, R., Urbina, M., & Reumer, J. (2010) The giant bite of a new raptorial sperm whale from the Miocene epoch of Peru. Nature, 466(7302), 105-108. DOI: 10.1038/nature09067
A mink stole may be stylish, but a live American mink can be an ecological nightmare. The carnivores have invaded habitats around the world, wiping out everything from native seabirds to fish. Now, Scottish biologists are reporting success in ousting the enemy with a “clear and hold” campaign of epic proportions.
Since 2006, a small, […] Read More »... Read more »
Bryce, R., Oliver, M., Davies, L., Gray, H., Urquhart, J., & Lambin, X. (2010) Turning back the tide of American mink invasion at an unprecedented scale through community participation and adaptive management. Biological Conservation. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.10.013
It is estimated that for every 1,000 children born, two to six will be diagnosed with autism. Because of its relatively large presence, treatments and therapies for the impairments autistic children face are constantly being developed and improved. One of the most significant impairments associated with Autism is extreme difficulty in the development of speech and language. Some of the features of the language and speech impairment that autistic children face are unusual word choice, pronoun rev........ Read more »
Lim HA. (2010) Effect of "developmental speech and language training through music" on speech production in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of music therapy, 47(1), 2-26. PMID: 20635521
"Is that a 7 Tesla magnet in your pocket, or are you just pleased to see me?"German neuroscientists Metzger et al report on the results of a study using the latest, ultra-high-field Magnetic Resonance Imaging to measure brain activity in response to sexually arousing stimuli.Most fMRI studies are done using MRI scanners with a field strength of either 1.5 Tesla or, most commonly nowadays, 3.0 Tesla. However, a few especially forward-thinking, by which I mean wealthy, research centres have starte........ Read more »
Metzger CD, Eckert U, Steiner J, Sartorius A, Buchmann JE, Stadler J, Tempelmann C, Speck O, Bogerts B, Abler B.... (2010) High field FMRI reveals thalamocortical integration of segregated cognitive and emotional processing in mediodorsal and intralaminar thalamic nuclei. Frontiers in neuroanatomy, 138. PMID: 21088699
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
It’s like that 1980’s shampoo commercial featuring Kelly LeBrock that seemed so silly. “Don’t hate me because I’m beautiful…”. And decades later, we find that the sentiment is not only true, but we know it is true and we fear what will happen when others envy us! The research findings that we truly dislike the [...]
Related posts:Simple Jury Persuasion: Beware what the other side will tell you…
Simple Jury Persuasion: Turning weakness into strength
Simple Jury Persuasion: How........ Read more »
van de Ven N, Zeelenberg M, & Pieters R. (2010) Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS. PMID: 20889930
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