There’s an interesting piece in the most recent issue of Nature. Corie Lok discusses how researchers are dealing with the information firehose that is scientific literature. How big is that firehose? The 19 million citations and abstracts covered by the US National Library of Medicine’s PubMed search engine include nearly 830,000 articles published in 2009, [...]... Read more »
The data that Thoreau collected is meticulous enough to be considered a viable, useful data source by modern researchers. Thoreau's records of the area's wildlife have been carried on by others, providing us with over 150 years of data regarding the phenology of Northeast American flora; that is, life cycle events like fruiting or flowering days or migration and how these events are influenced by the seasons and the climate. Simply put, after 150 years of suffering the effects of distu........ Read more »
Willis, C., Ruhfel, B., Primack, R., Miller-Rushing, A., Losos, J., & Davis, C. (2010) Favorable Climate Change Response Explains Non-Native Species' Success in Thoreau's Woods. PLoS ONE, 5(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008878
Willis CG, Ruhfel B, Primack RB, Miller-Rushing AJ, & Davis CC. (2008) Phylogenetic patterns of species loss in Thoreau's woods are driven by climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(44), 17029-33. PMID: 18955707
Miller-Rushing AJ, & Primack RB. (2008) Global warming and flowering times in Thoreau's Concord: a community perspective. Ecology, 89(2), 332-41. PMID: 18409423
Most beauty research is done using static stimuli: static photographic images are used rather than, for example, dynamic video depictions. Since most real-world interactions with others do not involve static presentations, it is important to know how similar these two types of attractiveness ratings typically are.
Roberts, et.al. (2009) have recently reported finding a positive correlation [...]... Read more »
Roberts, S., Saxton, T., Murray, A., Burriss, R., Rowland, H., & Little, A. (2009) Static and Dynamic Facial Images Cue Similar Attractiveness Judgements. Ethology, 115(6), 588-595. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.2009.01640.x
Today's post features a Guest Post from Lucas Brouwers of Thoughtomics. He's written some wonderful science posts (including some great ones about evolution), so I was quite excited when he agreed to write a post for me. Give his blog a look, it's well worth it :)---As a reader of this blog, you have become closely familiar with a wide variety of aspects of the bacterial world. In this guest-post, I would like to take the opportunity to entertain you with a story on the evolution of eukaryotes (........ Read more »
Santarella-Mellwig R, Franke J, Jaedicke A, Gorjanacz M, Bauer U, Budd A, Mattaj IW, & Devos DP. (2010) The compartmentalized bacteria of the planctomycetes-verrucomicrobia-chlamydiae superphylum have membrane coat-like proteins. PLoS biology, 8(1). PMID: 20087413
This is the fourth post in the CAPRI series, summarizing the presentations of Paul Bates, Martin Zacharias, and Carlos Camacho, as provided by the speakers. More to appear in the continuation of the series.
... Read more »
Zacharias M. (2003) Protein-protein docking with a reduced protein model accounting for side-chain flexibility. Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society, 12(6), 1271-82. PMID: 12761398
May A, & Zacharias M. (2008) Protein-ligand docking accounting for receptor side chain and global flexibility in normal modes: evaluation on kinase inhibitor cross docking. Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(12), 3499-506. PMID: 18517186
May A, & Zacharias M. (2008) Energy minimization in low-frequency normal modes to efficiently allow for global flexibility during systematic protein-protein docking. Proteins, 70(3), 794-809. PMID: 17729269
Syrian hamsters are not the only animals that can "drink you under the table." Frugivorous fruit bats have a high tolerance for alcohol in that marked alcohol consumption does not impair flying and/or echolocation. This high alcohol tolerance, of course, is attributed to fermented fruits being a diet staple.... Read more »
Dara N. Orbach, Nina Veselka, Yvonne Dzal, Louis Lazure, M. Brock Fenton. (2010) Drinking and Flying: Does Alcohol Consumption Affect the Flight and Echolocation Performance of Phyllostomid Bats? . PLOS One, 5(2). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0008993
The structure of online discussions are partially determined by its platform. Whether it is through blogs, BBS, chat, email and other online platforms, the depth, dynamicity, communicability, accountability, communability and the behavior of the discussions vary. As an easy example, the presence of anonymity limits the responsibility and accountability of the communicator — diluting the constructiveness of the thought into a more emotional one. Huffington Post utilizes a thumbs up/down sys........ Read more »
I didn’t post anything about the recent study1 showing that handwashing + face masks reduces influenza spread, because other blogs covered it fairly extensively (for example, here’s Avian Flu Diary’s commentary). Here’s another study giving a common-sense check:
… in a household setting, simple, readily available products such as 1% bleach, 10% vinegar and 0.01% [...]... Read more »
Greatorex, J., Page, R., Curran, M., Digard, P., Enstone, J., Wreghitt, T., Powell, P., Sexton, D., Vivancos, R., & Nguyen-Van-Tam, J. (2010) Effectiveness of Common Household Cleaning Agents in Reducing the Viability of Human Influenza A/H1N1. PLoS ONE, 5(2). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008987
Aiello, A., Murray, G., Perez, V., Coulborn, R., Davis, B., Uddin, M., Shay, D., Waterman, S., & Monto, A. (2010) Mask Use, Hand Hygiene, and Seasonal Influenza‐Like Illness among Young Adults: A Randomized Intervention Trial. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 201(4), 491-498. DOI: 10.1086/650396
Cowbird behavior, brood parasitism, and coevolution.... Read more »
Kilner, R. (2004) Brood Parasitic Cowbird Nestlings Use Host Young to Procure Resources. Science, 305(5685), 877-879. DOI: 10.1126/science.1098487
On Thursday, scientists rescued a dog from the icy waters of the Baltic Sea…In December, a Portland, Maine “secret Santa” gave 100 strangers $100 apiece…And, so far, Americans have donated $29 million to American Red Cross Haiti relief efforts.
Humans are so darn nice. But how exactly did that happen? That’s what scientists at the Primate [...]... Read more »
Fredros Okumu (Ifakara Health Institute, Tanzania) and coworkers have developed a cheap "synthetic scent" that mosquitoes find to be even more attractive than human scent, which will enable realistic, effective mosquito control in resource-limited nations. This news feature was written on January 29, 2010.... Read more »
Okumu, F. O., Killeen, G. F., Ogoma, S., Biswaro, L., Smallegange, R. C., Mbeyela, E., Titus, E., Munk, C., Ngonyani, H., Takken, W.... (2010) Development and Field Evaluation of a Synthetic Mosquito Lure That Is More Attractive than Humans. PLoS ONE, 5(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008951
The 80beats blog at Discover blogs is reporting on a French/British argument over the female G-spot. Personally, I’d assume that the French, who are supposed to be the world’s best lovers are right. (Have I mentioned that I’m half French? My Mom was born in Paris.)
The Brits did a study of 902 twin pairs – [...]... Read more »
Burri, A., Cherkas, L., & Spector, T. (2010) Genetic and Environmental Influences on self-reported G-Spots in Women: A Twin Study. Journal of Sexual Medicine. DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01671.x
Experiences in participation and guidelines for creating policy for the use of social networking in science conferences.... Read more »
Lister, A., Datta, R., Hofmann, O., Krause, R., Kuhn, M., Roth, B., & Schneider, R. (2010) Live Coverage of Scientific Conferences Using Web Technologies. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000563
Lister, A., Datta, R., Hofmann, O., Krause, R., Kuhn, M., Roth, B., & Schneider, R. (2010) Live Coverage of Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology/European Conference on Computational Biology (ISMB/ECCB) 2009. PLoS Computational Biology, 6(1). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000640
This post contributed by Nadine Lymn, ESA Director of Public Affairs
Another example of the ingenuity of nature: researchers are finding inspiration in the extraordinarily strong exoskeleton of a deep-sea snail, Crysomallon squamiferum. The mollusk’s iron-plated shell is giving researchers insights that could lead to stronger materials for airplane hulls, cars, and military equipment.
Researchers at the National [...]
... Read more »
Yao, H., Dao, M., Imholt, T., Huang, J., Wheeler, K., Bonilla, A., Suresh, S., & Ortiz, C. (2010) Protection mechanisms of the iron-plated armor of a deep-sea hydrothermal vent gastropod. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(3), 987-992. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0912988107
The habenula is a highly conserved structure in the vertebrate central nervous system. It doesn't matter if you look at mammals, reptiles, or fish, we all have it. It seems to be a relay center in communication between the forebrain (in mammals) and a whole host of midbrain structures, including the substantia nigra and raphe nuclei. These are the dopaminergic and serotonergic centers of the brain. So, you can understand why some who study addiction, schizophrenia, and/or depression are turn........ Read more »
Amo, R., Aizawa, H., Takahoko, M., Kobayashi, M., Takahashi, R., Aoki, T., & Okamoto, H. (2010) Identification of the Zebrafish Ventral Habenula As a Homolog of the Mammalian Lateral Habenula. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(4), 1566-1574. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3690-09.2010
Richard L. Hart's article finds no evidence through citation analysis for the higher quality of published articles from collaborative research. However, the quality of manuscripts submitted may be higher, so the author experience may be better.... Read more »
HART, R. (2007) Collaboration and Article Quality in the Literature of Academic Librarianship. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 33(2), 190-195. DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2006.12.002
Image by Mike Baird.
For a couple weeks now I have been waiting to discuss a very important new paper published on data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). For nerds researchers like Peter and myself the CHMS is just about the coolest thing ever. I'm going to go into a few of the many reasons as to why it's so great, but if you're willing to take my word for it, feel free to skip the next paragraph.
The CHMS is a nationally representative survey of 5,000 Canadians, whic........ Read more »
Mark S Tremblay, Margot Shields, Manon Laviolette, Cora L. Craig, Ian Janssen, & Sarah Connor Gorber. (2010) Fitness of Canadian Children and Youth: Results from the 2007-2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Reports, 21(1), 1-7. info:/
A little bit of conservation wisdom for you this weekend.
In last week’s issue of Nature, well-known conservation planner and all-round smart bloke, Reed Noss (who just happens to be an editor for Conservation Letters and Conservation Biology), provided some words of extreme wisdom. Not pulling any punches in his Correspondence piece entitled Local priorities [...]... Read more »
Noss, R. (2010) Local priorities can be too parochial for biodiversity. Nature, 463(7280), 424-424. DOI: 10.1038/463424a
Many parents have cried “How many times do I have to tell you?” at their young children when trying to get their attention or emphasize specific behaviors. Now, pharmacists and other medical practitioners are beginning to feel like these parents: “How many times do we have to tell you that Ginkgo biloba is not all [...]... Read more »
Canis, M., Olzowy, B., Welz, C., Suckfüll, M., & Stelter, K. (2009) Simvastatin and Ginkgo biloba in the treatment of subacute tinnitus: a retrospective study of 94 patients. American Journal of Otolaryngology. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2009.09.004
Kaschel, R. (2009) Ginkgo biloba: specificity of neuropsychological improvement-a selective review in search of differential effects. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 24(5), 345-370. DOI: 10.1002/hup.1037
Snitz, B., O'Meara, E., Carlson, M., Arnold, A., Ives, D., Rapp, S., Saxton, J., Lopez, O., Dunn, L., Sink, K.... (2009) Ginkgo biloba for Preventing Cognitive Decline in Older Adults: A Randomized Trial. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(24), 2663-2670. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2009.1913
They are the cuddly, roly-poly giants that are the face of the wildlife conservation movement. Unfortunately, giant pandas have earned the honor. They are one of the most endangered species on earth. They are also something of an enigma. They are carnivores who subsist almost entirely on a diet of plants. They have opposable thumb-like [...]... Read more »
Li, R., Fan, W., Tian, G., Zhu, H., He, L., Cai, J., Huang, Q., Cai, Q., Li, B., Bai, Y.... (2009) The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome. Nature, 463(7279), 311-317. DOI: 10.1038/nature08696
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