Haskins Laboratories - brain areas activated during reading.An unfocused and rambling article in the New York Times the other day was excited about the potential use of neuroimaging to revive the gloomy state of university literature departments. It also tried to convey the importance of evolutionary psychology in explaining fiction. The piece opened with Professor Lisa Zunshine discussing Phoebe's complex theory of mind in the sitcom Friends:(Follow closely now; this is about the science of Eng........ Read more »
Thierry, G., Martin, C., Gonzalez-Diaz, V., Rezaie, R., Roberts, N., & Davis, P. (2008) Event-related potential characterisation of the Shakespearean functional shift in narrative sentence structure. NeuroImage, 40(2), 923-931. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.12.006
“Who will speak for the imperiled troglobites? Charismatic megafauna, they are not. Troglobites—not to be confused with troglodytes (cavemen) or trilobites (extinct arthropods)—are neither warm-blooded nor fuzzy. Most are invertebrates, including insects and crustaceans, but there are also troglobitic fish and amphibians—and all are as weird as they are rare.”... Read more »
Katherine Ellison. (2010) An underground movement. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8(3), 168-168. info:/
Gunnthorsdottir, A. (2001) Physical Attractiveness of an Animal Species as a Decision Factor for its Preservation. Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People , 14(4), 204-215. DOI: 10.2752/089279301786999355
About a year ago, we reported here at SGSAC on a study attempting to identify key themes that might characterize a militant-extremist mindset. Gerard Saucier (University of Oregon) and his colleagues pored through numerous documents and extracted sixteen themes. Members of that same research team - this time led by Lazar Stankov (National Institute of Education in Singapore) - have continued this line of inquiry and spotted three central "psychological ingredients of the militant extremist min........ Read more »
Stankov, L., Saucier, G., & Knežević, G. (2010) Militant extremist mind-set: Proviolence, Vile World, and Divine Power. Psychological Assessment, 22(1), 70-86. DOI: 10.1037/a0016925
Virtual screening (VS), wherein a large number of compounds are screened, either by docking against a protein target of interest or by similarity searching against a known active, is one of the most popular computational techniques in drug discovery. The goal of VS is to complement high-throughput screening (HTS) and the ideal goal is to at least partly substitute HTS in finding new hits.But this goal is still far from being achieved. VS still has to make a significant contribution in the discov........ Read more »
Note: This entry is a bit different from most of my posts. It is more mathematical, and uses MathML extensively to display equations. If you see gibberish instead of equations, then your browser isn't capable of viewing them. If you...... Read more »
Geraci, A., Smullin, S., Weld, D., Chiaverini, J., & Kapitulnik, A. (2008) Improved constraints on non-Newtonian forces at 10 microns. Physical Review D, 78(2). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.78.022002
A recent article on GenomeWeb profiling the XGen Congress meeting in San Diego, where researchers debated the question of whether sequencing cancer genomes has clinical relevance. In a roundtable discussion, University of Washington’s Larry Loeb argued that cancer is too heterogeneous for sequencing to uncover the therapeutically-relevant mutations. As an example, he pointed to AML1 [...]... Read more »
Verhaak RG, Hoadley KA, Purdom E, Wang V, Qi Y, Wilkerson MD, Miller CR, Ding L, Golub T, Mesirov JP.... (2010) Integrated genomic analysis identifies clinically relevant subtypes of glioblastoma characterized by abnormalities in PDGFRA, IDH1, EGFR, and NF1. Cancer cell, 17(1), 98-110. PMID: 20129251
A recent paper in The Journal of Physiology titled, "A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms." has caused quite a stir. It centers around a recent fashion in workouts called High-Intensity Interval Training, or HIT. HIT is a method of exercise which involves working as hard as you can for brief intervals followed by brief rest intervals. The idea is that by doing higher intensity workouts fo........ Read more »
Little, J., Safdar, A., Wilkin, G., Tarnopolsky, M., & Gibala, M. (2010) A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms. The Journal of Physiology, 588(6), 1011-1022. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.181743
Many people get a little melancholy as the winter months take away sunshine and warm weather. But, for some, the winter blues become a serious case of depression. Recent lawsuits have designated this recurrent seasonal depression, or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), as a disability that requires accommodation by employers. However, these rulings are provoking renewed [...]... Read more »
Steinhausen, H., Gundelfinger, R., & Winkler Metzke, C. (2009) Prevalence of self-reported seasonal affective disorders and the validity of the seasonal pattern assessment questionnaire in young adultsFindings from a Swiss community study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 115(3), 347-354. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.09.016
A margay (Leopardus wiedii). From Wikipedia.
Even if they spend years in the field, researchers rarely witness predation on primates. Cats, birds, and other hunters regularly feed on primate species, but what we know about the habits of primate-hunters often comes from bones and fingernails picked out of predator droppings. Every now and again, though, someone is in just the right place at just the right time to observe a predator attempt to catch a primate for dinner, and one recent obser........ Read more »
de Oliveira Calleia, F., Rohe, F., & Gordo, M. (2009) Hunting Strategy of the Margay ( ) to Attract the Wild Pied Tamarin ( ) . Neotropical Primates, 16(1), 32-34. DOI: 10.1896/044.016.0107
by Robert Deyes in Promega Connections
Promega Connections post about the how social connections influence the brain.... Read more »
Russell DW. (1996) UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3): reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of personality assessment, 66(1), 20-40. PMID: 8576833
Paleontologist David Hone has been on a hot streak lately. Earlier this month he and his colleagues described the new predatory dinosaur Linheraptor, and just last week he was part of another team of researchers who described another new dinosaur, Xixianykus zhangi.
As presented in the journal Zootaxa, Xixianykus was an alvarezsaurid. This was a bizarre [...]... Read more »
XING XU, DE-YOU WANG, CORWIN SULLIVAN, DAVID W. E. HONE, FENG-LU HAN,, & RONG-HAO YAN, . (2010) A basal parvicursorine (Theropoda: Alvarezsauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of China. Zootaxa, 1-19. info:/
Mostly sensation seekers, those higher on openness to experience and with greater ambiguity tolerance according to a recent study published in Personality and Individual Differences.
Surrealism started in the early 1920s. Surrealism was expressed in pictures, music, writings and later also in films.
surrealist film in particular is characterised by the use of incongruous and ambiguous imagery [...]
Related posts:Personality Traits and Political Attitude
What Humor Style Do You Have?
Moodstrea........ Read more »
Swami, V., Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J., & Voracek, M. (2010) The disinterested play of thought: Individual differences and preference for surrealist motion pictures. Personality and Individual Differences. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.013
... Read more »
GRAHAM, E., RIORDAN, E., YUEN, E., ESTRIN, D., & RUNDEL, P. (2010) Public Internet-connected cameras used as a cross-continental ground-based plant phenology monitoring system. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02164.x
Despite endless efforts by development agencies to get Ethiopians to grow grains other than teff, roughly fifty million Ethiopians still use enjera as their daily bread, consuming close to 1.6 million metric tons of teff flour a year.
Just as no two displays of vegetables and sauces on enjera are alike, no two teff fields are [...]... Read more »
Assefa, K., Tefera, H., Merker, A., Kefyalew, T., & Hundera, F. (2001) Quantitative trait diversity in tef [ Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] germplasm from Central and Northern Ethiopia . Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 48(1), 53-61. DOI: 10.1023/A:1011245918356
Oliffe et al. (2010) look at 15 male, international students in Canada, posing some questions about the links between masculinity,depression, and culture. Is this a space for revisionist ideas about how culture constructs depressive symptoms? Sadly, not really. ... Read more »
Oliffe, J., Robertson, S., Kelly, M., Roy, P., & Ogrodniczuk, J. (2010) Connecting Masculinity and Depression Among International Male University Students. Qualitative Health Research. DOI: 10.1177/1049732310365700
Clinicians working with HIV patients know how difficult it is to make a certain tuberculosis diagnosis in the smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis. Often the diagnosis is made on clinical and radiological criteria, and is based on national guidelines and international recommendations.
In a recent paper in PLoSONE, Davies and colleagues show that Clinical and radiographic criteria [...]... Read more »
Davis, J., Worodria, W., Kisembo, H., Metcalfe, J., Cattamanchi, A., Kawooya, M., Kyeyune, R., den Boon, S., Powell, K., Okello, R.... (2010) Clinical and Radiographic Factors Do Not Accurately Diagnose Smear-Negative Tuberculosis in HIV-infected Inpatients in Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study. PLoS ONE, 5(3). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009859
Stanley Milgram's 1960s obedience to authority experiments, in which a majority of participants applied an apparently fatal electric shock to an innocent 'learner', are probably the most famous in psychology, and their findings still appall and intrigue to this day. Now, in a hunt for fresh clues as to why ordinary people were so ready to harm another, Nestar Russell, at Victoria University of Wellington, has reviewed Milgram's personal notes and project applications, which are housed at Yale Un........ Read more »
Charles, N. (2010) Milgram's obedience to authority experiments: Origins and early evolution. British Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1348/014466610X492205
Sci was going to try and stick with the sex this week, but this paper reminded her SO much of this article in the New Yorker, which then reminded her SO much of that awesome YouTube video, and the next thing you knew Sci had to blog bees on crack. It's how I roll.
But first, let's get in the mood:
(Nice web, crack spider)
And from the New Yorker:
There's that fat kid again. I'm going to sting this whole family! "Aah!" They're running! I'm buzzing, I'm buzzing, I'm buzzing, this is incredibl........ Read more »
.......fatter than the average bear.Apologies for that awful title that I couldn't resist.If you are fond of sweets, chocolates, candy, cookies and ice cream, and have ever read the label for the ingredients, you must have noticed one of them, called high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). You might have wondered about it a little, or just thought that fructose is sweet like glucose, and gone on with your indulgence. HFCS has now largely replaced table sugar (or sucrose) as the main sweetener in most........ Read more »
Miriam E. Bocarslya, Elyse S. Powella, , Nicole M. Avenaa, and Bartley G. Hoebel. (2010) High-fructose corn syrup causes characteristics of obesity in rats: Increased body weight, body fat and triglyceride levels . Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. info:/
Have you ever read a science story in a newspaper and just not understand what the point of the research was?
Alex Buque looks at the recent moral compass and magnets hoo-haw and wonders what all the fuss is.... Read more »
Young L, Camprodon JA, Hauser M, Pascual-Leone A, & Saxe R. (2010) Disruption of the right temporoparietal junction with transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces the role of beliefs in moral judgments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID: 20351278
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