Post List

  • October 11, 2010
  • 10:18 AM

Paleo Diet for Heart Patients With Diabetes and Prediabetes

by Steve Parker, M.D. in Diabetic Mediterranean Diet Blog

A Paleolithic diet lowered blood sugar levels better than a control diet in coronary heart disease patients with elevated blood sugars, according to Swedish researchers reporting in 2007. About half of patients with coronary heart disease have abnormal glucose (blood sugar) metabolism.  Lindeberg and associates wondered if a Paleolithic diet (aka “Old Stone Age,” “caveman,” or ancestral human diet) [...]... Read more »

  • October 11, 2010
  • 09:31 AM

The 20th Anniversary of Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom: Natural Language and Natural Selection (1990)

by Michael in A Replicated Typo 2.0

The day before yesterday Wintz mentioned two important birthdays in the field of language evolution (see here): First, Babel’s Dawn turned four, and second, as both Edmund Blair Bolles and Wintz pointed out, Steven Pinker‘s and Paul Bloom‘s seminal paper “Natural Language and Natural Selection” (preprint can be found here) has its 20th anniversary.
Wintz wrote that he . . . → Read More: The 20th Anniversary of Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom: Natural Langua........ Read more »

Pinker, Steven, & Bloom, Paul. (1990) Natural Language and Natural Selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13(4), 707-726. info:/

  • October 11, 2010
  • 09:05 AM

Why I'm out online

by Jeremy Yoder in Denim and Tweed

Exactly a year ago today, I came out of the online closet. Now it's another National Coming Out Day, and it seems like as good a time as any to think out loud about why I made that decision.
.flickr-photo { }.flickr-frameright { float: right; text-align: left; margin-left: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; width:40%;}.flickr-caption { font-size: 0.8em; margin-top: 0px; } Image borrowed from Wikipedia under fair use rationale.My reasons aren't going to surprise anyone who has even a passing familiarity ........ Read more »

  • October 11, 2010
  • 09:00 AM

Bed Bugs: better bitten than smitten

by Southern Fried Scientist in Southern Fried Science

Common bed bug Cimex lectularius

Bed bugs, the nasty nocturnal nursery rhyme nightmares than are making a comeback throughout the northeastern United States. Infestations, previously relegated to the status of urban legend in much of the developed world, are on the rise due to a combination of more frequent travel, pesticide resistance, and the end of [...]... Read more »

Morrow, E., & Arnqvist, G. (2003) Costly traumatic insemination and a female counter-adaptation in bed bugs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270(1531), 2377-2381. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2514  

Stutt AD, & Siva-Jothy MT. (2001) Traumatic insemination and sexual conflict in the bed bug Cimex lectularius. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(10), 5683-7. PMID: 11331783  

Siva-Jothy, M. (2006) Trauma, disease and collateral damage: conflict in cimicids. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 361(1466), 269-275. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2005.1789  

  • October 11, 2010
  • 08:34 AM

Special editorial: Bullying, gay teen suicides, and a need for a solution

by Nestor Lopez-Duran PhD in Child-Psych

A call for support of anti-bullying efforts and the The Safe Schools Improvement Act. Last Sunday a 30 year old gay man was lured into a house in the Bronx where he thought he would be attending a party. Instead, he was tortured and sodomized by a group of teenagers and young adults. He was [...]... Read more »

Vreeman, R., & Carroll, A. (2007) A Systematic Review of School-Based Interventions to Prevent Bullying. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(1), 78-88. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.161.1.78  

  • October 11, 2010
  • 08:00 AM

Should sprinting shape scorpion’s stingers?

by Zen Faulkes in NeuroDojo

Scorpions still have to be careful. They have a painful sting, but some animals have evolved immunity to that. Even if they can drive off a predator with a sting, a scorpion close enough to sting its attacker is close enough to be damaged by its attacker.

Temperature could play a big part whether scorpions get away from an attacker. Daily temperatures can vary quite widely where scorpions live, particularly in desert regions.

Carlson and Rowe took a look at how temperature and drying affected ........ Read more »

  • October 11, 2010
  • 05:35 AM

Ex situ conservation in botanical gardens in theory and practice

by Jeremy in Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Three papers on the role of botanic gardens in ex situ conservation have recently come across my desk, one of them a meta-level thing, the other two more fine-grained. I think it may be worth discussing them all together. Science had a longish piece by Elizabeth Pennisi out in the 5 October edition entitled “Tending [...]... Read more »

  • October 11, 2010
  • 04:43 AM

Cultivating little scientists from the age of two

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Young children are little scientists. They instinctively stretch, prod, observe and categorise the world's offerings. This natural inquisitiveness can be cultivated even before school and several studies have shown the benefits, in terms of general learning ability and specific maths and science skills. But just how early can this 'sciencing', as it's known, start? A new study by Tessa van Schijndel and colleagues claims that a six-week sciencing programme for two to three-year-olds boosted thei........ Read more »

van Schijndel, T., Singer, E., van der Maas, H., & Raijmakers, M. (2010) A sciencing programme and young children's exploratory play in the sandpit. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 7(5), 603-617. DOI: 10.1080/17405620903412344  

  • October 11, 2010
  • 04:27 AM

Supply Chain Integration as major Value Driver

by Daniel Dumke in SCRM Blog - Supply Chain Risk Management

"Arcs of integration" is a concept developed by Frohlich and Westrook (2001) which describes the degree of integration of suppliers and customers within a Supply Chain.Arcs of Supply Chain Integration (Frohlich and Westrook, 2001)

This concept was developed within the scope of an international study on supply chain strategies. In this survey the authors used the mail survey research method to collect over responses form over 700 companies from all over the world (Asia/Pacific: ........ Read more »

  • October 11, 2010
  • 01:57 AM

Why do you Blog?

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

Why does someone write a personal blog and not simply use the Internet for taking in media content? Personal blogs are composed of shorter posts concerning the blogger’s life in contrast to filter blog. Filter blogs are devoted to external information, such as politics or news and are far better researched than personal blogs.
From recent [...]

Related posts:Why Blog?
Why Blog? 2
Blog writing for professionalism in medical education
... Read more »

Hollenbaugh, E. (2010) Motives for Maintaining Personal Journal Blogs. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2009.0403  

  • October 11, 2010
  • 01:20 AM

Mind: A Brief Discussion of the Journal Mind Prior to 1900

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

"Mind" was a significant journal that appeared in the latter part of the 19th century. Staley (2009) states that it was original at the time, encompassing philosophical dimensions. However, one fails to grasp the significance of Mind until it is noted that such heavyweights of 19th century thought have all written for Mind. Staley states that Alexander Bain (the founder), Hermann Helmholtz, Herbert Spencer, John Venn, Wilhelm Wundt, Charles Darwin, William Stanley Jevons, William James, TH Green........ Read more »

Lanzoni S. (2009) Sympathy in Mind (1876-1900). Journal of the history of ideas, 70(2), 265-87. PMID: 19831207  

  • October 11, 2010
  • 01:02 AM

Welcome, Science Readers!

by teofilo in Gambler's House

In honor of the twentieth anniversary of the passage of NAGPRA, Science has an interesting special section of short articles on the impact of NAGPRA on archaeology and physical anthropology.  They’re all definitely worth reading, and free with an annoying registration.  Among them is an interview of Steve Lekson by Keith Kloor which is of [...]... Read more »

  • October 11, 2010
  • 12:23 AM

Does ecology tell us that some species are worth more than others?

by Noam Ross in Noam Ross

I just read a great paper by Michael Soulé et. al. discussing the management implications some ideas in ecology that have outpaced environmental policy.
The authors, a mix of ecologists and conservationists,  argue that some species, which they call "strongly interacting species," deserve higher priority in conservation because of their unique roles in ecosystems.  These species have gone by many names in the ecological literature, including "keystone species," and "ecosystem en........ Read more »

  • October 10, 2010
  • 11:47 PM

A review to read and enjoy

by Kasra Hassani in The Parasite Diary

Posted by Kasra Hassani I am appointed to do a review paper for a ‘Reading and Conference’ course on Fungi. I chose the opportunistic pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus as the focus of my review. Having studied only on Trypanosomes and innate immune cells so far, my background in mycology is close to zero. So I decided to start from [...]... Read more »

Bennett JW. (2009) Aspergillus: a primer for the novice. Medical mycology : official publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology. PMID: 19253144  

  • October 10, 2010
  • 10:33 PM

New study out of Norway: calling mammograms into question

by Science Exploiter in Science Exploits

A new study came out of Norway and appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine recently, casting doubt on the benefit of mammograms.  It analyzed data on over 40,000 women, aged 50-69yrs, over a nine year period, and found that mammographic screening alone accounts for a modest 10% decrease in breast cancer death.Based on these results, some naysayers may want to denounce the use of regular mammograms to help the battle against breast cancer.  But I would disagree.  As with an........ Read more »

Mette Kalager, M.D., Marvin Zelen, Ph.D., Frøydis Langmark, M.D., & Hans-Olov Adami, M.D., Ph.D. (2010) Effect of Screening Mammography on Breast-Cancer Mortality in Norway. NEJM, 1203-1210. info:/

  • October 10, 2010
  • 10:21 PM

Why the Brain Shouldn't Have Ben&Jerrys Everyday

by Allison in Dormivigilia

A new study found that heavier individuals have reduced dopamine receptor densities that cause them to overeat and to have a less sensitive sweet tooth. ... Read more »

Stice E, Yokum S, Blum K, & Bohon C. (2010) Weight gain is associated with reduced striatal response to palatable food. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 30(39), 13105-9. PMID: 20881128  

  • October 10, 2010
  • 09:40 PM

Are autistic people natural born criminals?

by Michelle Dawson in The Autism Crisis

Associations between autism and notorious violent crimes are easy to find--they seem almost automatic. Here is one example, and another, and one more. There seems to be an entire book on this theme, though I haven't read it.In the scientific literature, you can find powerful deficit models of autism at work in predictions that autistics should disproportionately be violent and prone to criminal behavior. For decades now, examples and claims (just a few here, here, here, here) fitting this predic........ Read more »

Hippler, K., Viding, E., Klicpera, C., & Happé, F. (2009) Brief Report: No Increase in Criminal Convictions in Hans Asperger’s Original Cohort. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(6), 774-780. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-009-0917-y  

  • October 10, 2010
  • 06:15 PM

Isolating G-quadruplex Nucleic Acids from Human Cells

by Michael Long in Phased

Raphael Rodriguez, Shankar Balasubramanian (University of Cambridge, United Kingdom), and coworkers have isolated DNA, in a specific type of folding arrangement important to intracellular physiology, from human cells. This news feature was written on October 10, 2010.... Read more »

Müller, S., Kumari, S., Rodriguez, R., & Balasubramanian, S. (2010) Small-molecule-mediated G-quadruplex isolation from human cells. Nature Chemistry. DOI: 10.1038/NCHEM.842  

  • October 10, 2010
  • 06:01 PM

A new and better way of classifying and managing risks?

by Jan Husdal in

Risk. The probability of an event occuring and the consequences of the event occuring. Does it have to be like that or is there a different, or perhaps even a better way? [ ... ]... Read more »

  • October 10, 2010
  • 05:42 PM

Psycasm - How to trick yourself creative

by Rift in Psycasm

[Wherein our hero explores how best to overcome a creative impasse, and how best to generate insight to a variety of problems]
There are things considered by some (and sometimes many) to be enjoyable which I just do not understand.

Doing Burnouts
Eating Chocolate
Riding Rollercoasters

Then there are somethings which I find enjoyable, which many might walk away; (read more)

Source: Rift - Discipline: Psychology... Read more »

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